William is a PhD student investigating the ecology and evolution of fungal symbiosis in early land plants. The evolution of a symbiosis with fungi was essential for the terrestrialisation of plants which led to massive changes in the global climate. By looking at the most ancient living plants it is possible to predict how this plant-fungus relationship first evolved. Williams’s principle research interests lie in the fungal symbioses of liverworts and lycopods.
Rimington WR, Duckett JG, Field KJ, 2014, There and back again: an eagerly awaited journey to a primitive paradise, Field Bryology
et al., 2016, Functional analysis of liverworts in dual symbiosis with Glomeromycota and Mucoromycotina fungi under a simulated Palaeozoic CO2 decline, ISME Journal, Vol:10, ISSN:1751-7362, Pages:1514-1526
et al., 2015, From mycoheterotrophy to mutualism: mycorrhizal specificity and functioning in Ophioglossum vulgatum sporophytes, New Phytologist, Vol:205, ISSN:0028-646X, Pages:1492-1502
et al., 2015, Symbiotic options for the conquest of land, Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Vol:30, ISSN:0169-5347, Pages:477-486
et al., 2015, First evidence of mutualism between ancient plant lineages (Haplomitriopsida liverworts) and Mucoromycotina fungi and its response to simulated Palaeozoic changes in atmospheric CO2, New Phytologist, Vol:205, ISSN:0028-646X, Pages:743-756
et al., 2015, Fungal associations of basal vascular plants: reopening a closed book?, New Phytologist, Vol:205, ISSN:0028-646X, Pages:1394-1398