Imperial College London


Faculty of MedicineSchool of Public Health

Professor of Mathematical Epidemiology



+44 (0)20 7594 3263mc.boily




LG26Norfolk PlaceSt Mary's Campus






BibTex format

author = {Looker, KJ and Elmes, JAR and Gottlieb, SL and Schiffer, JT and Vickerman, P and Turner, KME and Boily, MC},
doi = {10.1016/S1473-3099(17)30405-X},
journal = {Lancet Infectious Diseases},
pages = {1303--1316},
title = {The effect of HSV-2 infection on subsequent HIV acquisition: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis},
url = {},
volume = {17},
year = {2017}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Background:HIV and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infections cause a substantial global disease burden and are epidemiologically correlated. Two previous systematic reviews of the association between HSV-2 and HIV found evidence that HSV-2 infection increases the risk of HIV acquisition, but these reviews are now more than a decade old.Methods:For this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase (from Jan 1, 2003, to May 25, 2017) to identify studies investigating the risk of HIV acquisition after exposure to HSV-2 infection, either at baseline (prevalent HSV-2 infection) or during follow-up (incident HSV-2 infection). Studies were included if they were a cohort study, controlled trial, or case-control study (including case-control studies nested within a cohort study or clinical trial); if they assessed the effect of pre-existing HSV-2 infection on HIV acquisition; and if they determined the HSV-2 infection status of study participants with a type-specific assay. We calculated pooled random-effect estimates of the association between prevalent or incident HSV-2 infection and HIV seroconversion. We also extended previous investigations through detailed meta-regression and subgroup analyses. In particular, we investigated the effect of sex and risk group (general population vs higher-risk populations) on the relative risk (RR) of HIV acquisition after prevalent or incident HSV-2 infection. Higher-risk populations included female sex workers and their clients, men who have sex with men, serodiscordant couples, and attendees of sexually transmitted infection clinics.Findings:We identified 57 longitudinal studies exploring the association between HSV-2 and HIV. HIV acquisition was almost tripled in the presence of prevalent HSV-2 infection among general populations (adjusted RR 2·7, 95% CI 2·2–3·4; number of estimates [Ne]=22) and was roughly doubled among higher-risk populations (1·7, 1·4&nd
AU - Looker,KJ
AU - Elmes,JAR
AU - Gottlieb,SL
AU - Schiffer,JT
AU - Vickerman,P
AU - Turner,KME
AU - Boily,MC
DO - 10.1016/S1473-3099(17)30405-X
EP - 1316
PY - 2017///
SN - 1473-3099
SP - 1303
TI - The effect of HSV-2 infection on subsequent HIV acquisition: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis
T2 - Lancet Infectious Diseases
UR -
UR -
VL - 17
ER -