Imperial College London


Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Earth Science & Engineering

Professor of Earth Science



+44 (0)20 7594 6527s.gupta




Royal School of MinesSouth Kensington Campus





Ancient lakes in Gale crater

Our latest work on the existence of an ancient lake in Gale crater has just been published in Science.

Grotzinger et al. (2015) Deposition, exhumation, and paleoclimate of an ancient lake deposit, Gale crater, Mars. Science. 350, aac7575 (2015). DOI: 10.1126/science.aac7575

Also accessible here:

Grotzinger et al 2015

Science Perspective article by Marjorie Chan: The martian lake chronicles

AAAS news story by Sid Perkins: Mars once hosted lakes, flowing water


The new rover self-portrait at Big Sky has been released as a captioned image

I am Participating Scientist and Long Term Science Planner on NASA's Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity rover mission currently exploring Gale Crater.

The sites below have lots of nice pictures and sounds from and about the surface of Mars

Mars Science Laboratory Website


BBC Radio: A Trip around Mars Part 1

BBC Radio: A Trip around Mars Part 2

Ancient lake beds at gale crater



Inclined sandstones as evidence of ancient delta deposits



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Planar laminated beds that coarsen up - evidence fro an encroaching delta into a lake



Treiman AH, Bish DL, Vaniman DT, et al., 2016, Mineralogy, provenance, and diagenesis of a potassic basaltic sandstone on Mars: CheMin X-ray diffraction of the Windjana sample (Kimberley area, Gale Crater), Journal of Geophysical Research-planets, Vol:121, ISSN:2169-9097, Pages:75-106

Singh A, Paul D, Sinha R, et al., 2016, Geochemistry of buried river sediments from Ghaggar Plains, NW India: Multi-proxy records of variations in provenance, paleoclimate, and paleovegetation patterns in the Late Quaternary, Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, Vol:449, ISSN:0031-0182, Pages:85-100

van Dijk WM, Densmore AL, Singh A, et al., 2016, Linking the morphology of fluvial fan systems to aquifer stratigraphy in the Sutlej-Yamuna plain of northwest India, Journal of Geophysical Research-earth Surface, Vol:121, ISSN:2169-9003, Pages:201-222

Anderson R, Bridges JC, Williams A, et al., 2015, ChemCam results from the Shaler outcrop in Gale crater, Mars, Icarus, Vol:249, ISSN:0019-1035, Pages:2-21

Garcia-Moreno D, Verbeeck K, Camelbeeck T, et al., 2015, Fault activity in the epicentral area of the 1580 Dover Strait (Pas-de-Calais) earthquake (northwestern Europe), Geophysical Journal International, Vol:201, ISSN:0956-540X, Pages:528-542

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