182 results found
Baxter W, Aurisicchio M, Childs P, 2017, Contaminated Interaction Another Barrier to Circular Material Flows, JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY, Vol: 21, Pages: 507-516, ISSN: 1088-1980
Baxter WL, childs PRN, 2017, Designing Circular Possessions, The Routledge Handbook of Sustainable Product Design, Editors: Chapman
The notion of possession is one of the most fundamental concepts that guide everyday behaviour. Paradoxically, it is often poorly understood. This is particularly true in a circular context where consumer interactions with possessions are being altered and in some cases redefined. Thus, an understanding of possession serves as a useful, if not necessary, prerequisite to designing circular products, services and systems. This chapter explores the idea of possession: what it is, how an object becomes one and why it is important for the circular economy. Possession is understood through a human-centred lens that considers the consumer’s state of mind towards and relationship with an object. A state of possessiveness can be attained for material or immaterial objects and for objects that may or may not legally belong to the person. The discussion is presented within a design framework that discusses the motives and routes that lead to the state of possession. This framework is substantiated by looking at affordance principles and paths associated with possession. Each section includes a theoretical discussion as well as practical examples and insights that can be incorporated into the product design process itself. This chapter aids in understanding interactions relevant to the circular economy such as the maintenance and care that comes with object attachment and adoption of access-based consumption models. Understanding and designing for these desired interactions should be the first priority of designers followed by an establishment of laws, regulations and policies to support them.
Copyright © 2017 ASME. As a branch of computational creativity, Creative Knowledge Discovery (CKD) aims to search for valuable, previously unknown, or ignored, relationships between concepts, and create new patterns by taking advantage of existing patterns or by analogy to patterns in other domains. Data mining has been widely used in CKD research. However, most proposed mining algorithms lack a theoretical basis for computational creativity due to their origins in traditional knowledge discovery in databases (KDD), which stymies novelty. In addition, integration of human-computer interaction (HCI) is often overlooked for assisting discovery of creative knowledge despite the human end user possessing problem solving intelligence. To address these issues, a network-based computational model bridging humancomputer interaction and data mining is proposed arising from an initial investigation on the theoretical basis of computational creativity. A corresponding creativity evaluation methodology, Multi-dimensional In-depth Long-term Case studies (MILCs) is also introduced. In order to evaluate the proposed model, a web tool called B-Link has been developed. Longitudinal interviews and a questionnaire survey have been conducted by applying the MILCs evaluation method. The success of finding novel items and obtaining inspiration in interviews as well as the positive survey rating results of all five creativity metrics have suggested that B-Link is able to guide thinking processes and aid creative knowledge discovery effectively, which demonstrates the capability of the proposed network-based computational creativity model integrating human-computer interaction and data mining.
Chen X, Liu X, Childs P, et al., 2017, A Low Cost Desktop Electrochemical Metal 3D Printer, ADVANCED MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES, Vol: 2, ISSN: 2365-709X
Han J, Park D, Shi F, et al., 2017, Three driven approaches to combinational creativity, Pages: 259-268, ISSN: 2220-4334
Creativity is a crucial element of design, and a human attribute that has aroused significant attention. However, few studies have focused on the factors and motivations that drive creativity. The aim of the study is to investigate the driving forces behind combinational creativity for developing original creative products. We propose three driven approaches to combinational creativity, the problem-driven approach, the common-driven approach, and the inspiration-driven approach, based on previous research projects on design process, design strategy, and design cognition. A test involving two-hundred practical products has been conducted to validate the three approaches by means of expert evaluation. The test results have indicated the validity of the three driven approaches. The three approaches proposed in this study have provided an understanding of how combinational creativity is driven in design, which could lead to a better comprehension of human creativity in design. The study enables indication that the three approaches can be applied by designers to aid in the production of creative designs for and in resource-limited societies.
Han J, Shi F, Chen L, et al., 2017, The Analogy Retriever – an idea generation tool, 21st International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED 17), ISSN: 2220-4342
Hu Z, Rao C, Tao C, et al., 2017, A case-based decision theory based process model to aid product conceptual design, Cluster Computing, Pages: 1-18, ISSN: 1386-7857
© 2017 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC In new product development, the rapid proposal of innovative solutions represents an important phase. This in turn relies on creative ideas, their evaluation, refinement and embodiment of worthwhile directions. This study aims to describe a CBDT based process model for product conceptual design that concentrates on rapidly generating innovations with the support of decision-making rationale. Case-based decision theory (CBDT), derived from case-based reasoning, is applied in this paper as a core method to aid design engineers to make an informed decision quickly, thus accelerating the design process. In the process of utilizing CBDT to support a decision, as for the similarity function, the proper value assignment methods to the selected attribute set for calculation are discussed. In order to assist with innovative solution, aspects of the theory of inventive problem solving (TRIZ) are integrated into the case-based reasoning process. Accordingly, a CBDT-TRIZ model is developed. Quality-function deployment is used to translate customer wants into relevant engineering design requirements and thus formulating the design specification. Image-Scale is used to offer an orthogonal coordinates system to aid evaluation. Finally, a case study is used to demonstrate the validity of the proposed process model based on the design of a cordless hand-tool for garden and lawn applications.
Li W, Zhang J, Mi P, et al., 2017, The effect of gravity on R410A condensing flow in horizontal circular tubes, NUMERICAL HEAT TRANSFER PART A-APPLICATIONS, Vol: 71, Pages: 327-340, ISSN: 1040-7782
Michalakoudis I, Childs P, Aurisicchio M, et al., 2017, Using functional analysis diagrams to improve product reliability and cost, ADVANCES IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, Vol: 9, ISSN: 1687-8140
Ramos Cabal A, Guarracino I, Mellor A, et al., 2017, Solar-Thermal and Hybrid Photovoltaic-Thermal Systems for Renewable Heating, Publisher: Grantham Institute, Imperial College London
Headlines Heat constitutes about half of total global energy demand. Solar heat offers key advantages over other renewable sources for meeting this demand through distributed, integrated systems. Solar heat is a mature sustainable energy technology capable of mass deployment. There is significant scope for increasing the installed solar heat capacity in Europe. Only a few European countries are close to reaching the EU target of 1 m2 of solar-thermal installations per person. One key challenge for the further development of the solar-thermal market arises from issues related to the intermittency of the solar resource, and the requirement for storage and/or backup systems. The former increases investment costs and limits adaptability. An analysis of EU countries with good market development, suggests that obligation schemes are the best policy option for maximising installations. These do not present a direct cost to the public budget, and determine the growth of the local industry in the long term. Solar-thermal collectors can be combined with photovoltaic (PV) modules to produce hybrid PV-thermal (PV-T) collectors. These can deliver both heat and electricity simultaneously from the same installed area and at a higher overall efficiency compared to individual solar-thermal and PV panels installed separately. Hybrid PV-T technology provides a particularly promising solution when roof space is limited or when heat and electricity are required at the same time.
Shi F, Chen L, Han J, et al., 2017, A Data-Driven Text Mining and Semantic Network Analysis for Design Information Retrieval, Journal of Mechanical Design, Transactions of the ASME, Vol: 139, ISSN: 1050-0472
With the advent of the big-data era, massive information stored in electronic and digital forms on the internet become valuable resources for knowledge discovery in engineering design. Traditional document retrieval method based on document indexing focuses on retrieving individual documents related to the query, but is incapable of discovering the various associations between individual knowledge concepts. Ontology-based technologies, which can extract the inherent relationships between concepts by using advanced text mining tools, can be applied to improve design information retrieval in the largescale unstructured textual data environment. However, few of the public available ontology database stands on a design and engineering perspective to establish the relations between knowledge concepts. This paper develops a WordNet focusing on design and engineering associations by integrating the text mining approaches to construct an unsupervised learning ontology network. Subsequent probability and velocity network analysis are applied with different statistical behaviors to evaluate the correlation degree between concepts for design information retrieval. The validation results show that the probability and velocity analysis on our constructed ontology network can help recognize the high related complex design and engineering associations between elements. Finally, an engineering design case study demonstrates the use of our constructed semantic network in real-world project for design relations retrieval.
Shi F, Chen L, Han J, et al., 2017, Implicit knowledge discovery in design semantic network by applying pythagorean means on shortest path searching
© 2017 ASME. With the advent of the big-data era, massive textual information stored in electronic and digital documents have become valuable resources for knowledge discovery in the fields of design and engineering. Ontology technologies and semantic networks have been widely applied with text mining techniques including Natural Language Processing (NLP) to extract structured knowledge associations from the large-scale unstructured textual data. However, most existing works mainly focus on how to construct the semantic networks by developing various text mining methods such as statistical approaches and semantic approaches, while few studies are found to focus on how to subsequently analyze and fully utilize the already well-established semantic networks. In this paper, a specific network analysis method is proposed to discover the implicit knowledge associations from the existing semantic network for improving knowledge discovery and design innovation. Pythagorean means are applied with Dijkstra's shortest path algorithm to discover the implicit knowledge associations either around a single knowledge concept or between two concepts. Six criteria are established to evaluate and rank the correlation degree of the implicit associations. Two engineering case studies were conducted to illustrate the proposed knowledge discovery process, and the results showed the effectiveness of the retrieved implicit knowledge associations on helping providing relevant knowledge from various aspects, and provoking creative ideas for engineering innovation.
Baxter W, Yang X, Aurisicchio M, et al., 2016, Exploring a human-centred design of possessions, 12th Biennial NordDesign Conference on Highlighting the Nordic Approach, Publisher: DESIGN SOC, Pages: 53-62
Baxter WL, Aurisicchio M, Childs PRN, 2016, Materials, use and contaminated interaction, MATERIALS & DESIGN, Vol: 90, Pages: 1218-1227, ISSN: 0264-1275
Chen X, Mi P, Childs PRN, et al., 2016, EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF EVAPORATION HEAT TRANSFER INSIDE HORIZONTAL MICRO-FIN TUBES, ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, Publisher: AMER SOC MECHANICAL ENGINEERS
Childs PRN, 2016, Nanoscale Thermometry and Temperature Measurement, RSC Nanoscience and Nanotechnology No. 38, Thermometry at the Nanoscale: Techniques and Selected Applications., Editors: Carlos, Palacio, Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry, Pages: 3-22, ISBN: 9781849739047
Nanoscale temperature measurement concerns the determination of temperature or temperature difference at the sub-micron scale. Applications where it is important to be able to measure local temperature at the nanoscale include microelectronics, optics, microfluidics, chemical reaction and biochemical processes, such as living cells and nano-medicine.
Gronneberg I, Childs P, 2016, Organizational Principles Oriented to Maximize Innovative Ideas of Blue-Collar Employees in Manufacturing, 12th Biennial NordDesign Conference on Highlighting the Nordic Approach, Publisher: DESIGN SOC, Pages: 288-297
Han J, Shi F, Childs PRN, 2016, THE COMBINATOR: A COMPUTER-BASED TOOL FOR IDEA GENERATION, 14th International Design Conference (DESIGN), Publisher: DESIGN SOC, Pages: 639-648, ISSN: 1847-9073
Hua M, Huang S, Childs P, 2016, From linear to systemic: an integrated design solution for sustainable household consumption in Iceland, 12th Biennial NordDesign Conference on Highlighting the Nordic Approach, Publisher: DESIGN SOC, Pages: 186-195
Michalakoudis I, Childs P, Harding J, 2016, Using Functional Analysis Diagrams for Production Cost Optimization, IEEE International Conference on Advanced Materials for Science and Engineering (IEEE-ICAMSE), Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 554-557
Shi F, Han J, Childs PRN, 2016, A DATA MINING APPROACH TO ASSIST DESIGN KNOWLEDGE RETRIEVAL BASED ON KEYWORD ASSOCIATIONS, 14th International Design Conference (DESIGN), Publisher: DESIGN SOC, Pages: 1125-1134, ISSN: 1847-9073
Southgate DFL, Childs PRN, Bull AMJ, 2016, Sports innovation, technology and research, ISBN: 9781786340429
© 2016 by World Scientific Publishing Europe Ltd. All rights reserved. Sports Innovation, Technology and Research gives an insight into recent research and design projects at Imperial College London. It presents the on-going development of a diverse range of areas from elite rowing performance to impact protection to sporting amenities in communities. Also included are descriptions of some of the latest innovations that have been developed as part of the Rio Tinto Sports Innovation Challenge, an initiative that tasked engineering students to design, build and implement Paralympic and other sporting equipment. It offers a glimpse at the breadth of creativity that can be achieved when human centred design is applied to an area such as disabled sport. It also shows the potential that design and engineering have to contribute to healthy lifestyles and the generation of whole new sporting domains. This book will be valuable for anyone with an interest in sports technology, including those in industry, academia, sports organisations and athletes themselves.
Southgate DFL, Childs PRN, Bull AMJ, 2016, Introduction, ISBN: 9781786340429
Baxter W, Childs PRN, Aurisicchio M, 2015, Using psychological ownership to guide strategies for slower consumption, Product Lifetimes And The Environment (PLATE), Publisher: Nottingham Trent University
Baxter WL, Aurisicchio M, Childs PRN, 2015, A psychological ownership approach to designing object attachment, JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING DESIGN, Vol: 26, Pages: 140-156, ISSN: 0954-4828
Childs PRN, Garvey B, 2015, Using morphological analysis to tackle uncertainty at the design phase for a safety critical application, PROPULSION AND POWER RESEARCH, Vol: 4, Pages: 1-8, ISSN: 2212-540X
Childs PRN, pennington M, 2015, Industrial, and innovation design engineering, Impact of Design Research on Industrial Practice Tools, Technology, and Training, Editors: Chakrabarti, Lindemann, Publisher: Springer, Pages: 133-149, ISBN: 9783319194493
The Innovation Design Engineering (IDE) double masters programme, run jointly by the Royal College of Art and Imperial College London is now in its 34th year. Originally called Industrial Design Engineering the aim of the pro-gramme was to provide an educational pathway for taking graduate engineers and produce a new type of industrial designer. The two-year full-time programme in-volves a series of themed but student-directed projects in the first year, prior to major group and solo projects in the second year. This chapter introduces the orig-inal purpose of the programme, documents some of the transitions as well as providing a description of the current format of the programme, with a particular focus on addressing the needs of industry and those of individual students and graduates, and the sometime tensions between these. The Innovation Design Engi-neering is characterised by a ‘borrowed discourse’ with no distinct disciplinary language owned by the community at the moment. This is manifest in the exten-sive engagement by the students in their collaborations across the Departments and Research Centres at Imperial and their willingness to explore diverse innova-tion spaces. Traditionally graduates have gained subsequent employment in corpo-rations and design consultancies. The last five years has seen a significant shift with the greater proportion of graduates setting up their own businesses and con-sultancies on completion of the programme.
Michalakoudis I, Childs PRN, Aurisicchio M, et al., 2015, USING FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS DIAGRAMS AS A DESIGN TOOL, ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE2014), Publisher: AMER SOC MECHANICAL ENGINEERS
Yan Y, Childs PRN, 2015, CREATIVITY TOOL SELECTION FOR DESIGN ENGINEERS IN IDEA GENERATION, 20th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED), Publisher: DESIGN SOC, ISSN: 2220-4334
Childs PRN, Linpinski TB, Holloway M, 2014, Robot for spraying insulation, GB2514405 (A)
A robot 1 for spraying insulation (such as polyurethane), comprising an elongate chassis 3 carrying a spray nozzle 4, a source 16 of spray thermal insulation foam coupled to the nozzle, and at least one wheel 2 mounted on the chassis arranged to drive the robot over a surface on which it is located. There may be a bearing surface 7 in the form of a hemisphere which is dragged over the surface over which the robot moves. The foam source may be a supply pipe and there may also be wires 15 to provide power to the robot. The robot is particularly suited for working in an underfloor cavity. Also claimed is a method of using such a robot.
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