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    Bixby H, Fecht D, Fortunato L, Hodgson Set al.,

    Are greener cities healthier? An investigation into the association between green space coverage and health at the city level, in England

    , joint meeting of the International Society for Environmental Epidemiology (ISEE), the International Society of Exposure Science (ISES), and the International Society of Indoor Air Quality and Climate (ISIAQ)., Publisher: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), ISSN: 1552-9924
    Jackson M, Weyl O, Altermatt F, Durance I, Friberg N, Dumbrell A, Piggott J, Tiegs S, Tockner K, Krug C, Leadley P, Woodward Get al.,

    Recommendations for the Next Generation of Global Freshwater Biological Monitoring Tools

    , Advances in Ecological Research, ISSN: 0065-2504

    Biological monitoring has a long history in freshwaters, where much of the pioneering work in this field was developed over a hundred years ago – but few of the traditional monitoring tools provide the global perspective on biodiversity loss and its consequences for ecosystem functioning that are now needed. Rather than forcing existing monitoring paradigms to respond to questions they were never originally designed to address, we need to take a step back and assess the prospects for novel approaches that could be developed and adopted in the future. To resolve some of the issues with indicators currently used to inform policymakers, we highlight new biological monitoring tools that are being used, or could be developed in the near future, which (1) consider less-studied taxonomic groups; (2) are standardised across regions to allow global comparisons, and (3) measure change over multiple time points. The new tools we suggest make use of some of the key technological and logistical advances seen in recent years – including remote sensing, molecular tools, and local-to-global citizen science networks. We recommend that these new indicators should be considered in future assessments of freshwater ecosystem health and contribute to the evidence base for global to regional (and national) assessments of biodiversity and ecosystem services: for example, within the emerging framework of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services.

    Levontin P, Baranowski P, Leach AW, Bailey A, Mumford JD, Quetglas A, Kell LTet al.,

    On the role of visualisation in fisheries management

    , Marine Policy, ISSN: 1872-9460

    Environmental change has focused the attention of scientists, policy makers and the wider public on the uncertainty inherent in interactions between people and the environment. Governance in fisheries is required to involve stakeholder participation and tobe more inclusive in its remit, which is no longer limited to ensuring a maximum sustainable yield from a single stock but considers species and habitat interactions, as well as social and economic issues. The increase in scope, complexity and awareness of uncertainty in fisheries management has brought methodological and institutional changes throughout the world. Progress towards comprehensive, explicit and participatory risk management in fisheries depends on effective communication. Graphic design and data visualisation have been underused in fisheries for communicating science to a wider range of stakeholders. In this paper, some of the general aspects of designing visualisations of modeling results are discussed and illustrated withexamples from the EU funded MYFISH project. These infographicswere tested in stakeholder workshops, and improved through feedbackfrom that 2process. It is desirable to convey not just modelling results but a sense of how reliable various models are. A survey was developed to judge reliability of different components of fisheries modelling: the quality of data, the quality of knowledge, model validation efforts, and robustness to key uncertainties. The results of these surveys were visualized for ten different models, and presented alongside the main case study.

    Mao F, Clark J, Karpouzoglou T, Dewulf A, Buytaert W, Hannah Det al.,

    A conceptual framework for assessing socio-hydrological resilience under change

    , Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions, Pages: 1-26
    Woodward G,

    Networking agroecology: integrating the diversity of agroecosystem interactions

    , Advance in Ecological Research
    Chen SS, Sun Y, Tsang DC, Graham NJ, Ok YS, Feng Y, Li XDet al., 2017,

    Insights into the subsurface transport of As(V) and Se(VI) in produced water from hydraulic fracturing using soil samples from Qingshankou Formation, Songliao Basin, China.

    , Environ Pollut, Vol: 223, Pages: 449-456

    Produced water is a type of wastewater generated from hydraulic fracturing, which may pose a risk to the environment and humans due to its high ionic strength and the presence of elevated concentrations of metals/metalloids that exceed maximum contamination levels. The mobilization of As(V) and Se(VI) in produced water and selected soils from Qingshankou Formation in the Songliao Basin in China were investigated using column experiments and synthetic produced water whose quality was representative of waters arising at different times after well creation. Temporal effects of produced water on metal/metalloid transport and sorption/desorption were investigated by using HYDRUS-1D transport modelling. Rapid breakthrough and long tailings of As(V) and Se(VI) transport were observed in Day 1 and Day 14 solutions, but were reduced in Day 90 solution probably due to the elevated ionic strength. The influence of produced water on the hydrogeological conditions (i.e., change between equilibrium and non-equilibrium transport) was evidenced by the change of tracer breakthrough curves before and after the leaching of produced water. This possibly resulted from the sorption of polyacrylamide (PAM (-CH2CHCONH2-)n) onto soil surfaces, through its use as a friction reducer in fracturing solutions. The sorption was found to be reversible in this study. Minimal amounts of sorbed As(V) were desorbed whereas the majority of sorbed Se(VI) was readily leached out, to an extent which varied with the composition of the produced water. These results showed that the mobilization of As(V) and Se(VI) in soil largely depended on the solution pH and ionic strength. Understanding the differences in metal/metalloid transport in produced water is important for proper risk management.

    Chen SS, Suna Y, Tsang DCW, Graham NJD, Ok YS, Feng Y, Li X-Det al., 2017,

    Potential impact of flowback water from hydraulic fracturing on agricultural soil quality: Metal/metalloid bioaccessibility, Microtox bioassay, and enzyme activities

    , SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, Vol: 579, Pages: 1419-1426, ISSN: 0048-9697
    Chuntian C, Yan L, Mirchi A, Madani Ket al., 2017,

    China's booming hydropower: Systems modeling challenges and opportunities

    , Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, Vol: 143, ISSN: 0733-9496
    Coleman MA, Cetina-Heredia P, Roughan M, Feng M, van Sebille E, Kelaher BPet al., 2017,

    Anticipating changes to future connectivity within a network of marine protected areas.

    , Glob Chang Biol

    Continental boundary currents are projected to be altered under future scenarios of climate change. As these currents often influence dispersal and connectivity among populations of many marine organisms, changes to boundary currents may have dramatic implications for population persistence. Networks of marine protected areas (MPAs) often aim to maintain connectivity, but anticipation of the scale and extent of climatic impacts on connectivity are required to achieve this critical conservation goal in a future of climate change. For two key marine species (kelp and sea urchins), we use oceanographic modelling to predict how continental boundary currents are likely to change connectivity among a network of MPAs spanning over 1000 km of coastline off the coast of eastern Australia. Overall change in predicted connectivity among pairs of MPAs within the network did not change significantly over and above temporal variation within climatic scenarios, highlighting the need for future studies to incorporate temporal variation in dispersal to robustly anticipate likely change. However, the intricacies of connectivity between different pairs of MPAs were noteworthy. For kelp, poleward connectivity among pairs of MPAs tended to increase in the future, whereas equatorward connectivity tended to decrease. In contrast, for sea urchins, connectivity among pairs of MPAs generally decreased in both directions. Self-seeding within higher-latitude MPAs tended to increase, and the role of low-latitude MPAs as a sink for urchins changed significantly in contrasting ways. These projected changes have the potential to alter important genetic parameters with implications for adaptation and ecosystem vulnerability to climate change. Considering such changes, in the context of managing and designing MPA networks, may ensure that conservation goals are achieved into the future.

    Ezzati M, Baumgartner JC, 2017,

    Household energy and health: where next for research and practice?

    , LANCET, Vol: 389, Pages: 130-132, ISSN: 0140-6736
    Fellenor J, Barnett J, Potter C, Urquhart J, Mumford JD, Quine CPet al., 2017,

    The social amplification of risk on Twitter: the case of ash dieback disease in the United Kingdom

    , Journal of Risk Research, Pages: 1-21, ISSN: 1366-9877
    Hardin E, AghaKouchak A, Qomi MJA, Madani K, Tarroja B, Zhou Y, Yang T, Samuelsen Set al., 2017,

    California drought increases CO2 footprint of energy

    , SUSTAINABLE CITIES AND SOCIETY, Vol: 28, Pages: 450-452, ISSN: 2210-6707
    Madani K, Pierce TW, Mirchi A, 2017,

    Serious games on environmental management

    , Sustainable Cities and Society, Vol: 29, Pages: 1-11, ISSN: 2210-6707

    © 2016 Elsevier LtdSerious environmental management games can improve understanding of practical environmental sustainability challenges by offering opportunities to obtain first-hand experiences that may be otherwise too costly, difficult or dangerous to reproduce in reality. Game-based learning (GBL) has been found to increase soft skills, such as critical thinking, creative problem solving and teamwork, as well as to improve cognitive development, learning retention and social learning, which are important for future environmental researchers and professionals. Environmental management games can be applied in educational settings to promote awareness about sustainable resource planning and management among citizens who are increasingly exposed to products of the information age. This paper provides an overview of game-based learning and the state of serious games (SG) for environmental management, offering insight into their potential as effective tools in facilitating environmental education. SGs have been shown to possess numerous qualities that have been connected with improved learning experiences and cognitive development, but research must continue to study the SGs’ efficacy. Shortcomings found with games reviewed are that few evaluate or explain pedagogical foundation, and many are hard to implement or not accessible. Methods employed in determining the effectiveness of SGs vary greatly among environmental studies, necessitating a standardized methodology to reduce disparities in testing procedures. Furthermore, a centralized source, effectively an online database for SGs, is needed for locating and obtaining information pertaining to the available environmental games and their most appropriate applications.

    Pedersen M, Andersen ZJ, Stafoggia M, Weinmayr G, Galassi C, Sørensen M, Eriksen KT, Tjønneland A, Loft S, Jaensch A, Nagel G, Concin H, Tsai MY, Grioni S, Marcon A, Krogh V, Ricceri F, Sacerdote C, Ranzi A, Sokhi R, Vermeulen R, Hoogh K, Wang M, Beelen R, Vineis P, Brunekreef B, Hoek G, Raaschou-Nielsen Oet al., 2017,

    Ambient air pollution and primary liver cancer incidence in four European cohorts within the ESCAPE project.

    , Environ Res, Vol: 154, Pages: 226-233

    BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoke exposure increases the risk of cancer in the liver, but little is known about the possible risk associated with exposure to ambient air pollution. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the association between residential exposure to air pollution and primary liver cancer incidence. METHODS: We obtained data from four cohorts with enrolment during 1985-2005 in Denmark, Austria and Italy. Exposure to nitrogen oxides (NO2 and NOX), particulate matter (PM) with diameter of less than 10µm (PM10), less than 2.5µm (PM2.5), between 2.5 and 10µm (PM2.5-10) and PM2.5 absorbance (soot) at baseline home addresses were estimated using land-use regression models from the ESCAPE project. We also investigated traffic density on the nearest road. We used Cox proportional-hazards models with adjustment for potential confounders for cohort-specific analyses and random-effects meta-analyses to estimate summary hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Out of 174,770 included participants, 279 liver cancer cases were diagnosed during a mean follow-up of 17 years. In each cohort, HRs above one were observed for all exposures with exception of PM2.5 absorbance and traffic density. In the meta-analysis, all exposures were associated with elevated HRs, but none of the associations reached statistical significance. The summary HR associated with a 10-μg/m(3) increase in NO2 was 1.10 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.93, 1.30) and 1.34 (95% CI: 0.76, 2.35) for a 5-μg/m(3) increase in PM2.5. CONCLUSIONS: The results provide suggestive evidence that ambient air pollution may increase the risk of liver cancer. Confidence intervals for associations with NO2 and NOX were narrower than for the other exposures.

    Pimentel R, Lopes DJ, Mexia AM, Mumford JDet al., 2017,

    Seasonality of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Terceira and Sao Jorge Islands, Azores, Portugal.

    , J Insect Sci, Vol: 17

    Population dynamics studies are very important for any area-wide control program as they provide detailed knowledge about the relationship of Medfly [Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann)] life cycle with host availability and abundance. The main goal of this study is to analyse seasonality of C. capitata in Terceira and Sao Jorge Islands (Azores archipelago) using field and laboratory data collected during (2010-2014) CABMEDMAC (MAC/3/A163) project. The results from Sao Jorge Island indicate significantly lower male/female ratio than on Terceira Island. This is an important finding specially regarding when stablishing the scenario parameters for a sterile insect technique application in each island. The population dynamics of C. capitata are generally linked with host fruit availability and abundance. However, on Terceira Island fruit infestation levels are not synchronized with the trap counts. For example, there was Medfly infestations in some fruits [e.g., Solanum mauritianum (Scop.)] while in the nearby traps there were no captures at the same time. From this perspective, it is important to denote the importance of wild invasive plants, on the population dynamics of C. capitata, as well important to consider the possibility of having different densities of traps according to the characteristics of each area in order to improve the network of traps surveillance's sensitivity on Terceira Island.

    Raaschou-Nielsen O, Pedersen M, Stafoggia M, Weinmayr G, Andersen ZJ, Galassi C, Sommar J, Forsberg B, Olsson D, Oftedal B, Krog NH, Aasvang GM, Pyko A, Pershagen G, Korek M, De Faire U, Pedersen NL, Östenson CG, Fratiglioni L, Sørensen M, Eriksen KT, Tjønneland A, Peeters PH, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Plusquin M, Key TJ, Jaensch A, Nagel G, Föger B, Wang M, Tsai MY, Grioni S, Marcon A, Krogh V, Ricceri F, Sacerdote C, Migliore E, Tamayo I, Amiano P, Dorronsoro M, Sokhi R, Kooter I, de Hoogh K, Beelen R, Eeftens M, Vermeulen R, Vineis P, Brunekreef B, Hoek Get al., 2017,

    Outdoor air pollution and risk for kidney parenchyma cancer in 14 European cohorts.

    , Int J Cancer, Vol: 140, Pages: 1528-1537

    Several studies have indicated weakly increased risk for kidney cancer among occupational groups exposed to gasoline vapors, engine exhaust, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and other air pollutants, although not consistently. It was the aim to investigate possible associations between outdoor air pollution at the residence and the incidence of kidney parenchyma cancer in the general population. We used data from 14 European cohorts from the ESCAPE study. We geocoded and assessed air pollution concentrations at baseline addresses by land-use regression models for particulate matter (PM10 , PM2.5 , PMcoarse , PM2.5 absorbance (soot)) and nitrogen oxides (NO2 , NOx ), and collected data on traffic. We used Cox regression models with adjustment for potential confounders for cohort-specific analyses and random effects models for meta-analyses to calculate summary hazard ratios (HRs). The 289,002 cohort members contributed 4,111,908 person-years at risk. During follow-up (mean 14.2 years) 697 incident cancers of the kidney parenchyma were diagnosed. The meta-analyses showed higher HRs in association with higher PM concentration, e.g. HR = 1.57 (95%CI: 0.81-3.01) per 5 μg/m(3) PM2.5 and HR = 1.36 (95%CI: 0.84-2.19) per 10(-5) m(-1) PM2.5 absorbance, albeit never statistically significant. The HRs in association with nitrogen oxides and traffic density on the nearest street were slightly above one. Sensitivity analyses among participants who did not change residence during follow-up showed stronger associations, but none were statistically significant. Our study provides suggestive evidence that exposure to outdoor PM at the residence may be associated with higher risk for kidney parenchyma cancer; the results should be interpreted cautiously as associations may be due to chance.

    Read L, Madani K, Mokhtari S, Hanks Cet al., 2017,

    Stakeholder-driven multi-attribute analysis for energy project selection under uncertainty

    , Energy, Vol: 119, Pages: 744-753, ISSN: 0360-5442

    © 2016 Elsevier LtdIn practice, selecting an energy project for development requires balancing criteria and competing stakeholder priorities to identify the best alternative. Energy source selection can be modeled as multi-criteria decision-maker problems to provide quantitative support to reconcile technical, economic, environmental, social, and political factors with respect to the stakeholders' interests. Decision making among these complex interactions should also account for the uncertainty present in the input data. In response, this work develops a stochastic decision analysis framework to evaluate alternatives by involving stakeholders to identify both quantitative and qualitative selection criteria and performance metrics which carry uncertainties. The developed framework is illustrated using a case study from Fairbanks, Alaska, where decision makers and residents must decide on a new source of energy for heating and electricity. We approach this problem in a five step methodology: (1) engaging experts (role players) to develop criteria of project performance; (2) collecting a range of quantitative and qualitative input information to determine the performance of each proposed solution according to the selected criteria; (3) performing a Monte-Carlo analysis to capture uncertainties given in the inputs; (4) applying multi-criteria decision-making, social choice (voting), and fallback bargaining methods to account for three different levels of cooperation among the stakeholders; and (5) computing an aggregate performance index (API) score for each alternative based on its performance across criteria and cooperation levels. API scores communicate relative performance between alternatives. In this way, our methodology maps uncertainty from the input data to reflect risk in the decision and incorporates varying degrees of cooperation into the analysis to identify an optimal and practical alternative.

    Rezaei F, Safavi HR, Mirchi A, Madani Ket al., 2017,

    f-MOPSO: An alternative multi-objective PSO algorithm for conjunctive water use management

    , JOURNAL OF HYDRO-ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH, Vol: 14, Pages: 1-18, ISSN: 1570-6443
    Rogers A, Medlyn BE, Dukes JS, Bonan G, von Caemmerer S, Dietze MC, Kattge J, Leakey ADB, Mercado LM, Niinemets U, Prentice IC, Serbin SP, Sitch S, Way DA, Zaehle Set al., 2017,

    A roadmap for improving the representation of photosynthesis in Earth system models

    , NEW PHYTOLOGIST, Vol: 213, Pages: 22-42, ISSN: 0028-646X
    Sunyer MA, Luchner J, Onof C, Madsen H, Arnbjerg-Nielsen Ket al., 2017,

    Assessing the importance of spatio-temporal RCM resolution when estimating sub-daily extreme precipitation under current and future climate conditions

    , INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY, Vol: 37, Pages: 688-705, ISSN: 0899-8418
    Voulvoulis N, Arpon KD, Giakoumis T, 2017,

    The EU Water Framework Directive: From great expectations to problems with implementation.

    , Sci Total Environ, Vol: 575, Pages: 358-366

    The Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC (WFD) is widely accepted as the most substantial and ambitious piece of European environmental legislation to date. It has been referred to as a once in a generation opportunity to restore Europe's waters and a potential template for future environmental regulations. However, fifteen years since it was adopted, and with many problems and delays in its implementation, the WFD has not delivered its main objectives of non-deterioration of water status and the achievement of good status for all EU waters. Putting aside the daunting technical and organisational challenges of its implementation, this paper aims to shed light on why the great expectations that came with the WFD have not yet been fully realised. It reviews how the Directive has been interpreted, focusing on its intentions and how they were applied. The findings reveal the absence of the paradigm shift towards the systems (integrated) thinking that the WFD was grounded on, as a fundamental problem with its implementation. This is also evident in cases where the Directive has been criticised as a policy tool or when implementation efforts were reviewed, indicating misunderstandings even of its core principles. This inherent departure from the Directive's systemic intention and methodological approach needs further investigation, as it could be the reason behind many of its problems and delays. Unless current implementation efforts are reviewed or revised in light of this, enabling the paradigm shift required to ensure a more sustainable and holistic approach to water management, the fading aspirations of the initial great expectations that came with the Directive could disappear for good.

    Zekri S, Madani K, Bazargan-Lari MR, Kotagama H, Kalbus Eet al., 2017,

    Feasibility of adopting smart water meters in aquifer management: An integrated hydro-economic analysis

    , AGRICULTURAL WATER MANAGEMENT, Vol: 181, Pages: 85-93, ISSN: 0378-3774
    Zulkafli Z, Perez K, Vitolo C, Buytaert W, Karpouzoglou T, Dewulf A, De Bievre B, Clark J, Hannah DM, Shaheed Set al., 2017,

    User-driven design of decision support systems for polycentric environmental resources management

    , ENVIRONMENTAL MODELLING & SOFTWARE, Vol: 88, Pages: 58-73, ISSN: 1364-8152
    Abelson A, Halpern BS, Reed DC, Orth RJ, Kendrick GA, Beck MW, Belmaker J, Krause G, Edgar GJ, Airoldi L, Brokovich E, France R, Shashar N, De Blaeij A, Stambler N, Salameh P, Shechter M, Nelson PAet al., 2016,

    Upgrading Marine Ecosystem Restoration Using Ecological-Social Concepts

    , BIOSCIENCE, Vol: 66, Pages: 156-163, ISSN: 0006-3568
    Allen RT, Hales NM, Baccarelli A, Jerrett M, Ezzati M, Dockery DW, Pope CAet al., 2016,

    Countervailing effects of income, air pollution, smoking, and obesity on aging and life expectancy: population-based study of US Counties

    , ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, Vol: 15, ISSN: 1476-069X
    Almeida S, Le Vine N, McIntyre N, Wagener T, Buytaert Wet al., 2016,

    Accounting for dependencies in regionalized signatures for predictions in ungauged catchments

    , HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, Vol: 20, Pages: 887-901, ISSN: 1027-5606
    Bladon AJ, Short KM, Mohammed EY, Milner-Gulland EJet al., 2016,

    Payments for ecosystem services in developing world fisheries

    , FISH AND FISHERIES, Vol: 17, Pages: 839-859, ISSN: 1467-2960
    Blair P, Buytaert W, 2016,

    Socio-hydrological modelling: a review asking "why, what and how?"

    , HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, Vol: 20, Pages: 443-478, ISSN: 1027-5606
    Bohan DA, Landuyt D, Ma A, Macfadyen S, Martinet V, Massol F, McInerny G, Montoya JM, Mulder C, Pascual U, Pocock MJO, White P, Blanchemanche S, Bonkowski M, Bretagnolle V, Bronmark C, Dicks L, Dumbrell A, Eisenhauer N, Friberg N, Gessner MO, Gill RJ, Gray C, Haughton A, Ibanez S, Jensen J, Jeppesen E, Jokela J, Lacroix G, Lannou C, Lavorel S, Le Galliard J-F, Lescourret F, Liu S, Loeuille N, McLaughlin O, Muggleton S, Penuelas J, Petanidou T, Petit S, Pomati F, Raffaelli D, Rasmussen J, Raybould A, Reboud X, Richard G, Scherber C, Scheu S, Sutherland WJ, Tamaddoni-Nezhad A, ter Braak C, Termansen M, Thompson MSA, Tscharntke T, Vacher C, van der Geest H, Voigt W, Vonk JA, Zhou X, Woodward Get al., 2016,

    Networking Our Way to Better Ecosystem Service Provision

    , TRENDS IN ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION, Vol: 31, Pages: 105-115, ISSN: 0169-5347
    Bradley AV, Rosa IMD, Pontius RG, Ahmed SE, Araujo MB, Brown DG, Brandao A, Camara G, Carnerio TGS, Hartley AJ, Smith MJ, Ewers RMet al., 2016,

    SimiVal, a multi-criteria map comparison tool for land-change model projections

    , ENVIRONMENTAL MODELLING & SOFTWARE, Vol: 82, Pages: 229-240, ISSN: 1364-8152

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