Globally, approximately 1 billion people have no access to electricity, and it is estimated that a further 1 billion people have a chronically unreliable and inadequate energy supply. Ensuring access to affordable, reliable and modern energy is one of the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals (#7) – and is intrinsically linked to other SDGs, such as eliminating poverty (#1), good health and wellbeing (#4) and improving education (#5), to name a few. Providing clean, affordable and sustainable electricity to all is also a crucial step in tackling climate change. This electricity must be low-carbon to limit future greenhouse gas emissions. Researchers at the Grantham Institute are working with numerous external collaborators to further innovation in providing low-carbon energy access around the world.

Researchers working on energy access


Grantham Institute researchers have developed a simulation and optimisation tool called CLOVER (Continuous Lifetime Optimisation of Variable Electricity Resources), designed to help inform governments, businesses, NGOs and researchers about electrification solutions. Find out more about the tool

Academic papers

Energy access through electricity storage: Insights from technology providers and market enablers
Energy for Sustainable Development, Vol: 48, Pages: 1-10, ISSN: 0973-0826
Few S, Schmidt O, Gambhir A, 2019

Off-grid solar photovoltaic systems for rural electrification and emissions mitigation in India;
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol:156, ISSN:0927-0248, Pages:147-156
Sandwell P, Chan NLA, Foster S, et al., 2016,

In-situ, long-term operational stability of organic photovoltaics for off-grid applications in Africa
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol:149, ISSN:0927-0248, Pages:284-293
Emmott CJM, Moia D, Sandwell P, et al., 2016

Analysis of energy access and impact of modern energy sources in unelectrified villages in Uttar Pradesh
Energy for Sustainable Development, Vol:35, Pages 67-79, ISSN: 0973-0826
Sandwell P, Chambon C, Saraogi A, Chabenat A, Mazur M, Ekins-Daukes N, Nelson J, 2016