BibTex format

author = {Dunlop, MW and Yang, J-Y and Yang, Y-Y and Xiong, C and Lühr, H and Bogdanova, YV and Shen, C and Olsen, N and Zhang, Q-H and Cao, J-B and Fu, H-S and Liu, W-L and Carr, CM and Ritter, P and Masson, A and Haagmans, R},
doi = {10.1002/2015GL063738},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
pages = {3683--3691},
title = {Simultaneous field-aligned currents at Swarm and Cluster satellites},
url = {},
volume = {42},
year = {2015}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - We show for the first time, with direct, multispacecraft calculations of electric current density, and other methods, matched signatures of field-aligned currents (FACs) sampled simultaneously near the ionosphere at low (~500 km altitude) orbit and in the magnetosphere at medium (~2.5 RE altitude) orbits using a particular Swarm and Cluster conjunction. The Cluster signatures are interpreted and ordered through joint mapping of the ground/magnetospheric footprints and estimation of the auroral zone boundaries (taken as indication of the boundaries of Region 1 and Region 2 currents). We find clear evidence of both small-scale and large-scale FACs and clear matching of the behavior and structure of the large-scale currents at both Cluster and Swarm. The methodology is made possible through the joint operations of Cluster and Swarm, which contain, in the first several months of Swarm operations, a number of close three-spacecraft configurations.
AU - Dunlop,MW
AU - Yang,J-Y
AU - Yang,Y-Y
AU - Xiong,C
AU - Lühr,H
AU - Bogdanova,YV
AU - Shen,C
AU - Olsen,N
AU - Zhang,Q-H
AU - Cao,J-B
AU - Fu,H-S
AU - Liu,W-L
AU - Carr,CM
AU - Ritter,P
AU - Masson,A
AU - Haagmans,R
DO - 10.1002/2015GL063738
EP - 3691
PY - 2015///
SN - 1944-8007
SP - 3683
TI - Simultaneous field-aligned currents at Swarm and Cluster satellites
T2 - Geophysical Research Letters
UR -
UR -
VL - 42
ER -