Medical Science 2

Module aims

This course complements the Medical Science I course. It introduces further physiological concepts and systems in key areas of bioengineering with a stong emphasis on the nervous system.

Learning outcomes

Learning Outcomes - Knowledge and Understanding

In conjunction with Medical Science 1, this course should allow the students to appreciate the complexity of biological control systems and to understand the physiological as well as structural constraints under which they operate.

Learning Outcomes - Intellectual Skills

  • The ability to distinguish between general principles and specific adaptations in biological control systems.
  • The ability to relate anatomical structures and physiological mechanisms to the functional organization of biological systems.
  • To understand the design constraints of biological systems.  
Learning Outcomes - Transferable Skills
  • The ability to compare biological and engineering design principles of task-specific control systems.
  • The ability to approach complex systems by identifying their function and analysing their operational constraints.

Module syllabus

Human Nervous System: Anatomy & functional organization, foundations of bioelectric signals, signal transmission propagation & integration, sensory systems, postural reflexes, voluntary movements, premotor/motor cortex, oculomotor systems, conceptual models of motor control. Musculoskeletal System: Bones, macro- & microscopic structure, development, joints, skeletal muscles, physiology of muscle contraction, neuromuscular junction, blood/energy supply, muscular training; comparative physiology and function of cardiac, smooth and skeletal muscles. Endocrine System: Anatomy, functional organization, and control of major hormones, hormone activation of target cells. Gastrointestinal System: Anatomy, physiology, and function, of the digestive tract including upper segments, stomach, small & large intestines as well as associated organs. Human Reproductive System: Anatomy, development, cellular organization and control of male/female reproductive organs, oogenesis, spermatogenesis, fertilization. Renal System: anatomy, cellular organization & physiology of kidney function, filtration, re-absorptive, and excretion mechanisms, hormonal and neuronal control of the renal function.


BE1-HMS1 Medical Science I

Teaching methods

Lectures: 18 hours
Study groups: 10 hours


Written exam: 1.5 hours, material from all subjects taught
Mastery exam: 3 mastery exams, at the start and end of summer term

No type of previous exam answers or solutions will be available

Exam rubric: (a) 1.5 hours/4 sections/7 questions/weighting according to amount of material taught on each topic (b) 3 mastery exams at the start and end of summer term

Feedback : 1. feedback provided during study groups (potential exam questions will be discussed 2. previous exam papers on internet (no framework answers)

Reading list



Module leaders

Dr Julien Vermot