109 results found
Glaister S, Smith JW, 2009, Roads: a utility in need of a strategy, OXFORD REVIEW OF ECONOMIC POLICY, Vol: 25, Pages: 368-390, ISSN: 0266-903X
Graham DJ, Glaister S, Quddus M, et al., 2009, Testing for the Distributional Effects of National Road User Charging, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION, Vol: 3, Pages: 18-38, ISSN: 1556-8318
Bayliss D, Banks N, Glaister S, 2008, A pricing and investment strategy for national roads, PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS-TRANSPORT, Vol: 161, Pages: 103-109, ISSN: 0965-092X
Glaister S, Graham DJ, 2008, National road pricing in Great Britain: is it fair and practical?, Conference on Road Congestion Pricing in Europe - Implications for the United States, Publisher: EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD, Pages: 57-97
Glaister S, Graham DJ, 2006, Proper pricing for transport infrastructure and the case of urban road congestion, URBAN STUD, Vol: 43, Pages: 1395-1418, ISSN: 0042-0980
For transport systems the issues of pricing, service quality, funding and investment in urban areas are inextricably interdependent. The paper first argues that no policy can be set for any of these aspects of transport in isolation from any other. Transport planners and urban policy-makers can choose to tolerate congestion, or build new capacity or introduce road user charging. These issues are explored and analysed in the context of London-Europe's most obviously resurgent city and the one with the most recent experience of road pricing in the form of the Congestion Charge. However, despite the evidence that in the centre, where it applies, the Congestion Charge has had broadly the effects economic theory would predict, there is still a growing problem for the rest of London and the UK caused largely by the combined effects of rising real incomes and the improving fuel efficiency of cars which reduces the impact of fuel taxes. This suggests a growing pressure for a national system of road pricing. To date 'prices', in the form of fuel duty (over 0.50 pound out of each 0.80 pound for a litre of fuel) have been set on the basis of historical precedent or political expediency. The paper sets out a regionally based model to analyse the implications of setting alternative levels of congestion charging and environmental taxes covering the whole of England. This includes modelling the implications for other transport modes and the net changes accruing to drivers and the Exchequer. Having presented the implications of some alternative policies, the paper discusses a number of the issues of political economy that would have to be resolved. While there seems to be little alternative to user charging in some form sooner or later, the sooner it can be introduced the more good it can do. However, the difficulties are real, less tractable than some people appear to believe and they have to be identified and dealt with. Perhaps the most significant unresolved problem is not the
Graham DJ, Glaister S, 2006, Spatial implications of transport pricing, J TRANSP ECON POLICY, Vol: 40, Pages: 173-201, ISSN: 0022-5258
This paper describes spatial effects of transport pricing in England. It presents detailed results from a model developed to test the effects of a range of charging scenarios across England. In developing these scenarios we make use of estimates of the marginal social costs of travel, exploring revenue raising and revenue neutral charging options. For each scenario, model results describe changes in traffic volumes and traffic speeds at a detailed spatial level. The results show that transport pricing can be used to effectively reduce traffic in congested times and places, and where environmental damage is greatest, while allowing other areas to enjoy the benefits of greater mobility at lower cost.
Glaister S, Graham DJ, 2005, An evaluation of national road user charging in England, TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART A-POLICY AND PRACTICE, Vol: 39, Pages: 632-650, ISSN: 0965-8564
Graham DJ, Glaister S, 2005, Decomposing the determinants of road traffic demand, APPLIED ECONOMICS, Vol: 37, Pages: 19-28, ISSN: 0003-6846
Graham D, Glaister S, Anderson R, 2005, The effects of area deprivation on the incidence of child and adult pedestrian casualties in England, ACCIDENT ANAL PREV, Vol: 37, Pages: 125-135, ISSN: 0001-4575
This paper analyses child pedestrian casualties in England, focusing on the influence of socio-economic deprivation. It develops an area-based model of pedestrian casualties and presents estimates based on data for the English wards. The results detect an association between increased deprivation and higher numbers of pedestrian casualties across England. The deprivation effect is strong both for all child casualties and for children killed or seriously injured. Estimates for adult casualties also reveal a positive and significant association with increasing deprivation. but the magnitude of the effect is smaller than for children. The paper concludes by outlining some of the implications of the research. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Graham DJ, Glaister S, 2004, Road traffic demand elasticity estimates: A review, TRANSPORT REVIEWS, Vol: 24, Pages: 261-274, ISSN: 0144-1647
Glaister S, Graham DJ, Institute of Economic Affairs Great Britain, 2004, Pricing our roads: vision and reality, London, Publisher: Institute of Economic Affairs, ISBN: 9780255365628
Glaister S, 2004, Charging for roads: the solution to congestion, Public Management and Policy Association Review
Glaister S, 2004, Investing in cities, Publisher: Development Securities
Graham DJ, Couto A, Adeney WE, et al., 2003, Economies of scale and density in urban rail transport: effects on productivity, TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART E-LOGISTICS AND TRANSPORTATION REVIEW, Vol: 39, Pages: 443-458, ISSN: 1366-5545
Graham DJ, Glaister S, 2003, Spatial variation in road pedestrian casualties: The role of urban scale, density and land-use mix, URBAN STUD, Vol: 40, Pages: 1591-1607, ISSN: 0042-0980
This paper examines the role of urban scale, density and land-use mix on the incidence of road pedestrian casualties. It develops a spatial model at a disaggregate level that attempts to understand how the nature of the urban environment, with its associated traffic generation characteristics, affects the incidence of road pedestrian casualties. The results show that the characteristics of the local environment have a powerful influence on pedestrian casualties. The incidence of pedestrian casualties and KSIs is higher in residential than in economic zones and a quadratic relationship is found between urban density and pedestrian casualties with incidents diminishing for the most extremely dense wards. Distinguishing broad land-use effects, the paper explores the ways in which population and employment density influence pedestrian casualties.
Glaister S, 2003, UK transport policy, 1997-2001, 11th Annual Michael Beesley Conference on Regulation, Publisher: EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD, Pages: 1-60
Glaister S, Travers T, 2003, The private finance initiative, Public Finance, ISSN: 1352-9250
Glaister S, Graham D, 2003, Transport pricing and investment in England: summary report, Report for Independent Transport Commission
Glaister S, Travers T, Wakefield J, 2003, Treasurehouse and powerhouse, Publisher: Natural History Museum
Graham DJ, Glaister S, 2003, Income and price elasticities of demand for road traffic, London, Publisher: DTLR
Graham DJ, Glaister S, 2002, The demand for automobile fuel - A survey of elasticities, JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT ECONOMICS AND POLICY, Vol: 36, Pages: 1-25, ISSN: 0022-5258
Pinho R, Bommer JJ, Glaister S, 2002, A simplified approach to displacement-based earthquake loss estimation analysis (Electronic resource) (Paper no. 738), Proceedings of the 12th European conference on earthquake engineering, Pages: 1-11
Glaister S, 2002, The London Underground arbiter, The Utilities Journal, ISSN: 1461-0256
Glaister S, Graham DJ, 2002, Motorists and petrol price charges, The Utilities Journal, ISSN: 1461-0256
Glaister S, 2002, UK Transport Policy 1997-2001, OXFORD REV ECON POL, Vol: 18, Pages: 154-186, ISSN: 0266-903X
The 1997 government announced policies and changes in administration, but the statistics show that little else was achieved. Road-traffic growth was temporarily tamed by an increase in the price of fuel, which integrated policies on transport, environment, and land-use. This was not sustained, so there will be more congestion, and more road capacity must be provided. A coherent policy on charges was absent, though congestion charging will help if eventually implemented. Little freight was transferred to rail. Neither 'integration' nor 'social inclusion' was improved. London became less integrated and policy on the Underground was a failure. Administration of the railways remains confused. There are doubts about the technical, managerial, and financial feasibility of the expansion envisaged. The bus was given inadequate attention. The Treasury dominates through the public-spending control process, which fetters local authorities and impedes infrastructure investment. Proven borrowing mechanisms offer alternatives for locally accountable capital financing.
Glaister S, Grayling T, Hallam K, et al., 2002, Streets ahead: safe and liveable streets for children, London, Publisher: IPPR, ISBN: 9781860302077
Glaister S, Travers T, 2001, Crossing London: Overcoming the obstacles to CrossRail, PUBLIC MONEY & MANAGEMENT, Vol: 21, Pages: 11-17, ISSN: 0954-0962
Glaister S, 2001, The economic assessment of local transport subsidies in large cities, Any more fare?, Editors: Grayling, Publisher: Institute for Public Policy Research, ISBN: 9781860301346
Graham DJ, Anderson R, Glaister S, 2001, A reassessment of the economic case for CrossRail, Report to the Corporation of the City of London, London
Glaister S, 2000, London underground - paying politics, PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS-CIVIL ENGINEERING, Vol: 138, Pages: 53-54, ISSN: 0965-089X
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