Imperial College London

DrRogerNewson

Faculty of MedicineSchool of Public Health

Research Associate
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 2784r.newson Website

 
 
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Assistant

 

Mrs Pirkko Carmack +44 (0)20 7594 3368

 
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Location

 

351Reynolds BuildingCharing Cross Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Citation

BibTex format

@inproceedings{Moore:2016:10.1183/13993003.congress-2016.PA3771,
author = {Moore, E and Palmer, T and Newson, R and Quint, JK and Soljak, M},
doi = {10.1183/13993003.congress-2016.PA3771},
pages = {PA3771--PA3771},
publisher = {European Respiratory Society},
title = {Pulmonary rehabilitation for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): A systematic review},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/13993003.congress-2016.PA3771},
year = {2016}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - CPAPER
AB - Background: Acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) have a significant impact on healthcare utilisation, including physician visits and hospitalisations. The effect of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) on hospitalisations for AECOPD is inconclusive.Methods: Medical databases were searched to assess the impact of PR on emergency hospitalisations for AECOPD. Cohort studies and randomised controlled trials (RCTs) reporting hospitalisations for AECOPD as an outcome were included. Meta-analyses compared exacerbation rates between eligible PR recipients and non-recipients before and after PR.Results: 18 studies were included in the meta-analysis. Admission rates per person-year were lower in the year following completion of PR. Results from 10 RCTs showed that the control groups had a higher overall rate of exacerbations than the PR groups (0.967, 95% confidence intervals (CIs) 0.669, 1.399 for control versus 0.615 95% CI 0.328, 1.155 for PR). Five studies compared admission numbers in the 12 months before and after PR, finding a significantly higher admission rate before (1.243, 95% CIs 0.661, 2.336) compared to after PR (0.472, 95% CIs 0.280, 0.794). The pooled result of three cohort studies found the reference group had a lower admission rate compared to the PR group (0.184, 95% CI 0.106, 0.317 for reference versus 0.282 95% CI 0.246, 0.323 for PR).Conclusions: Although results from RCTs suggested that PR reduces subsequent exacerbations, pooled results from the cohort studies did not favour PR, likely reflecting the heterogeneous nature of individuals included in observational research and the varying standards of PR programmes.
AU - Moore,E
AU - Palmer,T
AU - Newson,R
AU - Quint,JK
AU - Soljak,M
DO - 10.1183/13993003.congress-2016.PA3771
EP - 3771
PB - European Respiratory Society
PY - 2016///
SN - 0903-1936
SP - 3771
TI - Pulmonary rehabilitation for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): A systematic review
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/13993003.congress-2016.PA3771
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/33186
ER -