Imperial College London


Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Bioengineering

Professor of Neurotechnology



+44 (0)20 7594 1533s.schultz Website




4.11Royal School of MinesSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Soor, N and Quicke, P and Howe, C and Pang, KT and Neil, M and Schultz, S and Foust, A},
doi = {1361-6463/aaf944},
journal = {Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics},
title = {All-optical crosstalk-free manipulation and readout of Chronos-expressing Neurons},
url = {},
volume = {52},
year = {2019}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - All optical neurophysiology allows manipulation and readout of neural network activity with single-cell spatial resolution and millisecond temporal resolution. Neurons can be made to express proteins that actuate transmembrane currents upon light absorption, enabling optical control of membrane potential and action potential signalling. In addition, neurons can be genetically or synthetically labelled with fluorescent reporters of changes in intracellular calcium concentration or membrane potential. Thus, to optically manipulate and readout neural activity in parallel, two spectra are involved: the action spectrum of the actuator, and the absorption spectrum of the fluorescent reporter. Due to overlap in these spectra, previous all-optical neurophysiology paradigms have been hindered by spurious activation of neuronal activity caused by the readout light. Here, we pair the blue-green absorbing optogenetic actuator, Chronos, with a deep red-emitting fluorescent calcium reporter CaSiR-1. We show that cultured Chinese hamster ovary cells transfected with Chronos do not exhibit transmembrane currents when illuminated with wavelengths and intensities suitable for exciting one-photon CaSiR-1 fluorescence. We then demonstrate crosstalk-free, high signal-to-noise ratio CaSiR-1 red fluorescence imaging at 100 frames s−1 of Chronos-mediated calcium transients evoked in neurons with blue light pulses at rates up to 20 Hz. These results indicate that the spectral separation between red light excited fluorophores, excited efficiently at or above 640 nm, with blue-green absorbing opsins such as Chronos, is sufficient to avoid spurious opsin actuation by the imaging wavelengths and therefore enable crosstalk-free all-optical neuronal manipulation and readout.
AU - Soor,N
AU - Quicke,P
AU - Howe,C
AU - Pang,KT
AU - Neil,M
AU - Schultz,S
AU - Foust,A
DO - 1361-6463/aaf944
PY - 2019///
SN - 0022-3727
TI - All-optical crosstalk-free manipulation and readout of Chronos-expressing Neurons
T2 - Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics
UR -
UR -
VL - 52
ER -