Critical Infrastructure are those facilities, systems, sites, information, people, networks and processes, necessary for a country to function, which if lost or compromised would lead to severe economic or social consequences, or to loss of life.
Critical Infrastructure has been rapidly digitised, with physical parameters often controlled by Industrial Control Systems.
Alongside the historic physical threats, such as explosives, the emerging cyber-physical world brings new threats in the form of cyberattacks for sabotage. Recent examples include the Stuxnet attack on an Iranian nuclear facility and the more recent attacks on a German Steel Mill and the Ukranian power grid.
Researchers across Imperial Collge are working to understand and counter the different types of threats facing critical infrastructure.
Institute of Shock Physics
Shock physics focuses on the understanding of what happens to matter under extreme conditions, with applications to national security. The work of the Institute of Shock Physics includes: Advanced X-ray diagnostics; Multi-scale modelling; Imaging and optical diagnostics; Strength, fracture and damage; Phase change and stability; and Heterogeneous materials.
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We are collaborating with the KIOS Research and Innovation Center of Excellence (KIOS CoE), University of Cyprus. The Center was selected by the EU to advance into a Research and Innovation Center of Excellence in 2017. The KIOS CoE is the largest research and innovation center in Cyprus on Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) with an emphasis on monitoring, control, management and security of critical infrastructures.
Security by Design for Interconnected Infrastructure
We are collaborating with the iTrust Centre for Research in Cyber Security, Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD). Together we are advancing the design of secure interconnected public infrastructures with focus on Security-by-Design. The project is focusing on security analysis through modelling, based on the abstraction of system design, impact and response analysis across interconnected infrastructures, and the upgrading of initial design to improve system resilience to cyber-attacks.