Imperial College London

ProfessorTimothyHallett

Faculty of MedicineSchool of Public Health

Professor of Global Health
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 1150timothy.hallett

 
 
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Location

 

Norfolk PlaceSt Mary's Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Citation

BibTex format

@article{Borquez:2019:10.1016/S2468-2667(18)30236-6,
author = {Borquez, A and Guanira, JV and Revill, P and Caballero, P and Silva-Santisteban, A and Kelly, S and Salazar, X and Bracamonte, P and Minaya, P and Hallett, T and Cáceres, CF},
doi = {10.1016/S2468-2667(18)30236-6},
journal = {Lancet Public Health},
pages = {e127--e136},
title = {The impact and cost-effectiveness of combined HIV prevention scenarios among transgender women sex-workers in Lima, Peru: A mathematical modelling study},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(18)30236-6},
volume = {4},
year = {2019}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - BackgroundHIV incidence remains high among transgender women in Lima, Peru, most of whom report sex work. On the basis of a stakeholder analysis and health system capacity assessment, we designed a mathematical model to guide HIV programmatic planning among transgender women sex workers (TWSW) in Lima.MethodsUsing a deterministic compartmental model, we modelled HIV transmission among TWSW, their stable partners, and their clients to estimate the impact and cost-effectiveness of combinations of interventions compared with the standard of care on reducing HIV incidence over a 10-year period. We simulated HIV transmission accounting for differences in sexual positioning in anal intercourse and condom use by partner type and fitted the model to HIV surveillance data using Latin hypercube sampling. The interventions we considered were 15% relative increase in condom use with clients and 10% relative increase with stable partners; increase in antiretroviral treatment (ART) coverage at CD4 count lower than 500 cells per mm3 and greater than or equal to 500 cells per mm3; and 15% pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) coverage using generic and branded formulations. We considered a basic scenario accounting for current limitations in the Peruvian HIV services and an enhanced scenario assuming achievement of the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets and general improvements in HIV services. The 50 best fits according to log-likelihood were used to give the minimum and maximum values of intervention effect for each combination. We used disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) to measure the negative health outcomes associated with HIV infection that could be averted through the interventions investigated and calculated incremental cost-effectiveness ratios to compare their cost-effectiveness.FindingsUnder the basic scenario, combining the four interventions of increasing condom use with clients and stable partners, extending ART to people with CD4 count greater than or equal to 500 cells per mm3
AU - Borquez,A
AU - Guanira,JV
AU - Revill,P
AU - Caballero,P
AU - Silva-Santisteban,A
AU - Kelly,S
AU - Salazar,X
AU - Bracamonte,P
AU - Minaya,P
AU - Hallett,T
AU - Cáceres,CF
DO - 10.1016/S2468-2667(18)30236-6
EP - 136
PY - 2019///
SN - 2468-2667
SP - 127
TI - The impact and cost-effectiveness of combined HIV prevention scenarios among transgender women sex-workers in Lima, Peru: A mathematical modelling study
T2 - Lancet Public Health
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(18)30236-6
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/66053
VL - 4
ER -