BibTex format

author = {Bellini, M and Kwon, H and Biagi, N and Francesconi, S and Zavatta, A and Kim, MS},
doi = {10.1103/physrevlett.129.170604},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
pages = {1--6},
title = {Demonstrating quantum microscopic reversibility using coherent states of light},
url = {},
volume = {129},
year = {2022}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - The principle of microscopic reversibility lies at the core of fluctuation theorems, which have extended our understanding of the second law of thermodynamics to the statistical level. In the quantum regime, however, this elementary principle should be amended as the system energy cannot be sharply determined at a given quantum phase space point. In this Letter, we propose and experimentally test a quantum generalization of the microscopic reversibility when a quantum system interacts with a heat bath through energy-preserving unitary dynamics. Quantum effects can be identified by noting that the backward process is less likely to happen in the existence of quantum coherence between the system’s energy eigenstates. The experimental demonstration has been realized by mixing coherent and thermal states in a beam splitter, followed by heterodyne detection in an optical setup. We verify that the quantum modification for the principle of microscopic reversibility is critical in the low-temperature limit, while the quantum-to-classical transition is observed as the temperature of the thermal field gets higher.
AU - Bellini,M
AU - Kwon,H
AU - Biagi,N
AU - Francesconi,S
AU - Zavatta,A
AU - Kim,MS
DO - 10.1103/physrevlett.129.170604
EP - 6
PY - 2022///
SN - 0031-9007
SP - 1
TI - Demonstrating quantum microscopic reversibility using coherent states of light
T2 - Physical Review Letters
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 129
ER -