34 results found
Pawar SS, Rawat GS, Choudhury BC, 2004, Recovery of frog and lizard communities following primary habitat alteration in Mizoram, Northeast India., BMC Ecol, Vol: 4
BACKGROUND: Community recovery following primary habitat alteration can provide tests for various hypotheses in ecology and conservation biology. Prominent among these are questions related to the manner and rate of community assembly after habitat perturbation. Here we use space-for-time substitution to analyse frog and lizard community assembly along two gradients of habitat recovery following slash and burn agriculture (jhum) in Mizoram, Northeast India. One recovery gradient undergoes natural succession to mature tropical rainforest, while the other involves plantation of jhum fallows with teak Tectona grandis monoculture. RESULTS: Frog and lizard communities accumulated species steadily during natural succession, attaining characteristics similar to those from mature forest after 30 years of regeneration. Lizards showed higher turnover and lower augmentation of species relative to frogs. Niche based classification identified a number of guilds, some of which contained both frogs and lizards. Successional change in species richness was due to increase in the number of guilds as well as the number of species per guild. Phylogenetic structure increased with succession for some guilds. Communities along the teak plantation gradient on the other hand, did not show any sign of change with chronosere age. Factor analysis revealed sets of habitat variables that independently determined changes in community and guild composition during habitat recovery. CONCLUSIONS: The timescale of frog and lizard community recovery was comparable with that reported by previous studies on different faunal groups in other tropical regions. Both communities converged on primary habitat attributes during natural vegetation succession, the recovery being driven by deterministic, nonlinear changes in habitat characteristics. On the other hand, very little faunal recovery was seen even in relatively old teak plantation. In general, tree monocultures are unlikely to support recovery of natura
Pawar S, 2003, Taxonomic chauvinism and the methodologically challenged, BIOSCIENCE, Vol: 53, Pages: 861-864, ISSN: 0006-3568
Pawar SS, Choudhury BC, 2000, An inventory of Chelonians from Mizoram, North-east India: new records and some observations on threats, Hamadryad, Vol: 25, Pages: 144-158
We present observations on six species of chelonians documented during herpetological surveys in Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary and surrounding areas in south Mizoram, North-east India. All are first reports from the area. These records help fill in distribution gaps for four species, and extend the known distribution range of two (Kachuga sylhetensis and Amyda cartilaginea). Of the latter, A. cartilaginea is reported from the Indian subcontinent for the first time. These records emphasize the need for surveys to refine the distribution mapping of testudines in North-east India, particularly in the hill states. Vernacular names of all species recorded in the present survey are provided, along with notes on their status in the area. We also discuss threats to each species, with special emphasis on the effects of shifting cultivation and consumptive use
Pawar SS, 1996, Book review: Biogeography of the reptiles of South Asia, Current Science, Vol: 75, Pages: 857-858, ISSN: 1715-5312
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