The 1920s in Art, Science and Culture
“The beauty of the world, which is so soon to perish, has two edges, one of laughter, one of anguish.”― Virginia Woolf, A Room of One's Own (1929)
Information at a Glance
- Evening Class
- Thursdays 18:00 - 20:00
- 10 weeks: April to June
- 2 hours taught time per week
- Tutor: Various
- Fees from £115 to £200
- Location: Imperial College, South Kensington Campus
- BOOKING TEMPORARILY SUSPENDED
For this very special 10 week course we have brought together some of the brightest lecturers from across the range of Imperial College evening class programme to collaborate on exploring a particular moment in artistic, scientific and cultural history - the 1920s!
This was the age of moderne, when art, architecture and design finally jettisoned the shackles of nineteenth-century society and embraced the sleek lines, smooth finishes and functional designs that would come to define the twentieth century. From Constructivism and Surrealism to Bauhaus and Art Deco, artists, architects and designers were determined to make the world look different.
But the sound of the world was also changing with motorcars taking over the streets and aeroplanes filling the skies with new sights and sounds. Music embraced this new world in both its classical and popular form, from the avant-garde compositions of Stravinsky to the jazz improvisations of Louis Armstrong.
The 1920s saw cinema mature into a new art form, with some of the most iconic movies ever made, including Fritz Lang's Metropolis, Max Nordau's Nosferatu and the first appearance of a little tramp at the cinema, played by Charlie Chaplin. Sound also made its first appearance at the cinema, ushering in a new age of movie making. In literature writers responded to this new world by exploring new forms of writing and new subject matter in the work of authors such as T.S. Eliot, James Joyce, Kathleen Mansfield and Virginia Woolf.
Yet, despite the excitement of the age, the 1920s were also a time of great uncertainty, political upheaval and social hardship. The aftermath of the First World War and the Russian Revolution in 1918 challenged the old established orders, leading to the rise of left and right wing dictatorships. The British Empire was both at its height and beginning to feel the first serious challenges to its existence, while in many parts of Europe poverty was rife and economic chaos was a constant fear. All of this was brought into sharp focus by the hyperinfaltion of post-war Germany, the General Strike in Britain in 1926 and the Wall Street Crash in New York of 1929. Consequenty, while Britain had its first socialist prime minister during the decade, Italy was taken over by Benito Mussolini's facists in a ominous portent of things to come.
Together we will discover the history, art and other culture of this single decade, but also explore the ideas of psychoanalysts, scientists and philosophers. We will also step outside of the West to explore what happened in African art during this crucial period in world history. Through contributions from a different specialist each week we embark on a fascinating journey into one of the most exciting, dramatic and sometimes frightening decades of the last century.
Each tutor will explore an aspect of the decade of interest to them in their own way, connecting some of the individuals, events and ideas they discuss to wider culture and society in the decade.
No previous experience of historical study is necessary and the course does not require any formal qualifications for you to take part.
Provisional course programme (subject to change)
Week 1: The 1920s in European History (Sheila Lecoeur)
In this session we will look at the political and cultural context which brought radical change during this decade. In the 1920s Europe was in shock as a consequence of the devastating upheaval caused by World War I and the Russian Revolution and we will explore the shift away from democracy and the rise of Fascism and National Socialism. At the same time, as society tried to forget the war, cultural movements flourished such as Futurism, Modernism, Dadaism and Surrealism. The speed and energy deriving from the development of wartime industries, the invention of aircraft and motorisation inspired a sense of power and possibility. Hedonistic lifestyles in some cities belied economic crisis and poverty among the industrial poor. The session will comprise a lecture, led by your tutor, together with opportunities for group discussion.
Week 2: The 1920s in Western Art (Michael Paraskos)
In this session we will look at the origin and development of Surrealism, from its roots in earlier modernist movements such as expressionism, Futurism and Dada, to its legacy in the work of artists after the second world war. We will look at work by a number of artists associated with the movement, including Andre Breton, Eileen Agar, Salvador Dali and others, and at the connection between aspects of Freudian psychoanalysis and Surrealism. The session will include a slide presentation by the tutor and opportunities for small group and whole class discussion. Please be aware that this session includes discussion of aspects of Surrealism of a sexual nature and some images of violence. The session will comprise a lecture, led by your tutor, together with opportunities for group discussion.
Week 3: The 1920s in Western Literature (Richard Niland)
Week 4: The 1920s in Science (Linda van Keimpema)
In this session we will discuss important scientific discoveries, technological advances, and famous scientists of the 1920s. We will take a look at scientific breakthroughs including the discovery of penicillin and insulin, understanding the universe, and the development of the bulldozer. We will discuss scientists like Einstein and Bohr, and other Nobel prize winners of the 20s. We will learn how improvements in the technology of radio, film, cars and planes took flight in the 1920s. The session will include a slide presentation by the tutor, small activities and group discussion.
Week 5: The 1920s in African Art (Alina Sara)
Week 6: The 1920s in Psychotherapy (Sarah Niblock)
Week 7: The 1920s in Western Philosophy (Matthew Rowe)
Week 8: The 1920s in Film and Cinema (Eleanora Sammartino)
In this session we will focus on the connections between some of the most significative European film movements of the decade, such as German Expressionism and Soviet Montage, and the inspiration they provided to the British filmmakers associated with the London Film Society. We will trace the main formal and stylistic characteristics of each movement through clips from some of the key films they produced. We will also examine the links between film and other forms of artistic avant-garde and contextualise these movements in relation to their contemporary social and historical context. The session will include a lecture presentation by the tutor and opportunities for small group and whole class discussion.
Week 9: The 1920s in Western Design (Anna Nyburg)
In this lecture and discussion session, we will explore design in the 1920s. The concept of design was developed in Europe rather than in Britain where many products, including clothes, were made in factories without the intervention of a designer, just as they had been since the Industrial Revolution. The 1920s saw an explosion of development in art and design on the Continent. While William Morris had made his mark on design through the Arts and Crafts movement, Germany had taken the next step with the Werkbund, which embraced the idea of new design for the Machine Age, rather than harking back to medieval craftsmanship. In this session we will discover how this revolution in design education took place not just at the famous Bauhaus school but at institutions such as the Reimann school. The 1920s were a time when Europe forged ahead while Britain was on the whole more conservative.
Week 10: The 1920s in Music (Bruno Bower)
Please note this is a list of very general topics. The specific order of the weekly sessions has not yet been set definitively.
Additional Reading and Credit Information
There is no requirement to undertake specific reading for this course.
About Your Tutor
More information to follow.
Course Fees and Rate Categories
|Hours||Weeks||Standard Rate||Internal Rate||Associate Rate|
|All fee rates quoted are for the whole course.|
Fee Categories and Discounts
- Applicable to all except those who fall under the Internal Rate or Associate Rate category, respectively.
- Applies to current Imperial College students and staff (incl. Imperial NHS Trust, Imperial Innovations, ancillary & service staff employed on long-term contracts at Imperial College by third-party contractors).
- Current Centre for Languages, Culture and Communication (CLCC) staff, current CLCC PhD students, Science Communication (Sci Comm) postgraduate students, and students enrolled on an Imperial College 'Language for Science' degree programme should email evening email@example.com before completing the online enrolment form.
- Students (non-Imperial College)
- Alumni of Imperial College and predecessor colleges and institutes
- City & Guilds College Association members
- Members of the Friends of Imperial College
- Francis Crick Institute staff, researchers and students
- Members of the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP)
- Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea Council staff
- Harrods staff
- Historic Royal Palaces staff
- Natural History Museum staff
- Science Museum staff
- South London Botanical Institute Members
- Victoria and Albert Museum staff
- Royal Geographical Society staff
- Royal College of Art and Royal College of Music tutors and other staff
- Santander Bank staff (Imperial College Walkway branch only)
- Austrian Cultural Forum staff
- Staff of Exhibition Road Cultural Group (Discover South Kensington) organisations
- Lycee Charles de Gaulle staff
- Tutors and other staff of other universities and higher education institutions
- Tutors and other staff of institution members of the Association of Colleges
- Residents of postcodes SW3, SW5, SW7, SW10 and W8
- Members of the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP)
- Members of the South London Botanical Institute (SLBI)
It is possible to enrol on many CLCC Evening Class and Lunchtime Learning programmes after the course has started. For non-language courses this is subject entirely to agreement by the tutor. For language courses it is subject to agreement by the language Coordinator conducting level assessment. If you want to join a course late do bear in mind there might be work you will need to catch up on, particularly in language courses.
Applicable terms & conditions
Please read these before enrolling on any course.
|Hours||Weeks||Autumn term||Spring term||Summer term|
|20||10||n/a||n/a||27 Apr - 6 Jul 2020 (10 weeks)|
Web enrolment starts 1 March
Enrolment and payment run through the Imperial College eStore. Please click on the blue booking link on the relevant course page noting below instructions:
- Our rate categories are explained on the course page and your applicable rate category must be selected on the eStore
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- The following email notifications are sent
|What is sent||When is it sent||What does it contain|
|1. Payment confirmation||Instantaneously following submission of your online application||
|2. Enrolment confirmation||Sent in due course but likely not before the end of March. Please treat your payment confirmation as confirmation that your applicant details and payment have been received||
|3. Programme information||Usually sent Friday late afternoon the week before term starts||
|If you need further help with the above information please ring 020 7594 8756
Certificate of Attendance
Our adult education evening and daytime classes do not offer academic credits, but we do offer an attendance certificate to those learners who attend at least 80% of the taught classroom sessions. Eligible learners receive their certificate by email after the end of the course.
Questions regarding the content and teaching of the above course should be sent to the course coordinator, Dr Michael Paraskos at firstname.lastname@example.org
If you have enjoyed this course, why not look at other arts and humanities evening class courses at Imperial College. This includes courses on the history of western art from ancient Greece to the nineteenth century, Understanding Modern and Design, the history of film and cinema and Greek and Roman mythology in art. We also run practical courses in art and photography and creative writing classes, and a growing programme of science based evening classes.