Imperial College London

Dr Rob White

Faculty of MedicineDepartment of Infectious Disease

Non-Clinical Lecturer in Virology
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 1124robert.e.white Website

 
 
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Location

 

308Norfolk PlaceSt Mary's Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Citation

BibTex format

@article{Szymula:2018:10.1371/journal.ppat.1006890,
author = {Szymula, A and Palermo, RD and Bayoumy, A and Groves, IJ and Abdulla, MB and Holder, B and White, RE},
doi = {10.1371/journal.ppat.1006890},
journal = {PLoS Pathogens},
title = {Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen EBNA-LP is essential for transforming naive B cells, and facilitates recruitment of transcription factors to the viral genome},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1006890},
volume = {14},
year = {2018}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) nuclear antigen leader protein (EBNA-LP) is the first viral latency-associated protein produced after EBV infection of resting B cells. Its role in B cell transformation is poorly defined, but it has been reported to enhance gene activation by the EBV protein EBNA2 in vitro. We generated EBNA-LP knockout (LPKO) EBVs containing a STOP codon within each repeat unit of internal repeat 1 (IR1). EBNA-LP-mutant EBVs established lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) from adult B cells at reduced efficiency, but not from umbilical cord B cells, which died approximately two weeks after infection. Adult B cells only established EBNA-LP-null LCLs with a memory (CD27+) phenotype. Quantitative PCR analysis of virus gene expression after infection identified both an altered ratio of the EBNA genes, and a dramatic reduction in transcript levels of both EBNA2-regulated virus genes (LMP1 and LMP2) and the EBNA2-independent EBER genes in the first 2 weeks. By 30 days post infection, LPKO transcription was the same as wild-type EBV. In contrast, EBNA2-regulated cellular genes were induced efficiently by LPKO viruses. Chromatin immunoprecipitation revealed that EBNA2 and the host transcription factors EBF1 and RBPJ were delayed in their recruitment to all viral latency promoters tested, whereas these same factors were recruited efficiently to several host genes, which exhibited increased EBNA2 recruitment. We conclude that EBNA-LP does not simply co-operate with EBNA2 in activating gene transcription, but rather facilitates the recruitment of several transcription factors to the viral genome, to enable transcription of virus latency genes. Additionally, our findings suggest that EBNA-LP is essential for the survival of EBV-infected naïve B cells.
AU - Szymula,A
AU - Palermo,RD
AU - Bayoumy,A
AU - Groves,IJ
AU - Abdulla,MB
AU - Holder,B
AU - White,RE
DO - 10.1371/journal.ppat.1006890
PY - 2018///
SN - 1553-7366
TI - Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen EBNA-LP is essential for transforming naive B cells, and facilitates recruitment of transcription factors to the viral genome
T2 - PLoS Pathogens
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1006890
UR - http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000426477000036&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=1ba7043ffcc86c417c072aa74d649202
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/61370
VL - 14
ER -