Imperial College London

Professor Nigel Brandon OBE FREng

Faculty of Engineering

Dean of the Faculty of Engineering
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 8600n.brandon Website

 
 
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Location

 

2.06Faculty BuildingSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Publication Type
Year
to

387 results found

Brandon N, 2011, SPECIAL ISSUE ON FUEL CELLS FOR STATIONARY APPLICATIONS, PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART A-JOURNAL OF POWER AND ENERGY, Vol: 225, Pages: 151-151, ISSN: 0957-6509

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Brett DJL, Brandon NP, Hawkes AD, Staffell Iet al., 2011, Fuel cell systems for small and micro combined heat and power (CHP) applications, Small and Micro Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Systems: Advanced Design, Performance, Materials and Applications, Pages: 233-261, ISBN: 9781845697952

Fuel cells are electrochemical energy conversion devices that turn chemical fuel directly into electrical power as well as generating heat. They operate at high efficiency and can be applied across a wide range of applications. Micro-combined heat and power (CHP) is one area in which fuel cells are expected to have a particularly significant impact with the potential for lowering energy cost and CO2emissions in the residential housing sector. This chapter looks at the technological aspects of fuel cells applied to micro- and small-scale CHP applications as well as examining the state of commercial development and future trends. © 2011 Woodhead Publishing Limited All rights reserved.

BOOK CHAPTER

Brightman E, Brett DJL, Ivey D, Brandon NPet al., 2011, The effect of current density on H2S-poisoning of nickel-based solid oxide fuel cell anodes, Journal of Power Sources, Vol: 196, Pages: 7182-7187

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Brightman E, Ivey DG, Brett DJL, Brandon NPet al., 2011, The effect of current density on H2S-poisoning of nickel-based solid oxide fuel cell anodes, 9th European SOFC Forum, Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, Pages: 7182-7187, ISSN: 0378-7753

CONFERENCE PAPER

Brightman E, Maher R, Ivey DG, Offer G, Brandon Net al., 2011, In Situ Measurement of SOFC Anode Surface Processes, 12th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC), Publisher: ELECTROCHEMICAL SOC INC, Pages: 1407-1419, ISSN: 1938-5862

CONFERENCE PAPER

Cai Q, Adjiman CS, Brandon NP, 2011, Modelling the 3D microstructure and performance of solid oxide fuel cell electrodes: Computational parameters, ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, Vol: 56, Pages: 5804-5814, ISSN: 0013-4686

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Cai Q, Adjiman CS, Brandon NP, 2011, Investigation of the active thickness of solid oxide fuel cell electrodes using a 3D microstructure model, ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, Vol: 56, Pages: 10809-10819, ISSN: 0013-4686

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Clague R, Shearing PR, Lee PD, Zhang Z, Brett DJL, Marquis AJ, Brandon NPet al., 2011, Stress analysis of solid oxide fuel cell anode microstructure reconstructed from focused ion beam tomography, JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, Vol: 196, Pages: 9018-9021, ISSN: 0378-7753

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Doraswami U, Shearing P, Droushiotis N, Li K, Brandon NP, Kelsall GHet al., 2011, Modelling the effects of measured anode triple-phase boundary densities on the performance of micro-tubular hollow fiber SOFCs, 17th International Conference on Solid State Lonics, Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, Pages: 494-500, ISSN: 0167-2738

CONFERENCE PAPER

Hawkes AD, Brett DJL, Brandon NP, 2011, Role of fuel cell based micro-cogeneration in low carbon heating, PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART A-JOURNAL OF POWER AND ENERGY, Vol: 225, Pages: 198-207, ISSN: 0957-6509

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Kehrwald D, Shearing PR, Brandon NP, Sinha PK, Harris SJet al., 2011, Local Tortuosity Inhomogeneities in a Lithium Battery Composite Electrode, JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY, Vol: 158, Pages: A1393-A1399, ISSN: 0013-4651

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Konda NVSNM, Shah N, Brandon NP, 2011, Optimal transition towards a large-scale hydrogen infrastructure for the transport sector: The case for the Netherlands, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, Vol: 36, Pages: 4619-4635, ISSN: 0360-3199

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Konda NVSNM, Shah N, Brandon NP, 2011, Design of networks for the large-scale deployment of CO<inf>2</inf>capture, transport and storage using multi-period optimization models: The case for the netherlands, 11AIChE - 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings

Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) is widely accepted as one of the key technologies in the portfolio of actions that can help mitigate CO2emissions. CCS can play significant role especially in the short/medium term as it offers a seamless and cheaper transition route towards a more sustainable energy economy (e.g., renewables) in the long-term while allowing the continued use of fossil fuels environmentally benignly. However, one of the main stumbling blocks to realize large-scale deployment of carbon capture and storage (CCS) is the huge upfront costs involved. Hence, in this contribution we have proposed a comprehensive optimization framework, that is spatially and temporally explicit, to design the least-cost CCS networks and their optimal evolution with time over the next four decades (i.e., until 2050). This framework establishes optimal transport links amongst most potential sources and sinks (while leaving out the not-so-important ones from a global perspective), as and when they are necessary, to achieve a pre-set CO2reduction target that is to be met by CCS in every decade within this time horizon. We have then demonstrated the applicability and usefulness of our approach with a real case study by applying it to design CCS networks for the Netherlands. As demonstrated by Konda et. al., 2011, CCS must be an integral part of the Dutch CO2mitigation portfolio to comply with the local and regional (i.e., EU level) CO2mitigation targets. Furthermore, the availability of a number of large-scale CO2point-sources and large storage capacity makes CCS an attractive CO2mitigation option for the Netherlands. Potential CO2sources considered within our framework include the existing power plants (including coal/gas-fired plants and Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle plants) and industrial sources (including refineries, cement, steel and chemical plants such as ammonia and hydrogen production plants). In addition to the existing plants, we have also considered th

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Lanzini A, Leone P, Guerra C, Smeacetto F, Brandon NP, Santarelli Met al., 2011, Durability of anode supported SOFC under direct dry reforming of methane, Pages: 125-126

The present work investigates the performance and durability of Ni-based anode supported solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) under direct internal dry reforming of CH4 and CO2 mixtures at around 800°C. Several experiments have been performed including catalysis experiments and long-term galvanostatic ageing (up to 300h) with different CH4/CO2 molar ration. Catalysis experiments in a microreactor bed configuration over Ni-YSZ anode samples have been performed by means of temperature programmed techniques aiming to investigate the conversion rate of methane under dry reforming as well as the operating conditions leading to carbon formation. Durability of full anode supported cells were investigated by observing the voltage evolution over the time under galvanostatic mode and by taking impedance spectra after each 50h of operation. Post-mortem analyses were performed after each experiment to verify the morphology of the carbon eventually deposited in the anode electrode.

CONFERENCE PAPER

Liso V, Zhao Y, Brandon N, Nielsen MP, Koer SKet al., 2011, Analysis of the impact of heat-to-power ratio for a SOFC-based mCHP system for residential application under different climate regions in Europe, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, Vol: 36, Pages: 13715-13726, ISSN: 0360-3199

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Liu M, Millan MG, Aravind PV, Brandon Net al., 2011, Influence of Operating Conditions on Carbon Deposition in SOFCs Fuelled by Tar-Containing Biosyngas, JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY, Vol: 158, Pages: B1310-B1318, ISSN: 0013-4651

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Liu M, Millan-Agorio MG, Aravind PV, Brandon NPet al., 2011, Influence of Operation Conditions on Carbon Deposition in SOFCs Fuelled by Tar-containing Biosyngas, 12th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC), Publisher: ELECTROCHEMICAL SOC INC, Pages: 2701-2712, ISSN: 1938-5862

CONFERENCE PAPER

Liu YH, Wu ZQ, Brandon NP, 2011, Application of SOFCs to Electric Power System, Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC), Publisher: IEEE, ISSN: 2157-4839

CONFERENCE PAPER

Matian M, Marquis A, Brandon N, 2011, Model based design and test of cooling plates for an air-cooled polymer electrolyte fuel cell stack, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, Vol: 36, Pages: 6051-6066, ISSN: 0360-3199

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Mermelstein J, Milian M, Brandon NP, 2011, The interaction of biomass gasification syngas components with tar in a solid oxide fuel cell and operational conditions to mitigate carbon deposition on nickel-gadolinium doped ceria anodes, JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, Vol: 196, Pages: 5027-5034, ISSN: 0378-7753

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Millichamp J, Ali E, Brandon NP, Brown RJC, Hodgson D, Kalyvas C, Manos G, Brett DJLet al., 2011, Application of a GaPO4 Crystal Microbalance for the Detection of Coke Formation in High-Temperature Reactors and Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, Vol: 50, Pages: 8371-8375, ISSN: 0888-5885

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Offer GJ, Contestabile M, Howey DA, Clague R, Brandon NPet al., 2011, Techno-economic and behavioural analysis of battery electric, hydrogen fuel cell and hybrid vehicles in a future sustainable road transport system in the UK, ENERGY POLICY, Vol: 39, Pages: 1939-1950, ISSN: 0301-4215

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Rhazaoui K, Cai Q, Shearing P, Adjiman CS, Brandon NPet al., 2011, Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Electrode 3D Microstructure and Performance Modeling, 12th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC), Publisher: ELECTROCHEMICAL SOC INC, Pages: 1097-1105, ISSN: 1938-5862

CONFERENCE PAPER

Shearing P, Wu Y, Harris SJ, Brandon Net al., 2011, In situ X-ray spectroscopy and imaging of battery materials, Electrochemical Society Interface, Vol: 20, Pages: 43-47, ISSN: 1064-8208

X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray tomography has been used as powerful techniques for probing the electrode microstructure and the atomic structure of electrode materials. Metal L-edge XAS results show that Ni ions at the surface are oxidized to Ni3+during charge, whereas Ni ions in the bulk are further oxidized to Ni4+during charge. The P K-edge XAS was studied to investigate the electronic structure of the delithiated Li1-xFePO4material, and it shows that the electrochemical delithiation of Li1-xFePO4results in the hybridization of P 3p states with the Fe 3d states. Recent advances in tomographic techniques have enabled three dimensional microstructural characterization of a wide range of materials with unprecedented resolution. Focused ion beams (FIBs) have also been successfully been employed in the study of lithium ion battery microstructures.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Shearing PR, Bradley RS, Gelb J, Lee SN, Atkinson A, Withers PJ, Brandon NPet al., 2011, Using Synchrotron X-Ray Nano-CT to Characterize SOFC Electrode Microstructures in Three-Dimensions at Operating Temperature, ELECTROCHEMICAL AND SOLID STATE LETTERS, Vol: 14, Pages: B117-B120, ISSN: 1099-0062

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Shearing PR, Cai Q, Adjiman C, Marquis AJ, Clague R, Gelb J, Bradley R, Withers PJ, Brandon NPet al., 2011, Microstructural Characterisation of SOFC Electrodes: Observations and Simulations, 12th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC), Publisher: ELECTROCHEMICAL SOC INC, Pages: 1367-1377, ISSN: 1938-5862

CONFERENCE PAPER

Somalu MR, Brandon NP, Yufit V, 2011, A Study of the Rheological Properties of NiO/ScSZ Screen-Printing Inks and Their Application to SOFC Anodes, 12th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC), Publisher: ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY INC, Pages: 1483-1500, ISSN: 1938-5862

CONFERENCE PAPER

Somalu MR, Yufit V, Cumming D, Lorente E, Brandon NPet al., 2011, Fabrication and characterization of Ni/ScSZ cermet anodes for IT-SOFCs, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, Vol: 36, Pages: 5557-5566, ISSN: 0360-3199

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Taher MAA, Adjiman CS, Iora P, Chiesa P, Brandon NPet al., 2011, Model-based Evaluation of the Production of Pure Oxygen through SOFC/SOEC Integration, 12th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC), Publisher: ELECTROCHEMICAL SOC INC, Pages: 2997-3006, ISSN: 1938-5862

CONFERENCE PAPER

Thiedmann R, Stenzel O, Spettl A, Shearing PR, Harris SJ, Brandon NP, Schmidt Vet al., 2011, Stochastic simulation model for the 3D morphology of composite materials in Li-ion batteries, COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS SCIENCE, Vol: 50, Pages: 3365-3376, ISSN: 0927-0256

JOURNAL ARTICLE

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