Imperial College London

ProfessorSalmanRawaf

Faculty of MedicineSchool of Public Health

Director of WHO Collaborating Centre
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 8814s.rawaf

 
 
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Location

 

311Reynolds BuildingCharing Cross Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Publication Type
Year
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202 results found

Lovell B, Dhillon R, Khader A, Seita A, Al-Jadba G, Kitamura A, Rawaf S, Newson Ret al., Delivering and evaluating a scalable training model for strengthening family medicine in resource-limited environments: the Gaza experience, BJGP Open, ISSN: 2398-3795

Background: Since 2007 Gaza Palestine has been subject to blockade affecting over 1.9 million people. This denies health professionals’ access to Continuing Professional Development (CPD). In Gaza, family physicians are scarce, and their level of training does not meet the needs of UNRWA’s Family Health Team model for better population health. Aim: This study sought to develop a postgraduate training programme for Gazan doctors via a Diploma in Family Medicine and evaluate its impact on physicians and patients.Design and setting: A mixed-methods evaluation of a postgraduate Diploma Methods: The programme was delivered over one year, to 15 primary care doctors. The impact was evaluated through focus group discussions and patient feedback questionnaire survey comparing FM PG Diploma graduate doctors and doctors without the FM PG Diploma. Results: All participating doctors graduated successfully and found the experience extremely positive. Trainees felt that the Diploma helped them take more individualised approach to patients; have a better understanding of psychosocial elements affecting patient health; feel more inclined towards team-working and collaborative approaches to healthcare; and more insight into non-verbal communication such as active listening and tactile gestures. Statistical analysis of patients feedback showed significantly improved patient-reported outcomes and satisfaction when treated by course diplomates compared to non-diplomates. Conclusion: Where there are limited training opportunities, investment in a structured Postgraduate Diploma training programme can improve quality of health service delivery. UNRWA’s experience in Gaza demonstrates the value of a scalable model in resource-limited settings.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Noormal B, Eltayeb E, Al Nsour M, Mohsni E, Khader Y, Salter M, McNabb S, Herrera Guibert D, Rawaf S, Baidjoe A, Ikram A, Longuet C, Al Serouri A, Lami F, Khattabi A, AlMudarra S, Iblan I, Samy S, Bouafif Ép Ben Alaya N, Al-Salihi Qet al., 2019, Innovative Approaches to Improve Public Health Practice in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: Findings From the Sixth Eastern Mediterranean Public Health Network Regional Conference., JMIR Public Health Surveill, Vol: 5, ISSN: 2369-2960

Public health professionals in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR) have limited access to continuing education, including workshops and conferences in public health. Held under the theme Innovative Approaches: Adapting to the Current EMR Context, the Eastern Mediterranean Public Health Network (EMPHNET) organized and conducted the Sixth EMPHNET Regional Conference from March 26 to 29, 2018. This paper summarizes the key activities including workshops, roundtable discussions, oral and poster presentations, keynote speeches, and side meetings. Before the opening, 5 preconference workshops were held: "Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP) Accreditation," "Innovative Public Health Surveillance," "Human and Animal Brucellosis," "Rapid Response Teams," and "Polio Transition and Routine Immunization." The conference hosted 6 roundtable discussions: "Consolidation of the FETP Network," "One Health to Achieve Global Health Security," "Polio Eradication Efforts and Transition Planning for Measles Elimination," "Mobile Data Collection and Other Innovative Tools to Enhance Decision Making," "Confronting Candida auris: An Emerging Multidrug-resistant Global Pathogen," and "Functioning and Sustainable Country Public Health Emergency Response Operation Framework." One of the conference's key objectives was to provide a space for FETP residents, graduates, and public health professionals to showcase achievements. A total of 421 abstracts were submitted and after professional review, 34.9% (147/421) were accepted (111 for oral presentations and 36 for poster presentations) and published by Iproceeding. The conference met the primary objectives of showcasing the public health accomplishments and contributions of the EMR, encouraging the exchange of ideas and coordination among stakeholders, and engaging cross-sectoral workforce in producing recommendations for approac

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Rawaf S, Raheem M, Rawaf D, Proactive primary car: integrating public health into primary care, BOOK: Family Practice in the Eastern Mediterranean Region

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Rawaf S, Rawaf DL, 2019, Medico de familia e communidade na saudi publica, Tratado de medicina de família e comunidade: princípios, formação e prática. Ediciao 2, Editors: Gusso, Lopes, Dias, Publisher: Porto Alegre: Artmed, Pages: 20-27, ISBN: 9788582715352

BOOK CHAPTER

James SL, Theadom A, Ellenbogen RG, Bannick MS, Mountjoy-Venning WC, Lucchesi LR, Abbasi N, Abdulkader R, Abraha HN, Adsuar JC, Afarideh M, Agrawal S, Ahmadi A, Ahmed MB, Aichour AN, Aichour I, Aichour MTE, Akinyemi RO, Akseer N, Alahdab F, Alebel A, Alghnam SA, Ali BA, Alsharif U, Altirkawi K, Andrei CL, Anjomshoa M, Ansari H, Ansha MG, Antonio CAT, Appiah SCY, Ariani F, Asefa NG, Asgedom SW, Atique S, Awasthi A, Quintanilla BPA, Ayuk TB, Azzopardi PS, Badali H, Badawi A, Balalla S, Banstola A, Barker-Collo SL, Barnighausen TW, Bedi N, Behzadifar M, Behzadifar M, Bekele BB, Belachew AB, Belay YA, Bennett DA, Bensenor IM, Berhane A, Beuran M, Bhalla A, Bhaumik S, Bhutta ZA, Biadgo B, Biffino M, Bijani A, Bililign N, Birungi C, Boufous S, Brazinova A, Brown AW, Car M, Cardenas R, Carrero JJ, Carvalho F, Castaneda-Orjuela CA, Catala-Lopez F, Chaiah Y, Champs AP, Chang J-C, Choi J-YJ, Christopher DJ, Cooper C, Crowe CS, Dandona L, Dandona R, Daryani A, Davitoiu DV, Degefa MG, Demoz GT, Deribe K, Djalalinia S, Huyen PD, Doku DT, Drake TM, Dubey M, Dubljanin E, El-Khatib Z, Eskandarieh S, Esteghamati A, Esteghamati S, Faro A, Farzadfar F, Farzaei MH, Fereshtehnejad S-M, Fernandes E, Feyissa GT, Filip I, Fischer F, Fukumoto T, Ganji M, Gankpe FG, Gebre AK, Gebrehiwot TT, Gezae KE, Gopalkrishna G, Goulart AC, Haagsma JA, Haj-Mirzaian A, Haj-Mirzaian A, Hamadeh RR, Hamidi S, Haro JM, Hassankhani H, Hassen HY, Havmoeller R, Hawley C, Hay SI, Hegazy MI, Hendrie D, Henok A, Hibstu DT, Hoffman HJ, Hole MK, Rad EH, Hosseini SM, Hostiuc S, Hu G, Hussen MA, Ilesanmi OS, Irvani SN, Jakovljevic M, Jayaraman S, Jha RP, Jonas JB, Jones KM, Shushtari ZJ, Jozwiak JJ, Jurisson M, Kabir A, Kahsay A, Kahssay M, Kalani R, Karch A, Kasaeian A, Kassa GM, Kassa TD, Kassa ZY, Kengne AP, Khader YS, Khafaie MA, Khalid N, Khalil I, Khan EA, Khan MS, Khang Y-H, Khazaie H, Khoja AT, Khubchandani J, Kiadaliri AA, Kim D, Kim Y-E, Kisa A, Koyanagi A, Krohn KJ, Defo BK, Bicer BK, Kumar GA, Kumar M, Lallet al., 2019, Global, regional, and national burden of traumatic brain injury and spinal cord injury, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016, LANCET NEUROLOGY, Vol: 18, Pages: 56-87, ISSN: 1474-4422

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Dubois E, McNally L, Andrews L, Dungbo F, Rawaf S, Short E, Wassum Ket al., Developing and implementing health systems policy to improve the delivery of brief tobacco interventions, Strengthening health systems for treating tobacco dependence in primary care: building capacity for tobacco control, WHO Technical Report Series, ISSN: 0512-3054

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Feigin VL, Nguyen G, Cercy K, Johnson CO, Alam T, Parmar PG, Abajobir AA, Abate KH, Abd-Allah F, Abejie AN, Abyu GY, Ademi Z, Agarwal G, Ahmed MB, Akinyemi RO, Al-Raddadi R, Aminde LN, Amlie-Lefond C, Ansari H, Asayesh H, Asgedom SW, Atey TM, Ayele HT, Banach M, Banerjee A, Barac A, Barker-Collo SL, Barnighausen T, Barregard L, Basu S, Bedi N, Behzadifar M, Bejot Y, Bennett DA, Bensenor IM, Berhe DF, Boneya DJ, Brainin M, Campos-Nonato IR, Caso V, Castaneda-Orjuela CA, Rivas JC, Catala-Lopez F, Christensen H, Criqui MH, Damasceno A, Dandona L, Dandona R, Davletov K, de Courten B, deVeber G, Dokova K, Edessa D, Endres M, Faraon EJA, Farvid MS, Fischer F, Foreman K, Forouzanfar MH, Gall SL, Gebrehiwot TT, Geleijnse JM, Gillum RF, Giroud M, Goulart AC, Gupta R, Gupta R, Hachinski V, Hamadeh RR, Hankey GJ, Hareri HA, Havmoeller R, Hay SI, Hegazy MI, Hibstu DT, James SL, Jeemon P, John D, Jonas JB, Jozwiak J, Kalani R, Kandel A, Kasaeian A, Kengne AP, Khader YS, Khan AR, Khang Y-H, Khubchandani J, Kim D, Kim YJ, Kivimaki M, Kokubo Y, Kolte D, Kopec JA, Kosen S, Kravchenko M, Krishnamurthi R, Kumar GA, Lafranconi A, Lavados PM, Legesse Y, Li Y, Liang X, Lo WD, Lorkowski S, Lotufo PA, Loy CT, Mackay MT, Abd El Razek HM, Mahdavi M, Majeed A, Malekzadeh R, Malta DC, Mamun AA, Mantovani LG, Martins SCO, Mate KK, Mazidi M, Mehata S, Meier T, Melaku YA, Mendoza W, Mensah GA, Meretoja A, Mezgebe HB, Miazgowski T, Miller TR, Ibrahim NM, Mohammed S, Mokdad AH, Moosazadeh M, Moran AE, Musa KI, Negoi RI, Minh N, Nguyen QL, Nguyen TH, Tran TT, Nguyen TT, Ningrum DNA, Norrving B, Noubiap JJ, O'Donnell MJ, Olagunju AT, Onuma OK, Owolabi MO, Parsaeian M, Patton GC, Piradov M, Pletcher MA, Pourmalek F, Prakash V, Qorbani M, Rahman M, Rahman MA, Rai RK, Ranta A, Rawaf D, Rawaf S, Renzaho AMN, Robinson SR, Sahathevan R, Sahebkar A, Salomon JA, Santalucia P, Santos IS, Sartorius B, Schutte AE, Sepanlou SG, Shafieesabet A, Shaikh MA, Shamsizadeh M, Sheth KN, Sisay M, Shin M-J, Shiue I, Silvaet al., 2018, Global, Regional, and Country-Specific Lifetime Risks of Stroke, 1990 and 2016, NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, Vol: 379, Pages: 2429-2437, ISSN: 0028-4793

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Barbazee E, Pedersen HB, Birtanov Y, Huber M, Immonen K, Jakob M, Kluge H, Krngos D, Azzopardi-Muscat N, Rawaf S, Starval A, Tello Jet al., 2018, Ten evidence-based policy accelerators for transforming primary health care in the WHO European Region, Public Health Panorama, Vol: 4, ISSN: 2412-544X

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Dicker D, Nguyen G, Abate D, Abate LH, Abay SM, Abbafati C, Abbasi N, Abbastabar H, Abd-Allah F, Abdela J, Abdelalim A, Abdel-Rahman O, Abdi A, Abdollahpour I, Abdulkader RS, Abdurahman AA, Abebe HT, Abebe M, Abebe Z, Abebo TA, Aboyans V, Abraha HN, Abrham AR, Abu-Raddad LJ, Abu-Rmeileh NM, Mbessi MMKA, Acharya P, Adebayo OM, Adedeji IA, Adedoyin RA, Adekanmbi V, Adetokunboh OO, Adhena BM, Adhikari TB, Adib MG, Adou AK, Adsuar JC, Afaridern M, Afshin A, Agarwal G, Aggarwal R, Aghayan SA, Agrawal S, Agrawal A, Ahmadi M, Ahmadi A, Ahmadieh H, Ahmed MLCB, Ahmed S, Ahmed MB, Aichour AN, Aichour I, Aichour MTE, Akanda AS, Akbari ME, Akibu M, Akinyemi RO, Akinyemiju T, Akseer N, Alandab F, Al-Aly Z, Alam K, Alebel A, Aleman AV, Alene KA, Al-Eyadhy A, Ali R, Alijanzadely M, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Aljunid SM, Alkerwi A, Alla F, Allebeck P, Allen CA, Alonso J, Al-Raddadi RM, Alsharif U, Altirkawi K, Alvis-Cituman N, Amare AT, Amini E, Ammar W, Amoako YA, Anber NH, Andrei CL, Androudi S, Animut MD, Anjomshoa M, Anlay DZ, Ansari H, Ansariadi A, Ansha MG, Antonio CAT, Appiah SCY, Aremu O, Areri HA, Arnlov J, Aroma M, Artaman A, Aryal KK, Asadi-Lari M, Asayesh H, Asfaw ET, Asgedom SW, Assadi R, Ataro Z, Atey TMM, Athari SS, Atique S, Atre SR, Atteraya MS, Attia EF, Ausloos M, Avila-Burgos L, Avokpaho EFGA, Awasthi AI, Awuah B, Quintanilla BPA, Ayele HT, Ayele Y, Ayer R, Ayuk TBB, Azzopardi PS, Azzopardi-Muscat N, Badali H, Badawi A, Balakrishnan K, Bali AG, Banach M, Banstola A, Barac A, Barboza MA, Barquera S, Barrero LH, Basaleem H, Bassat Q, Basu A, Basu S, Baune BT, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Bedi N, Beghi E, Behzadifar M, Behzadifar M, Bejot Y, Bekele BB, Belachew AB, Belay AG, Belay E, Belay SA, Belay YA, Bell ML, Bello AK, Bennett DA, Bensenor IM, Berhane A, Berman AE, Bernabe E, Bernstein RS, Bertolacci GJ, Beuran M, Beyranvand T, Bhala N, Bhatia E, Bhatt S, Bhattarai S, Bhaumik S, Bhutta ZA, Biadgo B, Bijani A, Bikbov B, Bililign N, Bin Sayeed MS, Birlik SM, Birungi C, Bisanzio Det al., 2018, Global, regional, and national age-sex-specific mortality and life expectancy, 1950-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017, LANCET, Vol: 392, Pages: 1684-1735, ISSN: 0140-6736

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Lozano R, Fullman N, Abate D, Abay SM, Abbafati C, Abbasi N, Abbastabar H, Abd-Allah F, Abdela J, Abdelalim A, Abdel-Rahman O, Abdi A, Abdollahpour I, Abdulkader RS, Abebe ND, Abebe Z, Abejie AN, Abera SP, Abil OZ, Aboyans V, Abraha HN, Abrham AR, Abu-Raddad LJ, Abu-Rmeileh NM, Abyu GY, Accrombessi MMK, Acharya D, Acharya P, Adamu AA, Adebayo OM, Adedeji IA, Adedoyin RA, Adekanmbi V, Adetokunboh O, Adhena BM, Adhikari TR, Adib MG, Adou AK, Adsuar JC, Afarideh M, Afshari M, Afshin A, Agarwal G, Aghayan SA, Agius D, Agrawal A, Agrawal S, Ahmadi A, Ahmadi M, Ahmadieh F, Ahmed MB, Ahmed S, Akalu TY, Akanda AS, Akbari ME, Akibu M, Akinyemi RO, Akinyemiju T, Akseer N, Alandab T, Al-Aly Z, Alam K, Alam T, Abujeer A, Alebel A, Alene KA, Al-Eyadhy A, Athabib S, Ali R, Alijanzadeh M, Alizadeh-Nayaei R, Aljunid SM, Alkerwi A, Alla F, Allebeck P, Allen CA, Almasi A, Al-Maskari F, Al-Mekhlafi HM, Alonso J, Al-Raddadi RM, Alsharif U, Altirkawi K, Alvis-Guzman N, Amare AT, Amenu K, Amini E, Ammar W, Anber NH, Anderson JA, Andrei CL, Androudi S, Animut MD, Anjomshoa M, Ansari H, Ansariadi A, Ansha MG, Antonio CAT, Anwari P, Appiah LT, Aremu O, Areri HA, Arnlov J, Arora M, Aryal KK, Asayesh H, Asfaw ET, Asgedom SW, Asghar RJ, Assadi R, Ataro Z, Atique S, Atre SR, Atteraya MS, Ausloos M, Avila-Burgos L, Avokpaho EFGA, Awasthi A, Quintanilla BPA, Ayele HT, Ayele Y, Ayer R, Azarpazhooh MR, Azzopardi PS, Azzopardi-Muscat N, Babalola TK, Babazadeh A, Badali H, Badawi A, Balakrishnan K, Bali AG, Banach M, Banerjee A, Banoub JAM, Banstola A, Barac A, Barboza MA, Barker-Collo SL, Barnighausen TW, Barrero LH, Barthelemy CM, Bassat Q, Basu A, Basu S, Battista RJ, Baune BT, Baynes HW, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Bedi N, Beghi E, Behzadifar M, Behzadifar M, Bejot Y, Bekele BB, Belachew AB, Belay AG, Belay SA, Belay YA, Bell ML, Bello AK, Bennett DA, Bensenor IM, Benzian H, Berhane A, Berhe AK, Berman AE, Bernabe E, Bernstein RS, Bertolacci GJ, Beuran M, Beyranvand T, Bhala N, Bhalla A, Bhansali A, Bhattet al., 2018, Measuring progress from 1990 to 2017 and projecting attainment to 2030 of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals for 195 countries and territories: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017, LANCET, Vol: 392, Pages: 2091-2138, ISSN: 0140-6736

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Murray CJL, Callender CSKH, Kulikoff XR, Srinivasan V, Abate D, Abate KH, Abay SM, Abbasi N, Abbastabar H, Abdela J, Abdelalim A, Abdel-Rahman O, Abdi A, Abdoli N, Abdollahpour I, Abdulkader RS, Abebe HT, Abebe M, Abebe Z, Abebo TA, Abejie AN, Aboyans V, Abraha HN, Abreu DMX, Abrham AR, Abu-Raddad LJ, Abu-Rmeileh NME, Accrombessi MMK, Acharya P, Adamu AA, Adebayo OM, Adedeji IA, Adekanmbi V, Adetokunboh OO, Adhena BM, Adhikari TB, Adib MC, Adou AK, Adsuar JC, Afarideh M, Afshin A, Agarwal G, Agesa KM, Aghayan SA, Agrawal S, Ahmadi A, Ahmadi M, Ahmed MB, Ahmed S, Aichour AN, Aichour I, Aichour MTE, Akanda AS, Akbari ME, Akibu M, Akinyemi RO, Akinyemiju T, Akseer N, Alahdab F, Al-Aly Z, Alam K, Alebel A, Aleman AV, Alene KA, Al-Eyadhy A, Ali R, Alijanzadeh M, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Aljunid SM, Alkerwi A, Alla F, Allebeck P, Almasi A, Alonso J, Al-Raddadi RM, Alsharif U, Altirkawi K, Alvis-Guzman N, Amare AT, Ammar W, Anber NF, Andrei CL, Androudi S, Animut MD, Ansari H, Ansha MG, Antonio CAT, Appiah SCY, Aremu O, Areri HA, Arian N, Arnlov J, Artaman A, Aryal KK, Asayesh H, Asfaw ET, Asgedom SW, Assadi R, Atey TMM, Afique S, Atteraya MS, Ausloos M, Avokpaho EFCA, Awasthi A, Quintanilla BPA, Ayele Y, Ayer R, Ayuk TB, Azzopardi PS, Babalola TK, Babazadeh A, Radali H, Badawi A, Bali AG, Ranach M, Barker-Collo SL, Barnighausen TW, Barrero LH, Basaleem H, Bassat Q, Basu A, Baune BT, Baynes HW, Beghi E, Behzadifar M, Belazadifar M, Bekele BB, Belachew AB, Belay AG, Belay E, Belay SA, Belay YA, Bell ML, Bello AK, Bennett DA, Bensenor IM, Bergeron G, Berhane A, Berman AE, Bernabe E, Bernstein RS, Bertolacci GJ, Beuran M, Bhattarai S, Bhaumik S, Bhutia ZA, Biadgo B, Bijani A, Rikbov B, Bililign N, Bin Sayeed MS, Birlik SM, Birungi C, Diswas T, Bizuneh H, Bleyer A, Basara BB, Bosetti C, Boufous S, Brady OJ, Bragazzi NL, Brainin M, Brazinova A, Breitborde NJK, Brenner H, Brewer JD, Briant PS, Britton G, Burstein R, Busse R, Riff ZA, Cahuana-Hurtado L, Campos-Nonato IR, Rincon JCC, Caet al., 2018, Population and fertility by age and sex for 195 countries and territories, 1950-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017, LANCET, Vol: 392, Pages: 1995-2051, ISSN: 0140-6736

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Roth GA, Collaborotors GBDCD, Abate D, Abate KH, Abay SM, Abbafati C, Abbasi N, Abbastabar H, Abd-Allah L, Abdela J, Abdelalim A, Abdollahpour I, Abdulkader RS, Abebe HT, Abebe M, Abebe Z, Abejie AN, Abera SF, Abil OZ, Abraha HN, Abrham AR, Abu-Raddad LJ, Accrombessi MMK, Acharya D, Adamu AA, Adebayo O, Adedoyin RA, Adekanmbi V, Adookunboh O, Adhena BM, Adib MG, Admasie A, Afshin A, Agarwal G, Agesa KM, Agrawal A, Agrawal S, Ahmadi A, Ahmadi M, Ahmed MB, Ahmed S, Aichour AN, Aichour I, Aichour MTF, Akbari ME, Akinyeniti RO, Akseer N, Al-Aly Z, Al-Eyadhy A, Al-Raddadi RM, Alandab F, Alam K, Alam T, Alebel A, Alene KA, Alijanzadeh M, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Aljunid SM, Alkerwi A, Alla F, Allebeck P, Alonso J, Altirkawi K, Alvis-Guzman N, Amare AT, Aminde LN, Amini E, Ammar W, Amoako YA, Anber NH, Andrei CL, Androudi S, Animut MD, Anjomshoa M, Ansari H, Aniha MG, Antonio CAT, Anwari P, Aremu O, Arnlov J, Arora A, Arora M, Artaman A, Aryal KK, Asayesh H, Asfaw ET, Ataro Z, Atique S, Atre SR, Ausloos M, Avokpaho EFGA, Awasthi A, Quintattilla BPA, Ayele Y, Ayer R, Azzopardi PS, Babazadeh A, Bacha U, Badali H, Badawi A, Bali AG, Ballesteros KE, Banach M, Banerjee K, Bannick MS, Banoub JAM, Barboza MA, Barker-Collo SL, Barnighausen TW, Barquera S, Barrero L, Bassat Q, Base S, Baune BT, Baynes HW, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Beth N, Beghi E, Behzadifar M, Behzadifar M, Bejot Y, Bekele BB, Belacliew AB, Belay E, Belay YA, Bell ML, Bello AK, Bennett DA, Bensenor IM, Berman AF, Bernabe E, Bernstein RS, Bertolacci GJ, Beuran M, Beyranvand T, Bhalla A, Bhattarai S, Bhaumik S, Bhutta ZA, Biadgo B, Biehl MH, Bijani A, Bikbov B, Bilano V, Bililign N, Bin Sayeed MS, Bisanzio D, Biswas T, Blacker BF, Basara BB, Borschmann R, Bosetti C, Bozorgmehr K, Brady OJ, Brant LC, Brayne C, Brazinova A, Breitborde NJK, Brenner H, Briant PS, Britton G, Brugha T, Busse R, Butt ZA, Callender CSKH, Campos-Nonato IR, Rincon JCC, Cano J, Car M, Cardenas R, Carreras G, Carrero JJ, Carter A, Carvalho F, Castaneda-Orjuet al., 2018, Global, regional, and national age-sex-specific mortality for 282 causes of death in 195 countries and territories, 1980-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017, LANCET, Vol: 392, Pages: 1736-1788, ISSN: 0140-6736

JOURNAL ARTICLE

James SLG, Abate D, Abate KH, Abay SM, Abbafati C, Abbasi N, Abbastabar H, Abd-Allah F, Abdela J, Abdelalim A, Abdollahpour I, Abdulkader RS, Abebe Z, Abera SF, Abil OZ, Abraha HN, Abu-Raddad LJ, Abu-Rmeileh NME, Accrombessi MMK, Acharya D, Acharya P, Ackerman IN, Adamu AA, Adebayo OM, Adekanmbi V, Adetokunboh OO, Adib MG, Adsuar JC, Afanvi KA, Afarideh M, Afshin A, Agarwal G, Agesa KM, Aggarwal R, Aghayan SA, Agrawal S, Ahmadi A, Ahmadi M, Ahmadieh H, Ahmed MB, Aichour AN, Aichour I, Aichour MTE, Akinyemiju T, Akseer N, Al-Aly Z, Al-Eyadhy A, Al-Mekhlafi HM, Al-Raddadi RM, Alahdab F, Alam K, Alam T, Alashi A, Alavian SM, Alene KA, Alijanzadeh M, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Aljunid SM, Alkerwi A, Alla F, Allebeck P, Alouani MML, Altirkawi K, Alvis-Guzman N, Amare AT, Aminde LN, Ammar W, Amoako YA, Anber NH, Andrei CL, Androudi S, Animut MD, Anjomshoa M, Ansha MG, Antonio CAT, Anwari P, Arabloo J, Arauz A, Aremu O, Ariani F, Armoon B, Arnlov J, Arora A, Artaman A, Aryal KK, Asayesh H, Asghar RJ, Ataro Z, Atre SR, Ausloos M, Avila-Burgos L, Avokpaho EFGA, Awasthi A, Quintanilla BPA, Ayer R, Azzopardi PS, Babazadeh A, Badali H, Badawi A, Bali AG, Ballesteros KE, Ballew SH, Banach M, Banoub JAM, Banstola A, Barac A, Barboza MA, Barker-Collo SL, Barnighausen TW, Barrero LH, Baune BT, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Bedi N, Beghi E, Behzadifar M, Behzadifar M, Bejot Y, Belachew AB, Belay YA, Bel ML, Bello AK, Bensenor IM, Bernabe E, Bernstein RS, Beuran M, Beyranvand T, Bhala N, Bhattarai S, Bhaumik S, Bhutta ZA, Biadgo B, Bijani A, Bikbov B, Bilano V, Bililign N, Bin Sayeed MS, Bisanzio D, Blacker BF, Blyth FM, Bou-Orm IR, Boufous S, Bourne R, Brady OJ, Brainin M, Brant LC, Brazinova A, Breitborde NJK, Brenner H, Briant PS, Briggs AM, Briko AN, Britton G, Brugha T, Buchbinder R, Busse R, Butt ZA, Cahuana-Hurtado L, Cano J, Cardenas R, Carrero JJ, Carter A, Carvalho F, Castaneda-Orjuela CA, Rivas JC, Castro F, Catala-Lopez F, Cercy KM, Cerin E, Chaiah Y, Chang AR, Chang H-Y, Chang J-C, Charlsoet al., 2018, Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 354 diseases and injuries for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017, LANCET, Vol: 392, Pages: 1789-1858, ISSN: 0140-6736

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Kyu HH, Abate D, Abate KH, Abay SM, Abbafati C, Abbasi N, Abbastabar H, Abd-Allah F, Abdela J, Abdelalim A, Abdollahpour I, Abdulkader RS, Abebe M, Abebe Z, Abil OZ, Aboyans V, Abrham AR, Abu-Raddad LJ, Abu-Rmeileh NME, Accrombessi MMK, Acharya D, Acharya P, Ackerman IN, Adamu AA, Adebayo OM, Adekanmbi V, Ademi Z, Adetokunboh OO, Adib MG, Adsuar JC, Afanvi KA, Afarideh M, Afshin A, Agarwal G, Agesa KM, Aggarwal R, Aghayan SA, Agrawal A, Ahmadi A, Ahmadi M, Ahmadieh H, Ahmed MB, Ahmed S, Aichour AN, Aichour I, Aichour MTE, Akinyemiju T, Akseer N, Ayman ZA-A, Al-Eyadhy A, Al-Mekhlafi HM, Al-Raddadi RM, Alahdab F, Alam K, Alam T, Alashi A, Alavian SM, Alene KA, Alijanzadeh M, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Aljunid SM, Alkerwi A, Alla F, Allebeck P, Alonso J, Alsharif U, Altirkawi K, Alvis-Guzman N, Aminde LN, Amini E, Amiresmaili M, Ammar W, Amoako YA, Anber NH, Andrei CL, Androudi S, Animut MD, Anjomshoa M, Ansha MG, Antonio CAT, Anwari P, Arabloo J, Aremu O, Arnlov J, Arora A, Arora M, Artaman A, Aryal KK, Asayesh H, Ataro Z, Ausloos M, Avila-Burgos L, Avokpaho EFGA, Awasthi A, Quintanilla BPA, Ayer R, Azzopardi PS, Babazadeh A, Badali H, Balakrishnan K, Bali AG, Banach M, Banoub JAM, Barac A, Barboza MA, Barker-Collo SL, Bamighausen TW, Barquera S, Barrero LH, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Bedi N, Beghi E, Behzadifar M, Behzadifar M, Bekele BB, Bekru ET, Belachew AB, Belay YA, Bell ML, Bello AK, Bennett DA, Bensenor IM, Berhane A, Bernabe E, Bernstein RS, Beuran M, Beyranvand F, Bhala N, Bhatt S, Bhaumik S, Bhutta ZA, Biadgo B, Biehl MH, Bijani A, Bikbov B, Bilano V, Bililign N, Bin Sayeed MS, Bisanzio D, Bjorge T, Bleyer A, Bobasa EM, Bou-Orm IR, Boufous S, Bourne R, Brady OJ, Brant LC, Brayne C, Brazinova A, Breitborde NJK, Brenner H, Briant PS, Briko AN, Britton G, Brugha T, Buchbinder R, Busse R, Butt ZA, Cahuana-Hurtado L, Rincon JCC, Cano J, Cardenas R, Carrero JJ, Carter A, Carvalho F, Castaneda-Orjuela CA, Rivas JC, Castro F, Catala-Lopez F, Cercy KM, Cerin E, Chaiah Y, Chang J-Cet al., 2018, Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 359 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017, LANCET, Vol: 392, Pages: 1859-1922, ISSN: 0140-6736

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Stanaway JD, Afshin A, Gakidou E, Lim SS, Abate D, Abate KH, Abbafati C, Abbasi N, Abbastabar H, Abd-Allah F, Abdela J, Abdelalim A, Abdollahpour I, Abdulkader RS, Abebe M, Abebe Z, Abera SF, Abil OZ, Abraha HN, Abrham AR, Abu-Raddad LJ, Abu-Rmeileh NME, Accrombessi MMK, Acharya D, Acharya P, Adamu AA, Adane AA, Adebayo OM, Adedoyin RA, Adekanmbi V, Ademi Z, Adetokunboh O, Adib MG, Admasie A, Adsuar JC, Afanvi KA, Afarideh M, Agarwal G, Aggarwal A, Aghayan SA, Agrawal A, Agrawal S, Ahmadi A, Ahmadi M, Ahmadieh H, Ahmed MB, Aichour AN, Aichour I, Aichour MTE, Akbari ME, Akinyemiju T, Akseer N, Al-Aly Z, Al-Eyadhy A, Al-Mekhlafi HM, Alandab F, Alam K, Alam S, Alam T, Alashi A, Alavian SM, Alene KA, Ali K, Ali SM, Alijanzadeh M, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Aljunid SM, Alkerwi A, Alla F, Alsharif U, Altirkawi K, Alvis-Guzman N, Amare AT, Ammar W, Anber NH, Anderson JA, Andrei CL, Androudi S, Animut MD, Anjomshoa M, Ansha MG, Anto JM, Antonio CAT, Anwari P, Appiah LT, Appiah SCY, Arabloo J, Aremu O, Amlov J, Artaman A, Aryal KK, Asayesh H, Ataro Z, Ausloos M, Avokpaho EFGA, Awasthi A, Quintanilla BPA, Ayer R, Ayuk TB, Azzopardi PS, Babazadeff A, Badali H, Badawi A, Balakrishnan K, Bali AG, Ball K, Bellew SH, Banach M, Banoub JAM, Barac A, Barker-Collo SL, Bamighausen TW, Barrero LH, Basu S, Baune BT, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Bedi N, Beghi E, Behzadifar M, Behzadifar M, Bejoy Y, Bekele BB, Bekru FT, Belay E, Belay YA, Bell ML, Bello AK, Bennett DA, Bensenor IM, Bergeron G, Berhane A, Bemabe E, Bemstein RS, Beuran M, Beyranvand T, Bhala N, Bhalla A, Bhattarai S, Bhutta ZA, Biadgo B, Bijani A, Bikbov B, Bilano V, Bililign N, Bin Sayeed MS, Bisanzio D, Biswas T, Bjorge T, Blacker BF, Bleyer A, Borschmann R, Bou-Orm IR, Boufous S, Bourne R, Brady OJ, Brauer M, Brazinova A, Breitborde NJK, Brenner H, Briko AN, Britton G, Brugha T, Buchbindet R, Burnett RT, Busse R, Butt ZA, Cahill LE, Cahuana-Hurtado L, Campos-Nonato IR, Cardenas R, Carreras G, Carrero JJ, Carvalho F, Castaneda-Orjuela CA Ret al., 2018, Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017, LANCET, Vol: 392, Pages: 1923-1994, ISSN: 0140-6736

BackgroundThe Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2017 comparative risk assessment (CRA) is a comprehensive approach to risk factor quantification that offers a useful tool for synthesising evidence on risks and risk–outcome associations. With each annual GBD study, we update the GBD CRA to incorporate improved methods, new risks and risk–outcome pairs, and new data on risk exposure levels and risk–outcome associations.MethodsWe used the CRA framework developed for previous iterations of GBD to estimate levels and trends in exposure, attributable deaths, and attributable disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), by age group, sex, year, and location for 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or groups of risks from 1990 to 2017. This study included 476 risk–outcome pairs that met the GBD study criteria for convincing or probable evidence of causation. We extracted relative risk and exposure estimates from 46 749 randomised controlled trials, cohort studies, household surveys, census data, satellite data, and other sources. We used statistical models to pool data, adjust for bias, and incorporate covariates. Using the counterfactual scenario of theoretical minimum risk exposure level (TMREL), we estimated the portion of deaths and DALYs that could be attributed to a given risk. We explored the relationship between development and risk exposure by modelling the relationship between the Socio-demographic Index (SDI) and risk-weighted exposure prevalence and estimated expected levels of exposure and risk-attributable burden by SDI. Finally, we explored temporal changes in risk-attributable DALYs by decomposing those changes into six main component drivers of change as follows: (1) population growth; (2) changes in population age structures; (3) changes in exposure to environmental and occupational risks; (4) changes in exposure to behavioural risks; (5) changes in exposure to metabolic risk

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Steel N, Ford JA, Newton JN, Davis ACJ, Vos T, Naghavi M, Glenn S, Hughes A, Dalton AM, Stockton D, Humphreys C, Dallat M, Schmidt J, Flowers J, Fox S, Abubakar I, Aldridge RW, Baker A, Brayne C, Brugha T, Capewell S, Car J, Cooper C, Ezzati M, Fitzpatrick J, Greaves F, Hay R, Hay S, Kee F, Larson HJ, Lyons RA, Majeed A, McKee M, Rawaf S, Rutter H, Saxena S, Sheikh A, Smeeth L, Viner RM, Vollset SE, Williams HC, Wolfe C, Woolf A, Murray CJLet al., 2018, Changes in health in the countries of the UK and 150 English Local Authority areas 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016, LANCET, Vol: 392, Pages: 1647-1661, ISSN: 0140-6736

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Fitzmaurice C, Akinyemiju TF, Al Lami FH, Alam T, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Allen C, Alsharif U, Alvis-Guzman N, Amini E, Anderson BO, Aremu O, Artaman A, Asgedom SW, Assadi R, Atey TM, Avila-Burgos L, Awasthi A, Saleem HOB, Barac A, Bennett JR, Bensenor IM, Bhakta N, Brenner H, Cahuana-Hurtado L, Castaneda-Orjuela CA, Castaneda-Orjuela CA, Catala-Lopez F, Choi J-YJ, Christopher DJ, Chung S-C, Curado MP, Dandona L, Dandona R, das Neves J, Dey S, Dharmaratne SD, Doku DT, Driscoll T, Dubey M, Ebrahimi H, Edessa D, El-Khatib Z, Endries AY, Fischer F, Force LM, Foreman KJ, Gebrehiwot SW, Gopalani SV, Grosso G, Gupta R, Gyawali B, Hamadeh RR, Hamidi S, Harvey J, Hassen HY, Hay RJ, Hay SI, Heibati B, Hiluf MK, Horita N, Hosgood HD, Ilesanmi OS, Innos K, Islami F, Jakovljevic MB, Johnson SC, Jonas JB, Kasaeian A, Kassa TD, Khader YS, Khan EA, Khan G, Khang Y-H, Khosravi MH, Khubchandani J, Kopec JA, Kumar GA, Kutz M, Lad DP, Lafranconi A, Lan Q, Legesse Y, Leigh J, Linn S, Lunevicius R, Majeed A, Malekzadeh R, Malta DC, Mantovani LG, McMahon BJ, Meier T, Melaku YA, Melku M, Memiah P, Mendoza W, Meretoja TJ, Mezgebe HB, Miller TR, Mohammed S, Mokdad AH, Moosazadeh M, Moraga P, Mousavi SM, Nangia V, Cuong TN, Vuong MN, Ogbo FA, Olagunju AT, Mahesh PA, Park E-K, Patel T, Pereira DM, Pishgar F, Postma MJ, Pourmalek F, Qorbani M, Rafay A, Rawaf S, Rawaf DL, Roshandel G, Safiri S, Salimzadeh H, Sanabria JR, Milicevic MMS, Sartorius B, Satpathy M, Sepanlou SG, Shackelford KA, Shaikh MA, Sharif-Alhoseini M, She J, Shin M-J, Shiue I, Shrime MG, Sinke AH, Sisay M, Sligar A, Sufiyan MB, Sykes BL, Tabares-Seisdedos R, Tessema GA, Topor-Madry R, Tung TT, Bach XT, Ukwaja KN, Vlassov VV, Vollset SE, Weiderpass E, Williams HC, Yimer NB, Yonemoto N, Younis MZ, Murray CJL, Naghavi Met al., 2018, Global, Regional, and National Cancer Incidence, Mortality, Years of Life Lost, Years Lived With Disability, and Disability-Adjusted Life-Years for 29 Cancer Groups, 1990 to 2016 A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study, JAMA ONCOLOGY, Vol: 4, Pages: 1553-1568, ISSN: 2374-2437

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Rawaf S, Allen L, Dubois E, Majeed A, Myrup AC, Raheem M, Rawaf D, Razavi Aet al., 2018, Primary health care: closing the gap between public health and primary care through integration, WHO Technical Report Series, ISSN: 0512-3054

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Alshaikh MK, Rawaf S, Quezada-Yamamoto H, 2018, Cardiovascular risk and fruit and vegetable consumption among women in KSA; A cross-sectional study, JOURNAL OF TAIBAH UNIVERSITY MEDICAL SCIENCES, Vol: 13, Pages: 444-451, ISSN: 1658-3612

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Blanchet K, El-Zein A, Langer A, Sato Met al., 2018, Support for UNRWA's survival, LANCET, Vol: 392, Pages: 1009-1010, ISSN: 0140-6736

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Griswold MG, Fullman N, Hawley C, Arian N, Zimsen SRM, Tymeson HD, Venkateswaran V, Tapp AD, Forouzanfar MH, Salama JS, Abate KH, Abate D, Abay SM, Abbafati C, Abdulkader RS, Abebe Z, Aboyans V, Abrar MM, Acharya P, Adetokunboh OO, Adhikari TB, Adsuar JC, Afarideh M, Agardh EE, Agarwal G, Aghayan SA, Agrawal S, Ahmed MB, Akibu M, Akinyemiju T, Akseer N, Al Asfoor DH, Al-Aly Z, Alahdab F, Alam K, Albujeer A, Alene KA, Ali R, Ali SD, Alijanzadeh M, Aljunid SM, Alkerwi A, Allebeck P, Alvis-Guzman N, Amare AT, Aminde LN, Ammar W, Amoako YA, Amul GGH, Andrei CL, Angus C, Ansha MG, Antonio CAT, Aremu O, Arnlov J, Artaman A, Aryal KK, Assadi R, Ausloos M, Avila-Burgos L, Avokpaho EFGA, Awasthi A, Ayele HT, Ayer R, Ayuk TB, Azzopardi PS, Badali H, Badawi A, Banach M, Barker-Collo SL, Barrero LH, Basaleem H, Baye E, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Bedi N, Bejot Y, Belachew AB, Belay SA, Bennett DA, Bensenor IM, Bernabe E, Bernstein RS, Beyene AS, Beyranvand T, Bhaumik S, Bhutta ZA, Biadgo B, Bijani A, Bililign N, Birlik SM, Birungi C, Bizuneh H, Bjerregaard P, Bjorge T, Borges G, Bosetti C, Boufous S, Bragazzi NL, Brenner H, Butt ZA, Cahuana-Hurtado L, Calabria B, Campos-Nonato IR, Campuzano Rincon JC, Carreras G, Carrero JJ, Carvalho F, Castaneda-Orjuela CA, Castillo Rivas J, Catala-Lopez F, Chang J-C, Charlson FJ, Chattopadhyay A, Chaturvedi P, Chowdhury R, Christopher DJ, Chung S-C, Ciobanu LG, Claro RM, Conti S, Cousin E, Criqui MH, Dachew BA, Dargan P, Daryani A, Das Neves J, Davletov K, De Castro F, De Courten B, De Neve J-W, Degenhardt L, Demoz GT, Des Jarlais DC, Dey S, Dhaliwal RS, Dharmaratne SD, Dhimal M, Doku DT, Doyle KE, Dubey M, Dubljanin E, Duncan BB, Ebrahimi H, Edessa D, Zaki MES, Ermakov SP, Erskine HE, Esteghamati A, Faramarzi M, Farioli A, Faro A, Farvid MS, Farzadfar F, Feigin VL, Felisbino-Mendes MS, Fernandes E, Ferrari AJ, Ferri CP, Fijabi DO, Filip I, Finger JD, Fischer F, Flaxman AD, Franklin RC, Futran ND, Gallus S, Ganji M, Gankpe FG, Gebregergs GB, Gebrehiwoet al., 2018, Alcohol use and burden for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016, LANCET, Vol: 392, Pages: 1015-1035, ISSN: 0140-6736

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Shaikhan F, Rawaf S, Majeed A, Hassounah Set al., 2018, Knowledge, attitude, perception and practice regarding antimicrobial use in upper respiratory tract infections in Qatar: a systematic review., JRSM Open, Vol: 9, ISSN: 2054-2704

Objective: To explore the knowledge, attitude, perception and practice towards antimicrobial use in upper respiratory tract infections in patients visiting healthcare settings in Qatar. Design: Systematic review was performed using a predetermined protocol and in accordance with standardized reporting guidelines. MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, Global Health and PsycINFO were searched for relevant published studies using relevant MESH terms and keywords. Setting: All healthcare settings in Qatar including both inpatient and ambulatory care. Participants: All published articles exploring the antimicrobial use in upper respiratory tract infections at any health setting in Qatar were considered for inclusion in the study. No age, gender or population were excluded. Main Outcome Measures: The outcome of interest was antimicrobial use in upper respiratory tract infections in Qatar. We included all related studies to explore the knowledge, attitude, perception and practice for patients visiting all health care settings. Results: Three articles were included, one in a primary care setting, one in a secondary care setting and one in the private sector. Overprescribing was noted in all settings. Our findings demonstrate low expectations to receive antibiotics, among the Qatari population, in primary care (28.1%). In fact, the majority of patients would be satisfied with reassurance rather than receiving antimicrobials. Many patients were satisfied with explanation from physicians and counselling. Private sector registered high prevalence of antimicrobial misuse for respiratory tract infections in which 85% deemed inappropriate. This finding was also noted at a medical intensive care unit which showed high antimicrobial use (76%) and respiratory tract infections accounted for 57% of prescriptions. Conclusion: Studies are needed to determine factors and population-based rates of antimicrobial use in all healthcare settings. There is also a need for interventional programs for both ph

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Naghavi M, Marczak LB, Kutz M, Shackelford KA, Arora M, Miller-Petrie M, Aichour MTE, Akseer N, Al-Raddadi RM, Alam K, Alghnam SA, Antonio CAT, Aremu O, Arora A, Asadi-Lari M, Assadi R, Atey TM, Avila-Burgos L, Awasthi A, Quintanilla BPA, Barker-Collo SL, Barnighausen TW, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Behzadifar M, Behzadifar M, Bennett JR, Bhalla A, Bhutta ZA, Bilal AI, Borges G, Borschmann R, Brazinova A, Rincon JCC, Carvalho F, Castaneda-Orjuela CA, Dandona L, Dandona R, Dargan PI, De Leo D, Dharmaratne SD, Ding EL, Huyen PD, Doku DT, Doyle KE, Driscoll T, Edessa D, El-Khatib Z, Endries AY, Esteghamati A, Faro A, Farzadfar F, Feigin VL, Fischer F, Foreman KJ, Franklin RC, Fullman N, Futran ND, Gebrehiwot TT, Gutierrez RA, Hafezi-Nejad N, Bidgoli HH, Hailu GB, Haro JM, Hassen HY, Hawley C, Hendrie D, Hijar M, Hu G, Ilesanmi OS, Jakovljevic M, James SL, Jayaraman S, Jonas JB, Kahsay A, Kasaeian A, Keiyoro PN, Khader Y, Khalil IA, Khang Y-H, Khubchandani J, Kiadaliri AA, Kieling C, Kim YJ, Kosen S, Krohn KJ, Kumar GA, Lami FH, Lansingh VC, Larson HJ, Linn S, Lunevicius R, Abd El Razek HM, Abd El Razek MM, Malekzadeh R, Malta DC, Mason-Jones AJ, Matzopoulos R, Memiah PTN, Mendoza W, Meretoja TJ, Mezgebe HB, Miller TR, Mohammed S, Moradi-Lakeh M, Mori R, Nand D, Cuong TN, Quyen LN, Ningrum DNA, Ogbo FA, Olagunju AT, Patton GC, Phillips MR, Polinder S, Pourmalek F, Qorbani M, Rahimi-Movaghar A, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Rahman M, Rai RK, Ranabhat CL, Rawaf DL, Rawaf S, Rowhani-Rahbar A, Safdarian M, Safiri S, Sagar R, Salama JS, Sanabria J, Milicevic MMS, Sarmiento-Suarez R, Sartorius B, Satpathy M, Schwebel DC, Seedat S, Sepanlou SG, Shaikh MA, Sharew NT, Shiue I, Singh JA, Sisay M, Skirbekk V, Soares Filho AM, Stein DJ, Stokes MA, Sufiyan MB, Swaroop M, Sykes BL, Tabares-Seisdedos R, Tadese F, Bach XT, Tung TT, Ukwaja KN, Vasankari TJ, Vlassov V, Werdecker A, Ye P, Yip P, Yonemoto N, Younis MZ, Zaidi Z, Zaki MES, Hay SI, Lim SS, Lopez AD, Mokdad AH, Vos T, Murray CJLet al., 2018, Global Mortality From Firearms, 1990-2016, JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Vol: 320, Pages: 792-814, ISSN: 0098-7484

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Tyrovolas S, Kassebaum NJ, Stergachis A, Abraha HN, Alla F, Androudi S, Car M, Chrepa V, Furst T, Fullman N, Maria Haro J, Hay SI, Jakovljevic MB, Jonas JB, Khalil IA, Kopec JA, Manguerra H, Martopullo I, Mokdad A, Monasta L, Nichols E, Olsen HE, Rawaf S, Reiner R, Renzaho AMN, Ronfani L, Sanchez-Nino MD, Sartorius B, Sawhney M, Alves Silveira DG, Stathopoulou V, Vollset ES, Stroumpoulis K, Topor-Madry R, Topouzis F, Tortajada-Girbes M, Tsilimbaris M, Tsilimparis N, Valsamidis D, van Boven JFM, Violante FS, Werdecker A, Westerman R, Whiteford HA, Wolfe CDA, Younis MZ, Kotsakis GAet al., 2018, The burden of disease in Greece, health loss, risk factors, and health financing, 2000-16: an analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016, LANCET PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol: 3, Pages: E395-E406, ISSN: 2468-2667

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Fullman N, Yearwood J, Abay SM, Abbafati C, Abd-Allah F, Abdela J, Abdelalim A, Abebe Z, Abebo TA, Aboyans V, Abraha HN, Abreu DMX, Abu-Raddad LJ, Adane AA, Adedoyin RA, Adetokunboh O, Adhikari TB, Afarideh M, Afshin A, Agarwal G, Agius D, Agrawal A, Agrawal S, Kiadaliri AA, Aichour MTE, Akibu M, Akinyemi RO, Akinyemiju TF, Akseer N, Al Lami FH, Alahdab F, Al-Aly Z, Alam K, Alam T, Alasfoor D, Albittar MI, Alene KA, Al-Eyadhy A, Ali SD, Alijanzadeh M, Aljunid SM, Alkerwi A, Alla F, Allebeck P, Allen C, Alomari MA, Al-Raddadi R, Alsharif U, Altirkawi KA, Alvis-Guzman N, Amare AT, Amenu K, Ammar W, Amoako YA, Anber N, Andrei CL, Androudi S, Antonio CAT, Araujo VEM, Aremu O, Arnlov J, Artaman A, Aryal KK, Asayesh H, Asfaw ET, Asgedom SW, Asghar RJ, Ashebir MM, Asseffa NA, Atey TM, Atre SR, Atteraya MS, Avila-Burgos L, Avokpaho EFGA, Awasthi A, Quintanilla BPA, Ayalew AA, Ayele HT, Ayer R, Ayuk TB, Azzopardi P, Azzopardi-Muscat N, Babalola TK, Badali H, Badawi A, Banach M, Banerjee A, Banstola A, Barber RM, Barboza MA, Barker-Collo SL, Baernighausen T, Barquera S, Barrero LH, Bassat Q, Basu S, Baune BT, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Bedi N, Beghi E, Behzadifar M, Behzadifar M, Bekele BB, Belachew AB, Belay SA, Belay YA, Bell ML, Bello AK, Bennett DA, Bennett JR, Bensenor IM, Berhe DF, Bernabe E, Bernstein RS, Beuran M, Bhalla A, Bhatt P, Bhaumik S, Bhutta ZA, Biadgo B, Bijani A, Bikbov B, Birungi C, Biryukov S, Bizuneh H, Bolliger IW, Bolt K, Bou-Orm IR, Bozorgmehr K, Brady OJ, Brazinova A, Breitborde NJK, Brenner H, Britton G, Brugha TS, Butt ZA, Cahuana-Hurtado L, Campos-Nonato IR, Campuzano JC, Car J, Car M, Cardenas R, Carrero JJ, Carvalho F, Castaneda-Orjuela CA, Rivas JC, Catala-Lopez F, Cercy K, Chalek J, Chang H-Y, Chang J-C, Chattopadhyay A, Chaturvedi P, Chiang PP-C, Chisumpa VH, Choi J-YJ, Christensen H, Christopher DJ, Chung S-C, Ciobanu LG, Cirillo M, Colombara D, Conti S, Cooper C, Cornaby L, Cortesi PA, Cortinovis M, Pereira AC, Cousin E, Criqui MH, Cromwell EA, Croet al., 2018, Measuring performance on the Healthcare Access and Quality Index for 195 countries and territories and selected subnational locations: a systematic analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016, LANCET, Vol: 391, Pages: 2236-2271, ISSN: 0140-6736

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Mokdad AH, Khalil I, Collison M, El Bcheraoui C, Charara R, Moradi-Lakeh M, Afshin A, Krohn KJ, Daoud F, Chew A, Kassebaum NJ, Colombara D, Cornaby L, Ehrenkranz R, Foreman KJ, Fraser M, Frostad J, Kemmer L, Kulikoff XR, Kutz M, Kyu HH, Liu P, Mikesell J, Nguyen G, Rao PC, Silpakit N, Sligar A, Smith A, Stanaway JD, Arnlov J, Abate KH, Kiadaliri AA, Alam K, Alasfoor D, Ali R, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Alraddadi R, Altirkawi KA, Alvis-Guzman N, Anber N, Ansari H, Antonio CAT, Anwari P, Artaman A, Asayesh H, Asgedom SW, Azzopardi P, Bacha U, Barac A, Barker-Collo SL, Bedi N, Beghi E, Bennett DA, Bhutta ZA, Bisanzio D, Castaneda-Orjuela CA, Estanislao Castro R, Danawi H, Deribe K, Deribew A, Jarlais DCD, deVeber GA, Dey S, Dharmaratne SD, Djalalinia S, Huyen PD, Esteghamati A, Farvid MS, Fereshtehnejad S-M, Fischer F, Gebrehiwot TT, Giussani G, Gona PN, Hafezi-Nejad N, Hamadeh RR, Hamidi S, Hoy DG, Hu G, John D, Jonas JB, Karimi SM, Kasaeian A, Khader YS, Khan EA, Khan G, Kim D, Kim YJ, Kinfu Y, Larson HJ, Latif AA, Leasher JL, Lunevicius R, Abd El Razek HM, Abd El Razek MM, Majeed A, Malekzadeh R, Memish ZA, Mendoza W, Mezgebe HB, Miller TR, Monasta L, Quyen LN, Obermeyer CM, Ortiz A, Papachristou C, Park E-K, Pereira CC, Petzold M, Pereira DM, Phillips MR, Pourmalek F, Qorbani M, Rafay A, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Rai RK, Rana SM, Rawaf DL, Rawaf S, Renzaho AMN, Rezaei S, Rezai MS, Ronfani L, Roshandel G, Ruhago GM, Safdarian M, Safiri S, Sahraian MA, Salamati P, Samy AM, Sanabria JR, Sartorius B, Schwebel DC, Seedat S, Sepanlou SG, Setegn T, Shaheen A, Shaikh MA, Shamsizadeh M, Shiri R, Skirbekk V, Sobaih BHA, Sreeramareddy CT, Stathopoulou V, Abdulkader RS, Tehrani-Banihashemi A, Temsah M-H, Thakur AJS, Thomson AJ, Tran BX, Truelsen T, Ukwaja KN, Uthman OA, Vasankari T, Vlassov VV, Weiderpass E, Weintraub RG, Werdecker A, Yaghoubi M, Yaseri M, Yonemoto N, Younis MZ, Yu C, Jumaan AO, Vos T, Hay SI, Naghavi M, Wang H, Murray CJLet al., 2018, Neonatal, infant, and under-5 mortality and morbidity burden in the Eastern Mediterranean region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol: 63, Pages: 63-77, ISSN: 1661-8556

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Mokdad AH, Moradi-Lakeh M, El Bcheraoui C, Charara R, Khalil I, Afshin A, Kassebaum NJ, Collison M, Daoud F, Chew A, Krohn KJ, Colombara D, Ehrenkranz R, Foreman KJ, Frostad J, Godwin WW, Kutz M, Rao PC, Reiner R, Troeger C, Wang H, Abajobir AA, Abbas KM, Abera SF, Abu-Raddad LJ, Adane K, Kiadaliri AA, Ahmadi A, Beshir M, Al-Eyadhy A, Alam K, Alam N, Alasfoor D, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Al-Maskari F, Al-Raddadi R, Alsharif U, Altirkawi KA, Anber N, Ansari H, Antonio CAT, Anwari P, Asayesh H, Asgedom SW, Atey TM, Arthur EFG, Bacha U, Barac A, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Drew CR, Geffen D, Bedi N, Bhutta ZA, Michael B, Butt ZA, Castaneda-Orjuela CA, Danawi H, Djalalinia S, Endries AY, Eshrati B, Farvid MS, Fereshtehnejad S-M, Fischer F, Garcia-Basteiro AL, Gebrehiwot KT, Gebrehiwot TT, Hailu GB, Hamadeh RR, Hambisa MT, Hamidi S, Hassanvand MS, Hedayati MT, Horita N, Husseini A, Spencer LJ, Javanbakht M, Jonas JB, Kasaeian A, Khader YS, Khan EA, Khan G, Khoja ATA, Khubchandani J, Kim YJ, Kissoon N, Larson HJ, Latif AA, Leshargie CT, Lunevicius R, Abd El Razek HM, Abd El Razek MM, Majdzadeh R, Majeed A, Malekzadeh R, Farid HM, Mehari A, Memish ZA, Mengistu DT, Mensah GA, Mezgebe HB, Nakamura S, Oren E, Pourmalek F, Qorbani M, Radfar A, Rafay A, Vafa R-M, Rai RK, Rawaf DL, Rawaf S, Refaat AH, Rezaei S, Rezai MS, Roba HS, Roshandel G, Safdarian M, Safiri S, Sahraian MA, Salamati P, Samy AM, Sartorius B, Sepanlou SG, Shaikh MA, Shamsizadeh M, Shigematsu M, Singh JA, Sufiyan MB, Tehrani-Banihashemi A, Temsah M-H, Topor-Madry R, Uthman OA, Vollset SE, Wakayo T, Werdecker A, Wijeratne T, Yaghoubi M, Yimam HH, Yonemoto N, Younis MZ, Zaki MES, Jumaan AO, Vos T, Naghavi M, Hay SI, Murray CJLet al., 2018, Burden of lower respiratory infections in the Eastern Mediterranean Region between 1990 and 2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol: 63, Pages: 97-108, ISSN: 1661-8556

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Tehrani-Banihashemi A, Moradi-Lakeh M, El Bcheraoui C, Charara R, Khalil I, Afshin A, Collison M, Daoud F, Krohn KJ, Chew A, Cornaby L, Foreman KJ, Frostad J, Kassebaum NJ, Kemmer L, Kutz M, Liu P, Mirarefin M, Nguyen G, Wang H, Zipkin B, Abajobir AA, Abouzeid M, Abu-Rmeileh NME, Ahmad Kiadaliri A, Ahmed MB, Aksut B, Alam K, Alasfoor D, Ali R, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Al-Raddadi R, Alsharif U, Altirkawi KA, Alvis-Guzman N, Anber N, Anwari P, Ärnlöv J, Asgedom SW, Atey TM, Awasthi A, Bärnighausen T, Bacha U, Barac A, Barker-Collo SL, Bedi N, Bennett DA, Berhe DF, Biadgilign S, Butt ZA, Carapetis JR, Castro RE, Chitheer AA, Davletov K, Dharmaratne SD, Djalalinia S, Do HP, Dubey M, Ebrahimi H, Eshrati B, Esteghamati A, Farvid MS, Fereshtehnejad SM, Fischer F, Gebrehiwot SW, Gebrehiwot TT, Gillum RF, Gona PN, Gupta R, Hafezi-Nejad N, Hamadeh RR, Hamidi S, Hsairi M, Jee SH, Jonas JB, Karimkhani C, Kasaeian A, Khader YS, Khan EA, Kim D, Lal DK, Larson HJ, Latif AA, Linn S, Lotufo PA, Lunevicius R, Magdy Abd El Razek H, Majeed A, Malekzadeh R, Malta DC, Meier T, Memiah P, Memish ZA, Mendoza W, Mensah GA, Meretoja A, Miller TR, Mirrakhimov EM, Mohammed S, Nguyen QLet al., 2018, Burden of cardiovascular diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study, International Journal of Public Health, Vol: 63, Pages: 137-149, ISSN: 1661-8556

Objectives: To report the burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) during 1990–2015. Methods: We used the 2015 Global Burden of Disease study for estimates of mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of different CVD in 22 countries of EMR. Results: A total of 1.4 million CVD deaths (95% UI: 1.3–1.5) occurred in 2015 in the EMR, with the highest number of deaths in Pakistan (465,116) and the lowest number of deaths in Qatar (723). The age-standardized DALY rate per 100,000 decreased from 10,080 in 1990 to 8606 in 2015 (14.6% decrease). Afghanistan had the highest age-standardized DALY rate of CVD in both 1990 and 2015. Kuwait and Qatar had the lowest age-standardized DALY rates of CVD in 1990 and 2015, respectively. High blood pressure, high total cholesterol, and high body mass index were the leading risk factors for CVD. Conclusions: The age-standardized DALY rates in the EMR are considerably higher than the global average. These findings call for a comprehensive approach to prevent and control the burden of CVD in the region.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Aljuaid M, Elmontsri M, Edvardsson D, Rawaf S, Majeed Aet al., 2018, Psychometric evaluation of the Arabic language person-centred climate questionnairestaff version, JOURNAL OF NURSING MANAGEMENT, Vol: 26, Pages: 449-456, ISSN: 0966-0429

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Khalil I, El Bcheraoui C, Charara R, Moradi-Lakeh M, Afshin A, Kassebaum NJ, Collison M, Chew A, Krohn KJ, Daoud F, Colombara D, Foreman KJ, Godwin WW, Kutz M, Mirarefin M, Rao PC, Reiner R, Troeger C, Wang H, Abraha HN, Abu-Elyazeed R, Abu-Raddad LJ, Ahmad Kiadaliri A, Ahmadi A, Ahmed MB, Alam K, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Al-Raddadi R, Altirkawi KA, Alvis-Guzman N, Anber N, Anwari P, Atey TM, Avokpaho EFGA, Bacha U, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Bedi N, Bensenor IM, Berhane A, Bessong PO, Beyene AS, Bhutta ZA, Buckle GC, Butt ZA, Danawi H, Deribew A, Djalalinia S, Dubey M, Endries AY, Eshrati B, Fereshtehnejad SM, Fischer F, Gebrehiwot TT, Gugnani HC, Hamadeh RR, Hamidi S, Husseini A, James SL, Jonas JB, Khader YS, Khan EA, Khan G, Khubchandani J, Kissoon N, Kopec JA, Koyanagi A, Kuate Defo B, Larson HJ, Latif AA, Lunevicius R, Magdy Abd El Razek H, Magdy Abd El Razek M, Majdzadeh R, Majeed A, Malekzadeh R, Memiah P, Memish ZA, Mendoza W, Mengistu DT, Mohammed S, Murthy S, Ngunjiri JW, Ogbo FA, Pourmalek F, Radfar A, Rafay A, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Rai RK, Ram U, Rawaf DL, Rawaf S, Renzaho AMN, Rezaei S, Roshandel G, Safdarian M, Sahraian MA, Salamati P, Samy AM, Sanabria JR, Sartorius Bet al., 2018, Burden of diarrhea in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study, International Journal of Public Health, Vol: 63, Pages: 109-121, ISSN: 1661-8556

Objectives: Diarrheal diseases (DD) are an important cause of disease burden, especially in children in low-income settings. DD can also impact children’s potential livelihood through growth faltering, cognitive impairment, and other sequelae. Methods: As part of the Global Burden of Disease study, we estimated DD burden, and the burden attributable to specific risk factors and etiologies, in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 1990 and 2015. We calculated disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs)—the sum of years of life lost and years lived with disability—for both sexes and all ages. Results: We estimate that over 103,692 diarrhea deaths occurred in the EMR in 2015 (95% uncertainty interval: 87,018–124,692), and the mortality rate was 16.0 deaths per 100,000 persons (95% UI: 13.4–19.2). The majority of these deaths occurred in children under 5 (63.3%) (65,670 deaths, 95% UI: 53,640–79,486). DALYs per 100,000 ranged from 304 (95% UI 228–400) in Kuwait to 38,900 (95% UI 25,900–54,300) in Somalia. Conclusions: Our findings will guide evidence-based health policy decisions for interventions to achieve the ultimate goal of reducing the DD burden.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

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