BibTex format

author = {Ma, S and Goh, EL and Jin, A and Bhattacharya, R and Boughton, O and Patel, B and Karunaratne, A and Vo, NT and Atwood, R and Cobb, J and Hansen, U and Abel, R},
doi = {10.1038/srep43399},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
pages = {1--10},
title = {Long-term effects of bisphosphonate therapy: perforations, microcracks and mechanical properties},
url = {},
volume = {7},
year = {2017}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Osteoporosis is characterised by trabecular bone loss resulting from increased osteoclast activation and unbalanced coupling between resorption and formation, which induces a thinning of trabeculae and trabecular perforations. Bisphosphonates are the frontline therapy for osteoporosis, which act by reducing bone remodelling, and are thought to prevent perforations and maintain microstructure. However, bisphosphonates may oversuppress remodelling resulting in accumulation of microcracks. This paper aims to investigate the effect of bisphosphonate treatment on microstructure and mechanical strength. Assessment of microdamage within the trabecular bone core was performed using synchrotron X-ray micro-CT linked to image analysis software. Bone from bisphosphonate-treated fracture patients exhibited fewer perforations but more numerous and larger microcracks than both fracture and non-fracture controls. Furthermore, bisphosphonate-treated bone demonstrated reduced tensile strength and Young’s Modulus. These findings suggest that bisphosphonate therapy is effective at reducing perforations but may also cause microcrack accumulation, leading to a loss of microstructural integrity and consequently, reduced mechanical strength.
AU - Ma,S
AU - Goh,EL
AU - Jin,A
AU - Bhattacharya,R
AU - Boughton,O
AU - Patel,B
AU - Karunaratne,A
AU - Vo,NT
AU - Atwood,R
AU - Cobb,J
AU - Hansen,U
AU - Abel,R
DO - 10.1038/srep43399
EP - 10
PY - 2017///
SN - 2045-2322
SP - 1
TI - Long-term effects of bisphosphonate therapy: perforations, microcracks and mechanical properties
T2 - Scientific Reports
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 7
ER -