Transport, Environmental Impacts and Safety

Module aims

  • Describe the principal environmental impacts and safety concerns of transport, and to provide tools and techniques for evaluating air quality, noise and climate impacts of transport. 

  • Train you to understand and evaluate the principles of transport risk and safety specifically with respect to different transport modes and human factors. 

  • Introduce the topic of pedestrian and evacuation dynamics, specifically the mathematics of crowd flows and human behaviour to enable critical evaluation of pedestrian simulation models and evacuation experimental design.

Learning outcomes

On successfully completing this module, students will be able to: 

  • Describe the principle mechanisms and quantify how transport impacts upon the environment, with specific consideration of air quality, climate and noise impacts. 

  • Evaluate these environmental impacts using a number of modelling tools and Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) frameworks, and understand key impact measurement techniques. 

  • Understand environmental regulations on transport and describe innovations to reduce transport’s environmental impacts. 

  • Analyse accidents and incidents in an appropriate framework and calculate transport risk. 

  • Explain and evaluate human risk factors and how risks are mitigated. 

  • Summarise the main theories of human behaviour during evacuations and emergencies and apply these theories to descriptions of real events.

  • Understand different mathematical modelling and computational simulation techniques applied to PED.

  • Evaluate and design PED experiments and differentiate experimental conditions from real world situations.

Module syllabus

No.  

Topic 

Staff 

01 

Sustainability and Environmental Impact Assessment 

MS 

02 

Climate and air pollution impacts of transport emissions 

MS 

03 

Noise impacts of transport 

MS 

04 

Safety theory: the principles of a safety management system (SMS) 

AM 

05 

Accident and incident investigation 

AM 

06 

System safety and details of the SMS 

AM 

07 

Introduction to pedestrian and evacuation dynamics (PED) 

AS 

08 

Human behaviour in emergencies 

GB 

09 

PED simulation modelling 

GB 

10 

Data generation and experimental design for PED 

AS 

Teaching methods

This module is taught through a combination of lectures, tutorials and workshops. Lecture notes contain examples to guide independent learning and revision and solutions are provided on Blackboard.

Assessments

This module is assessed through a written examination paper and a group coursework assignment. For the coursework assignment, each group will have to develop an environmental and safety strategy for an organisation operating in the aviation sector. For the PED part of the course there will be ongoing assessments that will contribute to 10% of the overall coursework mark.

Module leaders

Dr Marc Stettler