BibTex format

author = {Jacobs, CT and Collins, GS and Piggott, MD and Kramer, SC and Wilson, CRG},
doi = {gji/ggs059},
journal = {Geophysical Journal International},
pages = {647--665},
title = {Multiphase flow modelling of volcanic ash particle settling in water using adaptive unstructured meshes},
url = {},
volume = {192},
year = {2013}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Small-scale experiments of volcanic ash particle settling in water have demonstrated that ash particles can either settle slowly and individually, or rapidly and collectively as a gravitationally unstable ash-laden plume. This has important implications for the emplacement of tephra deposits on the seabed. Numerical modelling has the potential to extend the results of laboratory experiments to larger scales and explore the conditions under which plumes may form and persist, but many existing models are computationally restricted by the fixed mesh approaches that they employ. In contrast, this paper presents a new multiphase flow model that uses an adaptive unstructured mesh approach. As a simulation progresses, the mesh is optimized to focus numerical resolution in areas important to the dynamics and decrease it where it is not needed, thereby potentially reducing computational requirements. Model verification is performed using the method of manufactured solutions, which shows the correct solution convergence rates. Model validation and application considers 2-D simulations of plume formation in a water tank which replicate published laboratory experiments. The numerically predicted settling velocities for both individual particles and plumes, as well as instability behaviour, agree well with experimental data and observations. Plume settling is clearly hindered by the presence of a salinity gradient, and its influence must therefore be taken into account when considering particles in bodies of saline water. Furthermore, individual particles settle in the laminar flow regime while plume settling is shown (by plume Reynolds numbers greater than unity) to be in the turbulent flow regime, which has a significant impact on entrainment and settling rates. Mesh adaptivity maintains solution accuracy while providing a substantial reduction in computational requirements when compared to the same simulation performed using a fixed mesh, highlighting the benefits of an adapt
AU - Jacobs,CT
AU - Collins,GS
AU - Piggott,MD
AU - Kramer,SC
AU - Wilson,CRG
DO - gji/ggs059
EP - 665
PY - 2013///
SP - 647
TI - Multiphase flow modelling of volcanic ash particle settling in water using adaptive unstructured meshes
T2 - Geophysical Journal International
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 192
ER -