Imperial College London


Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Physics

Professor of Quantum Physics



+44 (0)20 7594 7863t.rudolph Website CV




Blackett LaboratorySouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Rudolph, T},
title = {Ontological Models for Quantum Mechanics and the Kochen-Specker theorem},
url = {},
year = {2006}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Certain concrete "ontological models" for quantum mechanics (models in whichmeasurement outcomes are deterministic and quantum states are equivalent toclassical probability distributions over some space of `hidden variables') areexamined. The models are generalizations of Kochen and Specker's such model fora single 2-dimensional system - in particular a model for a three dimensionalquantum system is considered in detail. Unfortunately, it appears the models donot quite reproduce the quantum mechanical statistics. They do, however, comeclose to doing so, and in as much as they simply involve probabilitydistributions over the complex projective space they do reproduce pretty mucheverything else in quantum mechanics. The Kochen-Specker theorem is examined in the light of these models, and therather mild nature of the manifested contextuality is discussed.
AU - Rudolph,T
PY - 2006///
TI - Ontological Models for Quantum Mechanics and the Kochen-Specker theorem
UR -
ER -