It has been proposed  that a microfabricated chip trap could be used to constrain the movement of cold molecules in proximity to a microwave resonator, allowing direct manipulation of the molecule's rotational energy structure. Recent work into cooling molecules below the Doppler limit  suggests that such a "molecule chip" is now realisable. Such a chip would be similar to existing atomic counterparts [3, 4], forming a robust environment for investigation of quantum effects. Applications are proposed in a variety of quantum settings, including quantum information  and atomic clocks . Chips are also candidates for building hybrid systems .
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