Imperial College London

Dr Rob White

Faculty of MedicineDepartment of Infectious Disease

Non-Clinical Lecturer in Virology



+44 (0)20 7594 1124robert.e.white Website




308Norfolk PlaceSt Mary's Campus






BibTex format

author = {Correia, S and Bridges, R and Wegner, F and Venturini, C and Palser, A and Middeldorp, JM and Cohen, JI and Lorenzetti, MA and Bassano, I and White, RE and Kellam, P and Breuer, J and Farrell, PJ},
doi = {10.1128/JVI.01132-18},
journal = {Journal of Virology},
title = {Sequence variation of Epstein-Barr virus: viral types, geography, codon usage and diseases},
url = {},
volume = {92},
year = {2018}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - 138 new Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genome sequences have been determined. 125 of these and 116 from previous reports were combined to produce a multiple sequence alignment of 241 EBV genomes, which we have used to analyze variation within the viral genome. The type 1/type2 classification of EBV remains the major form of variation and is defined mostly by EBNA2 and EBNA3, but the type 2 SNPs at the EBNA3 locus extend into the adjacent gp350 and gp42 genes, whose products mediate infection of B cells by EBV. A small insertion within the BART miRNA region of the genome was present in 21 EBV strains. EBV from saliva of USA patients with chronic active EBV infection aligned with the wild type EBV genome, with no evidence of WZhet rearrangements. The V3 polymorphism in the Zp promoter for BZLF1 was found to be frequent in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cases both from Hong Kong and Indonesia. Codon usage was found to differ between latent and lytic cycle EBV genes and the main forms of variation of the EBNA1 protein have been identified.IMPORTANCE Epstein-Barr virus causes most cases of infectious mononucleosis and post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease. It contributes to several types of cancer including Hodgkin's lymphoma, Burkitt's lymphoma, diffuse large B cell lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma and gastric carcinoma. EBV genome variation is important because some of the diseases associated with EBV have very different incidences in different populations and geographic regions - differences in the EBV genome might contribute to these diseases. Some specific EBV genome alterations that appear to be significant in EBV associated cancers are already known and current efforts to make an EBV vaccine and antiviral drugs should also take account of sequence differences in the proteins used as targets.
AU - Correia,S
AU - Bridges,R
AU - Wegner,F
AU - Venturini,C
AU - Palser,A
AU - Middeldorp,JM
AU - Cohen,JI
AU - Lorenzetti,MA
AU - Bassano,I
AU - White,RE
AU - Kellam,P
AU - Breuer,J
AU - Farrell,PJ
DO - 10.1128/JVI.01132-18
PY - 2018///
SN - 1098-5514
TI - Sequence variation of Epstein-Barr virus: viral types, geography, codon usage and diseases
T2 - Journal of Virology
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 92
ER -