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  • Journal article
    Tofful A, Baynham CFA, Curtis EA, Parsons AO, Robertson B, Schioppo M, Tunesi J, Margolis HS, Hendricks RJ, Whale J, Thompson RC, Godun RMet al., 2024,

    <SUP>171</SUP>Yb<SUP>+</SUP> optical clock with 2.2 x 10<SUP>-18</SUP> systematic uncertainty and absolute frequency measurements

    , METROLOGIA, Vol: 61, ISSN: 0026-1394
  • Journal article
    Abe K, Bronner C, Hayato Y, Hiraide K, Hosokawa K, Ieki K, Ikeda M, Kameda J, Kanemura Y, Kaneshima R, Kashiwagi Y, Kataoka Y, Miki S, Mine S, Miura M, Moriyama S, Nakano Y, Nakahata M, Nakayama S, Noguchi Y, Sato K, Sekiya H, Shiba H, Shimizu K, Shiozawa M, Sonoda Y, Suzuki Y, Takeda A, Takemoto Y, Tanaka H, Yano T, Han S, Kajita T, Okumura K, Tashiro T, Tomiya T, Wang X, Yoshida S, Fernandez P, Labarga L, Ospina N, Zaldivar B, Pointon BW, Kearns E, Raaf JL, Wan L, Wester T, Bian J, Griskevich NJ, Smy MB, Sobel HW, Takhistov V, Yankelevich A, Hill J, Jang MC, Lee SH, Moon DH, Park RG, Bodur B, Scholberg K, Walter CW, Beauchêne A, Drapier O, Giampaolo A, Mueller TA, Santos AD, Paganini P, Quilain B, Rogly R, Nakamura T, Jang JS, Machado LN, Learned JG, Choi K, Iovine N, Cao S, Anthony LHV, Martin D, Prouse NW, Scott M, Uchida Y, Berardi V, Calabria NF, Catanesi MG, Radicioni E, Langella A, De Rosa G, Collazuol G, Iacob F, Mattiazzi M, Ludovici L, Gonin M, Périssé L, Pronost G, Fujisawa C, Maekawa Y, Nishimura Y, Okazaki R, Akutsu R, Friend Met al., 2024,

    Second gadolinium loading to Super-Kamiokande

    , Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol: 1065, ISSN: 0168-9002

    The first loading of gadolinium (Gd) into Super-Kamiokande in 2020 was successful, and the neutron capture efficiency on Gd reached 50%. To further increase the Gd neutron capture efficiency to 75%, 26.1 tons of Gd2(SO4)3⋅8H2O was additionally loaded into Super-Kamiokande (SK) from May 31 to July 4, 2022. As the amount of loaded Gd2(SO4)3⋅8H2O was doubled compared to the first loading, the capacity of the powder dissolving system was doubled. We also developed new batches of gadolinium sulfate with even further reduced radioactive impurities. In addition, a more efficient screening method was devised and implemented to evaluate these new batches of Gd2(SO4)3⋅8H2O. Following the second loading, the Gd concentration in SK was measured to be 333.5±2.5 ppm via an Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (AAS). From the mean neutron capture time constant of neutrons from an Am/Be calibration source, the Gd concentration was independently measured to be 332.7 ± 6.8(sys.) ± 1.1(stat.) ppm, consistent with the AAS result. Furthermore, during the loading the Gd concentration was monitored continually using the capture time constant of each spallation neutron produced by cosmic-ray muons, and the final neutron capture efficiency was shown to become 1.5 times higher than that of the first loaded phase, as expected.

  • Journal article
    Amsler C, Breuker H, Bumbar M, Chesnevskaya S, Costantini G, Ferragut R, Giammarchi M, Gligorova A, Gosta G, Higaki H, Hori M, Hunter ED, Killian C, Kraxberger V, Kuroda N, Lanz A, Leali M, Maero G, Malbrunot C, Mascagna V, Matsuda Y, Mäckel V, Migliorati S, Murtagh DJ, Nagata Y, Nanda A, Nowak L, Romé M, Simon MC, Tajima M, Toso V, Ulmer S, Venturelli L, Weiser A, Widmann E, Yamazaki Yet al., 2024,

    Injection and capture of antiprotons in a Penning–Malmberg trap using a drift tube accelerator and degrader foil

    , Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol: 1065, ISSN: 0168-9002

    The Antiproton Decelerator (AD) at CERN provides antiproton bunches with a kinetic energy of 5.3 MeV. The Extra-Low ENergy Antiproton ring at CERN, commissioned at the AD in 2018, now supplies a bunch of electron-cooled antiprotons at a fixed energy of 100 keV. The MUSASHI antiproton trap was upgraded by replacing the radio-frequency quadrupole decelerator with a pulsed drift tube to re-accelerate antiprotons and optimize the injection energy into the degrader foils. By increasing the beam energy to 119 keV, a cooled antiproton accumulation efficiency of (26±6)% was achieved.

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim L, Nogima H, Santoro A, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Tomei TRFP, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Ivanov T, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Guo Q, Javaid T, Mittal M, Yuan L, Bauer G, Hu Z, Liu J, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Monti F, Shahzad MA, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang C, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhang H, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Yang H, Zhang L, Zhou C, You Z, Lu N, Gao X, Leggat D, Okawa H, Zhang Y, Lin Z, Lu C, Xiao M, Avila C Bet al., 2024,

    Search for Narrow Trijet Resonances in Proton-Proton Collisions at <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:msqrt><mml:mrow><mml:mi>s</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:msqrt><mml:mo>=</mml:mo><mml:mn>13</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mi>TeV</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:math>

    , Physical Review Letters, Vol: 133, ISSN: 0031-9007

    <jats:p>The first search for singly produced narrow resonances decaying to three well-separated hadronic jets is presented. The search uses proton-proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of <a:math xmlns:a="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><a:mrow><a:mn>138</a:mn><a:mtext> </a:mtext><a:mtext> </a:mtext><a:msup><a:mrow><a:mi>fb</a:mi></a:mrow><a:mrow><a:mo>−</a:mo><a:mn>1</a:mn></a:mrow></a:msup></a:mrow></a:math> at <c:math xmlns:c="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><c:msqrt><c:mi>s</c:mi></c:msqrt><c:mo>=</c:mo><c:mn>13</c:mn><c:mtext> </c:mtext><c:mtext> </c:mtext><c:mi>TeV</c:mi></c:math>, collected at the CERN LHC. No significant deviations from the background predictions are observed between 1.75 and 9.00 TeV. The results provide the first mass limits on a right-handed boson <e:math xmlns:e="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><e:mrow><e:msub><e:mrow><e:mi>Z</e:mi></e:mrow><e:mrow><e:mi>R</e:mi></e:mrow></e:msub></e:mrow></e:math> decaying to three gluons and on an excited quark decaying via a vector boson to three quarks, as well as updated limits on a Kaluza-Klein gluon decaying via a radion to three gluons.</jats:p> <jats:sec> <jats:title/> <jats:supplementary-material> <jats:permissions> <jats:copyright-statement>© 2024 CERN, for the CMS Collaboration</jats:copyright-statement> <jats:copyright-year>2024</jats:copyright-year>

  • Journal article
    , 2024,

    Extracting the speed of sound in quark–gluon plasma with ultrarelativistic lead–lead collisions at the LHC

    , Reports on Progress in Physics, Vol: 87, Pages: 077801-077801, ISSN: 0034-4885

    <jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:p>Ultrarelativistic nuclear collisions create a strongly interacting state of hot and dense quark–gluon matter that exhibits a remarkable collective flow behavior with minimal viscous dissipation. To gain deeper insights into its intrinsic nature and fundamental degrees of freedom, we determine the speed of sound in an extended volume of quark–gluon plasma using lead–lead (PbPb) collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 5.02 TeV. The data were recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 0.607 nb<jats:sup>−1</jats:sup>. The measurement is performed by studying the multiplicity dependence of the average transverse momentum of charged particles emitted in head-on PbPb collisions. Our findings reveal that the speed of sound in this matter is nearly half the speed of light, with a squared value of <jats:inline-formula> <jats:tex-math/> <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" overflow="scroll"> <mml:mrow> <mml:mn>0.241</mml:mn> <mml:mo>±</mml:mo> <mml:mn>0.002</mml:mn> <mml:mstyle scriptlevel="0"/> <mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo> <mml:mtext>stat</mml:mtext> <mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo> <mml:mo>±</mml:mo> <mml:mn>0.016</mml:mn> <mml:mstyle scriptlevel="0"/> <mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo>

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Li A, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, van der Linden J, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Gomes De Souza R, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim L, Nogima H, Santoro A, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Tomei TRFP, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Guo Q, Javaid T, Yuan L, Hu Z, Liu J, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang C, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhang H, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Yang H, Zhang L, Zhou C, You Z, Lu N, Bauer G, Gao X, Leggat D, Okawa H, Zhang Y, Lin Z, Lu C, Xiao M, Avila C, Barbosa Trujillo DA, Caet al., 2024,

    Combination of Measurements of the Top Quark Mass from Data Collected by the ATLAS and CMS Experiments at <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><mml:msqrt><mml:mi>s</mml:mi></mml:msqrt><mml:mo>=</mml:mo><mml:mn>7</mml:mn></mml:math> and 8 TeV

    , Physical Review Letters, Vol: 132, ISSN: 0031-9007

    <jats:p>A combination of fifteen top quark mass measurements performed by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the LHC is presented. The datasets used correspond to an integrated luminosity of up to 5 and <a:math xmlns:a="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><a:mn>20</a:mn><a:mtext> </a:mtext><a:mtext> </a:mtext><a:msup><a:mi>fb</a:mi><a:mrow><a:mo>−</a:mo><a:mn>1</a:mn></a:mrow></a:msup></a:math> of proton-proton collisions at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, respectively. The combination includes measurements in top quark pair events that exploit both the semileptonic and hadronic decays of the top quark, and a measurement using events enriched in single top quark production via the electroweak <c:math xmlns:c="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><c:mi>t</c:mi></c:math> channel. The combination accounts for the correlations between measurements and achieves an improvement in the total uncertainty of 31% relative to the most precise input measurement. The result is <e:math xmlns:e="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><e:mrow><e:msub><e:mrow><e:mi>m</e:mi></e:mrow><e:mrow><e:mi>t</e:mi></e:mrow></e:msub><e:mo>=</e:mo><e:mn>172.52</e:mn><e:mo>±</e:mo><e:mn>0.14</e:mn><e:mrow><e:mo stretchy="false">(</e:mo><e:mi>stat</e:mi><e:mo stretchy="false">)</e:mo></e:mrow><e:mo>±</e:mo><e:mn>0.30</e:mn><e:mo stretchy="false">(</e:mo><e:mi>syst</e:mi><e:mo stretchy="false">)</e:mo><e:mtext> </e:mtext><e:mtext&

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Li A, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Breugelmans N, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, Heyen F, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Onsem GP, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, Das AK, De Lentdecker G, Evard H, Favart L, Gianneios P, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Khan FA, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Gokbulut G, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Marckx D, Mestdach G, Mota Amarilo K, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, van der Linden J, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bethani A, Bruno G, Caputo C, De Favereau De Jeneret J, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Guzel AO, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Vilela Pereira A, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Gomes De Souza R, Macedo M, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mundim L, Nogima H, Pinheiro JP, Santoro A, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Fernandez Perez Tomei TR, Gregores EM, Maietto Silverio I, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Javaid T, Yuan L, Hu Z, Liang Z, Liu J, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang C, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhang H, Zhao J, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Deng S, Guo B, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Mao Y, Qian Set al., 2024,

    Search for long-lived heavy neutrinos in the decays of B mesons produced in proton-proton collisions at $$ \sqrt{s} $$ = 13 TeV

    , Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol: 2024

    <jats:title>A<jats:sc>bstract</jats:sc> </jats:title><jats:p>A search for long-lived heavy neutrinos (N) in the decays of B mesons produced in proton-proton collisions at <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ \sqrt{s} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msqrt> <mml:mi>s</mml:mi> </mml:msqrt> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> = 13 TeV is presented. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 41.6 fb<jats:sup><jats:italic>−</jats:italic>1</jats:sup> collected in 2018 by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC, using a dedicated data stream that enhances the number of recorded events containing B mesons. The search probes heavy neutrinos with masses in the range 1 &lt; <jats:italic>m</jats:italic><jats:sub>N</jats:sub> &lt; 3 GeV and decay lengths in the range 10<jats:sup><jats:italic>−</jats:italic>2</jats:sup> &lt; <jats:italic>c</jats:italic>τ<jats:sub>N</jats:sub> &lt; 10<jats:sup>4</jats:sup> mm, where τ<jats:sub>N</jats:sub> is the N proper mean lifetime. Signal events are defined by the signature B → <jats:italic>ℓ</jats:italic><jats:sub>B</jats:sub>NX; N → <jats:italic>ℓ</jats:italic><jats:sup><jats:italic>±</jats:italic></jats:sup>π<jats:sup>∓</jats:sup>, where the leptons <jats:italic>ℓ</jats:italic><jats:sub>B</jats:sub> and <jats:italic>ℓ</jats:italic> can be either a muon or an electron, provided that at least one of them is a muon. The hadronic recoil system, X, is treated inclusively an

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan AA, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Li A, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, Breugelmans N, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, Heyen F, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Onsem GP, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, Das AK, De Lentdecker G, Evard H, Favart L, Gianneios P, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Khan FA, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Mota Amarilo K, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, van der Linden J, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bethani A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Vilela Pereira A, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Gomes De Souza R, Macedo M, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mundim L, Nogima H, Pinheiro JP, Santoro A, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Fernandez Perez Tomei TR, Gregores EM, Maietto Silverio I, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Javaid T, Yuan L, Hu Z, Liang Z, Liu J, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang C, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhang H, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Mao Y, Qian S, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Yang H, Zhang L, Zhao Y, Zhou C, You Z, Jaffelet al., 2024,

    Search for heavy neutral leptons in final states with electrons, muons, and hadronically decaying tau leptons in proton-proton collisions at $$ \sqrt{s} $$ = 13 TeV

    , Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol: 2024

    <jats:title>A<jats:sc>bstract</jats:sc> </jats:title><jats:p>A search for heavy neutral leptons (HNLs) of Majorana or Dirac type using proton-proton collision data at <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ \sqrt{s} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msqrt> <mml:mi>s</mml:mi> </mml:msqrt> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> = 13 TeV is presented. The data were collected by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb<jats:sup><jats:italic>−</jats:italic>1</jats:sup>. Events with three charged leptons (electrons, muons, and hadronically decaying tau leptons) are selected, corresponding to HNL production in association with a charged lepton and decay of the HNL to two charged leptons and a standard model (SM) neutrino. The search is performed for HNL masses between 10 GeV and 1.5 TeV. No evidence for an HNL signal is observed in data. Upper limits at 95% confidence level are found for the squared coupling strength of the HNL to SM neutrinos, considering exclusive coupling of the HNL to a single SM neutrino generation, for both Majorana and Dirac HNLs. The limits exceed previously achieved experimental constraints for a wide range of HNL masses, and the limits on tau neutrino coupling scenarios with HNL masses above the W boson mass are presented for the first time.</jats:p>

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Li A, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Onsem GP, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, Das AK, De Lentdecker G, Evard H, Favart L, Gianneios P, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Khan FA, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Mota Amarilo K, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, van der Linden J, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bethani A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Gomes De Souza R, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mundim L, Nogima H, Pinheiro JP, Santoro A, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Fernandez Perez Tomei TR, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Javaid T, Yuan L, Hu Z, Liu J, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang C, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhang H, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Yang H, Zhang L, Zhou C, You Z, Jaffel K, Lu N, Bauer G, Gao X, Lin Z, Lu C, Xiao M, Avila C, Barbosa Trujillo DA, Cabet al., 2024,

    Search for the decay of the Higgs boson to a pair of light pseudoscalar bosons in the final state with four bottom quarks in proton-proton collisions at $$ \sqrt{\textrm{s}} $$ = 13 TeV

    , Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol: 2024

    <jats:title>A<jats:sc>bstract</jats:sc> </jats:title><jats:p>A search is presented for the decay of the 125 GeV Higgs boson (H) to a pair of new light pseudoscalar bosons (a), followed by the prompt decay of each a boson to a bottom quark-antiquark pair, <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ \textrm{H}\to \textrm{aa}\to \textrm{b}\overline{\textrm{b}}\textrm{b}\overline{\textrm{b}} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mi>H</mml:mi> <mml:mo>→</mml:mo> <mml:mi>aa</mml:mi> <mml:mo>→</mml:mo> <mml:mi>b</mml:mi> <mml:mover> <mml:mi>b</mml:mi> <mml:mo>¯</mml:mo> </mml:mover> <mml:mi>b</mml:mi> <mml:mover> <mml:mi>b</mml:mi> <mml:mo>¯</mml:mo> </mml:mover> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>. The analysis is performed using a data sample of proton-proton collisions collected with the CMS detector at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb<jats:sup><jats:italic>−</jats:italic>1</jats:sup>. To reduce the background from standard model processes, the search requires the Higgs boson to be produced in association with a leptonically decaying W or Z boson. The analysis probes the production of new light bosons in a 15 &lt; <jats:italic>m</jats:italic><jats:sub>a</jats:sub> &lt; 60 GeV mass range. Assuming the standard model predictions for the Higgs boson production cr

  • Journal article
    Abe K, Bronner C, Hayato Y, Hiraide K, Hosokawa K, Ieki K, Ikeda M, Kameda J, Kanemura Y, Kaneshima R, Kashiwagi Y, Kataoka Y, Miki S, Mine S, Miura M, Moriyama S, Nakano Y, Nakahata M, Nakayama S, Noguchi Y, Sato K, Sekiya H, Shiba H, Shimizu K, Shiozawa M, Sonoda Y, Suzuki Y, Takeda A, Takemoto Y, Tanaka H, Yano T, Han S, Kajita T, Okumura K, Tashiro T, Tomiya T, Wang X, Yoshida S, Fernandez P, Labarga L, Ospina N, Zaldivar B, Pointon BW, Kearns E, Raaf JL, Wan L, Wester T, Bian J, Griskevich NJ, Locke S, Smy MB, Sobel HW, Takhistov V, Yankelevich A, Hill J, Lee SH, Moon DH, Park RG, Jang MC, Bodur B, Scholberg K, Walter CW, Beauchêne A, Drapier O, Giampaolo A, Mueller TA, Santos AD, Paganini P, Quilain B, Nakamura T, Jang JS, Machado LN, Learned JG, Choi K, Iovine N, Cao S, Anthony LHV, Martin D, Prouse NW, Scott M, Sztuc AA, Uchida Y, Berardi V, Catanesi MG, Radicioni E, Calabria NF, Langella A, De Rosa G, Collazuol G, Iacob F, Mattiazzi M, Ludovici L, Gonin M, Pronost G, Fujisawa C, Maekawa Y, Nishimura Y, Okazaki R, Akutsu R, Friend M, Hasegawa T, Ishida T, Kobayashi T, Jakkapu M, Matsubara T, Nakadaira T, Nakamura K, Oyama Y, Sakashita K, Sekiguchi T, Tsukamoto T, Bhuiyan N, Burton GT, Di Lodovico F, Gao J, Goldsack A, Katori T, Migenda J, Xie Z, Ramsden RM, Zsoldos S, Suzuki AT, Takagi Y, Zhong H, Takeuchi Y, Feng J, Feng L, Hu JR, Hu Z, Kikawa T, Mori M, Kawaue M, Nakaya T, Wendell RA, Yasutome K, Jenkins SJ, McCauley N, Mehta P, Tarant A, Fukuda Y, Itow Y, Menjo H, Ninomiya K, Yoshioka Y, Lagoda J, Lakshmi SM, Mandal M, Mijakowski P, Prabhu YS, Zalipska J, Jia M, Jiang J, Jung CK, Wilking MJ, Yanagisawa C, Shi W, Harada M, Hino Y, Ishino H, Koshio Y, Nakanishi F, Sakai S, Tada T, Tano T, Ishizuka T, Barr G, Barrow D, Cook L, Samani S, Wark D, Holin A, Nova F, Yang BS, Yang JY, Yoo J, Jung S, Fannon JEP, Kneale L, Malek M, McElwee JM, Thiesse MD, Thompson LF, Wilson ST, Okazawa H, Kim SB, Kwon E, Seo JW, Yu I, Ichikawa AK, Nakamura KD, Tairafune S, Nishijimet al., 2024,

    Search for Periodic Time Variations of the Solar ^{8}B Neutrino Flux between 1996 and 2018 in Super-Kamiokande.

    , Phys Rev Lett, Vol: 132

    We report a search for time variations of the solar ^{8}B neutrino flux using 5804 live days of Super-Kamiokande data collected between May 31, 1996, and May 30, 2018. Super-Kamiokande measured the precise time of each solar neutrino interaction over 22 calendar years to search for solar neutrino flux modulations with unprecedented precision. Periodic modulations are searched for in a dataset comprising five-day interval solar neutrino flux measurements with a maximum likelihood method. We also applied the Lomb-Scargle method to this dataset to compare it with previous reports. The only significant modulation found is due to the elliptic orbit of the Earth around the Sun. The observed modulation is consistent with astronomical data: we measured an eccentricity of (1.53±0.35)%, and a perihelion shift of (-1.5±13.5) days.

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Li A, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, D'Hondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Onsem GP, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, Das AK, De Lentdecker G, Evard H, Favart L, Gianneios P, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Khan FA, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Mota Amarilo K, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, van der Linden J, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bethani A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Gomes De Souza R, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mundim L, Nogima H, Pinheiro JP, Santoro A, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Tomei TRFP, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Javaid T, Yuan L, Hu Z, Liu J, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang C, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhang H, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Yang H, Zhang L, Zhou C, You Z, Jaffel K, Lu N, Bauer G, Gao X, Lin Z, Lu C, Xiao M, Avila C, Barbosa Trujillo DA, Cabrera A, Florezet al., 2024,

    Search for Baryon Number Violation in Top Quark Production and Decay Using Proton-Proton Collisions at sqrt[s]=13  TeV.

    , Phys Rev Lett, Vol: 132

    A search is presented for baryon number violating interactions in top quark production and decay. The analysis uses data from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, collected with the CMS detector at the LHC with an integrated luminosity of 138  fb^{-1}. Candidate events are selected by requiring two oppositely charged leptons (electrons or muons) and exactly one jet identified as originating from a bottom quark. Multivariate discriminants are used to separate the signal from the background. No significant deviation from the standard model prediction is observed. Upper limits are placed on the strength of baryon number violating couplings. For the first time the production of single top quarks via baryon number violating interactions is studied. This allows the search to set the most stringent constraints to date on the branching fraction of the top quark decay to a lepton, an up-type quark (u or c), and a down-type quark (d, s, or b). The results improve the previous bounds by 3 to 6 orders of magnitude based on the fermion flavor combination of the baryon number violating interactions.

  • Journal article
    Aaij R, Abdelmotteleb ASW, Abellan Beteta C, Abudinén F, Ackernley T, Adeva B, Adinolfi M, Adlarson P, Agapopoulou C, Aidala CA, Ajaltouni Z, Akar S, Akiba K, Albicocco P, Albrecht J, Alessio F, Alexander M, Alfonso Albero A, Aliouche Z, Alvarez Cartelle P, Amalric R, Amato S, Amey JL, Amhis Y, An L, Anderlini L, Andersson M, Andreianov A, Andreola P, Andreotti M, Andreou D, Anelli AA, Ao D, Archilli F, Argenton M, Arguedas Cuendis S, Artamonov A, Artuso M, Aslanides E, Atzeni M, Audurier B, Bacher D, Bachiller Perea I, Bachmann S, Bachmayer M, Back JJ, Bailly-Reyre A, Baladron Rodriguez P, Balagura V, Baldini W, Baptista de Souza Leite J, Barbetti M, Barbosa IR, Barlow RJ, Barsuk S, Barter W, Bartolini M, Baryshnikov F, Basels JM, Bassi G, Batsukh B, Battig A, Bay A, Beck A, Becker M, Bedeschi F, Bediaga IB, Beiter A, Belin S, Bellee V, Belous K, Belov I, Belyaev I, Benane G, Bencivenni G, Ben-Haim E, Berezhnoy A, Bernet R, Bernet Andres S, Bernstein HC, Bertella C, Bertolin A, Betancourt C, Betti F, Bex J, Bezshyiko I, Bhom J, Bieker MS, Biesuz NV, Billoir P, Biolchini A, Birch M, Bishop FCR, Bitadze A, Bizzeti A, Blago MP, Blake T, Blanc F, Blank JE, Blusk S, Bobulska D, Bocharnikov V, Boelhauve JA, Boente Garcia O, Boettcher T, Bohare A, Boldyrev A, Bolognani CS, Bolzonella R, Bondar N, Borgato F, Borghi S, Borsato M, Borsuk JT, Bouchiba SA, Bowcock TJV, Boyer A, Bozzi C, Bradley MJ, Braun S, Brea Rodriguez A, Breer N, Brodzicka J, Brossa Gonzalo A, Brown J, Brundu D, Buonaura A, Buonincontri L, Burke AT, Burr C, Bursche A, Butkevich A, Butter JS, Buytaert J, Byczynski W, Cadeddu S, Cai H, Calabrese R, Calefice L, Cali S, Calvi M, Calvo Gomez M, Cambon Bouzas J, Campana P, Campora Perez DH, Campoverde Quezada AF, Capelli S, Capriotti L, Caravaca-Mora RC, Carbone A, Carcedo Salgado L, Cardinale R, Cardini A, Carniti P, Carus L, Casais Vidal A, Caspary R, Casse G, Castro Godinez J, Cattaneo M, Cavallero G, Cavallini V, Celani S, Cerasoli J, Cervenkov D, Cesare Set al., 2024,

    Modification of χ_{c1}(3872) and ψ(2S) Production in pPb Collisions at sqrt[s_{NN}]=8.16  TeV.

    , Phys Rev Lett, Vol: 132

    The LHCb Collaboration measures production of the exotic hadron χ_{c1}(3872) in proton-nucleus collisions for the first time. Comparison with the charmonium state ψ(2S) suggests that the exotic χ_{c1}(3872) experiences different dynamics in the nuclear medium than conventional hadrons, and comparison with data from proton-proton collisions indicates that the presence of the nucleus may modify χ_{c1}(3872) production rates. This is the first measurement of the nuclear modification factor of an exotic hadron.

  • Journal article
    Ahmed A, Das K, Das I, 2024,

    Large magnetocaloric effect and giant magnetoresistance in rare earth based intermetallic compound ErAl3: construction of magnetic phase diagram.

    , J Phys Condens Matter, Vol: 36

    This study explores the magnetic and magnetotransport behavior of polycrystalline ErAl3compound. The polycrystalline compound adopts HoAl3-type structures with the R-3m space group, No. 166-2 and hR60 configurations. Multiple magnetic orderings and two field-induced metamagnetic transitions are observed. ErAl3exhibits a significant magnetocaloric effect (MCE),-ΔSM= 15.25 J kg-1K-1and high relative cooling power of 383 J kg-1with applied magnetic field change (ΔH) of 70 kOe near the paramagnetic to ferromagnetic transition, showcasing its potential for magnetic refrigeration technology. The compound also demonstrates metallic behavior, with a notable magnetoresistance of 48.5%at 2 K due to the suppression of antiferromagnetism. The magnetic phase diagram reveals four distinct phases influenced by temperature and magnetic field, identified through the study of the MCE.

  • Journal article
    Mandal AK, Sarkar S, Chandra M, Mandal S, Chowdhury S, Jana A, Bagri A, Bera AK, Kumar D, Das I, Rajhunathan R, Phase DM, Choudhary RJet al., 2024,

    Navigating the magnetic contribution of the commonly used single-crystal substrates SrTiO<inf>3</inf> (100) and LaAlO<inf>3</inf> (100) in weak magnetic thin films

    , Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol: 57, ISSN: 0022-3727

    In recent years, thin films of weak ferromagnetic materials have been in huge demand; however, probing their magnetic characteristics has been difficult due to contributions from underlying substrates. In the present study, we have analyzed the magnetic properties of the commonly used single-crystal SrTiO3 (100) and LaAlO3 (100) substrates and performed a time-dependent annealing protocol in vacuum and ambient oxygen pressure to mitigate the intrinsic weak ferromagnetic contributions from these substrates arising due to the presence of disorder or defects such as vacancies in the pristine substrates. It is shown that after proper air annealing, the substrate magnetic background becomes diamagnetic. When such air-annealed diamagnetic substrates are used for the deposition of low-thickness films carrying low magnetic moments such as SrRuO3 and SrMnO3 thin films, their magnetic transitions are explicitly observed. The proposed annealing protocols help to improve the signal from weak magnetic samples. This allows us to analyze the film’s magnetic properties without worrying about the contribution from the substrate.

  • Journal article
    Aaij R, Abdelmotteleb ASW, Beteta CA, Abudinén F, Ackernley T, Adeva B, Adinolfi M, Adlarson P, Agapopoulou C, Aidala CA, Ajaltouni Z, Akar S, Akiba K, Albicocco P, Albrecht J, Alessio F, Alexander M, Alfonso Albero A, Aliouche Z, Alvarez Cartelle P, Amalric R, Amato S, Amey JL, Amhis Y, An L, Anderlini L, Andersson M, Andreianov A, Andreola P, Andreotti M, Andreou D, Anelli A, Ao D, Archilli F, Argenton M, Arguedas Cuendis S, Artamonov A, Artuso M, Aslanides E, Atzeni M, Audurier B, Bacher D, Bachiller Perea I, Bachmann S, Bachmayer M, Back JJ, Baladron Rodriguez P, Balagura V, Baldini W, Baptista de Souza Leite J, Barbetti M, Barbosa IR, Barlow RJ, Barsuk S, Barter W, Bartolini M, Bartz J, Baryshnikov F, Basels JM, Bassi G, Batsukh B, Battig A, Bay A, Beck A, Becker M, Bedeschi F, Bediaga IB, Beiter A, Belin S, Bellee V, Belous K, Belov I, Belyaev I, Benane G, Bencivenni G, Ben-Haim E, Berezhnoy A, Bernet R, Bernet Andres S, Bernstein HC, Bertella C, Bertolin A, Betancourt C, Betti F, Bex J, Bezshyiko I, Bhom J, Bieker MS, Biesuz NV, Billoir P, Biolchini A, Birch M, Bishop FCR, Bitadze A, Bizzeti A, Blago MP, Blake T, Blanc F, Blank JE, Blusk S, Bobulska D, Bocharnikov V, Boelhauve JA, Boente Garcia O, Boettcher T, Bohare A, Boldyrev A, Bolognani CS, Bolzonella R, Bondar N, Borgato F, Borghi S, Borsato M, Borsuk JT, Bouchiba SA, Bowcock TJV, Boyer A, Bozzi C, Bradley MJ, Braun S, Brea Rodriguez A, Breer N, Brodzicka J, Brossa Gonzalo A, Brown J, Brundu D, Buonaura A, Buonincontri L, Burke AT, Burr C, Bursche A, Butkevich A, Butter JS, Buytaert J, Byczynski W, Cadeddu S, Cai H, Calabrese R, Calefice L, Cali S, Calvi M, Calvo Gomez M, Cambon Bouzas J, Campana P, Campora Perez DH, Campoverde Quezada AF, Capelli S, Capriotti L, Caravaca-Mora R, Carbone A, Carcedo Salgado L, Cardinale R, Cardini A, Carniti P, Carus L, Casais Vidal A, Caspary R, Casse G, Castro Godinez J, Cattaneo M, Cavallero G, Cavallini V, Celani S, Cerasoli J, Cervenkov D, Cesare S, Chadwick AJ, Chaet al., 2024,

    Observation of $${{\varLambda } ^0_{b}} \!\rightarrow {{\varLambda } ^+_{c}} {\hspace{1.79993pt}\overline{\hspace{-1.79993pt}D}} {}^{(*)0}{{K} ^-} $$ and $${{\varLambda } ^0_{b}} \!\rightarrow {{\varLambda } ^+_{c}} {{D} ^{*-}_{s}} $$ decays

    , The European Physical Journal C, Vol: 84

    <jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>The decays <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$${{\varLambda } ^0_{b}} \!\rightarrow {{\varLambda } ^+_{c}} {\hspace{1.79993pt}\overline{\hspace{-1.79993pt}D}} {}^{(*)0}{{K} ^-} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mrow> <mml:msubsup> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>Λ</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> <mml:mi>b</mml:mi> <mml:mn>0</mml:mn> </mml:msubsup> <mml:mspace/> <mml:mo>→</mml:mo> <mml:msubsup> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>Λ</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> <mml:mi>c</mml:mi> <mml:mo>+</mml:mo> </mml:msubsup> <mml:mrow> <mml:mspace/> <mml:mover> <mml:mrow> <mml:mspace/> <mml:mi>D</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> <mml:mo>¯</mml:mo> </mml:mover> </mml:mrow> <mml:msup> <mml:mrow/> <mml:mrow> <mml:mo>(</mml:mo> <mml:mrow/> <mml:mo>∗</mml:mo> <mml:mo>)</mml:mo> <mml:mn>0</mml:mn> </mml:mrow>

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim Let al., 2024,

    Combined search for electroweak production of winos, binos, higgsinos, and sleptons in proton-proton collisions at Formula Presented

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    A combination of the results of several searches for the electroweak production of the supersymmetric partners of standard model bosons, and of charged leptons, is presented. All searches use proton-proton collision data at Formula Presented recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC in 2016-2018. The analyzed data correspond to an integrated luminosity of up to Formula Presented. The results are interpreted in terms of simplified models of supersymmetry. Two new interpretations are added with this combination: a model spectrum with the bino as the lightest supersymmetric particle together with mass-degenerate Higgsinos decaying to the bino and a standard model boson, and the compressed-spectrum region of a previously studied model of slepton pair production. Improved analysis techniques are employed to optimize sensitivity for the compressed spectra in the wino and slepton pair production models. The results are consistent with expectations from the standard model. The combination provides a more comprehensive coverage of the model parameter space than the individual searches, extending the exclusion by up to 125 GeV, and also targets some of the intermediate gaps in the mass coverage.

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Li A, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, D'Hondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim Let al., 2024,

    Search for the lepton flavor violating τ → 3μ decay in proton-proton collisions at s=13TeV

    , Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, Vol: 853, ISSN: 0370-2693

    A search for the lepton flavor violating τ→3μ decay is performed using proton-proton collision events at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2017–2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 97.7 fb−1. Tau leptons produced in both heavy-flavor hadron and W boson decays are exploited in the analysis. No evidence for the decay is observed. The results of this search are combined with an earlier null result based on data collected in 2016 to obtain a total integrated luminosity of 131 fb−1. The observed (expected) upper limits on the branching fraction B(τ→3μ) at confidence levels of 90 and 95% are 2.9×10−8 (2.4×10−8) and 3.6×10−8 (3.0×10−8), respectively.

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Li A, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Onsem GP, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, Das AK, De Lentdecker G, Evard H, Favart L, Gianneios P, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Khan FA, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Mota Amarilo K, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, van der Linden J, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bethani A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Gomes De Souza R, Martins Jet al., 2024,

    Search for long-lived particles using displaced vertices and missing transverse momentum in proton-proton collisions at Formula Presented

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    A search for the production of long-lived particles in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV at the CERN LHC is presented. The search is based on data collected by the CMS experiment in 2016-2018, corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of Formula Presented. This search is designed to be sensitive to long-lived particles with mean proper decay lengths between 0.1 and 1000 mm, whose decay products produce a final state with at least one displaced vertex and missing transverse momentum. A machine learning algorithm, which improves the background rejection power by more than an order of magnitude, is applied to improve the sensitivity. The observation is consistent with the standard model background prediction, and the results are used to constrain split supersymmetry (SUSY) and gauge-mediated SUSY breaking models with different gluino mean proper decay lengths and masses. This search is the first CMS search that shows sensitivity to hadronically decaying long-lived particles from signals with mass differences between the gluino and neutralino below 100 GeV. It sets the most stringent limits to date for split-SUSY models and gauge-mediated SUSY breaking models with gluino proper decay length less than 6 mm.

  • Journal article
    Abend S, Allard B, Alonso I, Antoniadis J, Araujo H, Arduini G, Arnold AS, Asano T, Augst N, Badurina L, Balaz A, Banks H, Barone M, Barsanti M, Bassi A, Battelier B, Baynham CFA, Beaufils Q, Belic A, Beniwal A, Bernabeu J, Bertinelli F, Bertoldi A, Biswas IA, Blas D, Boegel P, Bogojevic A, Bohm J, Bohringer S, Bongs K, Bouyer P, Brand C, Brimis A, Buchmueller O, Cacciapuoti L, Calatroni S, Canuel B, Caprini C, Caramete A, Caramete L, Carlesso M, Carlton J, Casariego M, Charmandaris V, Chen YA, Chiofalo ML, Cimbri A, Coleman J, Constantin FL, Contaldi CR, Cui Y, Ros ED, Davies G, Rosendo EDP, Deppner C, Derevianko A, de Rham C, De Roeck A, Derr D, Pumpo FD, Djordjevic GS, Dobrich B, Domokos P, Dornan P, Doser M, Drougakis G, Dunningham J, Duspayev A, Easo S, Eby J, Efremov M, Ekelof T, Elertas G, Ellis J, Evans D, Fadeev P, Fanì M, Fassi F, Fattori M, Fayet P, Felea D, Feng J, Friedrich A, Fuchs E, Gaaloul N, Gao D, Gardner S, Garraway B, Gauguet A, Gerlach S, Gersemann M, Gibson V, Giese E, Giudice GF, Glasbrenner EP, Gundo M, Haehnelt M, Hakulinen T, Hammerer K, Hanımeli ETet al., 2024,

    Terrestrial very-long-baseline atom interferometry: Workshop summary

    , AVS Quantum Science, Vol: 6

    This document presents a summary of the 2023 Terrestrial Very-Long-Baseline Atom Interferometry Workshop hosted by CERN. The workshop brought together experts from around the world to discuss the exciting developments in large-scale atom interferometer (AI) prototypes and their potential for detecting ultralight dark matter and gravitational waves. The primary objective of the workshop was to lay the groundwork for an international TVLBAI proto-collaboration. This collaboration aims to unite researchers from different institutions to strategize and secure funding for terrestrial large-scale AI projects. The ultimate goal is to create a roadmap detailing the design and technology choices for one or more kilometer–scale detectors, which will be operational in the mid-2030s. The key sections of this report present the physics case and technical challenges, together with a comprehensive overview of the discussions at the workshop together with the main conclusions.

  • Journal article
    Marshall AML, McCann MA, Patel M, Petridis KA, Reboud M, Van Dyk Det al., 2024,

    Maximizing the physics potential of B± →π±μ+μ- decays

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    We present a method that maximizes the experimental sensitivity to new physics contributions in B±→π±μ+μ- decays. This method relies on performing an unbinned maximum likelihood fit to both the measured dimuon q2 distribution of B±→π±μ+μ- decays, and theory calculations at spacelike q2, where QCD predictions are most reliable. Using known properties of the decay amplitude we employ a dispersion relation to describe the nonlocal hadronic contributions across spacelike and timelike q2 regions. The fit stability and the sensitivity to new physics couplings and new sources of CP-violation are studied for current and future data-taking scenarios, with the LHCb experiment as an example. The proposed method offers a precise and reliable way to search for new physics in these decays.

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Li A, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Breugelmans N, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, Heyen F, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Onsem GP, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, Das AK, De Lentdecker G, Evard H, Favart L, Gianneios P, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Khan FA, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Shahzad MA, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Gokbulut G, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Marckx D, Mestdach G, Mota Amarilo K, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, van der Linden J, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bethani A, Bruno G, Caputo C, De Favereau De Jeneret J, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Guzel AO, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Coelho E, Correia Silva G, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Vilela Pereira A, Aldá Júnior WL, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho Wet al., 2024,

    Observation of the Formula Presented decay in proton-proton collisions at Formula Presented

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    The Formula Presented decay has been observed with a statistical significance in excess of five standard deviations. The analysis is based on an event sample of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, collected by the CMS experiment in 2018 and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of Formula Presented. Normalizing to the Formula Presented decay mode leads to a branching fraction of Formula Presented, a value that is consistent with the standard model prediction.

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Li A, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Onsem GP, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, Das AK, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Gianneios P, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Mota Amarilo K, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, van der Linden J, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bethani A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GGet al., 2024,

    Nonresonant central exclusive production of charged-hadron pairs in proton-proton collisions at Formula Presented

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    The central exclusive production of charged-hadron pairs in Formula Presented collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV is examined, based on data collected in a special high-Formula Presented run of the LHC. The nonresonant continuum processes are studied with the invariant mass of the centrally produced two-pion system in the resonance-free region, Formula Presented or Formula Presented. Differential cross sections as functions of the azimuthal angle between the surviving protons, squared exchanged four-momenta, and Formula Presented are measured in a wide region of scattered proton transverse momenta, between 0.2 and 0.8 GeV, and for pion rapidities Formula Presented. A rich structure of interactions related to double-pomeron exchange is observed. A parabolic minimum in the distribution of the two-proton azimuthal angle is observed for the first time. It can be interpreted as an effect of additional pomeron exchanges between the protons from the interference between the bare and the rescattered amplitudes. After model tuning, various physical quantities are determined that are related to the pomeron cross section, proton-pomeron and meson-pomeron form factors, pomeron trajectory and intercept, and coefficients of diffractive eigenstates of the proton.

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Li A, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, van der Linden J, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bethani A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Gomes De Souza R, Martins Jet al., 2024,

    Search for pair production of scalar and vector leptoquarks decaying to muons and bottom quarks in proton-proton collisions at Formula Presented

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    A search for pair production of scalar and vector leptoquarks (LQs) each decaying to a muon and a bottom quark is performed using proton-proton collision data collected at Formula Presented with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of Formula Presented. No excess above standard model expectation is observed. Scalar (vector) LQs with masses less than 1810 (2120) GeV are excluded at 95% confidence level, assuming a 100% branching fraction of the LQ decaying to a muon and a bottom quark. These limits represent the most stringent to date.

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Del Valle AE, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schofbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Morton A, Muller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Petre L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendon C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Vermassen B, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Alda Junior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fronseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo Ket al., 2024,

    Search for stealth supersymmetry in final states with two photons, jets, and low missing transverse momentum in proton-proton collisions at Formula Presented

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    The results of a search for stealth supersymmetry in final states with two photons and jets, targeting a phase space region with low missing transverse momentum (Formula Presented), are reported. The study is based on a sample of proton-proton collisions at Formula Presented collected by the CMS experiment, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of Formula Presented. As LHC results continue to constrain the parameter space of the minimal supersymmetric standard model, the low Formula Presented regime is increasingly valuable to explore. To estimate the backgrounds due to standard model processes in such events, we apply corrections derived from simulation to an estimate based on a control selection in data. The results are interpreted in the context of simplified stealth supersymmetry models with gluino and squark pair production. The observed data are consistent with the standard model predictions, and gluino (squark) masses of up to 2150 (1850) GeV are excluded at the 95% confidence level.

  • Journal article
    Aalbers J, Akerib DS, Al Musalhi AK, Alder F, Amarasinghe CS, Ames A, Anderson TJ, Angelides N, Araújo HM, Armstrong JE, Arthurs M, Baker A, Balashov S, Bang J, Barillier EE, Bargemann JW, Baxter A, Beattie K, Benson T, Bhatti A, Biekert A, Biesiadzinski TP, Birch HJ, Bishop EJ, Blockinger GM, Boxer B, Brew CAJ, Brás P, Burdin S, Buuck M, Carmona-Benitez MC, Carter M, Chawla A, Chen H, Cherwinka JJ, Chin YT, Chott NI, Converse MV, Cottle A, Cox G, Curran D, Dahl CE, David A, Delgaudio J, Dey S, De Viveiros L, Di Felice L, Ding C, Dobson JEY, Druszkiewicz E, Eriksen SR, Fan A, Fearon NM, Fiorucci S, Flaecher H, Fraser ED, Fruth TMA, Gaitskell RJ, Geffre A, Genovesi J, Ghag C, Gibbons R, Gokhale S, Green J, Van Der Grinten MGD, Haiston JH, Hall CR, Han S, Hartigan-O'Connor E, Haselschwardt SJ, Hernandez MA, Hertel SA, Heuermann G, Homenides GJ, Horn M, Huang DQ, Hunt D, Ignarra CM, Jacquet E, James RS, Johnson J, Kaboth AC, Kamaha AC, Kannichankandy M, Khaitan D, Khazov A, Khurana I, Kim J, Kingston J, Kirk R, Kodroff D, Korley L, Korolkova EV, Kraus H, Kravitz S, Kreczko L, Krikler B, Kudryavtsev VA, Lee J, Leonard DSet al., 2024,

    New constraints on ultraheavy dark matter from the LZ experiment

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    Searches for dark matter with liquid xenon time projection chamber experiments have traditionally focused on the region of the parameter space that is characteristic of weakly interacting massive particles, ranging from a few GeV/c2 to a few TeV/c2. Models of dark matter with a mass much heavier than this are well motivated by early production mechanisms different from the standard thermal freeze-out, but they have generally been less explored experimentally. In this work, we present a reanalysis of the first science run of the LZ experiment, with an exposure of 0.9 tonne×yr, to search for ultraheavy particle dark matter. The signal topology consists of multiple energy deposits in the active region of the detector forming a straight line, from which the velocity of the incoming particle can be reconstructed on an event-by-event basis. Zero events with this topology were observed after applying the data selection calibrated on a simulated sample of signal-like events. New experimental constraints are derived, which rule out previously unexplored regions of the dark matter parameter space of spin-independent interactions beyond a mass of 1017 GeV/c2.

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, D'Hondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim L, Nogima H, Santoro A, Silva Do Amaral SM, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Fernandez Perez Tomei TR, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Ivanov T, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Guo Q, Javaid T, Mittal M, Yuan L, Bauer G, Hu Z, Liu J, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Monti F, Shahzad MA, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang C, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhang H, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Yang H, Zhang L, Zhou C, You Z, Lu N, Gao X, Leggat D, Okawa H, Zhanget al., 2024,

    Evidence for tWZ production in proton-proton collisions at <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" altimg="si1.svg"><mml:msqrt><mml:mrow><mml:mi>s</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:msqrt><mml:mo linebreak="goodbreak" linebreakstyle="after">=</mml:mo><mml:mn>13</mml:mn></mml:math> TeV in multilepton final states

    , Physics Letters B, Pages: 138815-138815, ISSN: 0370-2693
  • Journal article
    Brown C, Spannowsky M, Tapper A, Williams S, Xiotidis Iet al., 2024,

    Quantum pathways for charged track finding in high-energy collisions

    , Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence, Vol: 7, ISSN: 2624-8212

    In high-energy particle collisions, charged track finding is a complex yet crucial endeavor. We propose a quantum algorithm, specifically quantum template matching, to enhance the accuracy and efficiency of track finding. Abstracting the Quantum Amplitude Amplification routine by introducing a data register, and utilizing a novel oracle construction, allows data to be parsed to the circuit and matched with a hit-pattern template, without prior knowledge of the input data. Furthermore, we address the challenges posed by missing hit data, demonstrating the ability of the quantum template matching algorithm to successfully identify charged-particle tracks from hit patterns with missing hits. Our findings therefore propose quantum methodologies tailored for real-world applications and underline the potential of quantum computing in collider physics.

  • Journal article
    Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Lechner L, Liko D, Mikulec I, Paulitsch P, Pitters FM, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Kello T, Rejeb Sfar H, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Moortgat S, Morton A, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Van Doninck W, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Makarenko I, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, Dobur D, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Tytgat M, Van Den Bossche N, Vermassen B, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Bury F, Caputo C, David P, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Mondal K, Taliercio A, Tran TT, Vischia P, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Dos Santos Sousa V, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim L, Nogima H, Santoro A, Silva Do Amaral SM, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Fernandez Perez Tomei TR, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Rodozov M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Ivanov T, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Thakur S, Cheng T, Javaid T, Mittal M, Yuan L, Ahmad M, Bauer G, Hu Z, Lezki S, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Milosevic V, Monti F, Sharma R, Tao J, Thomas-Wilsker J, Wang J, Zhang H, Zhao J, Agapitos A, An Y, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Lyu X, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Xiao J, Yaet al., 2024,

    Search for a new resonance decaying into two spin-0 bosons in a final state with two photons and two bottom quarks in proton-proton collisions at $$ \sqrt{s} $$ = 13 TeV

    , Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol: 2024

    <jats:title>A<jats:sc>bstract</jats:sc> </jats:title><jats:p>A search for a new boson X is presented using CERN LHC proton-proton collision data collected by the CMS experiment at <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ \sqrt{s} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msqrt> <mml:mi>s</mml:mi> </mml:msqrt> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> = 13 TeV in 2016–2018, and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb<jats:sup><jats:italic>−</jats:italic>1</jats:sup>. The resonance X decays into either a pair of Higgs bosons HH of mass 125 GeV or an H and a new spin-0 boson Y. One H subsequently decays to a pair of photons, and the second H or Y, to a pair of bottom quarks. The explored mass ranges of X are 260–1000 GeV and 300–1000 GeV, for decays to HH and to HY, respectively, with the Y mass range being 90–800 GeV. For a spin-0 X hypothesis, the 95% confidence level upper limit on the product of its production cross section and decay branching fraction is observed to be within 0.90–0.04 fb, depending on the masses of X and Y. The largest deviation from the background-only hypothesis with a local (global) significance of 3.8 (below 2.8) standard deviations is observed for X and Y masses of 650 and 90 GeV, respectively. The limits are interpreted using several models of new physics.</jats:p>

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim L, Nogima H, Santoro A, Silva Do Amaral SM, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Fernandez Perez Tomei TR, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Ivanov T, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Guo Q, Javaid T, Mittal M, Yuan L, Bauer G, Hu Z, Liu J, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Monti F, Shahzad MA, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang C, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhang H, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Yang H, Zhang L, Zhou C, You Z, Lu N, Gao X, Leggat D, Okawa H, Zhanget al., 2024,

    Search for a third-generation leptoquark coupled to a τ lepton and a b quark through single, pair, and nonresonant production in proton-proton collisions at $$ \sqrt{s} $$ = 13 TeV

    , Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol: 2024

    <jats:title>A<jats:sc>bstract</jats:sc> </jats:title><jats:p>A search is presented for a third-generation leptoquark (LQ) coupled exclusively to a τ lepton and a b quark. The search is based on proton-proton collision data at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV recorded with the CMS detector, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb<jats:sup><jats:italic>−</jats:italic>1</jats:sup>. Events with τ leptons and a varying number of jets originating from b quarks are considered, targeting the single and pair production of LQs, as well as nonresonant <jats:italic>t</jats:italic>-channel LQ exchange. An excess is observed in the data with respect to the background expectation in the combined analysis of all search regions. For a benchmark LQ mass of 2 TeV and an LQ-b-τ coupling strength of 2.5, the excess reaches a local significance of up to 2.8 standard deviations. Upper limits at the 95% confidence level are placed on the LQ production cross section in the LQ mass range 0.5–2.3 TeV, and up to 3 TeV for <jats:italic>t</jats:italic>-channel LQ exchange. Leptoquarks are excluded below masses of 1.22–1.88 TeV for different LQ models and varying coupling strengths up to 2.5. The study of nonresonant ττ production through <jats:italic>t</jats:italic>-channel LQ exchange allows lower limits on the LQ mass of up to 2.3 TeV to be obtained.</jats:p>

  • Journal article
    Armano M, Audley H, Baird J, Bassan M, Binetruy P, Born M, Bortoluzzi D, Castelli E, Cavalleri A, Cesarini A, Chiavegato V, Cruise AM, Dal Bosco D, Danzmann K, De Deus Silva M, De Rosa R, Di Fiore L, Diepholz I, Dixon G, Dolesi R, Ferraioli L, Ferroni V, Fitzsimons ED, Freschi M, Gesa L, Giardini D, Gibert F, Giusteri R, Grado A, Grimani C, Grzymisch J, Harrison I, Hartig MS, Heinzel G, Hewitson M, Hollington D, Hoyland D, Hueller M, Inchauspé H, Jennrich O, Jetzer P, Johlander B, Karnesis N, Kaune B, Korsakova N, Killow CJ, Liu L, Lobo JA, López-Zaragoza JP, Maarschalkerweerd R, Mance D, Martín V, Martin-Polo L, Martin-Porqueras F, Martino J, McNamara PW, Mendes J, Mendes L, Meshksar N, Moerschell J, Nofrarias M, Paczkowski S, Perreur-Lloyd M, Petiteau A, Plagnol E, Praplan C, Ramos-Castro J, Reiche J, Rivas F, Robertson DI, Russano G, Sala L, Sarra P, Schule-Walewski SL, Slutsky J, Sopuerta CF, Stanga R, Sumner T, Ten Pierick J, Texier D, Thorpe JI, Vetrugno D, Vitale S, Wanner G, Ward H, Wass PJ, Weber WJ, Wissel L, Wittchen A, Zanoni C, Zweifel Pet al., 2024,

    Nano-Newton electrostatic force actuators for femto-Newton-sensitive measurements: System performance test in the LISA Pathfinder mission

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    Electrostatic force actuation is a key component of the system of geodesic reference test masses (TM) for the LISA orbiting gravitational wave observatory and in particular for performance at low frequencies, below 1 mHz, where the observatory sensitivity is limited by stray force noise. The system needs to apply forces of order 10-9 N while limiting fluctuations in the measurement band to levels approaching 10-15 N/Hz1/2. We present here the LISA actuation system design, based on audio-frequency voltage carrier signals, and results of its in-flight performance test with the LISA Pathfinder test mission. In LISA, TM force actuation is used to align the otherwise free-falling TM to the spacecraft-mounted optical metrology system, without any forcing along the critical gravitational wave-sensitive interferometry axes. In LISA Pathfinder, on the other hand, the actuation was used also to stabilize the TM along the critical x axis joining the two TM, with the commanded actuation force entering directly into the mission's main differential acceleration science observable. The mission allowed demonstration of the full compatibility of the electrostatic actuation system with the LISA observatory requirements, including dedicated measurement campaigns to amplify, isolate, and quantify the two main force noise contributions from the actuation system, from actuator gain noise and from low frequency "in band"voltage fluctuations. These campaigns have shown actuation force noise to be a relevant, but not dominant, noise source in LISA Pathfinder and have allowed performance projections for the conditions expected in the LISA mission.

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