Research in surgical robotics has an established track record at Imperial College, and a number of research and commercial surgical robot platforms have been developed over the years. The Hamlyn Centre is a champion for technological innovation and clinical adoption of robotic, minimally invasive surgery. We work in partnership with major industrial leaders in medical devices and surgical robots, as well as developing our own platforms such as the i-Snake® and Micro-IGES platforms. The Da Vinci surgical robot is used extensively for endoscopic radical prostatectomy, hiatal hernia surgery, and low pelvic and rectal surgery, and in 2003, St Mary’s Hospital carried out its first Totally Endoscopic Robotic Coronary Artery Bypass (TECAB).

The major focus of the Hamlyn Centre is to develop robotic technologies that will transform conventional minimally invasive surgery, explore new ways of empowering robots with human intelligence, and develop[ing miniature 'microbots' with integrated sensing and imaging for targeted therapy and treatment. We work closely with both industrial and academic partners in open platforms such as the DVRK, RAVEN and KUKA. The Centre also has the important mission of driving down costs associated with robotic surgery in order to make the technology more accessible, portable, and affordable. This will allow it to be fully integrated with normal surgical workflows so as to benefit a much wider patient population.

The Hamlyn Centre currently chairs the UK Robotics and Autonomous Systems (UK-RAS) Network. The mission of the Network is to to provide academic leadership in Robotics and Autonomous Systems (RAS), expand collaboration with industry and integrate and coordinate activities across the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) funded RAS capital facilities and Centres for Doctoral Training (CDTs).


Citation

BibTex format

@inproceedings{Grammatikopoulou:2016:10.1109/IROS.2016.7759635,
author = {Grammatikopoulou, M and Leibrandt, K and Yang, G},
doi = {10.1109/IROS.2016.7759635},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {Motor channelling for safe and effective dynamic constraints in Minimally Invasive Surgery},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IROS.2016.7759635},
year = {2016}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - CPAPER
AB - Motor channelling is a concept to provide na-vigation and sensory feedback to operators in master-slavesurgical setups. It is beneficial since the introduction of roboticsurgery creates a physical separation between the surgeonand patient anatomy. Active Constraints/Virtual Fixtures areproposed which integrate Guidance and Forbidden RegionConstraints into a unified control framework. The developedapproach provides guidance and safe manipulation to improveprecision and reduce the risk of inadvertent tissue damage.Online three-degree-of-freedom motion prediction and compen-sation of the target anatomy is performed to complement themaster constraints. The presented Active Constraints conceptis applied to two clinical scenarios; surface scanning forin situmedical imaging and vessel manipulation in cardiacsurgery. The proposed motor channelling control strategy isimplemented on the da Vinci Surgical System using the da VinciResearch Kit (dVRK) and its effectiveness is demonstratedthrough a detailed user study.
AU - Grammatikopoulou,M
AU - Leibrandt,K
AU - Yang,G
DO - 10.1109/IROS.2016.7759635
PB - IEEE
PY - 2016///
SN - 2153-0866
TI - Motor channelling for safe and effective dynamic constraints in Minimally Invasive Surgery
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IROS.2016.7759635
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/43693
ER -