BibTex format

author = {Cole, K and Brito-Parada, PR and Hadler, K and Mesa, D and Neethling, SJ and Norori-McCormac, AM and Cilliers, JJ},
doi = {10.1016/j.cej.2021.133819},
journal = {Chemical Engineering Journal},
pages = {1--13},
title = {Characterisation of solid hydrodynamics in a three-phase stirred tank reactor with positron emission particle tracking (PEPT)},
url = {},
volume = {433},
year = {2022}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - It is challenging to measure the hydrodynamics of stirred tank reactors when they contain multiphase flows comprising liquid, gas bubbles and particles. Radioactive particle tracking techniques such as positron emission particle tracking (PEPT) are the only established techniques to determine internal flow behaviour due to the inherent opacity and density of fluid and the vessel walls. The profiles of solids flow are an important tool for robust reactor design and optimisation and offer insight into underlying transport processes and particle–fluid–bubble interactions for applications such as froth flotation. In this work, measurements with PEPT were performed with two tracer particles differing in surface hydrophobicity to characterise the solids hydrodynamics in a baffled vessel agitated with a Rushton turbine. The location data from PEPT were averaged with time to estimate the probability density function (PDF) of particle velocity in individual voxels. The peaks of these voxel distributions were used to produce profiles of solids flow in different azimuthal and horizontal slices. Bimodal vertical velocity distributions were observed in the impeller radial jet which suggest the particles experienced trajectory crossing effects due to inertia. Statistical tests were performed to compare the velocity distributions of the hydrophilic and hydrophobic tracer particles, which indicated similar average flow behaviour in the liquid or pulp phase of the vessel and differences near the air inlet, in the impeller discharge stream and pulp–froth interface. With tracers designed to represent gangue and valuable mineral species, the differences in velocity reveal interactions such as bubble–particle attachment and entrainment.
AU - Cole,K
AU - Brito-Parada,PR
AU - Hadler,K
AU - Mesa,D
AU - Neethling,SJ
AU - Norori-McCormac,AM
AU - Cilliers,JJ
DO - 10.1016/j.cej.2021.133819
EP - 13
PY - 2022///
SN - 1385-8947
SP - 1
TI - Characterisation of solid hydrodynamics in a three-phase stirred tank reactor with positron emission particle tracking (PEPT)
T2 - Chemical Engineering Journal
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 433
ER -