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HSMR2020 Workshop Descriptions

Robot-assisted Endoscopy at Scale

HSMR Workshop Banner 1Robot-assisted Endoscopy at Scale

Endoscopy has made a tremendous impact on many diseases, especially those of the GI tract, enabling early identification of risk lesions (e.g. Polyps) facilitating cancers diagnoses and in many cases even therapeutic interventions such as endoscopic sub-mucosal resections. However, many other organ systems in which disease is predominantly ductal (e.g. Breast, Biliary Tract) have failed to benefit sufficiently from such interventions, predominantly due to the technical challenges of white light endoscopy at scale.

The aim of this workshop is to bring together clinicians, computer scientists and engineers from various disciplines to share the latest developments in the fields of endoscopic navigation and robotic system development. The scope is broad, covering sensing technologies (including clinical systems and applications) as well as the technical aspects of localisation, visualisation, tissue characterisation and robot design. Through the development of flexible robotic systems that can safely and reliably navigate inside the human body, participants in this exciting area of research hope to transform endoscopy and surgical practice.

Topics for this special issue include, but are not limited to:

● Optical imaging techniques such as fluorescence, endomicroscopy, OCT, Raman spectroscopy

● Multi-scale, multimodality integration

● Accurate and reliable fusion of preoperative and intraoperative views

● Display technology and augmented environments in planning and simulation

● Novel intraoperative registration strategies

● Tracking techniques including hybrid and vision-based systems

● Biomechanical modelling and tissue deformation analysis

● Hardware and software solutions for real-time performance and deployment

● Multi-modal visualisation in endoscopy

● Clinical applications, validation and case studies


To be posted soon.

Development of the UK Surgical Robotics Roadmap

HSMR2020 Workshop Description2Development of the UK Surgical Robotics Roadmap

UK activities on surgical robotics have significantly increased over the past decade. This workshop aims to bring the research community together to discuss how to best collaboratively shape the future of the field, highlight the most critical and impactful research directions, and produce a document that can be used to inform funding bodies and industry. Specifically, this workshop will bring together multi-disciplinary international experts from the domain of surgical robotics, with a focus on:

1. laparoscopic surgical robots;

2. continuum surgical robots;

3. intra-corporeal robots,

4. microrobots and materials.

Keynotes on these topics will lay the foundation for panel discussion moderated by UK experts, with the goal to capture the landscape of surgical robotics research worldwide, propose a UK surgical robotics agenda, and develop the findings in an updated White Paper.


To be posted soon.



Towards Robotic Autonomy in Surgery

HSMR2020 Workshop Description3Towards Robotic Autonomy in Surgery

The introduction of robots into the operating room has redefined many concepts of traditional surgery. The next significant forward leap is expected with the introduction of intelligent systems that can operate autonomously, or semi-autonomously in cooperation with the surgeons. In this quest of intelligence, growing synergies from diverse scientific fields emerged: from machine learning to human-machine interaction, from knowledge representation to collaborative robotics.

This opens to a new research field, Cognitive Surgical Robotics, that includes many areas involved in the integration of advanced cognitive capabilities into robot-assisted surgical procedure.

Building on the success story of the workshop held at HSMR’19 with more than 15 speakers and more than 100 attendees, we propose a second edition of this workshop with a slightly different format and a brand-new list of speakers. The aim of this event is to explore the next generation of surgical robots from different angles. Starting from the review of the state-of-the-art in surgical robotics, and the latest technological solutions, we will further discuss the specific research challenges related to Cognitive Surgical Robotics, address its commercial perspectives, and the possibilities of its effectivedeployment in clinical practice.

Speakers from surgical, industrial and technology areas have been invited to present their opinion and grouped into 4 main topics: surgery, robotics, artificial intelligence, and industry. With their different background, experience, interests and goals, these experts will help us drawing a comprehensive picture of the problem, marking the current state of the practice and identifying the most interesting research directions for the near future.

The workshop will end with a round table session to summarize the key elements of cognitive robotic surgery and the main challenges to be addressed in the coming years.


To be posted soon.


Clinical Photonics

HSMR2020 Workshop Description4Clinical Photonics

With increasing maturity and clinical uptake of Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS), the provision of technologies that provide in vivo morphological and functional characterisation beyond the exposed tissue surface has become an important research topic. Clinically, such technologies can further expand the functional capabilities of MIS in providing improved tissue detection, labelling, and targeting both at macro and cellular levels. Optical imaging and spectroscopy provide opportunities in this area, both in surgical environments and in other clinical scenarios (e.g. diagnostics, screening, monitoring, etc.). Point based spectroscopic approaches such as diffuse reflectance, Raman and fluorescence spectroscopy have been shown to be clinically useful for in vivo assessment of cancer, atherosclerosis and ischemia. Imaging techniques such as optical coherence tomography (OCT), probe-based Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy (pCLE), two photon excited fluorescence imaging, and fluorescence lifetime imaging have shown promising results for in vivo tissue characterisation for MIS.

This workshop will bring clinicians together with researchers in academia and industry to exchange ideas on the current state-of-the-art and future trends in clinical applications of photonics. The scope of the workshop is broad and includes both established and emerging technologies based on optical imaging and spectroscopy. While a variety of photonic technologies and clinical applications will be discussed, the workshop will maintain a focus on devices that can be seamlessly integrated with the surgical environment and that can be compatible with robot-assisted interventions. It will also include online decision support, content-based image retrieval/association, and optical pathology to enable real-time, in vivo tissue characterisation. The workshop will include several invited talks, and we also welcome submissions from Symposium attendees.


To be posted soon.

Surgical Video & Artificial Intelligence

HSMR2020 Workshop Description5Surgical Video & Artificial Intelligence

Despite the high volume, surgery is non-standardised and variations often occur in performance, delivery and surgical approach. Artificial Intelligence (AI) has revolutionised data analysis in some aspects of medicine, such as imaging, but it’s yet to reach surgery. This is in part due to the lack of large-scale structured and standardised datasets. Additionally, there are no surgical standards for annotating different aspects and characteristics of surgical procedures.

This workshop will focus specifcally on the applications of AI in Computer Vision for surgical video analysis. A plethora of AI-based tools are being developed for surgical video modelling, management and annotation. Technical experts will provide insights into the key capabilities of AI, its application to robotic surgery and potential to transform surgical care. We will delve into the limitations and challenges of working with AI and data in surgery and how AI can assist surgeons pre-, intra- and postoperatively to understand and evaluate its applications through individual talks, panel discussions, and poster presentations.

Surgical insights generated by AI can be shared with surgical teams to enhance training and cognitive aspects outside the operating environment. We will explore how AI technology can impact surgical training and performance to improve patient care with some example use cases from leading surgeons. Furthermore, we will look at the future applications of AI in the operating theatre with the aim to enhance situation awareness and minimise cognitive workload to assist and guide performance for clinical effectiveness.


To be posted soon.


BCI & Medical Robotics

HSMR2020 Workshop Description6BCI & Medical Robotics

This workshop aims to provide a forum to bring together neuroscientists, engineers, and healthcare practitioners from a diverse range of disciplines to present the current state-of-the-art in Brain Computer Interfaces (BCI) with relation to Medical Robotics. BCI has already broken-down barriers for the physically disabled, restoring the ability to communicate, enhancing rehabilitation for paretic patients and allowing control of movements for paraplegic patients that would otherwise be impossible. These systems advance our understanding of the underlying motor learning mechanisms as they alter the mapping between neuronal activity and feedback control. Furthermore, this technology has been used to assess cognitive states for mental training and attention monitoring in safety critical tasks. Surgery is one of the applications where cognitive workload and neuro-ergonomics have been studied extensively. Brain computer interfaces have been used to assess operator's performance and training and to predict system’s design safety and efficiency. The challenge is to create dynamic systems that are able to sense human intention and cognitive states online and adapt their behaviour and feedback to consistently improve safety and performance. The workshop will present some of the major technical challenges and unmet healthcare demands that can potentially reshape the future of BCI in human robot collaboration.


To be posted soon.

Meso/Microrobotics inside Human Body: Recent Advances

HSMR2020 Workshop Description7Meso/Microrobotics inside Human Body: Recent Advances

Surgery is undergoing radical changes with the advent of robot-assisted operations. Small, intelligent systems are being developed in order to push its limits. Accessing organs with limited invasiveness, thus reducing the patient trauma, or carrying out operations beyond the limits of the human precision or sensing abilities, is increasingly becoming a reality. This is becoming possible thanks to a rich research ecosystem at the interface between material science, electrical and mechanism design, sensing modalities, and of course medical science.

The aim of this workshop is to bring together researchers, clinicians, and industrials in order to discuss recent advances in the community. Various aspects will be discussed.

The first aspect will present the recent, most innovative developments in design, control, and sensing of medical meso/microrobots.

The second aspect will look at clinical translation and commercialization of the most promising results.

Finally, a round table will allow speakers and attendees to exchange around the future trends, pitfalls, and promises in the field.


To be posted soon.


Wearable and Assistive Robots and Devices

HSMR2020 Workshop Description8Wearable and Assistive Robots and Devices

Wearable devices and robots have made significant advances in recent years for rehabilitation, restoration of natural mobility and enhancing musculoskeletal strength and endurance. Assistive devices and robots have also played a key role in managing the ageing population for general activities of daily living and remote presence for linking to specialist centres. The emergence of novel sensing and actuation schemes based on smart materials has enabled the development of new wearable and assistive robots and devices. The workshop aims to provide a forum to bring together researchers, engineers, and healthcare practitioners from a diverse range of disciplines to present the current state-of-the-art in wearable and assistive technologies. It will also address some of the major technical challenges and unmet healthcare demands that can potentially reshape the future of wearable and assistive robots and devices.

Topics to be covered:

• Bio-sensing and wearable sensing technologies
• Context aware sensing and intention detection
• Assistive robot design and control for healthcare applications
• Exoskeletons and actuated prostheses
• Novel kinematics, actuation schemes and smart materials
• Neuro-interface for human robot interaction
• Human-robot interaction
• Human factor design and Ergonomics (device design, comfort and user acceptance)
• Clinical applications (e.g. post-surgical recovery, stroke rehabilitation)


To be posted soon.

Progress in Soft Robots for Minimally Invasive Surgery

HSMR2020 Workshop Description9Progress in Soft Robots for Minimally Invasive Surgery

Description to be posted soon.


To be posted soon.