Imperial College London


Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Earth Science & Engineering

Professor of Earth Science



+44 (0)20 7594 6527s.gupta




Royal School of MinesSouth Kensington Campus





Ancient lakes in Gale crater

Our latest work on the existence of an ancient lake in Gale crater has just been published in Science.

Grotzinger et al. (2015) Deposition, exhumation, and paleoclimate of an ancient lake deposit, Gale crater, Mars. Science. 350, aac7575 (2015). DOI: 10.1126/science.aac7575

Also accessible here:

Grotzinger et al 2015

Science Perspective article by Marjorie Chan: The martian lake chronicles

AAAS news story by Sid Perkins: Mars once hosted lakes, flowing water


The new rover self-portrait at Big Sky has been released as a captioned image

I am Participating Scientist and Long Term Science Planner on NASA's Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity rover mission currently exploring Gale Crater.

The sites below have lots of nice pictures and sounds from and about the surface of Mars

Mars Science Laboratory Website


BBC Radio: A Trip around Mars Part 1

BBC Radio: A Trip around Mars Part 2

Ancient lake beds at gale crater



Inclined sandstones as evidence of ancient delta deposits



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Planar laminated beds that coarsen up - evidence fro an encroaching delta into a lake




Carrapa B, Di Giulio A, Mancin N, et al., 2016, Tectonic significance of Cenozoic exhumation and foreland basin evolution in the Western Alps, Tectonics, Vol:35, ISSN:0278-7407, Pages:1892-1912

Davis JM, Balme M, Grindrod PM, et al., 2016, Extensive Noachian fluvial systems in Arabia Terra: Implications for early Martian climate, Geology, Vol:44, ISSN:0091-7613, Pages:847-850

Lapotre MGA, Ewing RC, Lamb MP, et al., 2016, Large wind ripples on Mars: A record of atmospheric evolution, Science, Vol:353, ISSN:0036-8075, Pages:55-58

Le Deit L, Mangold N, Forni O, et al., 2016, The potassic sedimentary rocks in Gale Crater, Mars, as seen by ChemCam on board Curiosity, Journal of Geophysical Research-planets, Vol:121, ISSN:2169-9097, Pages:784-804


Singh A, Gupta S, Sinha R, et al., Large–scale avulsion of the late Quaternary Sutlej river in the NW Indo–Gangetic foreland basin, European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2015

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