Imperial College London

ProfessorSanjeevGupta

Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Earth Science & Engineering

Professor of Earth Science
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 6527s.gupta

 
 
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Location

 

Royal School of MinesSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Publication Type
Year
to

74 results found

Singh A, Gupta S, Sinha R, Carter A, Kristina KJ, Mark DF, Buylaert J-P, Mason PJ, Murray AS, Jain M, Paul Det al., Large–scale avulsion of the late Quaternary Sutlej river in the NW Indo–Gangetic foreland basin, European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2015

River avulsions are important processes in the spatial evolution of river systems in tectonically active sedimentary basins as they govern large–scale patterns of sediment routing. However, the pattern and timing of avulsions in large river systems are poorly documented and not well understood. Here we document late Quaternary paleo– river channel changes in the Indo–Gangetic basin of northwest India. Using a combination of satellite remote sensing and detailed sediment coring, we analyse the large–scale planform geometry, and detailed sedimentary andstratigraphic nature of a major fluvial sedimentary deposit in the shallow subsurface. This sediment body records aggradation of multiple fluvial channel fills. Satellite remote sensing analysis indicates the trace of the buried channel complex and demonstrates that it exists in region of the Himalayan foreland where no major rivers are currently present. Thus it records the former drainage pathway of a major river, which has since been diverted. We use optically stimulated luminescence dating techniques to develop an age model for the stratigraphic succession and hence constrain the timing of river channel existence and diversion. Provenance analysis based on U–Pb dating of detrital zircons and detrital mica Ar–Ar ages indicate sediment sources in the Higher Himalayan Crystalline andLesser Himalayan Crystalline Series indicating that this paleo–river channel system formed a major perennial river derived from the main body of the Himalaya. Specifically we are able to fingerprint bedrock sources in thecatchment of the present–day Sutlej river indicating that the paleo–fluvial system represents the former course of the Sutlej river prior to a major nodal avulsion to its present day course. Our results indicate that on geologically relatively short time–scales, we observe dramatic along strike shifts in the location of major Himalayan rivers. Our sediment records

CONFERENCE PAPER

Coates AJ, Jaumann R, Griffiths AD, Leff CE, Schmitz N, Josset J-L, Paar G, Gunn M, Hauber E, Cousins CR, Cross RE, Grindrod P, Bridges JC, Balme M, Gupta S, Crawford IA, Irwin P, Stabbins R, Tirsch D, Vago JL, Theodorou T, Caballo-Perucha M, Osinski GRet al., 2017, The PanCam Instrument for the ExoMars Rover, ASTROBIOLOGY, Vol: 17, Pages: 511-541, ISSN: 1531-1074

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Edgar LA, Gupta S, Rubin DM, Lewis KW, Kocurek GA, Anderson RB, Bell JF, Dromart G, Edgett KS, Grotzinger JP, Hardgrove C, Kah LC, Leveille R, Malin MC, Mangold N, Milliken RE, Minitti M, Palucis M, Rice M, Rowland SK, Schieber J, Stack KM, Sumner DY, Wiens RC, Williams RME, Williams AJet al., 2017, Shaler: In situ analysis of a fluvial sedimentary deposit on Mars, Sedimentology, ISSN: 0037-0746

© 2017 International Association of Sedimentologists. This paper characterizes the detailed sedimentology of a fluvial sandbody on Mars for the first time and interprets its depositional processes and palaeoenvironmental setting. Despite numerous orbital observations of fluvial landforms on the surface of Mars, ground-based characterization of the sedimentology of such fluvial deposits has not previously been possible. Results from the NASA Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity rover provide an opportunity to reconstruct at fine scale the sedimentary architecture and palaeomorphology of a fluvial environment on Mars. This work describes the grain size, texture and sedimentary facies of the Shaler outcrop, reconstructs the bedding architecture, and analyses cross-stratification to determine palaeocurrents. On the basis of bedset geometry and inclination, grain-size distribution and bedform migration direction, this study concludes that the Shaler outcrop probably records the accretion of a fluvial barform. The majority of the outcrop consists of large-scale trough cross-bedding of coarse sand and granules. Palaeocurrent analyses and bedform reconstruction indicate that the beds were deposited by bedforms that migrated towards the north-east, across the surface of a bar that migrated south-east. Stacked cosets of dune cross-bedding suggest aggradation of multiple bedforms, which provides evidence for short periods of sustained flow during Shaler deposition. However, local evidence for aeolian reworking and the presence of potential desiccation cracks within the outcrop suggest that fluvial deposition may have been intermittent. The uppermost strata at Shaler are distinct in terms of texture and chemistry and are inferred to record deposition from a different sediment dispersal system with a contrasting provenance. The outcrop as a whole is a testament to the availability of liquid water on the surface of Mars in its early history.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Frydenvang J, Gasda PJ, Hurowitz JA, Grotzinger JP, Wiens RC, Newsom HE, Edgett KS, Watkins J, Bridges JC, Maurice S, Fisk MR, Johnson JR, Rapin W, Stein NT, Clegg SM, Schwenzer SP, Bedford CC, Edwards P, Mangold N, Cousin A, Anderson RB, Payre V, Vaniman D, Blake DF, Lanza NL, Gupta S, Van Beek J, Sautter V, Meslin P-Y, Rice M, Milliken R, Gellert R, Thompson L, Clark BC, Sumner DY, Fraeman AA, Kinch KM, Madsen MB, Mitrofanov IG, Jun I, Calef F, Vasavada ARet al., 2017, Diagenetic silica enrichment and late-stage groundwater activity in Gale crater, Mars, GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, Vol: 44, Pages: 4716-4724, ISSN: 0094-8276

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Gupta S, Collier JS, Garcia-Moreno D, Oggioni F, Trentesaux A, Vanneste K, De Batist M, Camelbeeck T, Potter G, Van Vliet-Lanoe B, Arthur JCRet al., 2017, Two-stage opening of the Dover Strait and the origin of island Britain, NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, Vol: 8, ISSN: 2041-1723

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Hurowitz JA, Grotzinger JP, Fischer WW, McLennan SM, Milliken RE, Stein N, Vasavada AR, Blake DF, Dehouck E, Eigenbrode JL, Fairen AG, Frydenvang J, Gellert R, Grant JA, Gupta S, Herkenhoff KE, Ming DW, Rampe EB, Schmidt ME, Siebach KL, Stack-Morgan K, Sumner DY, Wiens RCet al., 2017, Redox stratification of an ancient lake in Gale crater, Mars, SCIENCE, Vol: 356, Pages: 922-+, ISSN: 0036-8075

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Rampe EB, Ming DW, Blake DF, Bristow TF, Chipera SJ, Grotzinger JP, Morris RV, Morrison SM, Vaniman DT, Yen AS, Achilles CN, Craig PI, Marais DJD, Downs RT, Farmer JD, Fendrich KV, Gellert R, Hazen RM, Kah LC, Morookianh JM, Peretyazhko TS, Sarrazin P, Treiman AH, Berger JA, Eigenbrode J, Fairen AG, Forni O, Gupta S, Hurowitz JA, Lanza NL, Schmidt ME, Siebach K, Sutter B, Thompson LMet al., 2017, Mineralogy of an ancient lacustrine mudstone succession from the Murray formation, Gale crater, Mars, EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, Vol: 471, Pages: 172-185, ISSN: 0012-821X

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Rice MS, Gupta S, Treiman AH, Stack KM, Calef F, Edgar LA, Grotzinger J, Lanza N, Le Deit L, Lasue J, Siebach KL, Vasavada A, Wiens RC, Williams Jet al., 2017, Geologic overview of the Mars Science Laboratory rover mission at the Kimberley, Gale crater, Mars, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-PLANETS, Vol: 122, Pages: 2-20, ISSN: 2169-9097

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Schieber J, Bish D, Coleman M, Reed M, Hausrath EM, Cosgrove J, Gupta S, Minitti ME, Edgett KS, Malin Met al., 2017, Encounters with an unearthly mudstone: Understanding the first mudstone found on Mars, SEDIMENTOLOGY, Vol: 64, Pages: 311-358, ISSN: 0037-0746

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Carrapa B, Di Giulio A, Mancin N, Stockli D, Fantoni R, Hughes A, Gupta Set al., 2016, Tectonic significance of Cenozoic exhumation and foreland basin evolution in the Western Alps, TECTONICS, Vol: 35, Pages: 1892-1912, ISSN: 0278-7407

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Davis JM, Balme M, Grindrod PM, Williams RME, Gupta Set al., 2016, Extensive Noachian fluvial systems in Arabia Terra: Implications for early Martian climate, GEOLOGY, Vol: 44, Pages: 847-850, ISSN: 0091-7613

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Jordan OD, Gupta S, Hampson GJ, Johnson HDet al., 2016, PRESERVED STRATIGRAPHIC ARCHITECTURE AND EVOLUTION OF A NET-TRANSGRESSIVE MIXED WAVE- AND TIDE-INFLUENCED COASTAL SYSTEM: THE CLIFF HOUSE SANDSTONE, NORTHWESTERN NEW MEXICO, USA, JOURNAL OF SEDIMENTARY RESEARCH, Vol: 86, Pages: 1399-1424, ISSN: 1527-1404

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Lapotre MGA, Ewing RC, Lamb MP, Fischer WW, Grotzinger JP, Rubin DM, Lewis KW, Ballard MJ, Day M, Gupta S, Banham SG, Bridges NT, Des Marais DJ, Fraeman AA, Grant JA, Herkenhoff KE, Ming DW, Mischna MA, Rice MS, Sumner DA, Vasavada AR, Yingst RAet al., 2016, Large wind ripples on Mars: A record of atmospheric evolution, SCIENCE, Vol: 353, Pages: 55-58, ISSN: 0036-8075

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Le Deit L, Mangold N, Forni O, Cousin A, Lasue J, Schroder S, Wiens RC, Sumner D, Fabre C, Stack KM, Anderson RB, Blaney D, Clegg S, Dromart G, Fisk M, Gasnault O, Grotzinger JP, Gupta S, Lanza N, Le Mouelic S, Maurice S, McLennan SM, Meslin P-Y, Nachon M, Newsom H, Payre V, Rapin W, Rice M, Sautter V, Treiman AHet al., 2016, The potassic sedimentary rocks in Gale Crater, Mars, as seen by ChemCam on board Curiosity, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-PLANETS, Vol: 121, Pages: 784-804, ISSN: 2169-9097

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Singh A, Paul D, Sinha R, Thomsen KJ, Gupta Set al., 2016, Geochemistry of buried river sediments from Ghaggar Plains, NW India: Multi-proxy records of variations in provenance, paleoclimate, and paleovegetation patterns in the Late Quaternary, PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, Vol: 449, Pages: 85-100, ISSN: 0031-0182

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Stack KM, Edwards CS, Grotzinger JP, Gupta S, Sumner DY, Calef FJ, Edgar LA, Edgett KS, Fraeman AA, Jacob SR, Le Deit L, Lewis KW, Rice MS, Rubin D, Williams RME, Williford KHet al., 2016, Comparing orbiter and rover image-based mapping of an ancient sedimentary environment, Aeolis Palus, Gale crater, Mars, ICARUS, Vol: 280, Pages: 3-21, ISSN: 0019-1035

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Treiman AH, Bish DL, Vaniman DT, Chipera SJ, Blake DF, Ming DW, Morris RV, Bristow TF, Morrison SM, Baker MB, Rampe EB, Downs RT, Filiberto J, Glazner AF, Gellert R, Thompson LM, Schmidt ME, Le Deit L, Wiens RC, McAdam AC, Achilles CN, Edgett KS, Farmer JD, Fendrich KV, Grotzinger JP, Gupta S, Morookian JM, Newcombe ME, Rice MS, Spray JG, Stolper EM, Sumner DY, Vasavada AR, Yen ASet al., 2016, Mineralogy, provenance, and diagenesis of a potassic basaltic sandstone on Mars: CheMin X-ray diffraction of the Windjana sample (Kimberley area, Gale Crater), JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-PLANETS, Vol: 121, Pages: 75-106, ISSN: 2169-9097

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Yingst RA, Cropper K, Gupta S, Kah LC, Williams RME, Blank J, Calef F, Hamilton VE, Lewis K, Shechet J, McBride M, Bridges N, Martinez Frias J, Newsom Het al., 2016, Characteristics of pebble and cobble-sized clasts along the Curiosity rover traverse from sol 100 to 750: Terrain types, potential sources, and transport mechanisms, ICARUS, Vol: 280, Pages: 72-92, ISSN: 0019-1035

JOURNAL ARTICLE

van Dijk WM, Densmore AL, Singh A, Gupta S, Sinha R, Mason PJ, Joshi SK, Nayak N, Kumar M, Shekhar S, Kumar D, Rai SPet al., 2016, Linking the morphology of fluvial fan systems to aquifer stratigraphy in the Sutlej-Yamuna plain of northwest India, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-EARTH SURFACE, Vol: 121, Pages: 201-222, ISSN: 2169-9003

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Anderson R, Bridges JC, Williams A, Edgar L, Ollila A, Williams J, Nachon M, Mangold N, Fisk M, Schieber J, Gupta S, Dromart G, Wiens R, Le Mouelic S, Forni O, Lanza N, Mezzacappa A, Sautter V, Blaney D, Clark B, Clegg S, Gasnault O, Lasue J, Leveille R, Lewin E, Lewis KW, Maurice S, Newsom H, Schwenzer SP, Vaniman Det al., 2015, ChemCam results from the Shaler outcrop in Gale crater, Mars, ICARUS, Vol: 249, Pages: 2-21, ISSN: 0019-1035

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Collier JS, Oggioni F, Gupta S, Garcia-Moreno D, Trentesaux A, De Batist Met al., 2015, Streamlined islands and the English Channel megaflood hypothesis, GLOBAL AND PLANETARY CHANGE, Vol: 135, Pages: 190-206, ISSN: 0921-8181

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Garcia-Moreno D, Verbeeck K, Camelbeeck T, De Batist M, Oggioni F, Hurtado OZ, Versteeg W, Jomard H, Collier JS, Gupta S, Trentesaux A, Vanneste Ket al., 2015, Fault activity in the epicentral area of the 1580 Dover Strait (Pas-de-Calais) earthquake (northwestern Europe), GEOPHYSICAL JOURNAL INTERNATIONAL, Vol: 201, Pages: 528-542, ISSN: 0956-540X

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Grotzinger JP, Gupta S, Malin MC, Rubin DM, Schieber J, Siebach K, Sumner DY, Stack KM, Vasavada AR, Arvidson RE, Calef F, Edgar L, Fischer WF, Grant JA, Griffes J, Kah LC, Lamb MP, Lewis KW, Mangold N, Minitti ME, Palucis M, Rice M, Williams RME, Yingst RA, Blake D, Blaney D, Conrad P, Crisp J, Dietrich WE, Dromart G, Edgett KS, Ewing RC, Gellert R, Hurowitz JA, Kocurek G, Mahaffy P, McBride MJ, McLennan SM, Mischna M, Ming D, Milliken R, Newsom H, Oehler D, Parker TJ, Vaniman D, Wiens RC, Wilson SAet al., 2015, Deposition, exhumation, and paleoclimate of an ancient lake deposit, Gale crater, Mars, SCIENCE, Vol: 350, ISSN: 0036-8075

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Jaumann R, Tirsch D, Hauber E, Ansan V, Di Achille G, Erkeling G, Fueten F, Head J, Kleinhans MG, Mangold N, Michael GG, Neukum G, Pacifici A, Platz T, Pondrelli M, Raack J, Reiss D, Williams DA, Adeli S, Baratoux D, de Villiers G, Foing B, Gupta S, Gwinner K, Hiesinger H, Hoffmann H, Le Deit L, Marinangeli L, Matz K-D, Mertens V, Muller JP, Pasckert JH, Roatsch T, Rossi AP, Scholten F, Sowe M, Voigt J, Warner Net al., 2015, Quantifying geological processes on Mars-Results of the high resolution stereo camera (HRSC) on Mars express, PLANETARY AND SPACE SCIENCE, Vol: 112, Pages: 53-97, ISSN: 0032-0633

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Mangold N, Forni O, Dromart G, Stack K, Wiens RC, Gasnault O, Sumner DY, Nachon M, Meslin P-Y, Anderson RB, Barraclough B, Bell JF, Berger G, Blaney DL, Bridges JC, Calef F, Clark B, Clegg SM, Cousin A, Edgar L, Edgett K, Ehlmann B, Fabre C, Fisk M, Grotzinger J, Gupta S, Herkenhoff KE, Hurowitz J, Johnson JR, Kah LC, Lanza N, Lasue J, Le Mouelic S, Leveille R, Lewin E, Malin M, McLennan S, Maurice S, Melikechi N, Mezzacappa A, Milliken R, Newsom H, Ollila A, Rowland SK, Sautter V, Schmidt M, Schroeder S, d'Uston C, Vaniman D, Williams Ret al., 2015, Chemical variations in Yellowknife Bay formation sedimentary rocks analyzed by ChemCam on board the Curiosity rover on Mars, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-PLANETS, Vol: 120, Pages: 452-482, ISSN: 2169-9097

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Warner NH, Gupta S, Calef F, Grindrod P, Boll N, Goddard Ket al., 2015, Minimum effective area for high resolution crater counting of martian terrains, ICARUS, Vol: 245, Pages: 198-240, ISSN: 0019-1035

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Farley KA, Malespin C, Mahaffy P, Grotzinger JP, Vasconcelos PM, Milliken RE, Malin M, Edgett KS, Pavlov AA, Hurowitz JA, Grant JA, Miller HB, Arvidson R, Beegle L, Calef F, Conrad PG, Dietrich WE, Eigenbrode J, Gellert R, Gupta S, Hamilton V, Hassler DM, Lewis KW, McLennan SM, Ming D, Navarro-Gonzalez R, Schwenzer SP, Steele A, Stolper EM, Sumner DY, Vaniman D, Vasavada A, Williford K, Wimmer-Schweingruber RFet al., 2014, In Situ Radiometric and Exposure Age Dating of the Martian Surface, SCIENCE, Vol: 343, ISSN: 0036-8075

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Goddard K, Warner NH, Gupta S, Kim J-Ret al., 2014, Mechanisms and timescales of fluvial activity at Mojave and other young Martian craters, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-PLANETS, Vol: 119, Pages: 604-634, ISSN: 2169-9097

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Grotzinger JP, Sumner DY, Kah LC, Stack K, Gupta S, Edgar L, Rubin D, Lewis K, Schieber J, Mangold N, Milliken R, Conrad PG, DesMarais D, Farmer J, Siebach K, Calef F, Hurowitz J, McLennan SM, Ming D, Vaniman D, Crisp J, Vasavada A, Edgett KS, Malin M, Blake D, Gellert R, Mahaffy P, Wiens RC, Maurice S, Grant JA, Wilson S, Anderson RC, Beegle L, Arvidson R, Hallet B, Sletten RS, Rice M, Bell J, Griffes J, Ehlmann B, Anderson RB, Bristow TF, Dietrich WE, Dromart G, Eigenbrode J, Fraeman A, Hardgrove C, Herkenhoff K, Jandura L, Kocurek G, Lee S, Leshin LA, Leveille R, Limonadi D, Maki J, McCloskey S, Meyer M, Minitti M, Newsom H, Oehler D, Okon A, Palucis M, Parker T, Rowland S, Schmidt M, Squyres S, Steele A, Stolper E, Summons R, Treiman A, Williams R, Yingst Aet al., 2014, A Habitable Fluvio-Lacustrine Environment at Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars, SCIENCE, Vol: 343, ISSN: 0036-8075

JOURNAL ARTICLE

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