Cropped image of the painting the Singer by Degas

Discover the joy of great opera

At a Glance

  • Classroom course
  • Wednesdays 18:00 - 20:00
  • 20 weeks: October to March
  • Tutor: Dr Bruno Bower
  • Fees from £252 to £470
  • Also available as a live online course
Booking link

The aim of this course is to give you new ways of listening to opera, whether you are getting to know the form for the first time or you already familiar with it and are looking for something unusual.

Together we will explore a wide variety of operas and their social and cultural contexts, ranging from the eighteenth century to the present day, catering to all tastes. If you are new to the genre will get to hear some of the most famous works in the form. If you are more familiar with opera you will gain fresh perspectives on the works you already know, and will have the opportunity to discover some less well-known works as well.

The course will introduce the various elements of opera production in the first term, and will explore some of the more general ideas around opera in the second term. In each class we will take a single work as a case study, outlining some of the general history of the composer and of the background to the opera, looking at all of the relevant social and cultural context. We will also go into some depth on nuts-and-bolts the opera itself, discussing the plot, the characters, the music, and different approaches to staging, all illustrated with plenty of audio and visual examples.

This course is open to all and you do not need any qualifications to join the class. No prior knowledge of opera, music, theatre, or history is required. All classes will be supported by a PowerPoint presentation and plenty of audio and video examples of the operas, and there will opportunities for discussion around the material too, with all opinions welcome.

Classroom Course

This course will be taught face-to-face in the classrooms at our South Kensington Campus in London. To take part in the course you will need to be able to attend our South Kensington Campus each week on the day and time shown above.

Subject to sufficient enrolment, this course will also be available, separately, as a live online taught course on Mondays from 18:00-20.00 (UK time).

Class Recordings

These classes are not recorded


Attendance Certificate


Successful completion of this course leads to the award of an Imperial College attendance certificate


Terms and conditions apply to all enrolments to this course. Please read them before enrolment

Course Information

Course Programme and Additional Reading


1. Introduction: Puccini Madame Butterfly

This class takes one of the most famous operas as a case study for the issues that the rest of the course will cover, looking at practicalities, social and cultural context, and some of the more aesthetic ideas as well.

2. Singers: Strauss Ariadne auf Naxos

Starting with the basics, this class will talk in detail about the voices that appear in opera and the different styles of vocal tone they might adopt. The discussion will centre around an opera that dramatises the distinction between singers from different traditions, showing them bickering in a prologue set ‘backstage’ as well as how they interact in the ‘opera’ itself.

3. Dancers: Rameau Hippolyte et Aricie

Here we will see the important role that dance played in French opera in particular, highlighting the fact that singers are not the only performers to appear on stage for most of opera’s history. Taking a key example from the French Baroque, we will discuss how the demands of King Louis XIV shaped the future of much French opera to come.

4. Orchestra: Wagner Die Walküre

Most changes to the orchestra (unlike the Rameau from the previous week) happened very slowly over time. This class will explore how Wagner was able to exploit new technology and new instruments to expand the sonic palette of his operas, as well as to make some innovations of his own in how the orchestra interacts with the action on stage.

5. Staging: Meyerbeer Robert le Diable

This is the first of two classes that explores the visual aspect of an opera production, covering the full range of scenery, props, costumes, stage effects (particularly popular among in the world of French opera) and lighting. We will see how they all played their role in the stupendous success of one of the most famous operas of the nineteenth century.

6. Musical Structures: Rossini La Cenerentola

The structures that composers used to organise the music in opera are essential knowledge for anyone getting to know the form, as they provide an immediately accessible way to make sense of the longer sections. We’ll cover some of the structures from Baroque and Classical opera, as well as the ways that Rossini expanded them to produce a standardised ‘number’, allowing him to compose at speed.

7. Text: Verdi Otello

Adaptations of Shakespeare are common across the operatic canon, but huge numbers of changes need to be made in order to make the originals suitable for singing. Here we’ll explore the changes that Verdi and his librettist Boito made to Othello, looking at how they made it practical for opera but also how they transformed it into something ‘Italian’ in the process.

8. Direction: Mozart Cosi fan tutte

This is the second class to look at the visual aspect, but this time from the perspective of the person making the decisions, covering the aesthetic design and the behaviour of the characters towards each other. Mozart’s opera will serve as an excellent case study, as it contains lots of issues that need to be resolved in order for contemporary audiences to accept the events that happen on stage.

9. Technology: Machover, Death and the Powers

Here we will look at all of the practical aspects of technology that make a modern opera production possible, but also will start to make the transition into ideas around opera that will form the focus of next term’s classes. In particular, we’ll use Machover’s recent work as a way of thinking about why technology itself almost never forms the actual subject of an opera.

** Christmas break ***


10. Art: Debussy, Pelléas et Mélisande

Formally moving into the world of ideas, this class will explore the ways that operas have interacted with the contemporary artistic movements happening around them. In particular, we’ll see how important it is to know the fine distinctions between artistic ideas that would have been clear at the time and that might have been lost now, such as between Impressionism and Symbolism in the case of Debussy’s opera.

11. Politics: Adams Nixon in China

Politics might form a deep and important layer to most operatic plots, but it’s interesting that recent politics almost never make it to the stage, and we’ll explore some of the reasons why that might be so. Adams’s opera on Richard Nixon’s visit to China is rare example, and shows how difficult it is for opera to negotiate the latest events without descending into satire.

12. Nationalism: Weber Der Freischütz

This class will discuss an especially important topic for the nineteenth century, the period in which many of the modern nations we now recognise emerged. Germany is a particularly important example, unifying in 1871. Until that point, operas by German composers such as Weber navigated an interesting middle ground, signalling changes that were to come but showing their allegiance to the ideas of the past as well.

13. Religion: Poulenc Dialogues des Carmélites

Here we will explore the role that religious ideas have played in opera throughout its histories, mostly taking a very ambivalent position in the background rather than being a subject in its own right. Poulenc’s opera show’s how these ideas were changing into the twentieth century, particularly in post-WW2 France, with a new need to promote and defend religious ideas shown in the way that the characters openly discuss their faith on stage.

14. Other times: Prokofiev War and Peace

This is the first of a series of three classes that outline the various kinds of escapism that operatic plots engage with, starting with works that look to the historical past for their subjects. The idea of treating real historical events on stage seems to have particularly emerged during the nineteenth century, but political plots also caused issues with the authorities of the day. Prokofiev in particular shows how tricky it could be to make a plot about war acceptable in the middle of an actual war.

15. Other places: Bizet Carmen

We continue our theme of escapism by looking at operas which happen in foreign lands, thinking about how they portray other people as excitingly different, but also how these topics are used as a way of safely thinking about matters closer to home. The Spain depicted in Carmen is a particularly useful example to think about this dual nature, especially the way that Carmen herself is shown to be an outsider within an already foreign place.

16. Other worlds: Haydn, Il Mondo della Luna

The third and final class in this set will look at operas set in worlds altogether different from reality, either occupying some fairy-tale world or nowhere-places (such as psychological dramas). Haydn’s take on the idea of life on the moon might seem like a good example of sci-fi opera in this context, but actually engages with very few of the really important ideas behind it, in keeping with the ideas we discussed in the class on opera and technology.

17. Class and Status: Donizetti L’Elisir d’amore

At the root of so many opera plots is the fine distinctions between the ranks and classes of the different characters, dramatised on the stage but also across the different genres and even the physical theatres of opera itself. The plot of L’Elisir d’amore hinges on so many of the different societal positions of its characters, even featuring songs on the subject, showing how crucial this topic is for opera audiences.

18. Gender: Puccini Tosca

Here we will explore a topics that has been especially important for opera scholarship, looking at how the characters in opera embody societal ideas about femininity and masculinity, with the latter being somewhat neglected. In particular we will see how the two sides of the coin interact with each other, with the character of Tosca demonstrating the way that a death at the end can mean more than it seems.

19. Anti-Opera: Shostakovich The Nose

This class covers an important topic for anyone getting to know the form, as the persistence of works which actively make a mockery of opera as a form might be easy to miss, perhaps coming across as more general satire. We will see how twentieth-century composers went about attacking the genre and what it stands for, with Shostakovich’s utterly bonkers opera based on Gogol serving as an excellent example.

20. Opera on Screen: Britten Death in Venice

The final class in the course will look at some of the mediums in which present-day audiences might encounter opera, and how the phenomenon of operas made into films or broadcast ‘live’ in cinemas or on DVD shapes what they end up looking and sounding like. Tony Palmer’s version of Britten’s last opera shows both the possibilities and complications that arise when the medium changes from the original.

Additional Reading

There is no compulsory reading required for this course, and there is no set course text.

Your Tutor

Photograph of Bruno BowerDr Bruno Bower is a lively and enthusiastic tutor whose love of music is infectious. He is a musicologist, performer, composer, and music editor, as well as a highly experienced teacher. He has taught at Cambridge University, University of Surrey, Brunel University, and the Royal College of Music, and his innovative teaching methods have been recognised by Fellowship of the Higher Education Academy. Alongside his courses at Imperial, he currently teaches at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama. 

He has written and presented on subjects as diverse as Gilbert and Sullivan, John Cage, and Victorian polymaths, and he is the General Editor for critical editions of music by Peter Gellhorn and Norman O’Neill, as well as editorial consultant on the AHRC-funded ‘Music, Migration and Mobility’ project at the RCM. He is also the principal oboist of West London Sinfonia and the cor anglais player for Chelsea Opera Group.

Course Fees and Discounts

HoursWeeksStandard RateInternal RateAssociate Rate
 40  20 Early Bird: £423  (£10.58 p/h) 
Full price: £470   (£11.75 p/h)
Early Bird: £252  (£6.30 p/h) 
Full price: £280   (£7 p/h)
Early Bird: £333  (£8.33 p/h) 
Full price: £370   (£9.25 p/h)
All fee rates quoted are for the whole 2-term course. Early Bird rates available 1 August to 30 September 2022 only. Part-payments are not possible. Equivalent to hourly rate is shown for comparison guidance only, it is not possible to pay pro-rata hourly rates.

Rate Categories and Discounts

Standard Rate

  • Available to all except those who fall under the Internal Rate or Associate Rate category, respectively.

Internal Rate

  • Current Imperial College students and staff (incl. Imperial NHS Trust, Imperial Innovations, ancillary & service staff employed on long-term contracts at Imperial College by third-party contractors)
  • Individuals enrolling under our Friends & Family scheme
  • Staff of the English Chamber Orchestra
  • Students, staff and Governors of Woodhouse College and the IC Mathematics School
  • Current Centre for Languages, Culture and Communication (CLCC) staff, current CLCC PhD students, Science Communication (Sci Comm) postgraduate students, and students enrolled on an Imperial College 'Language for Science' degree programme should contact before completing the online enrolment form

Associate Rate

  • Alumni of Imperial College and predecessor colleges and institutes
  • Austrian Cultural Forum staff
  • City & Guilds College Association members
  • Co-operative College members
  • Francis Crick Institute staff, researchers and students
  • Friends and Patrons of the English Chamber Orchestra
  • Friends of Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens
  • Friends of Leighton House/ Sambourne House
  • Friends of the Royal College of Music
  • Harrods staff
  • Historic Royal Palaces staff
  • Lycee Charles de Gaulle staff
  • Members of the Friends of Imperial College
  • Members of the Kennel Club
  • Members of the London Zoological Society
  • Members of the South London Botanical Institute (SLBI)
  • Members of the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP)
  • National Health Service (NHS) employees
  • Natural History Museum staff
  • Residents of postcodes SW3, SW5, SW7, SW10 and W8
  • Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea Council staff
  • Royal College of Art and Royal College of Music tutors and other staff
  • Royal Geographical Society staff
  • Science Museum staff
  • Staff of Exhibition Road Cultural Group (Discover South Kensington) organisations
  • Students (non-Imperial College)
  • Teachers and other staff of UK schools
  • Tutors and other staff of institution members of the Association of Colleges
  • Tutors and other staff of other universities and higher education institutions
  • Victoria and Albert Museum staff

Late enrolment

It is possible to enrol on many of our adult education courses after the course has already started. For non-language courses this is subject entirely to agreement by the tutor. For language courses it is subject to agreement by the language coordinator conducting level assessment. If you want to join a course late do bear in mind there might be work you will need to catch up on, particularly in language courses.

Friends and Family Scheme

This course is eligible for the Friends and Family scheme, allowing Imperial College students and staff to share their discount with their friends and family.

Term Dates 2022-2023

HoursWeeksAutumn termSpring termSummer term
 40  20 Week commencing 17 October to week ending 17 December 2022 (9 weeks) Week commencing 9 January to week ending 25 March 2023 (11 weeks) n/a
Term 1 and 2 are separated by the Christmas break 

Enrolment Process

Web enrolment starts 1 August 2022. Early bird discounts are available from 1 August to 30 September 2022.

Enrolment and payment run through the Imperial College eStore. When enrolling:

  • Do check on the drop down menu above called "Course Fees and Rate Categories" to see if you are eligible for a discounted rate and also do make sure you select that rate when enrolling on the eStore
  • If you are a first-time eStore user you will need to create an account before enrolling. You can do this by entering an email address and password. This account can then be used for any future enrolments via the eStore.

When you have enrolled you will be sent the following email notifications:

What is sentWhen is it sentWhat does it contain
1. Payment confirmation Is sent straight away following submission of your online application
  • This is a receipt for your payment and includes payment date, order number and course title
  • Confirmation of your place on your chosen course will follow later as long as the course recruits enough students to run. If not you will receive a refund of your payment.
2. Enrolment confirmation Is usually sent within 10 working days. Please treat your payment confirmation as confirmation that your applicant details and payment have been received
  • Confirms your course choice
  • Shows your course's term dates
  • Confirms the day and time of your course
3. Programme information Is usually sent on Friday late afternoon the week before term starts
  • Contains joining instructions for your course, either online or in the classroom, depending on the course
  • If you need further help with the above information please ring 020 7594 8756 / +44 20 7594 8756.
  • All enrolments are provisional until the course is confirmed to run. This will be dependent on the course reaching the minimum number of enrolments.
  • All enrolments are subject to our Terms and Conditions. It is not possible to join one of our courses without agreeing to be bound by our Terms and Conditions.

Any Questions?

If you have any questions about the academic content or teaching of this course please contact the Course Tutor, Dr Bruno

If you have any questions about your enrolment or payment processes please contact the Programme Administrator, Christian Jacobi,