Imperial College London

Professor Nigel Brandon OBE FREng

Faculty of Engineering

Dean of the Faculty of Engineering
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 8600n.brandon Website

 
 
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Location

 

2.06Faculty BuildingSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Citation

BibTex format

@article{Konda:2011,
author = {Konda, NVSNM and Shah, N and Brandon, NP},
journal = {11AIChE - 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings},
title = {Design of networks for the large-scale deployment of CO <inf>2</inf> capture, transport and storage using multi-period optimization models: The case for the netherlands},
year = {2011}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) is widely accepted as one of the key technologies in the portfolio of actions that can help mitigate CO 2 emissions. CCS can play significant role especially in the short/medium term as it offers a seamless and cheaper transition route towards a more sustainable energy economy (e.g., renewables) in the long-term while allowing the continued use of fossil fuels environmentally benignly. However, one of the main stumbling blocks to realize large-scale deployment of carbon capture and storage (CCS) is the huge upfront costs involved. Hence, in this contribution we have proposed a comprehensive optimization framework, that is spatially and temporally explicit, to design the least-cost CCS networks and their optimal evolution with time over the next four decades (i.e., until 2050). This framework establishes optimal transport links amongst most potential sources and sinks (while leaving out the not-so-important ones from a global perspective), as and when they are necessary, to achieve a pre-set CO 2 reduction target that is to be met by CCS in every decade within this time horizon. We have then demonstrated the applicability and usefulness of our approach with a real case study by applying it to design CCS networks for the Netherlands. As demonstrated by Konda et. al., 2011, CCS must be an integral part of the Dutch CO 2 mitigation portfolio to comply with the local and regional (i.e., EU level) CO 2 mitigation targets. Furthermore, the availability of a number of large-scale CO 2 point-sources and large storage capacity makes CCS an attractive CO 2 mitigation option for the Netherlands. Potential CO 2 sources considered within our framework include the existing power plants (including coal/gas-fired plants and Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle plants) and industrial sources (including refineries, cement, steel and chemical plants such as ammonia and hydrogen production plants). In addition to the existing plants, we have also
AU - Konda,NVSNM
AU - Shah,N
AU - Brandon,NP
PY - 2011///
TI - Design of networks for the large-scale deployment of CO <inf>2</inf> capture, transport and storage using multi-period optimization models: The case for the netherlands
T2 - 11AIChE - 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings
ER -