91 results found
Carvalho S, Partidario M, Sheate W, 2017, High speed rail comparative strategic assessments in EU member states, Environmental Impact Assessment Review, Vol: 66, Pages: 1-13, ISSN: 0195-9255
© 2017 Elsevier Inc. This paper explores the role and capacity of strategic level assessments in addressing the strategic dimension of High Speed Rail (HSR) proposals and influencing decision-making processes. The overall research objective was to find out to what extent opportunities for strategic thinking are being undertaken in HSR. Three different cases of high speed rail were compared – High Speed Rail 2 (HS2) in the UK, High Speed Rail Network (RFAV) in Portugal and European Gauge Railway Line Kaunas in the Lithuanian-Latvian Border (Rail Baltica 2). Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) effectiveness literature was reviewed to draw on criteria that could establish a comparative framework to explain how environmental and sustainability assessments were undertaken in the three aforementioned European high speed rail case studies. Research results allow us to conclude that an SEA or a sustainability assessment/appraisal (SA) will be most beneficial if developed before any HSR project to first determine if HSR is really necessary and strategically justifiable to the achievement of both environmental and sustainability objectives. Results achieved suggest that even though the SEA and SA in the three cases studied can be said to have influenced the planning process mostly at project-level decisions, it also shows a missed opportunity to contribute to developing a high level strategy for HSR that addresses several strategic issues, assessing options before they are undertaken.
Sheate WR, 2017, ‘Streamlining’ SEA processes, The Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive - A Plan for Success?, Editors: Jones, Scotford, Oxford, Publisher: Hart Publishing, ISBN: 9781849466332
Baker J, Sheate WR, Bennett T, et al., 2016, Evaluation of the Biodiversity Offsetting Pilot Programme, Evaluation of the Biodiversity Offsetting Pilot Programme Final ReportVolume 1, Defra, London, WC1051
The evaluation project of the biodiversity offsetting pilot programme was a two year study commissioned by Defra which began in July 2012, undertaken by Collingwood Environmental Planning (CEP) in partnership with the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP). Evidence from the pilot programme suggests that whilst biodiversity offsetting has the potential to deliver improvements in biodiversity outcomes it will require additional resources and ecological expertise in local authorities to deliver it and in instances where residual biodiversity loss is identified will increase costs overall for developers compared to current practice. It is likely that it would, at best, deliver only marginal benefits in terms of streamlining the planning process for agreeing compensation for biodiversity loss.
Sheate WR, Eales RP, 2016, Effectiveness of European national SEA systems: How are they making a difference?, European and International Experiences of Strategic Environmental Assessment: Recent Progress and Future Prospects, Pages: 177-201, ISBN: 9781317391227
Turnpenny J, Russell D, Jordan A, et al., 2016, “Environment”, Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment, Editors: Dunlop, Radaelli, Publisher: Edward Elgar, ISBN: 978 1 78254 955 0
Geneletti D, Bond A, Russel D, et al., 2015, Ecosystem services and sustainability assessment: Theory and practice, Handbook of Sustainability Assessment, Pages: 215-234, ISBN: 9781783471379
Sheate WR, Baker J, Papadopoulou L, et al., 2015, Monitoring and Evaluation of Nature Improvement Areas: Final Report (2012-15) Annex 1: Counterfactual Report, Publisher: Defra
Sussams LW, Sheate WR, Eales RP, 2015, Green infrastructure as a climate change adaptation policy intervention: Muddying the waters or clearing a path to a more secure future?, JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, Vol: 147, Pages: 184-193, ISSN: 0301-4797
Baker J, Sheate WR, Phillips P, et al., 2013, Ecosystem services in environmental assessment - Help or hindrance?, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT REVIEW, Vol: 40, Pages: 3-13, ISSN: 0195-9255
Fazey I, Evely AC, Reed MS, et al., 2013, Knowledge exchange: a review and research agenda for environmental management, ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION, Vol: 40, Pages: 19-36, ISSN: 0376-8929
Partidario MR, Sheate W, 2013, "Soutenabilité et évaluation environnementale stratégique : fusions théoriques et interdisciplinarité", "L'évaluation de la soutenabilité", Editors: Vivien, Lepart, Marty, Versailles, France, Publisher: Éditions QUAE, ISBN: 978-2-7592-1904-9
Partidario MR, Sheate WR, 2013, Knowledge brokerage - potential for increased capacities and shared power in impact assessment, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT REVIEW, Vol: 39, Pages: 26-36, ISSN: 0195-9255
West C, Dawkins E, Brugere C, et al., 2013, Measuring the impacts on global biodiversity of goods and services imported into the UK., Measuring the impacts on global biodiversity of goods and services imported into the UK. Final Report to Defra., London, Publisher: Defra
West, C., Dawkins, E., Croft, S., Brugere, C., Sheate, W. & Raffaelli, D.
Allen J, Sheate WR, Diaz-Chavez R, 2012, Community-based renewable energy in the Lake District National Park - local drivers, enablers, barriers and solutions, Local Environment, Vol: 17, Pages: 261-280, ISSN: 1354-9839
Diverse communities are often considered to be more stable and productive. To mitigate and adapt to climate change and overcome energy insecurities, international, national and local communities need decentralised alternatives to complement and support traditional centralised energy systems. Policies with top-down targets promote the quick fix rather than the most sustainable scheme, and institutional and social barriers inhibit the local action needed to identify, plan and deliver the most valuable and appropriate alternatives. For diversity and sustainability, how can local community-based renewable energy (CRE) schemes be valuable and appropriate alternatives? Interviews and case studies with public, private and community-based stakeholders in the Lake District National Park reveal the drivers, enablers and barriers to CRE schemes. Two solutions designed to catalyse and coordinate local action are proposed: CRE plans and champions. Together from the bottom-up, they help to generate, coordinate and communicate the necessary local knowledge, resources and trust to promote positive data sets on energy capacity, opportunity and need. Thus, planning becomes suitably strategic for achieving sustainable energy futures. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Campbell G, Sheate W, 2012, Embedding an ecosystems approach?, Town and Country Planning, Vol: 81, Pages: 139-144
It has been four years since Defra published the Ecosystem Approach Action Plan (EAAP) in an attempt to place ecological thinking and an awareness of the value of nature at the heart of decision-making. This article reviews how well the approach has been embedded into urban planning in the rapidly re-developing London boroughs of Greenwich and Lewisham. Whilst success has been achieved in putting an ecosystem approach at the heart of Defra’s own policy, such an approach is largely absent from planning policy published since the EAAP, and from development planning at the local level in the two boroughs. Neither does it appear in the proposed National Planning Policy Framework. With local authorities showing interest in the use and value of an ecosystems approach, the Defra family could increase its policy impact by engaging local stakeholders directly in policy exchange. If the approach remains ignored outside of Defra, and particularly by CLG, the potential benefits of such an approach remain unexploited.
Sheate W, White O, Daly E, et al., 2012, Embedding Futures Thinking in Environmental Policymaking, Publisher: European Foresight Platform (EFP), EFP Brief No. 241
Sheate WR, 2012, Purposes, paradigms and pressure groups: Accountability and sustainability in EU environmental assessment, 1985-2010, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT REVIEW, Vol: 33, Pages: 91-102, ISSN: 0195-9255
Sheate WR, Eales RP, Daly E, et al., 2012, Spatial representation and specification of ecosystem services: A methodology using land use/land cover data and stakeholder engagement, Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, Vol: 14, ISSN: 1464-3332
The challenge for implementing an ecosystems approach to environmental decision-making processes, such as spatial planning, is to understand the range, nature and amount of ecosystem services currently provided and the potential for such service provision in the future. The ability to spatially represent ecosystems services is a critical element of the evidence base on which to make decisions about how physical space is used most effectively and sustainably, and the way people and activities are distributed at different spatial scales. This paper reports on the outcomes of a research project originally undertaken for the UK Departm ent for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs which developed a methodology for mapping ecosystem services using GIS and readily available, existing land use/land cover datasets. Critical components of the methodology, in order to determine which datasets are appropriate for which services, are network analysis and stakeholder engagement techniques, to define the relevant typology of ecosystem services and their relationship to land use/land cover types. The methodology was developed and tested successfully in the context of green grid (green infrastructure) networks in a major UK regeneration area, the Thames Gateway, to the east of London, and its potential use in impact assessment further explored through a number of case studies. © 2012 Imperial College Press.
Zamparutti T, White O, Sheate W, et al., 2012, Assessing and Strengthening theScience and EU Environment Policy Interface, Publisher: European Communities, Technical Report - 2012 - 059
Eales RP, Sheate WR, 2011, Effectiveness of policy level environmental and sustainability assessment: Challenges and lessons from recent practice, Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, Vol: 13, Pages: 39-65, ISSN: 1464-3332
This paper explores the challenges and lessons from recent practice and experience of applying tools such as Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) and Sustainability Appraisal at the policy level in the UK and Europe. It investigates whether or not these tools have been effective and helped to deliver more sustainable development at the high level of national policy development. The analysis is illustrated by case examples from the UK, such as Eco-towns and Energy Planning. The paper concludes that the current performance by the UK Government in implementing the SEA Directive for national level strategic actions is far from exemplary. At the root of the problem is the poor consideration and evaluation of reasonable alternatives, the fundamentally weak conception of sustainability adopted and the apparent perception that having to undertake an assessment and comply with the SEA Directive is a hurdle, rather than a useful mechanism for helping to deliver better and more sustainable evidence-based policy making. © 2011 Imperial College Press.
Sheate W, 2011, Environmental Assessment (C207) Module and Study Guide, Distance Learning Programme, London, Publisher: CeDEP/SOAS, University of London
Sheate W, 2011, Environmental Auditing and Environmental Management Systems (C208) Module and Study Guide., London, Publisher: CeDEP/SOAS, University of London
Sheate WR, Daly E, White O, et al., 2011, BLOSSOM — Bridging long-term scenario and strategy analysis: organisation and methods: A cross-country analysis, EEA Technical Report, Publisher: EEA, 5/2011
Sheate WR, Eales R, Baker J, et al., 2011, A Natural Planning Framework: Putting the natural environment at the heart of the National Planning Framework for England., Publisher: RSPB
Zhou K-Y, Sheate WR, 2011, EIA application in China's expressway infrastructure: Clarifying the decision-making hierarchy, JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, Vol: 92, Pages: 1471-1483, ISSN: 0301-4797
Zhou K-Y, Sheate WR, 2011, Case studies: Application of SEA in provincial level expressway infrastructure network planning in China - Current existing problems, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT REVIEW, Vol: 31, Pages: 521-537, ISSN: 0195-9255
Eales R, Sheate WR, 2010, Opportunities missed, and challenges to come?, Town and Country Planning, Pages: 134-139
Ric Eales and William Sheate examine the Appraisals of Sustainability prepared by the Government to accompany the Draft Energy and Ports National Poliy Statements, and ask what they tell us about Government's approach to the Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive and sustainability more generally.
Phillips P, Sheate W, 2010, A new SEA pathway: Reflecting on Strategic Environmental Assessment in Scotland, The Environmentalist, Vol: 104, Pages: 19-22
Sheate WR, 2010, Chapter 16: Linking SEA and Environmental Planning and Management Tools, Handbook of Strategic Environmental Assessment, Editors: Sadler, Aschemann, Dusik, Fischer, Partidário, Verheem, London, Publisher: Earthscan Publication, Pages: 1-704, ISBN: 9781844073658
Sheate WR, Eales R, Vaizgelaite I, 2010, Appraisals of Sustainability and the New National Policy Statements: Opportunities Missed and Challenges to Come?, Publisher: RSPB/WWF
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