Imperial College London

Professor Tony Cass

Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Chemistry

Professor of Chemistry



+44 (0)20 7594 5195t.cass




301KMolecular Sciences Research HubWhite City Campus






BibTex format

author = {Grell, M and Dincer, C and Le, T and Lauri, A and Nunez, Bajo E and Kasimatis, M and Barandun, G and Maier, S and Cass, A and Guder, F},
doi = {10.1002/adfm.201804798},
journal = {Advanced Functional Materials},
title = {Autocatalytic deposition of metals in fabrics using Si ink, for biosensors, batteries and energy harvesting},
url = {},
volume = {29},
year = {2019}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Commercially available metal inks are mainly designed for planar substrates (for example, polyethylene terephthalate foils or ceramics), and they contain hydrophobic polymer binders that fill the pores in fabrics when printed, thus resulting in hydrophobic electrodes. Here, a lowcost binderfree method for the metallization of woven and nonwoven fabrics is presented that preserves the 3D structure and hydrophilicity of the substrate. Metals such as Au, Ag, and Pt are grown autocatalytically, using metal salts, inside the fibrous network of fabrics at room temperature in a twostep process, with a waterbased silicon particle ink acting as precursor. Using this method, (patterned) metallized fabrics are being enabled to be produced with low electrical resistance (less than 3.5 Ω sq−1). In addition to fabrics, the method is also compatible with other 3D hydrophilic substrates such as nitrocellulose membranes. The versatility of this method is demonstrated by producing coil antennas for wireless energy harvesting, Ag–Zn batteries for energy storage, electrochemical biosensors for the detection of DNA/proteins, and as a substrate for optical sensing by surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. In the future, this method of metallization may pave the way for new classes of highperformance devices using lowcost fabrics.
AU - Grell,M
AU - Dincer,C
AU - Le,T
AU - Lauri,A
AU - Nunez,Bajo E
AU - Kasimatis,M
AU - Barandun,G
AU - Maier,S
AU - Cass,A
AU - Guder,F
DO - 10.1002/adfm.201804798
PY - 2019///
SN - 1616-301X
TI - Autocatalytic deposition of metals in fabrics using Si ink, for biosensors, batteries and energy harvesting
T2 - Advanced Functional Materials
UR -
UR -
VL - 29
ER -