Imperial College London

Dr Peter Hellyer

Faculty of MedicineDepartment of Brain Sciences

Honorary Lecturer
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 9568peter.hellyer

 
 
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Location

 

4.35Royal School of MinesSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Citation

BibTex format

@article{Hellyer:2015:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.08.069,
author = {Hellyer, PJ and Jachs, B and Clopath, C and Leech, R},
doi = {10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.08.069},
journal = {Neuroimage},
pages = {85--95},
title = {Local inhibitory plasticity tunes macroscopic brain dynamics and allows the emergence of functional brain networks},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.08.069},
volume = {124},
year = {2015}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - Rich, spontaneous brain activity has been observed across a range of different temporal and spatial scales. These dynamics are thought to be important for efficient neural functioning. A range of experimental evidence suggests that these neural dynamics are maintained across a variety of different cognitive states, in response to alterations of the environment and to changes in brain configuration (e.g., across individuals, development and in many neurological disorders). This suggests that the brain has evolved mechanisms to maintain rich dynamics across a broad range of situations. Several mechanisms based around homeostatic plasticity have been proposed to explain how these dynamics emerge from networks of neurons at the microscopic scale. Here we explore how a homeostatic mechanism may operate at the macroscopic scale: in particular, focusing on how it interacts with the underlying structural network topology and how it gives rise to well-described functional connectivity networks. We use a simple mean-field model of the brain, constrained by empirical white matter structural connectivity where each region of the brain is simulated using a pool of excitatory and inhibitory neurons. We show, as with the microscopic work, that homeostatic plasticity regulates network activity and allows for the emergence of rich, spontaneous dynamics across a range of brain configurations, which otherwise show a very limited range of dynamic regimes. In addition, the simulated functional connectivity of the homeostatic model better resembles empirical functional connectivity network. To accomplish this, we show how the inhibitory weights adapt over time to capture important graph theoretic properties of the underlying structural network. Therefore, this work presents suggests how inhibitory homeostatic mechanisms facilitate stable macroscopic dynamics to emerge in the brain, aiding the formation of functional connectivity networks.
AU - Hellyer,PJ
AU - Jachs,B
AU - Clopath,C
AU - Leech,R
DO - 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.08.069
EP - 95
PY - 2015///
SN - 1095-9572
SP - 85
TI - Local inhibitory plasticity tunes macroscopic brain dynamics and allows the emergence of functional brain networks
T2 - Neuroimage
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.08.069
VL - 124
ER -