Calculators in Development
India’s existing Calculator – known as the India Energy Security Scenarios (IESS) 2047 – is currently being updated to align more closely to India’s climate needs and ambitions. Owned by NITI Aayog, and delivered by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay, the updated Calculator will involve structural changes to shift the tool from a five-year to an annual model, complemented by a full refresh of available climate data. New carbon reduction technologies will also be included in the more user-friendly model. From a policy perspective, the projected reduction in greenhouse gas emissions outlined by the tool will help to re-align key policies and decisions and track the progress to achieve India’s Nationally Determined Contribution targets. The updated IESS tool will also be linked to the India Energy Dashboards, enabling ministries and state governments to rapidly access the most recent data needed to develop their respective climate policies. A further update to the IESS tool will incorporate current and planned government schemes, policies and targets to ensure robustness in long-term energy planning.
Kenya’s 2050 Calculator – which will be known as the Kenya Carbon Emission Reduction Tool (KCERT) – will help Kenya to meet its target of becoming a net-zero economy by 2050. Housed within the Government of Kenya’s Ministry of Energy and developed by Strathmore University, KCERT will support the development of Long-Term Strategy (LTS) for Kenya’s climate change mitigation measures. KCERT will be a useful tool for providing data and guiding implementation as Kenya implements its Energy Act 2019 and develops other sectoral plans and strategies, such as long- and medium-term plans. KCERT is being designed to meet the requirements of the Constitution of Kenya 2010 in terms of public participation in policy development facilitating engagement of government, industry, academia and the general public on sustainable energy planning. The tool will make it simpler to easily access real data to support better decision-making. KCERT will also assist in planning and organising existing climate change mitigation activities undertaken by the Ministry of Energy as well as other mitigation projects being undertaken in various sectors in Kenya. The tool will present Kenya with a unique opportunity to provide leadership in the East African region on climate change mitigation in the sustainable production and use of energy.
The aim of the Malaysia Climate Action Simulator (MCAS) is to support Malaysia’s low carbon transition across all sectors, including energy, industry, waste, agriculture, forestry and other land use, with the primary aim of decoupling emissions from these sectors to build a low carbon economy by 2050. The tool will bring together policy makers, industry leaders, experts and civil societies to discuss and engage on climate change and explore various pathways for Malaysia to develop into a low carbon nation. The MCAS will help to identify the physically and economically possible scenarios to reduce greenhouse gas emissions for the country by 2050. The best workable scenarios for Malaysia will feed into its five-year development plan.
The aim of Nigeria’s Calculator is to identify energy secure pathways in the country for energy demand and supply between 2020 and 2050. The Calculator will help users (government, businesses, scholars and individuals) to understand the wide range of possible energy pathways available to the country as it develops its energy sector. It will provide quantities of energy demand, supply, emissions and potential implications on issues such as import dependence, cost and land requirements, and it will offer a platform to facilitate policy debate about the possible future pathways for the Nigerian energy sector, while enabling prioritisation of potential policy interventions for deeper analysis.
The Philippines is currently finalising its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to replace the Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) that was submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2015. The 2050 Calculator tool will be helpful in developing its succeeding NDCs. With its own version of this transparent, interactive energy and emissions model, the Philippines Department of Energy aims to improve its long-term energy strategies, formulate consistent policies and identify appropriate sectoral programs and projects that will promote low carbon development starting from the planning process. It will be used as a tool to engage experts, policy makers, senior officials, politicians and the public on how greenhouse gas emissions could be reduced over time, and also on the benefits, costs and trade-offs of different scenarios/possible pathways. It will bring real scientific evidence into the debate around energy issues and, in turn, will inform decision making. The project will also improve the long-term modelling capability of the Philippines Department of Energy.
Thailand is currently considering the appropriate low emission pathways to achieve its NDC target by 2030, particularly to implement its national long-term strategy for low carbon development towards 2050. The Energy Policy and Planning Office (EPPO) intends to use the 2050 Calculator as an integrated tool for revising Thailand’s integrated energy blueprint which consists of power development, energy efficiency, alternative energy development, gas and oil plans. This will give EPPO and the Thai Government a clear picture of the impact of each activity or aspect, and ultimately propel a gradual transition to a low carbon economy in Thailand by 2050. In addition, the Calculator is expected to be used to raise public awareness of the greenhouse gas emission situation and climate change issues through the model’s launch events. It also plans to include this Calculator model in related teaching courses/modules to encourage research using the tool.
Vietnam's original 2050 Calculator model was built in 2014 and upgraded in 2015/2016 with the support from the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) and the British Embassy in Hanoi. The Vietnam 2050 Calculator is currently being updated again to include the most recent data and to expand the number of industry and supply sectors to give a deeper level of understanding of how these sectors impact national greenhouse gas emissions.
The main aim of the upgrade is to support the Ministry of Industry and Trade (MOIT) to implement the Vietnam Nationally Determine Contribution (NDC). Specific objectives are to assess the new NDC target, support MOIT to prepare and implement an action plan to implement NDC goals in the energy sector, and monitor and measure the implementation of greenhouse gas emission reduction in key energy sectors and sub-sectors.