Energy and Low-Carbon Futures
Technologies have the potential to deliver efficient, low-carbon, resilient energy systems, transport and buildings. Improvements in cost and performance are surpassing expectations in areas such as solar power, wind farms and electrical battery storage, thanks to advances in research and development. Imperial’s involvement in large-scale experiments, demonstration projects, and national research programmes are expected to help the UK advance its low-carbon industries and successfully bring about a low-carbon future with clean and accessible energy technologies.
We are exploring the role that electrical energy storage technologies could play in supporting a cost-effective transition to a low-carbon electricity system, considering how the costs and technical characteristics of energy storage technologies could develop over the next 15 years.
This paper looks at the barriers and opportunities for the mass deployment of solar-thermal technologies and offers a vision for the future of solarthermal systems.
This briefing paper explores the role that bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) technologies can really play in meeting global climate change targets.
The shift to a low-carbon future
The Carbon Budget - what is it and why is it important?
Animation showing what the carbon budget is
Researchers at Imperial's Grantham Institute developed this animation to explain what the carbon budget is, and why the world needs to take drastic action to cut emissions of greenhouse gases.
How can taking action on climate change improve our lives
What are the co-benefits of action on climate change?
Action on climate change can simultaneously help to address other issues faced by society – improving air quality and public health, reducing NHS costs, creating jobs, improving energy security and preserving the natural environment.
Towards a just and equitable low-carbon energy transition
How can we ensure a just & equitable transition to a low-carbon economy?
The transition to a low-carbon economy is gathering pace. How can we ensure it is a just & equitable energy transition for all?
The future we see
The future we see is a sustainable, resilient, zero-carbon society.
The Grantham Institute is working with policymakers, business leaders and researchers to help make the transition to a sustainable, resilient, zero-carbon society.
Technologies for a low-carbon future
Greenhouse gas emissions from human activities should be net-zero by 2070 in order to limit the average global temperature rise to two degrees, as stipulated in the Paris Agreement.
To achieve this, deployment of existing technology is required, as well as research and innovation so that low-carbon and 'negative emissions' technologies can become commercially viable later this century.
BECCS deployment: a reality check
This briefing explores the role that bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCs) technologies can really play in meeting global climate targets.
Aviation biofuels: important, achievable, tough to deliver
This briefing paper considers the potential for biojet fuels to reduce the direct carbon emissions from aviation over the long term.
Greenhouse gas removal technologies: commercial opportunity
This discussion paper looks at greenhouse gas removal from a commercial perspective and what needs to happen to develop the sector.
The changing costs of technology in the power sector
This briefing paper looks at how the costs of technology change as we gain experience from using them.
Electrical energy storage for mitigating climate change
This paper explores the role that electrical energy storage technologies could play in a cost-effective transition to a low-carbon electricity system.
Is it better for the climate to drive an electric vehicle?
This infographic shows how much of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide is produced by driving an electric car one kilometre in different countries.
How capital affects investment in climate change mitigation
This paper looks at the cost of capital and how it affects investment in climate change mitigation and new low-carbon infrastructure.
Improving the framework for carbon capture and storage
This report looks at improving the economic and policy framework for carbon capture and storage in the European Union.
Low carbon residential heating
This paper provides an overview of the key technical, economic, and environmental issues associated with achieving a low carbon residential sector.
Negative emissions technologies
This paper outlines the practicalities of certain classes of negative emissions technologies and their relevance to climate change mitigation.
Road transport technology and climate change mitigation
This paper looks at how we can rapidly reduce emissions from vehicles and accelerate the transition to low-carbon vehicles.
Solar power for CO2 mitigation
This paper explores the potential for existing and emerging solar photovoltaic technologies to deliver rapid transformation of our energy systems.
Solar-thermal and hybrid photovoltaic-thermal systems
This paper outlines the potential for the mass deployment of solar-thermal technologies.
Academics / Publications
Hear from the experts
China's energy technologies to 2050
Professor Ajay Gambhir on China's energy technologies to 2050
Senior Policy Research Fellow, Mr Ajay Gambhir, discusses China's carbon dioxide emissions and the challenges and opportunities the country faces in transitioning to a low-carbon energy system.
Developments in solar photovoltaic technology
Professor Jenny Nelson on developments in solar photovoltaic technology
Professor Jenny Nelson discusses developments in solar photovoltaic technology, its role in climate change mitigation and the uptake of solar power across the globe.
Halving global carbon dioxide emissions by 2050
Professor Nilay Shah on halving global carbon dioxide emissions by 2050
Professor Nilay Shah discusses the need to reduce global carbon dioxide emissions and some of the technologies needed as we transition towards a low carbon energy system.
Negative emissions technologies
Professor Nilay Shah on negative emissions technologies
Professor Nilay Shah discusses negative emissions technologies and how they could contribute to climate mitigation efforts.
Reducing carbon dioxide emissions from industry
Dr Tamaryn Napp discusses reducing carbon dioxide emissions from industry
Dr Tamaryn Napp discusses global industrial carbon emissions and how they could be reduced.