Imperial College London

Dr Richard J. Gill

Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Life Sciences (Silwood Park)

Lecturer, Grand Challenges in Ecosystems & the Environment



+44 (0)20 7594 2215r.gill




N2.13MunroSilwood Park





Research Interests

The scientific interests of my research group are on a broad scale, but our research often involves the study of animal behaviours to address ecologically applied issues, as well as taking an evolutionary biology approach to understanding trends in ecology. 

Whilst not wedded to a particular study organism, social insects (mainly ants and bees) have been the typical focal system of our work. Their large and intricate societies exhibit efficient and often complex cooperative behaviours making them not only interesting for the study of animal behaviour, but also a dominant insect group in the environment that provide crucial ecosystem services.



Recent publications:

Arce et al. (2016) Impact of controlled neonicotinoid exposure in a realistic field setting. in: Journal of Applied Evology

Smith et al. (2016) Exploring miniature insect brains using micro-CT scanning techniques. in: Scientific Reports

Gill et al. (2016) Protecting an ecosystem service: approaches to understanding and mitigating threats to wild insect pollinators. in: Advances in Ecological Research

or this link



My research follows two primary themes: 

Impact of stressors in the environment on insect pollinators

My group studies some of the environmental factors that place stress on social bees - primarily bumblebees (a wild insect pollinator). To elucidate these impacts we are interested in studying how specific factors affect individual behaviour and how this is linked to changes at the physiological level. We then further investigate how such impairment to individual function may collectively translate to impact(s) on the health/success of the colony, and furthermore how we may gain insights into the effects at the population level. Learning from these results we can start to map how such potential risks are spatially distributed to better understand 'stress exposure landscapes' and thus provide valuable information for ecological applications, in addition to understanding how these selective pressures may be shaping bee populations.

Social bees, such as wild bumblebees and domesticated honeybees, have particular ecological and economic importance by pollinating many wild flowers and agricultural crops. A large focus of our current research is to evaluate whether pesticides found in the environment are having a detrimental effects on bumblebee health/state, their foraging performance and subsequent pollination service.


Evolution of social strategies

I am fascinated by the variety of social strategies adopted across the animal kingdom. I want to understand what cooperative behaviours are required for succcesful group living (specifically cooperative breeding), to investigate the consequent conflicts involved and the resolving behavioural mechanisms that maintain group cohesion, and to understand what ecological and genetic factors determine variation in social organisation.


Group (see 'research' page for more details)

Fellow: Dr Jacob Johansson

NERC funded PDRA: Dr Andres Arce

NERC funded DTP PhD student: Dylan Smith

BBSRC funded PhD student: Ana Ramos-Rodrigues

PhD co-supervisor for: Liz Samuelson (Sup. Dr Elli Leadbeater, RHUL), BBSRC (1 +3)  


Previous Group Members

Leonie Gough

Erasmus visiting Masters student: Illaria Pretelli

Masters project students: Ross Gray (2016); Laura Bentley (2016); Chun (Harrs) Tso (2016); Jiajun (Stanley) Yu (2015), Katie Taylor (2015), Sarah Gougeon (2015), Emma Randall (2014), Thomas David (2014)

3rd year project students: Cecylia Watrobska (2016); Shona Crawford (2015), Ross Gray (2015), Henry Clifford (2015), Jessica Clarke (2014), Abby Simms (2014)

Selected Publications

Journal Articles

Arce AN, David TI, Randall E, et al., 2016, Impact of controlled neonicotinoid exposure on bumblebees in a realistic field setting, Journal of Applied Ecology, ISSN:1365-2664

Smith DB, Bernhardt G, Raine NE, et al., 2016, Exploring miniature insect brains using micro-CT scanning techniques, Scientific Reports, Vol:6, Pages:21768-21768

Gill RJ, Baldock KCR, Brown MJF, et al., 2016, Protecting an Ecosystem Service: Approaches to Understanding and Mitigating Threats to Wild Insect Pollinators, Advances in Ecological Research, Vol:54, ISSN:0065-2504, Pages:135-206

Gill RJ, Raine NE, 2014, Chronic impairment of bumblebee natural foraging behaviour induced by sublethal pesticide exposure, Functional Ecology, Vol:28, ISSN:0269-8463, Pages:1459-1471

Bryden J, Gill RJ, Mitton RAA, et al., 2013, Chronic sublethal stress causes bee colony failure, Ecology Letters, Vol:16, ISSN:1461-023X, Pages:1463-1469

More Publications