169 results found
Ciuffa F, Cooper J, Grimes S, et al., 2017, Development of a vacuum-packing system for food waste from urban catering facilities, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Waste and Resource Management, Pages: 1-7, ISSN: 1747-6526
Grimes SM, Kewcharoenwong P, 2017, Dual-functionality ionic liquidmix for extraction and esterification of fatty acids as a step towards increasing the efficiency of conversion of waste cooking oils to biodiesel, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, Vol: 92, Pages: 2098-2105, ISSN: 0268-2575
Grimes SM, Yasri NG, Chaudhary AJ, 2017, Recovery of critical metals from dilute leach solutions - Separation of indium from tin and lead, INORGANICA CHIMICA ACTA, Vol: 461, Pages: 161-166, ISSN: 0020-1693
Schaeffer N, Feng X, Grimes S, et al., 2017, Recovery of an yttrium europium oxide phosphor from waste fluorescent tubes using a BrOnsted acidic ionic liquid, 1-methylimidazolium hydrogen sulfate, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, Vol: 92, Pages: 2731-2738, ISSN: 0268-2575
Schaeffer N, Grimes SM, Cheeseman CR, 2017, Use of extraction chromatography in the recycling of critical metals from thin film leach solutions, INORGANICA CHIMICA ACTA, Vol: 457, Pages: 53-58, ISSN: 0020-1693
Wang W, Fu L, Sun J, et al., 2017, Experimental Study of Microwave-Induced Discharge and Mechanism Analysis Based on Spectrum Acquisition, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, Vol: 45, Pages: 2235-2242, ISSN: 0093-3813
Wang W, Ma X, Grimes S, et al., 2017, Study on the absorbability, regeneration characteristics and thermal stability of ionic liquids for VOCs removal, CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, Vol: 328, Pages: 353-359, ISSN: 1385-8947
Grimes SM, Thompson F, 2016, Recovery of lubricant base oils using ionic liquid processes, PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS-WASTE AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, Vol: 169, Pages: 73-82, ISSN: 1747-6526
Schaeffer N, Grimes S, Cheeseman C, 2016, Interactions between trivalent rare earth oxides and mixed [Hbet][Tf2N]:H2O systems in the development of a one-step process for the separation of light from heavy rare earth elements, INORGANICA CHIMICA ACTA, Vol: 439, Pages: 55-60, ISSN: 0020-1693
Bourtsalas A, Vandeperre L, Grimes S, et al., 2015, Properties of ceramics prepared using dry discharged waste to energy bottom ash dust, WASTE MANAGEMENT & RESEARCH, Vol: 33, Pages: 794-804, ISSN: 0734-242X
Bourtsalas A, Vandeperre LJ, Grimes SM, et al., 2015, Production of pyroxene ceramics from the fine fraction of incinerator bottom ash, WASTE MANAGEMENT, Vol: 45, Pages: 217-225, ISSN: 0956-053X
Grimes SM, Lateef H, 2013, RECOVERY OF CHONDROITIN SULPHATE AND HYALURONIC ACID FROM SIMULATED SCALLOP GUT WASTE USING IONIC LIQUID METHODOLOGY, 13th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology (CEST), Publisher: GLOBAL NEST, SECRETARIAT, ISSN: 1106-5516
Grimes SM, Tanpoonkiat W, 2013, Thailand: Steps towards integrated solid waste management, Proceedings of Institution of Civil Engineers: Waste and Resource Management, Vol: 166, Pages: 167-176, ISSN: 1747-6526
The current waste management practices in Thailand have been analysed to identify changes that would be beneficial in achieving the criteria set by authorities for improvements in recycling and diversion from landfill to 2030. The numbers and combinations of selected treatment plants that would have to be introduced into Thailand to meet targets for diversion of biological waste from landfill and the production of energy over the planning period have been calculated for a number of scenarios. Sensitivity analyses are performed on the results obtained to account for changes in future assumptions on the amount of waste generated and the organic content of the residual waste. The methodology adopted in this work, to aid planning decisions on technology requirements into the future, was previously used to predict the treatment options for handling the organic fraction of waste generated in London. As a generic methodology, applied in this work to illustrate the types of results obtained from the analyses using specific sets of assumptions relevant to Thailand, it offers the capability and flexibility to take account of the effects on the outcome of any relevant scenarios that planners might wish to consider and any assumptions that they might wish to make.
Hussain Z, Grimes S, Shahid M, et al., 2013, Leaching of Copper Secondary Wastes: Possible Soil Contaminants, ASIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, Vol: 25, Pages: 4051-4054, ISSN: 0970-7077
Lateef H, Gooding A, Grimes S, 2012, Use of 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide ionic liquid in the recovery of lactic acid from wine, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, Vol: 87, Pages: 1066-1073, ISSN: 0268-2575
Abbe OE, Grimes SM, Fowler GD, 2011, Decision support for the management of oil well drill cuttings, Proceedings of Institution of Civil Engineers: Waste and Resource Management, Vol: 164, Pages: 213-220, ISSN: 1747-6526
Depending on the hole size and mud type used in the drilling process, oil well drill cuttings can be a relatively high-volume solid waste stream from drilling operations in the oil and gas exploration and production industry. Current management practices tend to involve thermal treatment followed by landfill disposal. The waste-to-resource conversion approach, however, provides opportunities that are not reflected in the current management system. The drill cuttings waste management decision support tool described in this work allows for the consideration of alternative reuse applications such as in construction materials, oil well reinjection, wetlands restoration, and the manufacture of stable leach-resistant material such as glass ceramics, in a move to divert treated drill cuttings from landfill towards zero waste disposal.
Cahill R, Grimes SM, Wilson DC, 2011, Extended producer responsibility for packaging wastes and WEEE - a comparison of implementation and the role of local authorities across Europe, WASTE MANAGEMENT & RESEARCH, Vol: 29, Pages: 455-479, ISSN: 0734-242X
Grimes SM, Abbe OE, Fowler GD, 2011, Decision support for themanagement of oil well drillcuttings, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers. Waste and Resource Management., Vol: 164, Pages: 213-220
Depending on the hole size and mud type used in the drilling process, oil well drill cuttings can be a relativelyhigh-volume solid waste stream from drilling operations in the oil and gas exploration and production industry.Current management practices tend to involve thermal treatment followed by landfill disposal. The waste-to-resourceconversion approach, however, provides opportunities that are not reflected in the current management system. Thedrill cuttings waste management decision support tool described in this work allows for the consideration ofalternative reuse applications such as in construction materials, oil well reinjection, wetlands restoration, and themanufacture of stable leach-resistant material such as glass ceramics, in a move to divert treated drill cuttings fromlandfill towards zero waste disposal
Zglobisz N, Castillo-Castillo A, Grimes S, et al., 2010, Influence of UK energy policy on the deployment of anaerobic digestion, ENERGY POLICY, Vol: 38, Pages: 5988-5999, ISSN: 0301-4215
Zglobisz N, Castillo-Castillo A, Grimes S, et al., 2010, Influence of UK energy policy on the deployment of anaerobic digestion, Energy Policy, Vol: 38, Pages: 5988-5999
Abbe OE, Grimes SM, Fowler GD, et al., 2009, Novel sintered glass-ceramics from vitrified oil well drill cuttings, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, Vol: 44, Pages: 4296-4302, ISSN: 0022-2461
Bark M, Bland M, Grimes S, 2009, Report: Potential environmental impact of exempt site materials - a case study of bituminous road planings and waste soils, WASTE MANAGEMENT & RESEARCH, Vol: 27, Pages: 611-616, ISSN: 0734-242X
Chaudhary AJ, Hassan M-U, Grimes SM, 2009, Simultaneous recovery of metals and degradation of organic species: Copper and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T), JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, Vol: 165, Pages: 825-831, ISSN: 0304-3894
Lateef H, Grimes S, Kewcharoenwong P, et al., 2009, Ionic liquids in the selective recovery of fat from composite foodstuffs, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, Vol: 84, Pages: 1681-1687, ISSN: 0268-2575
Lateef H, Grimes S, Kewcharoenwong P, et al., 2009, Separation and recovery of cellulose and lignin using ionic liquids: a process for recovery from paper-based waste, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, Vol: 84, Pages: 1818-1827, ISSN: 0268-2575
Lateef H, Grimes S, Kewcharoenwong P, et al., 2009, Separation and recovery of cellulose and ligninusing ionic liquids: a process for recoveryfrom paper-based waste, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Vol: 84, Pages: 1818-1827
BACKGROUND: The production of paper makes use of cellulose and lignin as a rawmaterial, and almost all cellulose and ligninproduction comes from raw wood materials, contributing to deforestation and resulting in potential environmental harm. It istherefore beneficial to develop technologies for cellulose and lignin recovery for re-use and sustainability of resources.RESULTS: Three imidazolium based ionic liquids (ILs), 1-(2-cyanoethyl)-3-methylimidazolium bromide (cyanoMIMBr), 1-propyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide (propylMIMBr) and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (butylMIMCl), were synthesised bymicrowave technology and fully characterised bymass spectrometry, thermogravimetric differential scanning calorimetry, thinlayer chromatography, nuclear magnetic resonance and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopies. Cellulose and lignin weresoluble in all three ILs with solubility being greatest in cyanoMIMBr. Regeneration of cellulose and lignin was achieved fromsaturated solutions of cellulose in IL and lignin in IL for all three ILs. The ILs propylMIMBr and butylMIMBr have been used forthe first time in the separation and recovery of cellulose and lignin and regeneration of the IL from a mixture of cellulose andlignin in IL. FTIR analysis confirms successful recovery.CONCLUSIONS: This work demonstrates the ability of ILs to separate and recover cellulose and lignin from a mixed system.
Lateef H, Grimes SM, Chaudhary AJ, et al., 2009, Opportunity to recycle chromium(VI) by in situ electro-oxidation, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, Vol: 84, Pages: 584-588, ISSN: 0268-2575
Cebrian Gomez MG, Grimes SM, Moore D, 2008, In-Vessel Composting Of Food Waste –A Catering Waste Management Solution, Communications in Waste and Resource Management, Vol: 9, Pages: 19-23, ISSN: 1754-5714
An economically viable system for converting catering food waste into a high quality compost has been developed. The scientific and technical requirements for composting, with food waste as the main feedstock, and fully compliant with EU regulations, to give a marketable product is described. Chemical and physical analyses of catering food waste show that it does not have the correct composition or consistent particle size for direct use as a composting feedstock. For food waste specifically there is alsoa requirement to achieve high temperatures in the composting process for long enough to destroy any pathogens present. The conversion of food waste to a high grade compost has been achieved in this work by a combination of macerating and dewatering to homogenize the feedstock and reduce the water content, with the addition of a carbon-rich bulking agent to achieve the correct C:N ratio and absorbany excess of water in a closed in-vessel composter. The composting process in a catering establishment trial was completed after 34 weeks without external heating giving a product that had been treated at sufficiently high temperatures to ensure pathogenic depletion to give a high quality product measured against BSI PAS 100 standards.
Chaudhary AJ, Grimes SM, 2008, A combined photolytic-electrolytic system for the simultaneous recovery of copper and degradation of phenol or 4-chlorophenol in mixed solutions, CHEMOSPHERE, Vol: 72, Pages: 1636-1642, ISSN: 0045-6535
Lateef H, Grimes SM, Morton R, et al., 2008, Extraction of components of composite materials: ionic liquids in the extraction of flame retardants from plastics, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, Vol: 83, Pages: 541-545, ISSN: 0268-2575
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