Imperial College London


Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Chemical Engineering

Research Associate







ACE ExtensionSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Pantaleo, A and Simpson, M and Rotolo, G and Distaso, E and Oyewunmi, O and Sapin, P and Depalma, P and Markides, C},
doi = {10.1016/j.enconman.2019.112053},
journal = {Energy Conversion and Management},
title = {Thermoeconomic optimisation of small-scale organic Rankine cycle systems based on screw vs. piston expander maps in waste heat recovery applications},
url = {},
volume = {200},
year = {2019}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - The high cost of organic Rankine cycle (ORC) systems is a key barrier to their implementation in waste heat recovery (WHR) applications. In particular, the choice ofexpansion device has a significant influence on this cost, strongly affecting the economic viabilityof an installation. In this work, numerical simulations and optimisation strategies are used to compare the performance and profitability of small-scale ORC systems using reciprocating-piston orsingle/two-stage screw expanders whenre covering heat from the exhaust gases of a 185-kWinternal combustion engine operating in baseload mode. The study goes beyond previous work by directly comparingthese small-scaleexpanders fora broad range of working fluids, and by exploring the sensitivity of project viability to key parameters such as electricity price and onsite heat demand.For the piston expander, a lumped-massmodel and optimisation based on artificial neural networks are used to generate performance maps, while performance and cost correlations from the literature are used for the screw expanders. The thermodynamic analysisshows that two-stage screw expanders typically deliver more power than either single-stage screw or piston expanders due to their higher conversion efficiencyat the required pressure ratios. The best fluids areacetone and ethanol, as these provide a compromise between the exergy losses in the condenser and in the evaporatorin this application. The maximum net power output isfound to be 17.7kW, from an ORC engine operating withacetone anda two-stage screw expander. On the other hand, the thermoeconomic optimisation shows that reciprocating-piston expandersshow a potential for lowerspecific costs, and sincesuchan expander technology is not mature, especially at these scales, this finding motivates further consideration of this component. A minimum specific investment cost of 1630€/kW is observed for an ORC engine with a pisto
AU - Pantaleo,A
AU - Simpson,M
AU - Rotolo,G
AU - Distaso,E
AU - Oyewunmi,O
AU - Sapin,P
AU - Depalma,P
AU - Markides,C
DO - 10.1016/j.enconman.2019.112053
PY - 2019///
SN - 0196-8904
TI - Thermoeconomic optimisation of small-scale organic Rankine cycle systems based on screw vs. piston expander maps in waste heat recovery applications
T2 - Energy Conversion and Management
UR -
UR -
VL - 200
ER -