Imperial College London

Professor Nigel Brandon OBE FREng

Faculty of Engineering

Dean of the Faculty of Engineering
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 8600n.brandon Website

 
 
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Location

 

2.06Faculty BuildingSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Publication Type
Year
to

387 results found

Somalu MR, Muchtar A, Baboli MG, Yufit V, Shapiro IP, Xiao P, Brandon NPet al., 2013, Understanding the Relationship between Ink Rheology and Film Properties for Screen-Printed Nickel/Scandia-Stabilized-Zirconia Anodes, 13th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC-XIII), Publisher: ELECTROCHEMICAL SOC INC, Pages: 1321-1330, ISSN: 1938-5862

CONFERENCE PAPER

Somalu MR, Yufit V, Brandon NP, 2013, The effect of solids loading on the screen-printing and properties of nickel/scandia-stabilized-zirconia anodes for solid oxide fuel cells, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, Vol: 38, Pages: 9500-9510, ISSN: 0360-3199

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Somalu MR, Yufit V, Shapiro IP, Xiao P, Brandon NPet al., 2013, The impact of ink rheology on the properties of screen-printed solid oxide fuel cell anodes, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, Vol: 38, Pages: 6789-6801, ISSN: 0360-3199

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Tariq F, Kishimoto M, Cooper SJ, Shearing P, Brandon Net al., 2013, Advanced 3D Imaging and Analysis of SOFC Electrodes, SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS 13 (SOFC-XIII), Vol: 57, Pages: 2553-2562, ISSN: 1938-5862

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Wu B, Yufit V, Campbell J, Offer GJ, Martinez-Botas RF, Brandon NPet al., 2013, Simulated and experimental validation of a fuel cell-supercapacitor passive hybrid system for electric vehicles, IET Conference Publications, Vol: 2013

The concept of a fuel cell-supercapacitor hybrid system involves the direct coupling of the two devices to achieve the same benefits of hybridisation but without the need for costly DCDC converters. Using an experimentally validated steady state fuel cell model and a transmission line based supercapacitor model, it has been shown that the passive hybridisation allows for efficiency gains of approximately 16% compared to a pure fuel cell system. Under load, the supercapacitors meets the peak power requirement due to their lower impedance giving the FC time to ramp up. Under no load conditions, the fuel cell gradually charges the supercapacitors back to the steady state thermodynamic equilibrium potential. A fast fourier transform analysis of the respective loads under an automotive drive cycle showed that the supercapacitors act as a low pass filter, reducing the magnitude of load oscillations from the fuel cell. This therefore addresses two of the main modes of fuel cell degradation in automotive applications: rapid power cycling and no load idling.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Wu B, Yufit V, Marinescu M, Offer GJ, Martinez-Botas RF, Brandon NPet al., 2013, Coupled thermal-electrochemical modelling of uneven heat generation in lithium-ion battery packs, JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, Vol: 243, Pages: 544-554, ISSN: 0378-7753

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Yufit V, Hale B, Matian M, Mazur P, Brandon NPet al., 2013, Development of a Regenerative Hydrogen-Vanadium Fuel Cell for Energy Storage Applications, JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY, Vol: 160, Pages: A856-A861, ISSN: 0013-4651

JOURNAL ARTICLE

kucernak, brandon, yufit, 2013, regenerative fuel cells

The present invention provides a regenerative fuel cell comprising an anionic membrane capable of selectively passing anions, wherein the pH of the anolyte and/or catholyte is at least 10. The present invention also relates to a method of operating a regenerative fuel cell comprising an anionic membrane capable of selectively passing anions, wherein the pH of the anolyte and/or catholyte is at least 10.

PATENT

Ang SMC, Brett DJL, Staffell I, Hawkes AD, Fraga ES, Samsatli NJ, Brandon NPet al., 2012, Design of fuel-cell micro-cogeneration systems through modeling and optimization, WILEY INTERDISCIPLINARY REVIEWS-ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT, Vol: 1, Pages: 181-193, ISSN: 2041-8396

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Brandon N, 2012, Can we kick our petrol pump habit?, MATERIALS TODAY, Vol: 15, Pages: 182-182, ISSN: 1369-7021

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Brett DJL, Agante E, Brandon NP, Brightman E, Brown RJC, Manage M, Staffell Iet al., 2012, The role of the fuel in the operation, performance and degradation of fuel cells, Functional Materials for Sustainable Energy Applications, Pages: 249-278, ISBN: 9780857090591

This chapter examines the role of the fuel in the operation, performance and degradation of fuel cells. The range of fuels that are of relevance to fuel cells are discussed and the performance from a thermodynamic perspective is analysed. As a route to hydrogen, various fuel processing options are considered along with an overview of the major storage techniques. Issues associated with alternative fuels are covered along with the deleterious properties of fuels and their impurities. © 2012 Woodhead Publishing Limited All rights reserved.

BOOK CHAPTER

Brett DJL, Manage M, Agante E, Brandon NP, Brightman E, Brown RJC, Staffell Iet al., 2012, Fuels and fuel processing for low temperature fuel cells, Polymer Electrolyte Membrane and Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology: Fundamentals and Performance of Low Temperature Fuel Cells, Pages: 3-26, ISBN: 9781845697730

This chapter examines the role of the fuel in the operation, performance and degradation of fuel cells. The range of fuels and impurities that are of relevance to low-temperature fuel cells are discussed and the performance from a thermodynamic perspective is analysed. As a route to hydrogen, various fuel processing options are considered along with an overview of the major storage techniques. Issues associated with alternative fuels are covered along with the deleterious properties of fuels and their impurities. © 2012 Woodhead Publishing Limited All rights reserved.

BOOK CHAPTER

Brightman E, Maher R, Offer GJ, Duboviks V, Heck C, Cohen LF, Brandon NPet al., 2012, Designing a miniaturised heated stage for in situ optical measurements of solid oxide fuel cell electrode surfaces, and probing the oxidation of solid oxide fuel cell anodes using in situ Raman spectroscopy, REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS, Vol: 83, ISSN: 0034-6748

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Cai Q, Haw AWV, Adjiman CS, Brandon NPet al., 2012, Hydrogen production through steam electrolysis: a model-based study, 22nd European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE), Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, Pages: 257-261, ISSN: 1570-7946

CONFERENCE PAPER

Clague R, Marquis AJ, Brandon NP, 2012, Finite element and analytical stress analysis of a solid oxide fuel cell, JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, Vol: 210, Pages: 224-232, ISSN: 0378-7753

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Hawkes A, Bergman N, Jardine C, Staffell I, Brett D, Brandon Net al., 2012, A change of scale? prospects for distributed energy resources, Energy 2050: Making the Transition to a Secure Low Carbon Energy System, Pages: 219-257, ISBN: 9781849775311

BOOK CHAPTER

Iora P, Taher MAA, Chiesa P, Brandon NPet al., 2012, A one dimensional solid oxide electrolyzer-fuel cell stack model and its application to the analysis of a high efficiency system for oxygen production, CHEMICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE, Vol: 80, Pages: 293-305, ISSN: 0009-2509

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Konda NVSNM, Shah N, Brandon NP, 2012, Dutch hydrogen economy: evolution of optimal supply infrastructure and evaluation of key influencing elements, ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, Vol: 7, Pages: 534-546, ISSN: 1932-2135

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Liu YH, Brandon NP, Liu M, 2012, Electrical models of SOFC for Power Generation, Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC), Publisher: IEEE, ISSN: 2157-4839

CONFERENCE PAPER

Lorente E, Millan M, Brandon NP, 2012, Use of gasification syngas in SOFC: Impact of real tar on anode materials, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, Vol: 37, Pages: 7271-7278, ISSN: 0360-3199

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Lorf C, Martinez-Botas RF, Brandon N, 2012, 26,500km down the pan-american highway in an electric vehicle a battery's perspective, SAE International Journal of Alternative Powertrains, Vol: 1, Pages: 19-26, ISSN: 2167-4191

This paper presents a novel battery degradation model based on empirical data from the Racing Green Endurance project. Using the rainflow-counting algorithm, battery charge and discharge data from an electric vehicle has been studied in order to establish more reliable and more accurate predictions for capacity and power fade of automotive traction batteries than those currently available. It is shown that for the particular lithium-iron phosphate (LiFePO4) batteries, capacity fade is 5.8% after 87 cycles. After 3,000 cycles it is estimated to be 32%. Both capacity and power fade strongly depend on cumulative energy throughput, maximum C-rate as well as temperature. Copyright © 2012 SAE International.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Maher RC, Offer G, Brandon NP, Cohen LFet al., 2012, In-situ Raman characterization of SOFC anodes, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol: 1385, Pages: 25-34, ISSN: 0272-9172

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have many advantages when compared to other fuel cell technologies, particularly for distributed stationary applications. As a consequence they are becoming ever more economically competitive with incumbent energy solutions. However, as with all technologies, improvements in durability, efficiency and cost is required before they become feasible alternatives. Such improvements are enabled through improved understanding of the critical material interactions occurring during operation. Raman spectroscopy is a noninvasive and non-destructive optical characterization tool which is ideally suited to the study of these critical chemical processes occurring within operational SOFCs. In this paper we will discuss advantages of using Raman characterization for understanding these important chemical processes occurring within SOFCs. We will present the specific examples of the type of measurement possible and discuss the direction of future research. © 2012 Materials Research Society.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Mazur C, Contestabile M, Offer G, Brandon Net al., 2012, Comparing electric mobility policies to transition science: Transition management already in action?, Pages: 123-128, ISSN: 2165-4387

Driven by sustainability issues as well as economic aspects, governments have been creating and applying policies and regulations with the aim of shifting national personal transport towards electric mobility. In this context, transition science offers insights into the relevant socio-technological systems and the process of transition. This paper gives an overview of transition science, and furthermore presents current policy making by the UK and German governments that aim to manage the shift to electric mobility. A comparison of the two different policies with transition science shows that there is an overlap between the applied policy making and theory, especially for the case of the UK. Although both governments do not explicitly follow transition management their actions can be explained with the help of transition science. However, it should be noted that transition science is still a young field which needs to be further developed in order to provide policy makers with tools that enable them to manage such transitions. ©2012 IEEE.

CONFERENCE PAPER

Offer GJ, Yufit V, Howey DA, Wu B, Brandon NPet al., 2012, Module design and fault diagnosis in electric vehicle batteries, JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, Vol: 206, Pages: 383-392, ISSN: 0378-7753

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Shearing PR, Bradley RS, Gelb J, Tariq F, Withers PJ, Brandon NPet al., 2012, Exploring microstructural changes associated with oxidation in Ni-YSZ SOFC electrodes using high resolution X-ray computed tomography, SOLID STATE IONICS, Vol: 216, Pages: 69-72, ISSN: 0167-2738

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Shearing PR, Brandon NP, Gelb J, Bradley R, Withers PJ, Marquis AJ, Cooper S, Harris SJet al., 2012, Multi Length Scale Microstructural Investigations of a Commercially Available Li-Ion Battery Electrode, JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY, Vol: 159, Pages: A1023-A1027, ISSN: 0013-4651

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Somalu MR, Brandon NP, 2012, Rheological Studies of Nickel/Scandia-Stabilized-Zirconia Screen Printing Inks for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anode Fabrication, JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, Vol: 95, Pages: 1220-1228, ISSN: 0002-7820

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Staffell I, Brett D, Brandon N, Hawkes Aet al., 2012, A review of domestic heat pumps, ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, Vol: 5, Pages: 9291-9306, ISSN: 1754-5692

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Wu B, Offer GJ, Yufit V, Howey DA, Brandon NPet al., 2012, Fault analysis in battery module design for electric and hybrid vehicles

In this paper systems integration issues, such as electrical and thermal design and management of full battery packs - often containing hundreds of cells - are discussed. The design and construction of a 9 kWh battery pack for a motorsports application is used as an example. The pack contained 504 lithium cells arranged into 2 sidepods, each containing 3 modules, with each module in a 12P7S configuration. This paper focuses on describing problems related to cells being connected in parallel, known as massively parallel packs. We also demonstrate how a full vehicle test can be used to identify malfunctioning strings of cells for further investigation. It is shown that normal inter-cell contact resistances can cause currents to flow unevenly within the pack, leading to cells being unequally worked. This is supported by a Matlab/Simulink model of one battery module, including contact resistances, which was able to reproduce the results that were seen in experimental tests. Over time the unequal current flowing through cells can lead to significant differences in cells' state of charge and open circuit voltages, large currents flowing between cells even when the load is disconnected, and ultimately, some cells discharging and aging more quickly than others and jeopardising the energy storage capacity and lifetime of the entire pack.

CONFERENCE PAPER

Ang SMC, Fraga ES, Brandon NP, Samsatli NJ, Brett DJLet al., 2011, Fuel cell systems optimisation - Methods and strategies, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, Vol: 36, Pages: 14678-14703, ISSN: 0360-3199

JOURNAL ARTICLE

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