399 results found
Offer GJ, Mermelstein J, Brightman E, et al., 2009, Thermodynamics and Kinetics of the Interaction of Carbon and Sulfur with Solid Oxide fuel Cell Anodes, JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, Vol: 92, Pages: 763-780, ISSN: 0002-7820
Bergman N, Hawkes A, Brett DJL, et al., 2009, UK microgeneration. Part I: Policy and behavioural aspects, Proceedings of Institution of Civil Engineers: Energy, Vol: 162, Pages: 23-36, ISSN: 1751-4223
A critical review of the literature relating to government policy and behavioural aspects relevant to the uptake and application of microgeneration in the UK is presented. Given the current policy context aspiring to zero-carbon new homes by 2016 and a variety of minimum standards and financial policy instruments supporting microgeneration in existing dwellings, it appears that this class of technologies could make a significant contribution to UK energy supply and low-carbon buildings in the future. Indeed, achievement of a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 80% (the UK government's 2050 target) for the residential sector may entail substantial deployment of microgeneration. Realisation of the large potential market for microgeneration relies on a variety of interrelated factors such as microeconomics, behavioural aspects, the structure of supporting policy instruments and well-informed technology development. This paper explores these issues in terms of current and proposed policy instruments in the UK. Behavioural aspects associated with both initial uptake of the technology and after purchase are also considered.
Bidault F, Brett DJL, Middleton PH, et al., 2009, Review of gas diffusion cathodes for alkaline fuel cells, JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, Vol: 187, Pages: 39-48, ISSN: 0378-7753
Mermelstein J, Millan M, Brandon NP, 2009, The impact of carbon formation on Ni-YSZ anodes from biomass gasification model tars operating in dry conditions, CHEMICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE, Vol: 64, Pages: 492-500, ISSN: 0009-2509
Adjiman C, Atkinson A, Azad A, et al., 2009, A Review of Progress in the UK Supergen Fuel Cell Programme, 11th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC), Publisher: ELECTROCHEMICAL SOC INC, Pages: 35-42, ISSN: 1938-5862
Zhao Y, Shah N, Brandon N, 2009, Comparison of two novel optimization strategies for solid oxide fuel cell-gas turbine hybrid systems, Pages: 265-266
A novel methodological and structured optimization procedure has been developed to model, analyze, and predict the system behavior of a SOFC-GT hybrid cycle under different optimal conditions. Performance characteristics of the hybrid system based on two optimization strategies are discussed and compared through a detailed parametric analysis. Simulation of the effects that various parameters have on the system performance has led to some interesting results, and some new optimum performance criteria have been obtained.
Liu YH, Wu ZQ, Lin SJ, et al., 2009, Application of the Power Flow Calculation Method to Islanding Micro Grids, International Conference on Sustainable Power Generation and Supply, Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 750-+
Hawkes A, Staffell I, Brett D, et al., 2009, Fuel cells for micro-combined heat and power generation, ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, Vol: 2, Pages: 729-744, ISSN: 1754-5692
Aguiar P, Brett DJL, Brandon NP, 2008, Solid oxide fuel cell/gas turbine hybrid system analysis for high-altitude long-endurance unmanned aerial vehicles, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, Vol: 33, Pages: 7214-7223, ISSN: 0360-3199
Edwards PP, Kuznetsov VL, David WIF, et al., 2008, Hydrogen and fuel cells: Towards a sustainable energy future, ENERGY POLICY, Vol: 36, Pages: 4356-4362, ISSN: 0301-4215
Offer GJ, Shearing P, Golbert JI, et al., 2008, Using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy to compensate for errors when measuring polarisation curves during three-electrode measurements of solid oxide fuel cell electrodes, ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, Vol: 53, Pages: 7614-7621, ISSN: 0013-4686
Golbert J, Adjiman CS, Brandon NP, 2008, Microstructural Modeling of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anodes, INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, Vol: 47, Pages: 7693-7699, ISSN: 0888-5885
Lohsoontorn R, Brett DJL, Brandon NP, 2008, The effect of fuel composition and temperature on the interaction of H2S with nickel-ceria anodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, Vol: 183, Pages: 232-239, ISSN: 0378-7753
Udagawa J, Aguiar P, Brandon NP, 2008, Hydrogen production through steam electrolysis: Control strategies for a cathode-supported intermediate temperature solid oxide electrolysis cell, JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, Vol: 180, Pages: 354-364, ISSN: 0378-7753
Udagawa J, Aguiar P, Brandon NP, 2008, Hydrogen production through steam electrolysis: Model-based dynamic behaviour of a cathode-supported intermediate temperature solid oxide electrolysis cell, JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, Vol: 180, Pages: 46-55, ISSN: 0378-7753
Maher RC, Cohen LF, 2008, Raman spectroscopy as a probe of temperature and oxidation state for gadolinium-doped ceria used in solid oxide fuel cells, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A, Vol: 112, Pages: 1497-1501, ISSN: 1089-5639
Lohsoontorn P, Brett DJL, Brandon NP, 2008, Thermodynamic predictions of the impact of fuel composition on the propensity of sulphur to interact with Ni and ceria-based anodes for solid oxide fuel cells, JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, Vol: 175, Pages: 60-67, ISSN: 0378-7753
Brett DJL, Aguiar P, Brandon NP, et al., 2007, Operational experience of an IT-SOFC/battery hybrid system for automotive applications, ECS Transactions, Vol: 7, Pages: 113-122, ISSN: 1938-5862
Testing of a 300-W stack supplied by Versa Power Systems Ltd. and a sodium-metal chloride (ZEBRA) battery was performed with a view to assessing the feasibility of combining an intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cell with a high-temperature battery for automotive traction applications. Field testing of a self-compressed stack is demonstrated, including consideration of the mechanical robustness of the technology. The battery system, comprising novel cell technology, is tested under pulse discharge and standard driving cycle conditions. Based on modeling studies previously performed, the performance results obtained, and the reliability of the respective technologies, development of a full-scale prototype is considered viable and ultimately commercially relevant. © The Electrochemical Society.
Clague R, Aguiar P, Brett DJL, et al., 2007, Application of infrared thermal imaging to map stress distributions in a solid oxide fuel cell, ECS Transactions, Vol: 5, Pages: 521-532, ISSN: 1938-5862
The application of infrared thermal imaging to the study of solid oxide fuel cell components with applied thermal gradients is demonstrated. Thermal imaging of a technologically relevant SOFC sample was carried out while a temperature gradient was induced by heating the sample in a furnace and blowing cold nitrogen at its centre. Subsequently the stress field in the sample was determined by a novel method of converting the thermal image into nodal temperatures for a finite element analysis. Asymmetry in the temperature distribution across the samples was marked, whereas previous versions of the thermal gradient experiment had assumed axisymmetry. © The Electrochemical Society.
Brett DJL, Atkins S, Brandon NP, et al., 2007, Membrane resistance and current distribution measurements under various operating conditions in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell, JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, Vol: 172, Pages: 2-13, ISSN: 0378-7753
Aguiar P, Brett DJL, Brandon NP, 2007, Feasibility study and techno-economic analysis of an SOFC/battery hybrid system for vehicle applications, JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, Vol: 171, Pages: 186-197, ISSN: 0378-7753
Ma C, Sheng J, Brandon N, et al., 2007, Preparation of tungsten carbide-supported nano Platinum catalyst and its electrocatalytic activity for hydrogen evolution, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, Vol: 32, Pages: 2824-2829, ISSN: 0360-3199
Vasileiadis N, Brett DJL, Vesovic V, et al., 2007, Numerical modeling of a single channel polymer electrolyte fuel cell, JOURNAL OF FUEL CELL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, Vol: 4, Pages: 336-344, ISSN: 1550-624X
Ma C, Brandon N, Li G, 2007, Preparation and formation mechanism of hollow microspherical tungsten carbide with mesoporosity, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, Vol: 111, Pages: 9504-9508, ISSN: 1932-7447
Brandon N, 2007, New and renewable solar routes to hydrogen energy, POWER ENGINEER, Vol: 21, Pages: 18-18, ISSN: 1479-8344
Chen XJ, Liu QL, Chan SH, et al., 2007, High-performance cathode-supported SOFC with perovskite anode operating in weakly humidified hydrogen and methane, Fuel Cells Bulletin, Vol: 2007, Pages: 12-16, ISSN: 1464-2859
A high-performance, cathode-supported solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), suitable for operating in weakly humidified hydrogen and methane, has been developed. The SOFC is essentially made up of a YSZ-LSM composite supporting cathode, a thin YSZ film electrolyte, and a GDC-impregnated La0.75Sr0.25Cr0.5Mn0.5O3 (LSCM) anode. A gas-tight thin YSZ film (27 μm) was formed during the co-sintering of the cathode/electrolyte bilayer at 1200°C. The cathode-supported SOFC developed in this study showed encouraging performance with maximum power density of 0.182, 0.419, 0.628 and 0.818 W/cm2 in air/3% H2O-97% H2 (and 0.06, 0.158, 0.221 and 0.352 W/cm2 in air/3% H2O-97% CH4) at 750, 800, 850 and 900°C, respectively. Such performance is close to that of the cathode-supported cell (0.42 W/cm2 versus 0.455 W/cm2 in humidified H2 at 800°C) developed by Yamahara et al. [DOI: 10.1016/j.ssi.2004.09.023] with a Co-infiltrated supporting LSM-YSZ cathode, an (Sc2O3)0.1(Y2O3)0.01(ZrO2)0.89 (SYSZ) electrolyte of 15 μm thickness and an SYSZ/Ni anode, indicating that the performance of the GDC-impregnated LSCM anode is comparable to that made of Ni cermet while stable in weakly humidified methane fuel. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Brett DJL, Aguiar P, Brandon NP, et al., 2007, Measurement and modelling of carbon monoxide poisoning distribution within a polymer electrolyte fuel cell, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, Vol: 32, Pages: 863-871, ISSN: 0360-3199
Chen XJ, Liu QL, Chan SH, et al., 2007, High performance cathode-supported SOFC with perovskite anode operating in weakly humidified hydrogen and methane, ELECTROCHEMISTRY COMMUNICATIONS, Vol: 9, Pages: 767-772, ISSN: 1388-2481
Udagawa J, Aguiar P, Brandon NP, 2007, Hydrogen production through steam electrolysis: Model-based steady state performance of a cathode-supported intermediate temperature solid oxide electrolysis cell, JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, Vol: 166, Pages: 127-136, ISSN: 0378-7753
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