A primary motivation of our research is the monitoring of physical, physiological, and biochemical parameters - in any environment and without activity restriction and behaviour modification - through using miniaturised, wireless Body Sensor Networks (BSN). Key research issues that are currently being addressed include novel sensor designs, ultra-low power microprocessor and wireless platforms, energy scavenging, biocompatibility, system integration and miniaturisation, processing-on-node technologies combined with novel ASIC design, autonomic sensor networks and light-weight communication protocols. Our research is aimed at addressing the future needs of life-long health, wellbeing and healthcare, particularly those related to demographic changes associated with an ageing population and patients with chronic illnesses. This research theme is therefore closely aligned with the IGHI’s vision of providing safe, effective and accessible technologies for both developed and developing countries.

Some of our latest works were exhibited at the 2015 Royal Society Summer Science Exhibition.

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  • Conference paper
    Elson D, Tincknell L, Avila Rencoret F, Murphy J, Peters Cet al., 2018,

    Intraoperative hyperspectral circumferential resection margin assessment for gastrointestinal cancer surgery (second prize)

    , Career in Surgery
  • Conference paper
    Elson D, Avila Rencoret F, Mylonas G, 2018,

    Robotic Wide-Field Optical Biopsy Imaging for Flexible Endoscopy (Gerhard Buess Technology Award)

    , 26th Annual International EAES Congress
  • Journal article
    Boutelle MG, Gowers SAN, Hamaoui K, Cunnea P, Anastasova-Ivanova S, Curto VF, Vadgama P, Yang G-Z, Papalois V, Drakakis EM, Weber SG, Boutelle MGet al., 2018,

    High temporal resolution delayed analysis of clinical microdialysate streams

    , Analyst, Vol: 143, Pages: 715-724, ISSN: 1364-5528

    This paper presents the use of tubing to store clinical microdialysis samples for delayed analysis with high temporal resolution, offering an alternative to traditional discrete offline microdialysis sampling. Samples stored in this way were found to be stable for up to 72 days at −80 °C. Examples of how this methodology can be applied to glucose and lactate measurement in a wide range of in vivo monitoring experiments are presented. This paper presents a general model, which allows for an informed choice of tubing parameters for a given storage time and flow rate avoiding high back pressure, which would otherwise cause the microdialysis probe to leak, while maximising temporal resolution.

  • Conference paper
    Gao A, Lo P, Lo B, 2018,

    Food volume estimation for quantifying dietary intake with a wearable camera

    , Body Sensor Networks Conference 2018, Publisher: IEEE

    A novel food volume measurement technique isproposed in this paper for accurate quantification of the dailydietary intake of the user. The technique is based on simul-taneous localisation and mapping (SLAM), a modified versionof convex hull algorithm, and a 3D mesh object reconstructiontechnique. This paper explores the feasibility of applying SLAMtechniques for continuous food volume measurement with amonocular wearable camera. A sparse map will be generatedby SLAM after capturing the images of the food item withthe camera and the multiple convex hull algorithm is appliedto form a 3D mesh object. The volume of the target objectcan then be computed based on the mesh object. Comparedto previous volume measurement techniques, the proposedmethod can measure the food volume continuously with no priorinformation such as pre-defined food shape model. Experimentshave been carried out to evaluate this new technique andshowed the feasibility and accuracy of the proposed algorithmin measuring food volume.

  • Conference paper
    Schmitz A, Thompson AJ, Berthet-Rayne P, Seneci CA, Wisanuvej P, Yang GZet al., 2017,

    Shape sensing of miniature snake-like robots using optical fibers

    , IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 947-952, ISSN: 2153-0858

    Snake like continuum robots are increasingly used for minimally invasive surgery. Most robotic devices of this sort that have been reported to date are controlled in an open loop manner. Using shape sensing to provide closed loop feedback would allow for more accurate control of the robot's position and, hence, more precise surgery. Fiber Bragg Gratings, magnetic sensors and optical reflectance sensors have all been reported for this purpose but are often limited by their cost, size, stiffness or complexity of fabrication. To address this issue, we designed, manufactured and tested a prototype two-link robot with a built-in fiber-optic shape sensor that can deliver and control the position of a CO 2 -laser fiber for soft tissue ablation. The shape sensing is based on optical reflectance, and the device (which has a 4 mm outer diameter) is fabricated using 3D printing. Here we present proof-of-concept results demonstrating successful shape sensing - i.e. measurement of the angular displacement of the upper link of the robot relative to the lower link - in real time with a mean measurement error of only 0.7°.

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