Imperial College London

ProfessorSpencerSherwin

Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Aeronautics

Professor of Computational Fluid Mechanics
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 5052s.sherwin Website

 
 
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Location

 

313BCity and Guilds BuildingSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Citation

BibTex format

@article{Alastruey:2008,
author = {Alastruey, J and Parker, KH and Peiro, J and Sherwin, SJ and J, Alastruey and KH, Parker and J, Peiro and SJ, Sherwin},
journal = {Commun. Comput. Phys.},
pages = {317--336},
title = {Lumped parameter outflow models for 1-D blood flow simulations: Effect on pulse waves and parameter estimation},
url = {http://www2.imperial.ac.uk/ssherw/spectralhp/papers/CICP-AlPaPeSh-07.pdf},
volume = {4},
year = {2008}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - Several lumped parameter, or zero-dimensional (0-D), models of the micro-circulation are coupled in the time domain to the nonlinear, one-dimensional (1-D) equations of blood flow in large arteries. A linear analysis of the coupled system, together with in-vivo observations, shows that: (i) an inflow resistance that matches the characteristic impedance of the terminal arteries is required to avoid non-physiological wave reflections; (ii) periodic mean pressures and flow distributions in large arteries depend on arterial and peripheral resistances, but not on the compliances and inertias of the system, which only affect instantaneous pressure and flow waveforms; (iii) peripheral inertias have a minor effect on pulse waveforms under normal conditions; and (iv) the time constant of the diastolic pressure decay is the same in any 1-D model artery, if viscous dissipation can be neglected in these arteries, and it depends on all the peripheral compliances and resistances of the system. Following this analysis, we propose an algorithm to accurately estimate peripheral resistances and compliances from in-vivo data. This algorithm is verified against numerical data simulated using a 1-D model network of the 55 largest human arteries, in which the parameters of the peripheral windkessel outflow models are known a-priori. Pressure and flow waveforms in the aorta and the first generation of bifurcations are reproduced with relative root-mean-square errors smaller than 3%.
AU - Alastruey,J
AU - Parker,KH
AU - Peiro,J
AU - Sherwin,SJ
AU - J,Alastruey
AU - KH,Parker
AU - J,Peiro
AU - SJ,Sherwin
EP - 336
PY - 2008///
SP - 317
TI - Lumped parameter outflow models for 1-D blood flow simulations: Effect on pulse waves and parameter estimation
T2 - Commun. Comput. Phys.
UR - http://www2.imperial.ac.uk/ssherw/spectralhp/papers/CICP-AlPaPeSh-07.pdf
UR - http://www.global-sci.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/4/317/full
VL - 4
ER -