Professor Ortwin Hess holds the Leverhulme Chair in Metamaterials in the Blackett Laboratory / Department of Physics at Imperial College London. He is Co-Director of the Centre for Plasmonics & Metamaterials and Deputy-Head of the Condensed Matter Theory group. He is also an academic member of the Thomas Young Centre.
Bridging condensed matter theory and quantum optics, Professor Hess's research interests and his group's activities are in Quantum Theory of Matter and Light (QTML) and currently focused on active (photonic, electronic and magnetic) metamaterials, quantum nano-photonics and spatio-temporal dynamics of (plasmonic and semiconductor) nanolasers.
The Royal Society Rumford Medal 2016
For outstanding research in the field of the physics of materials.
NEWS and Highlights
Single-molecule strong coupling at room temperature in plasmonic nanocavities Nature (2016) doi:10.1038/nature17974 by Chikkaraddy, de Nijs, Benz, Barrow, Shermann, Rosta, Demetriadou, Fox, Hess, and Baumberg.
Single-molecule strong coupling in a gold nanocavity. Credit Yi Ju/University of Cambridge NanoPhotonics
Active Optical Metamaterials by Wuestner and Hess in: Progress in Optics (E Wolf, Ed.) Vol. 59 (Elsevier, 2014).
Photonics of Quantum-Dot Nanomaterials and Devices: Theory and Modelling by Hess and Gehrig (Imperial College Press, London, 2012).
Spatio-Temporal Dynamics and Quantum Fluctuations in Semiconductor Lasers by Gehrig and Hess (Springer, Berlin, 2003).
Online TALKS AND LECTURES
The Stopped-Light Laser: An Optical 'Black Hole' on the Nanoscale given at the Cambridge University Physics Society (19 Nov 2014) discusses a new lasing principle realised by stopped light at nanoplasmonic singularities.
Active Nanoplasmonic Metamaterials provides a brief overview of recent research on metamaterials and nanoplasmonics with quantum gain.
Quantum Theory of Matter and Light
Promoting an extreme control of light and matter interaction quantum nano-photonics empowers novel femto- and attosecond and nano-photonic phenomena, forming the basis for quantum photonics and innovative nano-photonic lasers.
And the "metamaterial" concept to control photons and electrons by the principle "function from structure" has inspired scientists to conceive perfect lenses, new lasers, 'invisibility' and acoustic cloaks and opened the door to slow and stopped broadband light with applications in quantum science and technology, sensing and nano-chemistry.
The Hess group studies the physics of nanophotonics and optical and electronic metamaterials and advanced lasers, and investigates the (ultrafast) nonlinear and quantum dynamics of nano-plasmonic and nano-photonic materials and (complex) nano-photonic systems with gain. Concurrently, the group is striving to embed metamaterials in new realms of applications in information and laser technology, nanophotovoltaics and the bio-medical sciences.
Light in Photonic and Electronic Metamaterials
- Nanoplasmonic metasurfaces
- Chiral metamaterials, metafoils and chiral light
- Self-organised active 3D gyroidal metamaterials
- Semiconductor metamaterials
- "Dirac light" in active nanoplasmonic metasurfaces
- Slow and stopped light
- Quantum fluctuations and spontaneous emission control
- Nanoplasmonic strong coupling
- Femto- and attosecond nanophotonics
- Functional nano-plasmonic nano-cavities
- Ultra-low energy optical switching
- Nanoparticle photo-chemistry
- Plasmonic stopped-light nanolasing
- Nonlinear metamaterials with quantum gain
- Quantum-dot lasers
- Ultrafast plasmonic semiconductor nanolasers
Professor Ortwin Hess holds the Leverhulme Chair in Metamaterials in the Department of Physics at Imperial College London and is Co-Director of the Centre for Plasmonics & Metamaterials.
Professor Hess studied physics at the University of Erlangen and the Technical University of Berlin. Following pre- and post-doctoral times in Edinburgh and at the University of Marburg, Hess has been (from 1995 to 2003) Head of the Theoretical Quantum Electronics Group at the Institute of Technical Physics in Stuttgart, Germany. He has a Habilitation in Theoretical Physics at the University of Stuttgart (1997) and became Adjunct Professor in 1998. Since 2001 he is Docent of Photonics at Tampere University of Technology in Finland. Professor Hess has been Visiting Professor at Stanford University (1997 - 1998) and the University of Munich (2000 - 2001). From 2003 to 2010 he was Professor of Theoretical Condensed Matter and Optical Physics in the Department of Physics and the Advanced Technology Institute at the University of Surrey in Guildford, UK.
Professor Hess's research interests and activities are in condensed matter quantum optics and are currently focused on quantum photonics, optical and electronic metamaterials, spatio-temporal laser dynamics and computational photonics.
Bridging theoretical condensed-matter physics, quantum optics and laser physics, Professor Hess has pioneered the research fields and concepts of active nano-plasmonics and optical metamaterials with quantum gain and made seminal contributions to spatio-temporal dynamics of semiconductor lasers.
Hess has discovered the ‘trapped-rainbow’ principle and recently introduced and explained the idea of cavity-free ‘stopped-light lasing’.
He has further contributed significantly to quantum dot photonics [book (Imperial College Press, 2012)] and computational modeling of photonic crystals as well as to the quantum theory of temperature on the nano-scale [several book chapters].
Hess combines theoretical solid state (quantum) optics with computational photonics, involving the development of innovative approaches and techniques leading to the realization of a unique and flexible family of codes for active nano-plasmonics and (inherently multi-scale) metamaterials as well as nonlinearities and the microscopic spatio-temporal interplay of intense light with nano-structured materials (semiconductors, polymers, etc) on ultrafast time-sclaes.
He strives to explore the dynamics and light-matter interaction in active (nonlinear, gain-enhanced and dynamic) nanophotonic metamaterials, the physics of self-organised (polymer based) nanoplasmonic chiral metamaterials, semiconductor quantum nanomaterials, quantum dots and graphene with gain as well as the dynamics and quantum fluctuations of slow and stopped light and ultrafast (nano-) lasers. Further plans are the study of the ultrafast spatio-temporal dynamics in nano-plasmonics and the control of spontaneous and amplified spontaneous emission.
Oh SS, Hess O, 2015, Chiral metamaterials: enhancement and control of optical activity and circular dichroism, Nano Convergence, Vol:2
et al., 2016, Single-molecule strong coupling at room temperature in plasmonic nanocavities, Nature, Vol:535, ISSN:0028-0836, Pages:127-130
et al., 2016, Nonequilibrium plasmon emission drives ultrafast carrier relaxation dynamics in photoexcited graphene, Physical Review B, Vol:93, ISSN:1098-0121
et al., 2015, A highly efficient CMOS nanoplasmonic crystal enhanced slow-wave thermal emitter improves infrared gas-sensing devices, Scientific Reports, Vol:5, ISSN:2045-2322
et al., 2015, Ultrafast dynamics of nanoplasmonic stopped-light lasing, Faraday Discussions, Vol:178, ISSN:1359-6640, Pages:307-324
et al., 2015, Plasmonic leaky-mode lasing in active semiconductor nanowires, Laser & Photonics Reviews, Vol:9, ISSN:1863-8880, Pages:256-262
et al., 2015, Optical nano-woodpiles: large-area metallic photonic crystals and metamaterials, Scientific Reports, Vol:5, ISSN:2045-2322
et al., 2015, Nonequilibrium plasmons with gain in graphene, Physical Review B, Vol:91, ISSN:1098-0121
et al., 2014, Ultrafast plasmonic nanowire lasers near the surface plasmon frequency, Nature Physics, Vol:10, ISSN:1745-2473, Pages:870-876
et al., 2014, Cavity-free plasmonic nanolasing enabled by dispersionless stopped light, Nature Communications, Vol:5, ISSN:2041-1723
et al., 2014, Optical Activity Enhanced by Strong Inter-molecular Coupling in Planar Chiral Metamaterials, Scientific Reports, Vol:4, ISSN:2045-2322
et al., 2014, Chiral Metafoils for Terahertz Broadband High-Contrast Flexible Circular Polarizers, Physical Review Applied, Vol:2, ISSN:2331-7019
et al., 2014, Completely Stopped and Dispersionless Light in Plasmonic Waveguides, Physical Review Letters, Vol:112, ISSN:0031-9007
et al., 2013, Scattering of core-shell nanowires with the interference of electric and magnetic resonances, Optics Letters, Vol:38, ISSN:0146-9592, Pages:2621-2624
Hamm JM, Hess O, 2013, Two Two-Dimensional Materials Are Better than One, Science, Vol:340, ISSN:0036-8075, Pages:1298-1299
et al., 2013, Tunable 3D Extended Self-Assembled Gold Metamaterials with Enhanced Light Transmission, Advanced Materials, Vol:25, ISSN:0935-9648, Pages:2713-2716
et al., 2013, Dirac-like Plasmons in Honeycomb Lattices of Metallic Nanoparticles, Physical Review Letters, Vol:110, ISSN:0031-9007
Hess O, Tsakmakidis KL, 2013, Metamaterials with Quantum Gain, Science, Vol:339, ISSN:0036-8075, Pages:654-655
et al., 2013, On the Origin of Chirality in Nanoplasmonic Gyroid Metamaterials, Advanced Materials, Vol:25, ISSN:0935-9648, Pages:612-617
et al., 2012, Active nanoplasmonic metamaterials, Nature Materials, Vol:11, ISSN:1476-1122, Pages:573-584
et al., 2012, Dynamics of amplification in a nanoplasmonic metamaterial, Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing, Vol:107, Pages:77-82
et al., 2012, Coherent Amplification and Noise in Gain-Enhanced Nanoplasmonic Metamaterials: A Maxwell-Bloch Langevin Approach, ACS Nano, Vol:6, ISSN:1936-0851, Pages:2420-2431
et al., 2012, Control and dynamic competition of bright and dark lasing states in active nanoplasmonic metamaterials, Physical Review B, Vol:85, ISSN:2469-9950
et al., 2010, Overcoming Losses with Gain in a Negative Refractive Index Metamaterial, Physical Review Letters, Vol:105, ISSN:0031-9007
Reschner DW, Gehrig E, Hess O, 2009, Pulse Amplification and Spatio-Spectral Hole-Burning in Inhomogeneously Broadened Quantum-Dot Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol:45, ISSN:0018-9197, Pages:21-33
Hess O, 2008, Optics - Farewell to flatland, Nature, Vol:455, ISSN:0028-0836, Pages:299-300
Boehringer K, Hess O, 2008, A full-time-domain approach to spatio-temporal dynamics of semiconductor lasers. I. Theoretical formulation, Progress in Quantum Electronics, Vol:32, ISSN:0079-6727, Pages:159-246
Tsakmakidis KL, Boardman AD, Hess O, 2007, 'Trapped rainbow' storage of light in metamaterials, Nature, Vol:450, ISSN:0028-0836, Pages:397-401
Gehrig E, Hess O, 2007, Dynamic spatiotemporal pulse shaping in two-photon active biomolecular media, Journal of the Optical Society of America B - Optical Physics, Vol:24, ISSN:0740-3224, Pages:522-526
Klaedtke A, Hess O, 2006, Ultrafast nonlinear dynamics of whispering-gallery mode micro-cavity lasers, Optics Express, Vol:14, ISSN:1094-4087, Pages:2744-2752
Hartmann M, Mahler G, Hess O, 2004, Existence of temperature on the nanoscale, Physical Review Letters, Vol:93, ISSN:0031-9007
Hess O, Hermann C, Klaedtke A, 2003, Finite-Difference Time-Domain simulations of photonic crystal defect structures, Physica Status Solidi. A - Applied Research, Vol:197, ISSN:0031-8965, Pages:605-619
Hermann C, Hess O, 2002, Modified spontaneous-emission rate in an inverted-opal structure with complete photonic bandgap, Journal of the Optical Society of America B - Optical Physics, Vol:19, ISSN:0740-3224, Pages:3013-3018
Gehrig E, Hess O, 2002, Mesoscopic spatiotemporal theory for quantum-dot lasers, Physical Review A, Vol:65, ISSN:1050-2947
Hess O, Kuhn T, 1996, Maxwell-Bloch equations for spatially inhomogeneous semiconductor lasers .1. Theoretical formulation, Physical Review A, Vol:54, ISSN:1050-2947, Pages:3347-3359
Hess O, Kuhn T, 1996, Maxwell-Bloch equations for spatially inhomogeneous semiconductor lasers .2. Spatiotemporal dynamics, Physical Review A, Vol:54, ISSN:1050-2947, Pages:3360-3368
Wuestner S, Hess O, 2014, Active Optical Metamaterials, Editor(s): Wolf, ELSEVIER ACADEMIC PRESS INC, Pages:1-88