Citation

BibTex format

@article{Warner:2021:10.1136/bmjqs-2021-013942,
author = {Warner, M and Burn, S and Stoye, G and Aylin, PP and Bottle, A and Propper, C},
doi = {10.1136/bmjqs-2021-013942},
journal = {BMJ Quality & Safety},
pages = {1--9},
title = {Socioeconomic deprivation and ethnicity inequalities in disruption to NHS hospital admissions during the COVID-19 pandemic: a national observational study},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjqs-2021-013942},
year = {2021}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - Introduction Hospital admissions in many countries fell dramatically at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. Less is known about how care patterns differed by patient groups. We sought to determine whether areas with higher levels of socioeconomic deprivation or larger ethnic minority populations saw larger falls in emergency and planned admissions in England.Methods We conducted a national observational study of hospital care in the English National Health Service (NHS) in 2019–2020. Weekly volumes of elective (planned) and emergency admissions in 2020 compared with 2019 were calculated for each census area. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to estimate the reductions in volumes for areas in different quintiles of socioeconomic deprivation and ethnic minority populations after controlling for national time trends and local area composition.Results Between March and December 2020, there were 35.5% (3.0 million) fewer elective admissions and 22.0% (1.2 million) fewer emergency admissions with a non-COVID-19 primary diagnosis than in 2019. Areas with the largest share of ethnic minority populations experienced a 36.7% (95% CI 24.1% to 49.3%) larger reduction in non-primary COVID-19 emergency admissions compared with those with the smallest. The most deprived areas experienced a 10.1% (95% CI 2.6% to 17.7%) smaller reduction in non-COVID-19 emergency admissions compared with the least deprived. These patterns are not explained by differential prevalence of COVID-19 cases by area.Conclusions Even in a healthcare system founded on the principle of equal access for equal need, the impact of COVID-19 on NHS hospital care for non-COVID patients has not been spread evenly by ethnicity and deprivation in England. While we cannot conclusively determine the mechanisms behind these differences, they risk exacerbating prepandemic health inequalities.Data availability statementData may be obtained from a third party and are not publicly available.
AU - Warner,M
AU - Burn,S
AU - Stoye,G
AU - Aylin,PP
AU - Bottle,A
AU - Propper,C
DO - 10.1136/bmjqs-2021-013942
EP - 9
PY - 2021///
SN - 2044-5415
SP - 1
TI - Socioeconomic deprivation and ethnicity inequalities in disruption to NHS hospital admissions during the COVID-19 pandemic: a national observational study
T2 - BMJ Quality & Safety
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjqs-2021-013942
UR - http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000723369300001&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=1ba7043ffcc86c417c072aa74d649202
UR - https://qualitysafety.bmj.com/content/early/2021/11/24/bmjqs-2021-013942
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/93923
ER -