41 results found
Hodgson S, Fecht D, Gulliver J, et al., Availability, access, analysis and dissemination of small area data, International Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN: 1464-3685
In this era of ‘big data’, there is growing recognition of the value of environmental, health, social and demographic data for research. Open government data initiatives are growing in number and in terms of content. Remote sensing data are finding widespread use in environmental research, including in low- and middle-income settings. While our ability to study environment and health associations across countries and continents grows, data protection rules and greater patient control over the use of their data present new challenges to using health data in research. Innovative tools that circumvent the need for the physical sharing of data by supporting non-disclosive sharing of information, or that permit spatial analysis without researchers needing access to underlying patient data can be used to support analyses while protecting data confidentiality. User-friendly visualisations, allowing small area data to be seen and understood by non-expert audiences are revolutionising public and researcher interactions with data. The UK Small Area Health Statistics Unit’s Environment and Health Atlas for England and Wales, and the US National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network offer good examples. Open data facilitates user-generated outputs, and ‘mash-ups’, and user generated inputs from social media, mobile devices, and wearable tech are new data streams which will find utility in future studies, and bring novel dimensions with respect to ethical use of small area data.
Cai Y, Hodgson S, Blangiardo M, et al., 2018, Road traffic noise, air pollution and incident cardiovascular disease: A joint analysis of the HUNT, EPIC-Oxford and UK Biobank cohorts, ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL, Vol: 114, Pages: 191-201, ISSN: 0160-4120
Cai Y, Hansell A, Hodgson S, et al., Road traffic noise, air pollution and incident cardiovascular disease: a joint analysis of the HUNT, EPIC-Oxford and UK Biobank cohorts, Environment International, ISSN: 0160-4120
Background: This study aimed to investigate the effects of long-term exposure to road traffic noiseand air pollutionon incident cardiovascular disease (CVD)in three large cohorts: HUNT, EPIC-Oxford and UK Biobank. Methods: In pooled complete-casesample of the three cohorts from Norway and the United Kingdom(N=355,732), 21,081 incident all CVD cases including 5,259ischemic heart disease (IHD)and 2,871cerebrovascular cases were ascertained between baseline (1993-2010)and end of follow-up (2008-2013)through medical recordlinkage. Annual mean 24-hour weighted road traffic noise(Lden) and air pollution (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ≤10 μm [PM10],≤2.5 μm [PM2.5]andnitrogen 39dioxide[NO2])exposure at baseline address was modelled using a simplified version of the Common Noise Assessment Methods in Europe (CNOSSOS-EU)and European-wide Land Use Regression models.Individual-level covariate data were harmonised and physically pooled across the three cohorts. Analysis was via Cox proportional hazard model with mutual adjustmentsforboth noise and air pollution andpotential confounders. Results: No significant associations were found between annual mean Ldenand incidentCVD,IHD or cerebrovascular disease in the overall populationexcept that the association withincident IHD was significantamong current-smokers.In the fully adjusted models including adjustmentfor Lden, an interquartile range (IQR) higher PM10(4.1μg/m3) or PM2.5(1.4μg/m3) was associated witha5.8% (95%CI: 2.5%-9.3%) and 3.7% (95%CI: 0.2%-7.4%) higherrisk for all incident CVD respectively. No significant associations were found between NO2and any of the CVD outcomes. Conclusions: We found suggestive evidence of a possible association between road traffic noise and incident IHD, consistent with current literature. Long-term particulate air pollution exposure, even at concentrations below current European air quality standards, w
Doiron D, de Hoogh K, Probst-Hensch N, et al., 2017, Residential Air Pollution and Associations with Wheeze and Shortness of Breath in Adults: A Combined Analysis of Cross-Sectional Data from Two Large European Cohorts, ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PERSPECTIVES, Vol: 125, ISSN: 0091-6765
Cai Y, Hansell AL, Blangiardo M, et al., 2017, Long-termexposure to road traffic noise, ambient air pollution, and cardiovascular risk factors in the HUNT and lifelines cohorts, EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL, Vol: 38, Pages: 2290-+, ISSN: 0195-668X
Nomura S, Tsubokura M, Ozaki A, et al., 2017, Towards a Long-Term Strategy for Voluntary-Based Internal Radiation Contamination Monitoring: A Population-Level Analysis of Monitoring Prevalence and Factors Associated with Monitoring Participation Behavior in Fukushima, Japan, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol: 14, ISSN: 1660-4601
Tyrrell RL, Greenhalgh F, Hodgson S, et al., 2017, Food environments of young people: linking individual behaviour to environmental context, JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol: 39, Pages: 95-104, ISSN: 1741-3842
Cai Y, Zijlema WL, Doiron D, et al., 2017, Ambient air pollution, traffic noise and adult asthma prevalence: a BioSHaRE approach, EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL, Vol: 49, ISSN: 0903-1936
Zijlema W, Cai Y, Doiron D, et al., 2017, Road traffic noise, blood pressure and heart rate: Pooled analyses of harmonized data from 88,336 participants (vol 151, pg 804, 2016), ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, Vol: 152, Pages: 520-520, ISSN: 0013-9351
Zijlema W, Cai Y, Doiron D, et al., 2016, Road traffic noise, blood pressure and heart rate: Pooled analyses of harmonized data from 88,336 participants, ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, Vol: 151, Pages: 804-813, ISSN: 0013-9351
Bakolis I, Kelly R, Fecht D, et al., 2016, Protective Effects of Smoke-free Legislation on Birth Outcomes in England A Regression Discontinuity Design, EPIDEMIOLOGY, Vol: 27, Pages: 810-818, ISSN: 1044-3983
Nomura S, Parsons AJQ, Hirabayashi M, et al., 2016, Social determinants of mid- to long-term disaster impacts on health: A systematic review, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DISASTER RISK REDUCTION, Vol: 16, Pages: 53-67, ISSN: 2212-4209
Shepherd TJ, Dirks W, Roberts NMW, et al., 2016, Tracing fetal and childhood exposure to lead using isotope analysis of deciduous teeth, ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, Vol: 146, Pages: 145-153, ISSN: 0013-9351
Nomura S, Blangiardo M, Tsubokura M, et al., 2016, Post-nuclear disaster evacuation and survival amongst elderly people in Fukushima: A comparative analysis between evacuees and non-evacuees, PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, Vol: 82, Pages: 77-82, ISSN: 0091-7435
Nomura S, Blangiardo M, Tsubokura M, et al., 2016, Postnuclear disaster evacuation and chronic health in adults in Fukushima, Japan: a long-term retrospective analysis, BMJ OPEN, Vol: 6, ISSN: 2044-6055
Nomura S, Blangiardo M, Tsubokura M, et al., 2016, School restrictions on outdoor activities and weight status in adolescent children after Japan's 2011 Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant disaster: a mid-term to long-term retrospective analysis, BMJ OPEN, Vol: 6, ISSN: 2044-6055
Morley DW, de Hoogh K, Fecht D, et al., 2015, International scale implementation of the CNOSSOS-EU road traffic noise prediction model for epidemiological studies, ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, Vol: 206, Pages: 332-341, ISSN: 0269-7491
Hodgson S, Manmee C, Dirks W, et al., 2015, Determinants of childhood lead exposure in the postleaded petrol era: The Tooth Fairy cohort from Newcastle upon Tyne, JOURNAL OF EXPOSURE SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL EPIDEMIOLOGY, Vol: 25, Pages: 420-426, ISSN: 1559-0631
Hodgson S, Lurz PWW, Shirley MDF, et al., 2015, Exposure misclassification due to residential mobility during pregnancy, International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, Vol: 218, Pages: 414-421, ISSN: 1618-131X
ObjectivesPregnant women are a highly mobile group, yet studies suggest exposure error due to migration in pregnancy is minimal. We aimed to investigate the impact of maternal residential mobility on exposure to environmental variables (urban fabric, roads and air pollution (PM10 and NO2)) and socio-economic factors (deprivation) that varied spatially and temporally.MethodsWe used data on residential histories for deliveries at ≥24 weeks gestation recorded by the Northern Congenital Abnormality Survey, 2000–2008 (n = 5399) to compare: (a) exposure at conception assigned to maternal postcode at delivery versus maternal postcode at conception, and (b) exposure at conception assigned to maternal postcode at delivery versus mean exposure based on residences throughout pregnancy.ResultsIn this population, 24.4% of women moved during pregnancy. Depending on the exposure variable assessed, 1–12% of women overall were assigned an exposure at delivery >1SD different to that at conception, and 2–25% assigned an exposure at delivery >1SD different to the mean exposure throughout pregnancy.ConclusionsTo meaningfully explore the subtle associations between environmental exposures and health, consideration must be given to error introduced by residential mobility.
Bixby H, Hodgson S, Fortunato L, et al., 2015, Associations between Green Space and Health in English Cities: An Ecological, Cross-Sectional Study, PLOS ONE, Vol: 10, ISSN: 1932-6203
Ochi S, Hodgson S, Landeg O, et al., 2015, Medication supply for people evacuated during disasters., J Evid Based Med, Vol: 8, Pages: 39-41
Medication loss is a major problem in disaster settings, and it is crucial for patients to bring their medication and healthcare items with them when they leave their homes during an evacuation. This article is based on a systematic literature review on medication loss, the objectives of which were to identify the extent and implications of medication loss, to identify the burden of prescription refill, and to make recommendations on effective preparedness. The review revealed that medication loss, prescription loss and refills, and the loss of medical aids are a significant burden on the medical relief teams. The medical aids are not limited to drugs, but include routine medications, medical/allergy records, devices for specific care and daily life, and emergency medications. One possible solution is to make a personal emergency pack and for people to carry this with them at all times. To ensure that patients are adequately prepared, stakeholders, especially health professionals, need to be actively involved in the preparation plans. Since our findings have little impact on disaster risk reduction unless shared broadly, we are now taking actions to spread our findings, such as presenting in conferences and via posters, in order to raise awareness among patients and healthcare professionals. As part of these activities, our findings were presented at the Evidence Aid Symposium on 20 September 2014, at Hyderabad, India.
Ochi S, Hodgson S, Landeg O, et al., 2014, Disaster-driven evacuation and medication loss: a systematic literature review., PLoS Curr, Vol: 6
AIM: The aim of this systematic literature review was to identify the extent and implications of medication loss and the burden of prescription refill on medical relief teams following extreme weather events and other natural hazards. METHOD: The search strategy followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Key health journal databases (Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Maternity and Infant Care, and Health Management Information Consortium (HMIC)) were searched via the OvidSP search engine. Search terms were identified by consulting MeSH terms. The inclusion criteria comprised articles published from January 2003 to August 2013, written in English and containing an abstract. The exclusion criteria included abstracts for conferences or dissertations, book chapters and articles written in a language other than English. A total of 70 articles which fulfilled the inclusion criteria were included in this systematic review. RESULTS: All relevant information was collated regarding medication loss, prescription loss and refills, and medical aids loss which indicated a significant burden on the medical relief teams. Data also showed the difficulty in filling prescriptions due to lack of information from the evacuees. People with chronic conditions are most at risk when their medication is not available. This systematic review also showed that medical aids such as eye glasses, hearing aids as well as dental treatment are a high necessity among evacuees. DISCUSSION: This systematic review revealed that a considerable number of patients lose their medication during evacuation, many lose essential medical aids such as insulin pens and many do not bring prescriptions with them when evacuated.. Since medication loss is partly a responsibility of evacuees, understanding the impact of medication loss may lead to raising awareness and better preparations among the patients and health care professionals. People who are not prepared could have wors
Ochi S, Nakagawa A, Lewis J, et al., 2014, The Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: distribution of hospital damage in Miyagi prefecture., Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, Vol: 29, Pages: 245-253, ISSN: 1945-1938
Introduction: In catastrophic events, a key to reducing health risks is to maintainfunctioning of local health facilities. However, little research has been conducted on what types and levels of care are the most likely to be affected by catastrophic events.Problem: The Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster (GEJED) was one of a few‘‘megadisasters’’ that have occurred in an industrialized society. This research aimed to develop an analytical framework for the holistic understanding of hospital damage due to the disaster.Methods: Hospital damage data in Miyagi Prefecture at the time of the GEJED werecollected retrospectively. Due to the low response rate of questionnaire-based surveillance (7.7%), publications of the national and local governments, medical associations, other nonprofit organizations, and home web pages of hospitals were used, as well as literature and news sources. The data included information on building damage, electricity and water supply, and functional status after the earthquake. Geographical data for hospitals, coastline, local boundaries, and the inundated areas, as well as population size and seismic intensity were collected from public databases. Logistic regression was conducted to identify the risk factors for hospitals ceasing inpatient and outpatient services. The impact was displayed on maps to show the geographical distribution of damage.Results: Data for 143 out of 147 hospitals in Miyagi Prefecture (97%) were obtained.Building damage was significantly associated with closure of both inpatient and outpatient wards. Hospitals offering tertiary care were more resistant to damage than those offering primary care, while those with a higher proportion of psychiatric care beds were more likely to cease functioning, even after controlling for hospital size, seismic intensity, and distance from the coastline.Conclusions: Implementation of building regulations is vital for all health care facilities,irrespective of func
Hansell AL, Beale LA, Ghosh RE, et al., 2014, The Environment and Health Atlas for England and Wales, Publisher: Oxford University Press, ISBN: 9780198706946
The Environment and Health Atlas for England and Wales is an authoritative collection of over 80 full color maps showing geographic patterns of common environmental exposures and diseases of public health importance, along with interpretive ...
Baker PN, Critchley RJ, Jameson S, et al., 2013, Revision Knee Replacement in England and Wales: An Audit of Hospital Volume, The Bulletin of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, Vol: 95, Pages: 1-5, ISSN: 1473-6357
Ochi S, Murray V, Hodgson S, 2013, The Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: a Compilation of Published Literature on Health Needs and Relief Activities, March 2011-September 2012, PLoS Currents
Shepherd TJ, Dirks W, Manmee C, et al., 2012, Reconstructing the life-time lead exposure in children using dentine in deciduous teeth, SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, Vol: 425, Pages: 214-222, ISSN: 0048-9697
Hodgson S, Beale L, Parslow RC, et al., 2012, Creating a national register of childhood type 1 diabetes using routinely collected hospital data, PEDIATRIC DIABETES, Vol: 13, Pages: 235-243, ISSN: 1399-543X
Hodgson S, Namdeo A, Araujo-Soares V, et al., 2012, Towards an interdisciplinary science of transport and health: a case study on school travel, JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT GEOGRAPHY, Vol: 21, Pages: 70-79, ISSN: 0966-6923
Forrest LF, Hodgson S, Parker L, et al., 2011, The influence of childhood IQ and education on social mobility in the Newcastle Thousand Families birth cohort, BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol: 11, ISSN: 1471-2458
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