Bioengineering Science 1

Module aims

This module aims to provide you with a fundamental understanding of the chemistry and materials science principles related to Bioengineering including: How material properties are governed by their structure at different length scales – from sub-atomic to macroscale. The foundations of classical thermodynamics and applications in biomedical engineering and molecular sciences Chemical kinetics, Fick's laws and steady state diffusion

 

Learning outcomes

Knowledge and Understanding

Describe the formal framework of classical thermodynamics, the laws of thermodynamics and Fick's laws of diffusion

Explain how thermodynamic and chemical kinetics concepts can be applied to problems in biomedical engineering
 
Understand the concepts of material properties and how these might be measured or calculated from given data. 

Intellectual Skills

Use fundamental concepts of chemical kinetics to derive simple rate laws and relate these to experimental data.

Practical Skills

Draw the electronic structure of an atom and simple molecules and explain how this relates to bonding and material properties for materials not necessarily covered by the course.

Formulate and solve thermodynamic equations exploiting calculus including partial and total differentials and their properties.

Transferable Skills

Describe and differentiate between elastic and plastic behaviour of materials and different failure modes

Module syllabus

This module will cover the following topics:
Thermodynamics
Incorporating:
Energy, heat, and work, their units and sign conventions and including examples of the role of thermodynamics in biomedical engineering.
The laws of thermodynamics, and the energy laws.
Heat capacity, Enthalpy and Entropy. 
Free energy equations, Pressure/temperature dependence and chemical potential.
Molecular Forces and Motion
Incorporating: 
Different types of solutions and intermolecular forces.
Gas solubility laws, Empirical rate laws and experimental approaches to their determination.
Kinetics and Diffusion.
Electron structure, atomic arrangement and various types of bonding.
Crystalline structures and organic molecules.
Materials
Incorporating:
Material classification and defining material properties.
Mechanical testing of material properties.
Metals, ceramics and composites.
 

Teaching methods

Students will be taught over two terms using a combination of lectures and study groups. Lecture sessions will be made available online or on Panopto for review and supplemented with technologies to promote active engagement during the lecture such as 'learning catalytics'. Study groups will be based on taught content from lectures to reinforce these topics and allow students to test their understanding. 

Assessments

Examinations:
●  Mastery exam: Fundamentals of Materials Mastery; 20% weighting
Mastery exam can take the form of sections which may include multiple-choice questions, short questions (including diagrammatic questions), quantitative problems, and longer descriptive questions.
No type of previous exam answers or solutions will be available

●  Written exam: Thermodynamics and Kinetics ; 50% weighting
    No type of previous exam answers or solutions will be available

Courseworks:
●  Problem sheet: Celebration of Materials; 30% weighting; Problem sheet covering material covered throughout entire element.