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  • Journal article
    Abend S, Allard B, Alonso I, Antoniadis J, Araujo H, Arduini G, Arnold AS, Asano T, Augst N, Badurina L, Balaz A, Banks H, Barone M, Barsanti M, Bassi A, Battelier B, Baynham CFA, Beaufils Q, Belic A, Beniwal A, Bernabeu J, Bertinelli F, Bertoldi A, Biswas IA, Blas D, Boegel P, Bogojevic A, Bohm J, Bohringer S, Bongs K, Bouyer P, Brand C, Brimis A, Buchmueller O, Cacciapuoti L, Calatroni S, Canuel B, Caprini C, Caramete A, Caramete L, Carlesso M, Carlton J, Casariego M, Charmandaris V, Chen YA, Chiofalo ML, Cimbri A, Coleman J, Constantin FL, Contaldi CR, Cui Y, Ros ED, Davies G, Rosendo EDP, Deppner C, Derevianko A, de Rham C, De Roeck A, Derr D, Pumpo FD, Djordjevic GS, Dobrich B, Domokos P, Dornan P, Doser M, Drougakis G, Dunningham J, Duspayev A, Easo S, Eby J, Efremov M, Ekelof T, Elertas G, Ellis J, Evans D, Fadeev P, Fanì M, Fassi F, Fattori M, Fayet P, Felea D, Feng J, Friedrich A, Fuchs E, Gaaloul N, Gao D, Gardner S, Garraway B, Gauguet A, Gerlach S, Gersemann M, Gibson V, Giese E, Giudice GF, Glasbrenner EP, Gundo M, Haehnelt M, Hakulinen T, Hammerer K, Hanımeli ETet al., 2024,

    Terrestrial very-long-baseline atom interferometry: Workshop summary

    , AVS Quantum Science, Vol: 6

    This document presents a summary of the 2023 Terrestrial Very-Long-Baseline Atom Interferometry Workshop hosted by CERN. The workshop brought together experts from around the world to discuss the exciting developments in large-scale atom interferometer (AI) prototypes and their potential for detecting ultralight dark matter and gravitational waves. The primary objective of the workshop was to lay the groundwork for an international TVLBAI proto-collaboration. This collaboration aims to unite researchers from different institutions to strategize and secure funding for terrestrial large-scale AI projects. The ultimate goal is to create a roadmap detailing the design and technology choices for one or more kilometer–scale detectors, which will be operational in the mid-2030s. The key sections of this report present the physics case and technical challenges, together with a comprehensive overview of the discussions at the workshop together with the main conclusions.

  • Journal article
    Aalbers J, Akerib DS, Al Musalhi AK, Alder F, Amarasinghe CS, Ames A, Anderson TJ, Angelides N, Araújo HM, Armstrong JE, Arthurs M, Baker A, Balashov S, Bang J, Barillier EE, Bargemann JW, Baxter A, Beattie K, Benson T, Bhatti A, Biekert A, Biesiadzinski TP, Birch HJ, Bishop EJ, Blockinger GM, Boxer B, Brew CAJ, Brás P, Burdin S, Buuck M, Carmona-Benitez MC, Carter M, Chawla A, Chen H, Cherwinka JJ, Chin YT, Chott NI, Converse MV, Cottle A, Cox G, Curran D, Dahl CE, David A, Delgaudio J, Dey S, de Viveiros L, Di Felice L, Ding C, Dobson JEY, Druszkiewicz E, Eriksen SR, Fan A, Fearon NM, Fiorucci S, Flaecher H, Fraser ED, Fruth TMA, Gaitskell RJ, Geffre A, Genovesi J, Ghag C, Gibbons R, Gokhale S, Green J, van der Grinten MGD, Haiston JH, Hall CR, Han S, Hartigan-OConnor E, Haselschwardt SJ, Hernandez MA, Hertel SA, Heuermann G, Homenides GJ, Horn M, Huang DQ, Hunt D, Ignarra CM, Jacquet E, James RS, Johnson J, Kaboth AC, Kamaha AC, Kannichankandy M, Khaitan D, Khazov A, Khurana I, Kim J, Kingston J, Kirk R, Kodroff D, Korley L, Korolkova EV, Kraus H, Kravitz S, Kreczko L, Krikler B, Kudryavtsev VA, Lee J, Leonard DS, Lesko KT, Levy C, Lin J, Lindote A, Linehan R, Lippincott WH, Lopes MI, Lopez Asamar E, Lorenzon W, Lu C, Luitz S, Majewski PA, Manalaysay A, Mannino RL, Maupin C, McCarthy ME, McDowell G, McKinsey DN, McLaughlin J, McLaughlin JB, McMonigle R, Miller EH, Mizrachi E, Monte A, Monzani ME, Morales Mendoza JD, Morrison E, Mount BJ, Murdy M, Murphy ASJ, Naylor A, Nedlik C, Nelson HN, Neves F, Nguyen A, Nikoleyczik JA, Olcina I, Oliver-Mallory KC, Orpwood J, Palladino KJ, Palmer J, Pannifer NJ, Parveen N, Patton SJ, Penning B, Pereira G, Perry E, Pershing T, Piepke A, Qie Y, Reichenbacher J, Rhyne CA, Riffard Q, Rischbieter GRC, Riyat HS, Rosero R, Rushton T, Rynders D, Santone D, Sazzad ABMR, Schnee RW, Shaw S, Shutt T, Silk JJ, Silva C, Sinev G, Siniscalco J, Smith R, Solovov VN, Sorensen P, Soria J, Stancu I, Stevens A, Stifter K, Suerfu B, Sumner TJ, Szyet al., 2024,

    New constraints on ultraheavy dark matter from the LZ experiment

    , Physical Review D: Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, Vol: 109, ISSN: 1550-2368

    Searches for dark matter with liquid xenon time projection chamber experiments have traditionally focused on the region of the parameter space that is characteristic of weakly interacting massive particles, ranging from a few GeV/𝑐2 to a few TeV/𝑐2. Models of dark matter with a mass much heavier than this are well motivated by early production mechanisms different from the standard thermal freeze-out, but they have generally been less explored experimentally. In this work, we present a reanalysis of the first science run of the LZ experiment, with an exposure of 0.9  tonne×yr, to search for ultraheavy particle dark matter. The signal topology consists of multiple energy deposits in the active region of the detector forming a straight line, from which the velocity of the incoming particle can be reconstructed on an event-by-event basis. Zero events with this topology were observed after applying the data selection calibrated on a simulated sample of signal-like events. New experimental constraints are derived, which rule out previously unexplored regions of the dark matter parameter space of spin-independent interactions beyond a mass of 1017  GeV/𝑐2.

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Li A, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, D'Hondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim Let al., 2024,

    Search for the lepton flavor violating τ → 3μ decay in proton-proton collisions at s=13TeV

    , Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, Vol: 853, ISSN: 0370-2693

    A search for the lepton flavor violating τ→3μ decay is performed using proton-proton collision events at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2017–2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 97.7 fb−1. Tau leptons produced in both heavy-flavor hadron and W boson decays are exploited in the analysis. No evidence for the decay is observed. The results of this search are combined with an earlier null result based on data collected in 2016 to obtain a total integrated luminosity of 131 fb−1. The observed (expected) upper limits on the branching fraction B(τ→3μ) at confidence levels of 90 and 95% are 2.9×10−8 (2.4×10−8) and 3.6×10−8 (3.0×10−8), respectively.

  • Journal article
    Brown C, Spannowsky M, Tapper A, Williams S, Xiotidis Iet al., 2024,

    Quantum pathways for charged track finding in high-energy collisions

    , Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence, Vol: 7, ISSN: 2624-8212

    In high-energy particle collisions, charged track finding is a complex yet crucial endeavor. We propose a quantum algorithm, specifically quantum template matching, to enhance the accuracy and efficiency of track finding. Abstracting the Quantum Amplitude Amplification routine by introducing a data register, and utilizing a novel oracle construction, allows data to be parsed to the circuit and matched with a hit-pattern template, without prior knowledge of the input data. Furthermore, we address the challenges posed by missing hit data, demonstrating the ability of the quantum template matching algorithm to successfully identify charged-particle tracks from hit patterns with missing hits. Our findings therefore propose quantum methodologies tailored for real-world applications and underline the potential of quantum computing in collider physics.

  • Journal article
    Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Lechner L, Liko D, Mikulec I, Paulitsch P, Pitters FM, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Kello T, Rejeb Sfar H, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Moortgat S, Morton A, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Van Doninck W, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Makarenko I, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, Dobur D, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Tytgat M, Van Den Bossche N, Vermassen B, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Bury F, Caputo C, David P, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Mondal K, Taliercio A, Tran TT, Vischia P, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Dos Santos Sousa V, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim L, Nogima H, Santoro A, Silva Do Amaral SM, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Fernandez Perez Tomei TR, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Rodozov M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Ivanov T, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Thakur S, Cheng T, Javaid T, Mittal M, Yuan L, Ahmad M, Bauer G, Hu Z, Lezki S, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Milosevic V, Monti F, Sharma R, Tao J, Thomas-Wilsker J, Wang J, Zhang H, Zhao J, Agapitos A, An Y, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Lyu X, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Xiao J, Yaet al., 2024,

    Search for a new resonance decaying into two spin-0 bosons in a final state with two photons and two bottom quarks in proton-proton collisions at $$ \sqrt{s} $$ = 13 TeV

    , Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol: 2024

    <jats:title>A<jats:sc>bstract</jats:sc> </jats:title><jats:p>A search for a new boson X is presented using CERN LHC proton-proton collision data collected by the CMS experiment at <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ \sqrt{s} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msqrt> <mml:mi>s</mml:mi> </mml:msqrt> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> = 13 TeV in 2016–2018, and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb<jats:sup><jats:italic>−</jats:italic>1</jats:sup>. The resonance X decays into either a pair of Higgs bosons HH of mass 125 GeV or an H and a new spin-0 boson Y. One H subsequently decays to a pair of photons, and the second H or Y, to a pair of bottom quarks. The explored mass ranges of X are 260–1000 GeV and 300–1000 GeV, for decays to HH and to HY, respectively, with the Y mass range being 90–800 GeV. For a spin-0 X hypothesis, the 95% confidence level upper limit on the product of its production cross section and decay branching fraction is observed to be within 0.90–0.04 fb, depending on the masses of X and Y. The largest deviation from the background-only hypothesis with a local (global) significance of 3.8 (below 2.8) standard deviations is observed for X and Y masses of 650 and 90 GeV, respectively. The limits are interpreted using several models of new physics.</jats:p>

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim L, Nogima H, Santoro A, Silva Do Amaral SM, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Fernandez Perez Tomei TR, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Ivanov T, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Guo Q, Javaid T, Mittal M, Yuan L, Bauer G, Hu Z, Liu J, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Monti F, Shahzad MA, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang C, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhang H, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Yang H, Zhang L, Zhou C, You Z, Lu N, Gao X, Leggat D, Okawa H, Zhanget al., 2024,

    Search for a third-generation leptoquark coupled to a τ lepton and a b quark through single, pair, and nonresonant production in proton-proton collisions at $$ \sqrt{s} $$ = 13 TeV

    , Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol: 2024

    <jats:title>A<jats:sc>bstract</jats:sc> </jats:title><jats:p>A search is presented for a third-generation leptoquark (LQ) coupled exclusively to a τ lepton and a b quark. The search is based on proton-proton collision data at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV recorded with the CMS detector, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb<jats:sup><jats:italic>−</jats:italic>1</jats:sup>. Events with τ leptons and a varying number of jets originating from b quarks are considered, targeting the single and pair production of LQs, as well as nonresonant <jats:italic>t</jats:italic>-channel LQ exchange. An excess is observed in the data with respect to the background expectation in the combined analysis of all search regions. For a benchmark LQ mass of 2 TeV and an LQ-b-τ coupling strength of 2.5, the excess reaches a local significance of up to 2.8 standard deviations. Upper limits at the 95% confidence level are placed on the LQ production cross section in the LQ mass range 0.5–2.3 TeV, and up to 3 TeV for <jats:italic>t</jats:italic>-channel LQ exchange. Leptoquarks are excluded below masses of 1.22–1.88 TeV for different LQ models and varying coupling strengths up to 2.5. The study of nonresonant ττ production through <jats:italic>t</jats:italic>-channel LQ exchange allows lower limits on the LQ mass of up to 2.3 TeV to be obtained.</jats:p>

  • Journal article
    Armano M, Audley H, Baird J, Bassan M, Binetruy P, Born M, Bortoluzzi D, Castelli E, Cavalleri A, Cesarini A, Chiavegato V, Cruise AM, Dal Bosco D, Danzmann K, De Deus Silva M, De Rosa R, Di Fiore L, Diepholz I, Dixon G, Dolesi R, Ferraioli L, Ferroni V, Fitzsimons ED, Freschi M, Gesa L, Giardini D, Gibert F, Giusteri R, Grado A, Grimani C, Grzymisch J, Harrison I, Hartig MS, Heinzel G, Hewitson M, Hollington D, Hoyland D, Hueller M, Inchauspé H, Jennrich O, Jetzer P, Johlander B, Karnesis N, Kaune B, Korsakova N, Killow CJ, Liu L, Lobo JA, López-Zaragoza JP, Maarschalkerweerd R, Mance D, Martín V, Martin-Polo L, Martin-Porqueras F, Martino J, McNamara PW, Mendes J, Mendes L, Meshksar N, Moerschell J, Nofrarias M, Paczkowski S, Perreur-Lloyd M, Petiteau A, Plagnol E, Praplan C, Ramos-Castro J, Reiche J, Rivas F, Robertson DI, Russano G, Sala L, Sarra P, Schule-Walewski SL, Slutsky J, Sopuerta CF, Stanga R, Sumner T, Ten Pierick J, Texier D, Thorpe JI, Vetrugno D, Vitale S, Wanner G, Ward H, Wass PJ, Weber WJ, Wissel L, Wittchen A, Zanoni C, Zweifel Pet al., 2024,

    Nano-Newton electrostatic force actuators for femto-Newton-sensitive measurements: System performance test in the LISA Pathfinder mission

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    Electrostatic force actuation is a key component of the system of geodesic reference test masses (TM) for the LISA orbiting gravitational wave observatory and in particular for performance at low frequencies, below 1 mHz, where the observatory sensitivity is limited by stray force noise. The system needs to apply forces of order 10-9 N while limiting fluctuations in the measurement band to levels approaching 10-15 N/Hz1/2. We present here the LISA actuation system design, based on audio-frequency voltage carrier signals, and results of its in-flight performance test with the LISA Pathfinder test mission. In LISA, TM force actuation is used to align the otherwise free-falling TM to the spacecraft-mounted optical metrology system, without any forcing along the critical gravitational wave-sensitive interferometry axes. In LISA Pathfinder, on the other hand, the actuation was used also to stabilize the TM along the critical x axis joining the two TM, with the commanded actuation force entering directly into the mission's main differential acceleration science observable. The mission allowed demonstration of the full compatibility of the electrostatic actuation system with the LISA observatory requirements, including dedicated measurement campaigns to amplify, isolate, and quantify the two main force noise contributions from the actuation system, from actuator gain noise and from low frequency "in band"voltage fluctuations. These campaigns have shown actuation force noise to be a relevant, but not dominant, noise source in LISA Pathfinder and have allowed performance projections for the conditions expected in the LISA mission.

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim L, Nogima H, Santoro A, Silva Do Amaral SM, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Fernandez Perez Tomei TR, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Ivanov T, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Guo Q, Javaid T, Mittal M, Yuan L, Bauer G, Hu Z, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Monti F, Shahzad MA, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang C, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhang H, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Lyu X, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Yang H, Zhou C, You Z, Lu N, Gao X, Leggat D, Okawa H, Zhang Y, Lin Zet al., 2024,

    Measurement of the primary Lund jet plane density in proton-proton collisions at $$ \sqrt{\textrm{s}} $$ = 13 TeV

    , Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol: 2024

    <jats:title>A<jats:sc>bstract</jats:sc> </jats:title><jats:p>A measurement is presented of the primary Lund jet plane (LJP) density in inclusive jet production in proton-proton collisions. The analysis uses 138 fb<jats:sup><jats:italic>−</jats:italic>1</jats:sup> of data collected by the CMS experiment at <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ \sqrt{s} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msqrt> <mml:mi>s</mml:mi> </mml:msqrt> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> = 13 TeV. The LJP, a representation of the phase space of emissions inside jets, is constructed using iterative jet declustering. The transverse momentum <jats:italic>k</jats:italic><jats:sub>T</jats:sub> and the splitting angle ∆<jats:italic>R</jats:italic> of an emission relative to its emitter are measured at each step of the jet declustering process. The average density of emissions as function of ln(<jats:italic>k</jats:italic><jats:sub>T</jats:sub><jats:italic>/</jats:italic>GeV) and ln(<jats:italic>R/</jats:italic>∆<jats:italic>R</jats:italic>) is measured for jets with distance parameters <jats:italic>R</jats:italic> = 0<jats:italic>.</jats:italic>4 or 0.8, transverse momentum <jats:italic>p</jats:italic><jats:sub>T</jats:sub><jats:italic>&gt;</jats:italic> 700 GeV, and rapidity |<jats:italic>y</jats:italic>| <jats:italic>&lt;</jats:italic> 1<jats:italic>.</jats:italic>7. The jet substructure is measured using the charged-particle tracks of the jet. The measured distributions, unfolded to the level

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Li A, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Onsem GP, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, Das AK, De Lentdecker G, Evard H, Favart L, Gianneios P, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Khan FA, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Mota Amarilo K, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, van der Linden J, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bethani A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Gomes De Souza R, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mundim L, Nogima H, Pinheiro JP, Santoro A, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Fernandez Perez Tomei TR, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Javaid T, Yuan L, Hu Z, Liu J, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang C, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhang H, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Yang H, Zhang L, Zhou C, You Z, Jaffel K, Lu N, Bauer G, Gao X, Lin Z, Lu C, Xiao M, Avila C, Barbosa Trujillo DA, Cabet al., 2024,

    Search for long-lived particles decaying to final states with a pair of muons in proton-proton collisions at $$ \sqrt{s} $$ = 13.6 TeV

    , Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol: 2024

    <jats:title>A<jats:sc>bstract</jats:sc> </jats:title><jats:p>An inclusive search for long-lived exotic particles (LLPs) decaying to final states with a pair of muons is presented. The search uses data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36.6 fb<jats:sup><jats:italic>−</jats:italic>1</jats:sup> collected by the CMS experiment from the proton-proton collisions at <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ \sqrt{s} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msqrt> <mml:mi>s</mml:mi> </mml:msqrt> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> = 13.6 TeV in 2022, the first year of Run 3 of the CERN LHC. The experimental signature is a pair of oppositely charged muons originating from a secondary vertex spatially separated from the proton-proton interaction point by distances ranging from several hundred <jats:italic>μ</jats:italic>m to several meters. The sensitivity of the search benefits from new triggers for displaced dimuons developed for Run 3. The results are interpreted in the framework of the hidden Abelian Higgs model, in which the Higgs boson decays to a pair of long-lived dark photons, and of an <jats:italic>R</jats:italic>-parity violating supersymmetry model, in which long-lived neutralinos decay to a pair of muons and a neutrino. The limits set on these models are the most stringent to date in wide regions of lifetimes for LLPs with masses larger than 10 GeV.</jats:p>

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim L, Nogima H, Santoro A, Silva Do Amaral SM, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Fernandez Perez Tomei TR, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Ivanov T, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Guo Q, Javaid T, Mittal M, Yuan L, Bauer G, Hu Z, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Monti F, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang C, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhang H, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Lyu X, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Yang H, Zhou C, You Z, Lu N, Leggat D, Okawa H, Zhang Y, Lin Z, Lu C, Xiao M, Avilet al., 2024,

    Search for W′ bosons decaying to a top and a bottom quark in leptonic final states in proton-proton collisions at $$ \sqrt{s} $$ = 13 TeV

    , Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol: 2024

    <jats:title>A<jats:sc>bstract</jats:sc> </jats:title><jats:p>A search for W′ bosons decaying to a top and a bottom quark in final states including an electron or a muon is performed with the CMS detector at the LHC. The analyzed data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb<jats:sup><jats:italic>−</jats:italic>1</jats:sup> of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. Good agreement with the standard model expectation is observed and no evidence for the existence of the W′ boson is found over the mass range examined. The largest observed deviation from the standard model expectation is found for a W′ boson mass (<jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ {m}_{{\textrm{W}}^{\prime }} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msub> <mml:mi>m</mml:mi> <mml:msup> <mml:mi>W</mml:mi> <mml:mo>′</mml:mo> </mml:msup> </mml:msub> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>) hypothesis of 3.8 TeV with a relative decay width of 1%, with a local (global) significance of 2.6 (2.0) standard deviations. Upper limits on the production cross sections of W′ bosons decaying to a top and a bottom quark are set. Left- and right-handed W′ bosons with <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ {m}_{{\textrm{W}}^{\prime }} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msub> <mml:mi>m</mml:mi> <mml:msup> <mml:mi>W</mml:mi>

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Morton A, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim L, Nogima H, Santoro A, Silva Do Amaral SM, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Fernandez Perez Tomei TR, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Ivanov T, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Guo Q, Javaid T, Mittal M, Yuan L, Bauer G, Hu Z, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Monti F, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang J, Zhang H, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Lyu X, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Yang H, Zhou C, You Z, Lu N, Gao X, Leggat D, Okawa H, Zhang Y, Lin Z, Lu C, Xiao M, Aviet al., 2024,

    Inclusive and differential cross section measurements of $$ \textrm{t}\overline{\textrm{t}}\textrm{b}\overline{\textrm{b}} $$ production in the lepton+jets channel at $$ \sqrt{s} $$ = 13 TeV

    , Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol: 2024

    <jats:title>A<jats:sc>bstract</jats:sc> </jats:title><jats:p>Measurements of inclusive and normalized differential cross sections of the associated production of top quark-antiquark and bottom quark-antiquark pairs, <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ \textrm{t}\overline{\textrm{t}}\textrm{b}\overline{\textrm{b}} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mi>t</mml:mi> <mml:mover> <mml:mi>t</mml:mi> <mml:mo>¯</mml:mo> </mml:mover> <mml:mi>b</mml:mi> <mml:mover> <mml:mi>b</mml:mi> <mml:mo>¯</mml:mo> </mml:mover> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>, are presented. The results are based on data from proton-proton collisions collected by the CMS detector at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb<jats:sup><jats:italic>−</jats:italic>1</jats:sup>. The cross sections are measured in the lepton+jets decay channel of the top quark pair, using events containing exactly one isolated electron or muon and at least five jets. Measurements are made in four fiducial phase space regions, targeting different aspects of the <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ \textrm{t}\overline{\textrm{t}}\textrm{b}\overline{\textrm{b}} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mi>t</mml:mi> <mml:mover> <mml:mi>t</mml:mi> <mml:mo>¯</mm

  • Journal article
    Ayres Rocha D, Baptista de Souza Leite J, Bediaga IB, Cruz Torres M, De Freitas Carneiro Da Graca U, De Miranda JM, dos Reis AC, Falcao LN, Gomes A, Massafferri A, Torres Machado D, Amato S, De Paula L, Ferreira Rodrigues F, Gandelman M, Hicheur A, Lopes JH, Meyer Garcia L, Nasteva I, Otalora Goicochea JM, Polycarpo E, Rangel MS, Souza De Almeida FL, Souza De Paula B, Dong C, Gan Y, Gong G, Gu C, Hu X, Kang Y, Li A, Luo Y, Mu H, Qi HR, Qin N, Qu S, Ren Z, Tan Y, Tou DY, Wang J, Wang Z, Xu L, Yang D, Zeng M, Zhang L, Zhu X, Batsukh B, Chen S, Jiang X, Li T, Li Y, Liu S, Lu Y, Miao D, Sheng S, Tobin M, Zou Q, Dai X, Gao Y, Hu W, Shang Y, Shen Z, Tong X, Wan G, Wei Y, Xu A, Yang X, Yang Z, Zhang C, Zhang S, Zhang Y, Zhou T, Ao D, Campoverde Quezada AF, Fan Y, Fu J, Hao L, He J, Huang W, Jiang Y, Lin C, Liu H, Liu Q, Lyu XR, Ma R, Piandani R, Popov D, Qian W, Shi B, Su YS, Tuci G, Xiang Z, Xu J, Xu Q, Xu Z, Yang S, Yang Y, Zheng Y, Zhou X, Zhou Yet al., 2024,

    The LHCb Upgrade I

    , Journal of Instrumentation, Vol: 19

    The LHCb upgrade represents a major change of the experiment. The detectors have been almost completely renewed to allow running at an instantaneous luminosity five times larger than that of the previous running periods. Readout of all detectors into an all-software trigger is central to the new design, facilitating the reconstruction of events at the maximum LHC interaction rate, and their selection in real time. The experiment's tracking system has been completely upgraded with a new pixel vertex detector, a silicon tracker upstream of the dipole magnet and three scintillating fibre tracking stations downstream of the magnet. The whole photon detection system of the RICH detectors has been renewed and the readout electronics of the calorimeter and muon systems have been fully overhauled. The first stage of the all-software trigger is implemented on a GPU farm. The output of the trigger provides a combination of totally reconstructed physics objects, such as tracks and vertices, ready for final analysis, and of entire events which need further offline reprocessing. This scheme required a complete revision of the computing model and rewriting of the experiment's software.

  • Journal article
    Aaij R, Abdelmotteleb ASW, Beteta CA, Abudinén F, Ackernley T, Adeva B, Adinolfi M, Adlarson P, Agapopoulou C, Aidala CA, Ajaltouni Z, Akar S, Akiba K, Albicocco P, Albrecht J, Alessio F, Alexander M, Albero AA, Aliouche Z, Cartelle PA, Amalric R, Amato S, Amey JL, Amhis Y, An L, Anderlini L, Andersson M, Andreianov A, Andreola P, Andreotti M, Andreou D, Anelli A, Ao D, Archilli F, Argenton M, Cuendis SA, Artamonov A, Artuso M, Aslanides E, Atzeni M, Audurier B, Bacher D, Perea IB, Bachmann S, Bachmayer M, Back JJ, Rodriguez PB, Balagura V, Baldini W, de Souza Leite JB, Barbetti M, Barbosa IR, Barlow RJ, Barsuk S, Barter W, Bartolini M, Bartz J, Baryshnikov F, Basels JM, Bassi G, Batsukh B, Battig A, Bay A, Beck A, Becker M, Bedeschi F, Bediaga IB, Beiter A, Belin S, Bellee V, Belous K, Belov I, Belyaev I, Benane G, Bencivenni G, Ben-Haim E, Berezhnoy A, Bernet R, Andres SB, Bertella C, Bertolin A, Betancourt C, Betti F, Bex J, Bezshyiko I, Bhom J, Bieker MS, Biesuz NV, Billoir P, Biolchini A, Birch M, Bishop FCR, Bitadze A, Bizzeti A, Blago MP, Blake T, Blanc F, Blank JE, Blusk S, Bobulska Det al., 2024,

    Search for Bc+→π+μ+μ- decays and measurement of the branching fraction ratio B(Bc+→ψ(2S)π+)/B(Bc+→J/ψπ+)

    , European Physical Journal C, Vol: 84, ISSN: 1434-6044

    The first search for nonresonant Bc+→π+μ+μ- decays is reported. The analysis uses proton–proton collision data collected with the LHCb detector between 2011 and 2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9fb-1. No evidence for an excess of signal events over background is observed and an upper limit is set on the branching fraction ratio B(Bc+→π+μ+μ-)/B(Bc+→J/ψπ+)<2.1×10-4 at 90% confidence level. Additionally, an updated measurement of the ratio of the Bc+→ψ(2S)π+ and Bc+→J/ψπ+ branching fractions is reported. The ratio B(Bc+→ψ(2S)π+)/B(Bc+→J/ψπ+) is measured to be 0.254±0.018±0.003±0.005, where the first uncertainty is statistical, the second systematic, and the third is due to the uncertainties on the branching fractions of the leptonic J/ψ and ψ(2S) decays. This measurement is the most precise to date and is consistent with previous LHCb results.

  • Journal article
    Aaij R, Abdelmotteleb ASW, Abellan Beteta C, Abudinén F, Ackernley T, Adeva B, Adinolfi M, Adlarson P, Agapopoulou C, Aidala CA, Ajaltouni Z, Akar S, Akiba K, Albicocco P, Albrecht J, Alessio F, Alexander M, Alfonso Albero A, Aliouche Z, Alvarez Cartelle P, Amalric R, Amato S, Amey JL, Amhis Y, An L, Anderlini L, Andersson M, Andreianov A, Andreola P, Andreotti M, Andreou D, Anelli AA, Ao D, Archilli F, Argenton M, Arguedas Cuendis S, Artamonov A, Artuso M, Aslanides E, Atzeni M, Audurier B, Bacher D, Bachiller Perea I, Bachmann S, Bachmayer M, Back JJ, Bailly-Reyre A, Baladron Rodriguez P, Balagura V, Baldini W, Baptista De Souza Leite J, Barbetti M, Barbosa IR, Barlow RJ, Barsuk S, Barter W, Bartolini M, Baryshnikov F, Basels JM, Bassi G, Batsukh B, Battig A, Bay A, Beck A, Becker M, Bedeschi F, Bediaga IB, Beiter A, Belin S, Bellee V, Belous K, Belov I, Belyaev I, Benane G, Bencivenni G, Ben-Haim E, Berezhnoy A, Bernet R, Bernet Andres S, Bernstein HC, Bertella C, Bertolin A, Betancourt C, Betti F, Bex J, Bezshyiko I, Bhom J, Bieker MS, Biesuz NV, Billoir P, Biolchini A, Birch M, Bishop FCR, Bitadze A, Bizzeti A, Blago MP, Blake T, Blanc F, Blank JE, Blusk Set al., 2024,

    Measurement of forward charged hadron flow harmonics in peripheral PbPb collisions at sNN =5.02 TeV with the LHCb detector

    , Physical Review C, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2469-9985

    Flow harmonic coefficients, vn, which are the key to studying the hydrodynamics of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) created in heavy-ion collisions, have been measured in various collision systems and kinematic regions and using various particle species. The study of flow harmonics in a wide pseudorapidity range is particularly valuable to understand the temperature dependence of the shear viscosity to entropy density ratio of the QGP. This paper presents the first LHCb results of the second- and the third-order flow harmonic coefficients of charged hadrons as a function of transverse momentum in the forward region, corresponding to pseudorapidities between 2.0 and 4.9, using the data collected from PbPb collisions in 2018 at a center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. The coefficients measured using the two-particle angular correlation analysis method are smaller than the central-pseudorapidity measurements at ALICE and ATLAS from the same collision system but share similar features.

  • Journal article
    Aalbers J, Akerib DS, Al Musalhi AK, Alder F, Amarasinghe CS, Ames A, Anderson TJ, Angelides N, Araújo HM, Armstrong JE, Arthurs M, Baker A, Balashov S, Bang J, Bargemann JW, Baxter A, Beattie K, Benson T, Bhatti A, Biekert A, Biesiadzinski TP, Birch HJ, Bishop E, Blockinger GM, Boxer B, Brew CAJ, Brás P, Burdin S, Buuck M, Carmona-Benitez MC, Carter M, Chawla A, Chen H, Cherwinka JJ, Chott NI, Converse MV, Cottle A, Cox G, Curran D, Dahl CE, David A, Delgaudio J, Dey S, De Viveiros L, Ding C, Dobson JEY, Druszkiewicz E, Eriksen SR, Fan A, Fearon NM, Fiorucci S, Flaecher H, Fraser ED, Fruth TMA, Gaitskell RJ, Geffre A, Genovesi J, Ghag C, Gibbons R, Gokhale S, Green J, Van Der Grinten MGD, Hall CR, Han S, Hartigan-O'Connor E, Haselschwardt SJ, Hernandez MA, Hertel SA, Heuermann G, Homenides GJ, Horn M, Huang DQ, Hunt D, Ignarra CM, Jacquet E, James RS, Johnson J, Kaboth AC, Kamaha AC, Khaitan D, Khazov A, Khurana I, Kim J, Kingston J, Kirk R, Kodroff D, Korley L, Korolkova EV, Kraus H, Kravitz S, Kreczko L, Krikler B, Kudryavtsev VA, Lee J, Leonard DS, Lesko KT, Levy C, Lin J, Lindote A, Linehan Ret al., 2024,

    First constraints on WIMP-nucleon effective field theory couplings in an extended energy region from LUX-ZEPLIN

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    Following the first science results of the LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ) experiment, a dual-phase xenon time projection chamber operating from the Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead, South Dakota, USA, we report the initial limits on a model-independent nonrelativistic effective field theory describing the complete set of possible interactions of a weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) with a nucleon. These results utilize the same 5.5 t fiducial mass and 60 live days of exposure collected for the LZ spin-independent and spin-dependent analyses while extending the upper limit of the energy region of interest by a factor of 7.5 to 270 keV. No significant excess in this high energy region is observed. Using a profile-likelihood ratio analysis, we report 90% confidence level exclusion limits on the coupling of each individual nonrelativistic WIMP-nucleon operator for both elastic and inelastic interactions in the isoscalar and isovector bases.

  • Journal article
    Abe K, Bronner C, Hayato Y, Hiraide K, Hosokawa K, Ieki K, Ikeda M, Imaizumi S, Iyogi K, Kameda J, Kanemura Y, Kaneshima R, Kashiwagi Y, Kataoka Y, Kato Y, Kishimoto Y, Miki S, Mine S, Miura M, Mochizuki T, Moriyama S, Nagao Y, Nakahata M, Nakano Y, Nakayama S, Noguchi Y, Okada T, Okamoto K, Orii A, Sato K, Sekiya H, Shiba H, Shimizu K, Shiozawa M, Sonoda Y, Suzuki Y, Takeda A, Takemoto Y, Takenaka A, Tanaka H, Watanabe S, Yano T, Han S, Kajita T, Okumura K, Tashiro T, Tomiya T, Wang R, Wang X, Yoshida S, Bravo-Berguño D, Fernandez P, Labarga L, Ospina N, Zaldivar B, Pointon BW, Blaszczyk FDM, Kachulis C, Kearns E, Raaf JL, Stone JL, Wan L, Wester T, Bian J, Griskevich NJ, Kropp WR, Locke S, Smy MB, Sobel HW, Takhistov V, Weatherly P, Yankelevich A, Ganezer KS, Hill J, Jang MC, Kim JY, Lee S, Lim IT, Moon DH, Park RG, Bodur B, Scholberg K, Walter CW, Beauchêne A, Bernard L, Coffani A, Drapier O, El Hedri S, Giampaolo A, Imber J, Mueller TA, Paganini P, Rogly R, Quilain B, Santos A, Nakamura T, Jang JS, Machado LN, Learned JG, Matsuno Set al., 2024,

    Solar neutrino measurements using the full data period of Super-Kamiokande-IV

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    An analysis of solar neutrino data from the fourth phase of Super-Kamiokande (SK-IV) from October 2008 to May 2018 is performed and the results are presented. The observation time of the dataset of SK-IV corresponds to 2970 days and the total live time for all four phases is 5805 days. For more precise solar neutrino measurements, several improvements are applied in this analysis: lowering the data acquisition threshold in May 2015, further reduction of the spallation background using neutron clustering events, precise energy reconstruction considering the time variation of the PMT gain. The observed number of solar neutrino events in 3.49-19.49 MeV electron kinetic energy region during SK-IV is 65,443-388+390(stat.)±925(syst.) events. Corresponding B8 solar neutrino flux is (2.314±0.014(stat.)±0.040(syst.))×106 cm-2 s-1, assuming a pure electron-neutrino flavor component without neutrino oscillations. The flux combined with all SK phases up to SK-IV is (2.336±0.011(stat.)±0.043(syst.))×106 cm-2 s-1. Based on the neutrino oscillation analysis from all solar experiments, including the SK 5805 days dataset, the best-fit neutrino oscillation parameters are sin2θ12,solar=0.306±0.013 and Δm21,solar2=(6.10-0.81+0.95)×10-5 eV2, with a deviation of about 1.5σ from the Δm212 parameter obtained by KamLAND. The best-fit neutrino oscillation parameters obtained from all solar experiments and KamLAND are sin2θ12,global=0.307±0.012 and Δm21,global2=(7.50-0.18+0.19)×10-5 eV2.

  • Journal article
    Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Del Valle AE, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Lechner L, Liko D, Mikulec I, Paulitsch P, Pitters FM, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Kello T, Rejeb Sfar H, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Moortgat S, Morton A, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Van Doninck W, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Jaramillo J, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Makarenko I, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Starling E, Thomas L, Bemden MV, Velde CV, Vanlaer P, Dobur D, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Niedziela M, Rendón C, Roskas C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Tytgat M, Van Den Bossche N, Vermassen B, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bethani A, Bruno G, Bury F, Caputo C, David P, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Mondal K, Prisciandaro J, Taliercio A, Tran TT, Vischia P, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Moraes A, Teles PR, Júnior WLA, Pereira MAG, Filho MBF, Malbouisson HB, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GGet al., 2024,

    Development of the CMS detector for the CERN LHC Run 3

    , Journal of Instrumentation, Vol: 19

    Since the initial data taking of the CERN LHC, the CMS experiment has undergone substantial upgrades and improvements. This paper discusses the CMS detector as it is configured for the third data-taking period of the CERN LHC, Run 3, which started in 2022. The entire silicon pixel tracking detector was replaced. A new powering system for the superconducting solenoid was installed. The electronics of the hadron calorimeter was upgraded. All the muon electronic systems were upgraded, and new muon detector stations were added, including a gas electron multiplier detector. The precision proton spectrometer was upgraded. The dedicated luminosity detectors and the beam loss monitor were refurbished. Substantial improvements to the trigger, data acquisition, software, and computing systems were also implemented, including a new hybrid CPU/GPU farm for the high-level trigger.

  • Journal article
    Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Lechner L, Liko D, Mikulec I, Paulitsch P, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Kello T, Rejeb Sfar H, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Morton A, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Van Doninck W, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Makarenko I, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, Dobur D, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Tytgat M, Van Den Bossche N, Vermassen B, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Bury F, Caputo C, David P, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Mondal K, Taliercio A, Tran TT, Vischia P, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Dos Santos Sousa V, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins Jet al., 2024,

    Measurement of simplified template cross sections of the Higgs boson produced in association with w or z bosons in the Formula Presented decay channel in proton-proton collisions at Formula Presented

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    Differential cross sections are measured for the standard model Higgs boson produced in association with vector bosons (Formula Presented, Formula Presented) and decaying to a pair of Formula Presented quarks. Measurements are performed within the framework of the simplified template cross sections. The analysis relies on the leptonic decays of the Formula Presented and Formula Presented bosons, resulting in final states with 0, 1, or 2 electrons or muons. The Higgs boson candidates are either reconstructed from pairs of resolved Formula Presented-tagged jets, or from single large-radius jets containing the particles arising from two Formula Presented quarks. Proton-proton collision data at Formula Presented, collected by the CMS experiment in 2016-2018 and corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of Formula Presented, are analyzed. The inclusive signal strength, defined as the product of the observed production cross section and branching fraction relative to the standard model expectation, combining all analysis categories, is found to be Formula Presented. This corresponds to an observed (expected) significance of 6.3 (5.6) standard deviations.

  • Journal article
    Acampora G, Ahdida C, Albanese R, Albrecht C, Alexandrov A, Andreini M, Anokhina A, Asada T, Auberson N, Baldanza C, Battilana C, Bay A, Bernard F, Bestmann P, Betancourt C, Blanco A, Bogomilov M, Bonacorsi D, Bonivento WM, Bordalo P, Boyarsky A, Breglio G, Buonaura A, Buontempo S, Cafaro VD, Callignon M, Camporesi T, Campanelli M, Canale V, Cassese P, Castro A, Centanni D, Godoy SAC, Cerutti F, Charitonidis N, Chernyavskiy M, Choi KY, Cholak S, Cicero V, Cindolo F, Climescu M, Conaboy AP, Congedo L, Crespo O, Cristinziani M, Crupano A, Dallavalle GM, D'Ambrosio N, De Carvalho Saraiva J, De Bryas Dexmiers D'Archiac PT, De Lellis G, de Magistris M, De Roeck A, De Rújula A, De Serio M, De Simone D, Dedenko L, Di Crescenzo A, Di Giulio L, Dolmatov A, Dreyfus L, Durhan O, Fabbri F, Fasanella D, Fedotovs F, Ferrillo M, Ferro-Luzzi M, Fienga F, Fini RA, Fiorillo A, Fonte P, Fresa R, Frei R, Funk W, Galati G, Galkin V, Walls FG, Alia RG, Gerbershagen A, Giordano V, Golovatiuk A, Golutvin A, Gorshenkov M, Graverini E, Grenard JL, Guler AM, Gulyaeva V, Haefeli GJ, Helo JC, van Herwijnen E, Iengo P, Ilieva S, Infantino A, Irace A, Iuliano A, Jacobsson R, Jacquart M, Kamiscioglu C, Khalikov E, Kim SHet al., 2024,

    SND@LHC: the scattering and neutrino detector at the LHC

    , Journal of Instrumentation, Vol: 19

    SND@LHC is a compact and stand-alone experiment designed to perform measurements with neutrinos produced at the LHC in the pseudo-rapidity region of 7.2 < η < 8.4. The experiment is located 480 m downstream of the ATLAS interaction point, in the TI18 tunnel. The detector is composed of a hybrid system based on an 830 kg target made of tungsten plates, interleaved with emulsion and electronic trackers, also acting as an electromagnetic calorimeter, and followed by a hadronic calorimeter and a muon identification system. The detector is able to distinguish interactions of all three neutrino flavours, which allows probing the physics of heavy flavour production at the LHC in the very forward region. This region is of particular interest for future circular colliders and for very high energy astrophysical neutrino experiments. The detector is also able to search for the scattering of Feebly Interacting Particles. In its first phase, the detector is ready to operate throughout LHC Run 3 and collect a total of 250 fb−1.

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, D'Hondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim Let al., 2024,

    Search for an exotic decay of the Higgs boson into a Z boson and a pseudoscalar particle in proton-proton collisions at s=13TeV

    , Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, Vol: 852, ISSN: 0370-2693

    A search for an exotic decay of the Higgs boson to a Z boson and a light pseudoscalar particle (a), decaying to a pair of leptons and a pair of photons, respectively, is presented. The search is based on proton-proton collision data at a center-of-mass energy of s=13TeV, collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138fb−1. The analysis probes pseudoscalar masses ma between 1 and 30 GeV, leading to two pairs of well-isolated leptons and photons. Upper limits at 95% confidence level are set on the Higgs boson production cross section times its branching fraction to two leptons and two photons. The observed (expected) limits are in the range of 1.1–17.8 (1.7–17.9) fb within the probed ma interval. An excess of data above the expected standard model background with a local (global) significance of 2.6 (1.3) standard deviations is observed for a mass hypothesis of ma=3GeV. Limits on models involving axion-like particles, formulated as an effective field theory, are also reported.

  • Journal article
    Pec V, Kudryavtsev VA, Araujo HM, Sumner TJet al., 2024,

    Muon-induced background in a next-generation dark matter experiment based on liquid xenon

    , European Physical Journal C: Particles and Fields, Vol: 84, ISSN: 1124-1861

    Muon-induced neutrons can lead to potentially irreducible backgrounds in rare event search experiments. We have investigated the implication of laboratory depth on the muon-induced background in a future dark matter experiment capable of reaching the so-called neutrino floor. Our simulation study focused on a xenon-based detector with 70 tonnes of active mass, surrounded by additional veto systems plus a water shield. Two locations at the Boulby Underground Laboratory (UK) were analysed as examples: an experimental cavern in salt at a depth of 2850 m w. e. (similar to the location of the existing laboratory), and a deeper laboratory located in polyhalite rock at a depth of 3575 m w. e. Our results show that no cosmogenic background events are likely to survive standard analysis cuts for 10 years of operation at either location. The largest background component we identified comes from beta-delayed neutron emission from

  • Journal article
    McGarrigle JM, Long KR, Prezado Y, 2024,

    The FLASH effect-an evaluation of preclinical studies of ultra-high dose rate radiotherapy

    , Frontiers in Oncology, Vol: 14, ISSN: 2234-943X

    FLASH radiotherapy (FLASH-RT) is a novel radiotherapy approach based on the use of ultra-high dose radiation to treat malignant cells. Although tumours can be reduced or eradicated using radiotherapy, toxicities induced by radiation can compromise healthy tissues. The FLASH effect is the observation that treatment delivered at an ultra-high dose rate is able to reduce adverse toxicities present at conventional dose rates. While this novel technique may provide a turning point for clinical practice, the exact mechanisms underlying the causes or influences of the FLASH effect are not fully understood. The study presented here uses data collected from 41 experimental investigations (published before March 2024) of the FLASH effect. Searchable databases were constructed to contain the outcomes of the various experiments in addition to values of beam parameters that may have a bearing on the FLASH effect. An in-depth review of the impact of the key beam parameters on the results of the experiments was carried out. Correlations between parameter values and experimental outcomes were studied. Pulse Dose Rate had positive correlations with almost all end points, suggesting viability of FLASH-RT as a new modality of radiotherapy. The collective results of this systematic review study suggest that beam parameter qualities from both FLASH and conventional radiotherapy can be valuable for tissue sparing and effective tumour treatment.

  • Journal article
    Aaij R, Abdelmotteleb ASW, Abellan Beteta C, Abudinen F, Ackernley T, Adeva B, Adinolfi M, Adlarson P, Afsharnia H, Agapopoulou C, Aidala CA, Ajaltouni Z, Akar S, Akiba K, Albicocco P, Albrecht J, Alessio F, Alexander M, Alfonso Albero A, Aliouche Z, Alvarez Cartelle P, Amalric R, Amato S, Amey JL, Amhis Y, An L, Anderlini L, Andersson M, Andreianov A, Andreola P, Andreotti M, Andreou D, Anelli A, Ao D, Archilli F, Arguedas Cuendis S, Artamonov A, Artuso M, Aslanides E, Atzeni M, Audurier B, Bacher D, Bachiller Perea I, Bachmann S, Bachmayer M, Back JJ, Bailly-reyre A, Baladron Rodriguez P, Balagura V, Baldini W, Baptista de Souza Leite J, Barbetti M, Barbosa IR, Barlow RJ, Barsuk S, Barter W, Bartolini M, Baryshnikov F, Basels JM, Bassi G, Batsukh B, Battig A, Bay A, Beck A, Becker M, Bedeschi F, Bediaga IB, Beiter A, Belin S, Bellee V, Belous K, Belov I, Belyaev I, Benane G, Bencivenni G, Ben-Haim E, Berezhnoy A, Bernet R, Bernet Andres S, Bernstein HC, Bertella C, Bertolin A, Betancourt C, Betti F, Bex J, Bezshyiko I, Bhom J, Bieker MS, Biesuz NV, Billoir P, Biolchini A, Birch M, Bishop FCR, Bitadze A, Bizzeti A, Blago MP, Blake T, Blanc F, Blank JE, Blusk S, Bobulska D, Bocharnikov V, Boelhauve JA, Boente Garcia O, Boettcher T, Bohare A, Boldyrev A, Bolognani CS, Bolzonella R, Bondar N, Borgato F, Borghi S, Borsato M, Borsuk JT, Bossu F, Bouchiba SA, Bowcock TJV, Boyer A, Bozzi C, Bradley MJ, Braun S, Brea Rodriguez A, Breer N, Brodzicka J, Brossa Gonzalo A, Brown J, Brundu D, Buonaura A, Buonincontri L, Burke AT, Burr C, Bursche A, Butkevich A, Butter JS, Buytaert J, Byczynski W, Cadeddu S, Cai H, Calabrese R, Calefice L, Cali S, Calvi M, Calvo Gomez M, Cambon Bouzas J, Campana P, Campora Perez DH, Campoverde Quezada AF, Capelli S, Capriotti L, Carbone A, Carcedo Salgado L, Cardinale R, Cardini A, Carniti P, Carus L, Casais Vidal A, Caspary R, Casse G, Castro Godinez J, Cattaneo M, Cavallero G, Cavallini V, Celani S, Cerasoli J, Cervenkov D, Cesare S, Chadwicket al., 2024,

    Prompt and nonprompt ψ(2<i>S</i>) production in <i>p</i>Pb collisions at √<i>s</i><sub>NN</sub>=8.16 TeV

    , JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS, ISSN: 1029-8479
  • Journal article
    Datta A, Mazumdar D, Banerjee S, Das Iet al., 2024,

    Erratum to “Magnetic, magnetocaloric and critical behavior studies in Heusler compounds Co<inf>2-x</inf>Cr<inf>1+x</inf>Al” [J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 591 (2024) 171743] (Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials (2024) 591, (S0304885324000337), (10.1016/j.jmmm.2024.171743))

    , Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, Vol: 596, ISSN: 0304-8853

    In the original article (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2024.171743), the units of the parameters in Table 1, and the values of the parameters in Table 3 and Table 4 are difficult to understand for a reader. The actual form of Table 1, Table 3 and Table 4 are given below. [Table prsented]

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim Let al., 2024,

    Search for supersymmetry in final states with disappearing tracks in proton-proton collisions at Formula Presented

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    A search is presented for charged, long-lived supersymmetric particles in final states with one or more disappearing tracks. The search is based on data from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC between 2016 and 2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of Formula Presented. The search is performed over final states characterized by varying numbers of jets, Formula Presented-tagged jets, electrons, and muons. The length of signal-candidate tracks in the plane perpendicular to the beam axis is used to characterize the lifetimes of wino- and Higgsino-like charginos produced in the context of the minimal supersymmetric standard model. The Formula Presented energy loss of signal-candidate tracks is used to increase the sensitivity to charginos with a large mass and thus a small Lorentz boost. The observed results are found to be statistically consistent with the background-only hypothesis. Limits on the pair-production cross section of gluinos and squarks are presented in the framework of simplified models of supersymmetric particle production and decay, and for electroweakino production based on models of wino and Higgsino dark matter. The limits presented are the most stringent to date for scenarios with light third-generation squarks and a wino- or Higgsino-like dark matter candidate capable of explaining the observed dark matter relic density.

  • Journal article
    Wester T, Abe K, Bronner C, Hayato Y, Hiraide K, Hosokawa K, Ieki K, Ikeda M, Kameda J, Kanemura Y, Kaneshima R, Kashiwagi Y, Kataoka Y, Miki S, Mine S, Miura M, Moriyama S, Nakano Y, Nakahata M, Nakayama S, Noguchi Y, Sato K, Sekiya H, Shiba H, Shimizu K, Shiozawa M, Sonoda Y, Suzuki Y, Takeda A, Takemoto Y, Tanaka H, Yano T, Han S, Kajita T, Okumura K, Tashiro T, Tomiya T, Wang X, Yoshida S, Fernandez P, Labarga L, Ospina N, Zaldivar B, Pointon BW, Kearns E, Raaf JL, Wan L, Bian J, Griskevich NJ, Locke S, Smy MB, Sobel HW, Takhistov V, Yankelevich A, Hill J, Lee SH, Moon DH, Park RG, Bodur B, Scholberg K, Walter CW, Beauchêne A, Drapier O, Giampaolo A, Mueller TA, Santos AD, Paganini P, Quilain B, Nakamura T, Jang JS, Machado LN, Learned JG, Choi K, Iovine N, Cao S, Anthony LHV, Martin D, Prouse NW, Scott M, Sztuc AA, Uchida Y, Berardi V, Catanesi MG, Radicioni E, Calabria NF, Langella A, De Rosa G, Collazuol G, Iacob F, Mattiazzi M, Ludovici L, Gonin M, Pronost G, Fujisawa C, Maekawa Y, Nishimura Y, Okazaki R, Akutsu R, Friend M, Hasegawa Tet al., 2024,

    Atmospheric neutrino oscillation analysis with neutron tagging and an expanded fiducial volume in Super-Kamiokande I-V

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    We present a measurement of neutrino oscillation parameters with the Super-Kamiokande detector using atmospheric neutrinos from the complete pure-water SK I-V (April 1996-July 2020) dataset, including events from an expanded fiducial volume. The dataset corresponds to 6511.3 live days and an exposure of 484.2 kiloton-years. Measurements of the neutrino oscillation parameters Δm322, sin2θ23, sin2θ13, δCP, and the preference for the neutrino mass ordering are presented with atmospheric neutrino data alone, and with constraints on sin2θ13 from reactor neutrino experiments. Our analysis including constraints on sin2θ13 favors the normal mass ordering at the 92.3% level.

  • Journal article
    Acar B, Adamov G, Adloff C, Afanasiev S, Akchurin N, Akgün B, Khan F, Alhusseini M, Alison J, Alpana A, Altopp G, Alyari M, An S, Anagul S, Andreev I, Aspell P, Atakisi I, Bach O, Baden A, Bakas G, Bakshi A, Bannerjee S, Bargassa P, Barney D, Beaudette F, Beaujean F, Becheva E, Becker A, Behera P, Belloni A, Bergauer T, Besançon M, Bhattacharya S, Bhowmik D, Bilki B, Bloch P, Bodek A, Bonanomi M, Bonnemaison A, Bonomally S, Borg J, Bouyjou F, Bower N, Braga D, Brashear J, Brondolin E, Bryant P, Buchot Perraguin A, Bueghly J, Burkle B, Butler-Nalin A, Bychkova O, Callier S, Calvet D, Cao X, Cappati A, Caraway B, Caregari S, Cauchois A, Ceard L, Cekmecelioglu Y, Cerci S, Cerminara G, Chadeeva M, Charitonidis N, Chatterjee R, Chen Y, Chen Z, Cheng H, Cheng K, Chernichenko S, Cheung H, Chien C, Choudhury S, Čoko D, Collura G, Couderc F, Danilov M, Dannheim D, Daoud W, Dauncey P, David A, Davies G, Davignon O, Day E, De Barbaro P, De Guio F, de La Taille C, De Silva M, Debbins P, Defranchis M, Delagnes E, Deltoro Berrio J, Derylo G, Dias de Almeida P, Diaz D, Dinaucourt P, Dittmann J, Dragicevic M, Dugad Set al., 2024,

    Timing performance of the CMS High Granularity Calorimeter prototype

    , Journal of Instrumentation, Vol: 19

    This paper describes the experience with the calibration, reconstruction and evaluation of the timing capabilities of the CMS HGCAL prototype in the beam tests in 2018. The calibration procedure includes multiple steps and corrections ranging from tens of nanoseconds to a few hundred picoseconds. The timing performance is studied using signals from positron beam particles with energies between 20 GeV and 300 GeV. The performance is studied as a function of particle energy against an external timing reference as well as standalone by comparing the two different halves of the prototype. The timing resolution is found to be 60 ps for single-channel measurements and better than 20 ps for full showers at the highest energies, setting excellent perspectives for the HGCAL calorimeter performance at the HL-LHC.

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim Let al., 2024,

    Search for flavor changing neutral current interactions of the top quark in final states with a photon and additional jets in proton-proton collisions at Formula Presented

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    A search for the production of a top quark in association with a photon and additional jets via flavor changing neutral current interactions is presented. The analysis uses proton-proton collision data recorded by the CMS detector at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of Formula Presented. The search is performed by looking for processes where a single top quark is produced in association with a photon, or a pair of top quarks where one of the top quarks decays into a photon and an up or charm quark. Events with an electron or a muon, a photon, one or more jets, and missing transverse momentum are selected. Multivariate analysis techniques are used to discriminate signal and standard model background processes. No significant deviation is observed over the predicted background. Observed (expected) upper limits are set on the branching fractions of top quark decays: Formula Presented (Formula Presented) and Formula Presented (Formula Presented) at 95% confidence level, assuming a single nonzero coupling at a time. The obtained limit for Formula Presented is similar to the current best limit, while the limit for Formula Presented is significantly tighter than previous results.

  • Journal article
    Aaij R, Abdelmotteleb ASW, Beteta CA, Abudinen F, Ackernley T, Adeva B, Adinolfi M, Adlarson P, Afsharnia H, Agapopoulou C, Aidala CA, Ajaltouni Z, Akar S, Akiba K, Albicocco P, Albrecht J, Alessio F, Alexander M, Alfonso Albero A, Aliouche Z, Cartelle PA, Amalric R, Amato S, Amey JL, Amhis Y, An L, Anderlini L, Andersson M, Andreianov A, Andreotti M, Andreou D, Ao D, Archilli F, Artamonov A, Artuso M, Aslanides E, Atzeni M, Audurier B, Perea IBB, Bachmann S, Bachmayer M, Back JJ, Bailly-reyre A, Baladron Rodriguez P, Balagura V, Baldini W, Baptista de Souza Leite J, Barbetti M, Barlow RJ, Barsuk S, Barter W, Bartolini M, Baryshnikov F, Basels JM, Bassi G, Batsukh B, Battig A, Bay A, Beck A, Becker M, Bedeschi F, Bediaga IB, Beiter A, Belin S, Bellee V, Belous K, Belov I, Belyaev I, Benane G, Bencivenni G, Ben-Haim E, Berezhnoy A, Bernet R, Bernet Andres S, Berninghoff D, Bernstein HC, Bertella C, Bertolin A, Betancourt C, Betti F, Bezshyiko I, Bhasin S, Bhom J, Bian L, Bieker MS, Biesuz NV, Billoir P, Biolchini A, Birch M, Bishop FCR, Bitadze A, Bizzeti A, Blago MP, Blake T, Blanc F, Blank JE, Blusk S, Bobulska D, Boelhauve JA, Garcia OB, Boettcher T, Boldyrev A, Bolognani CS, Bolzonella R, Bondar N, Borgato F, Borghi S, Borsato M, Borsuk JT, Bouchiba SA, Bowcock TJV, Boyer A, Bozzi C, Bradley MJ, Braun S, Brea Rodriguez A, Brodzicka J, Brossa Gonzalo A, Brown J, Brundu D, Buonaura A, Buonincontri L, Burke AT, Burr C, Bursche A, Butkevich A, Butter JS, Buytaert J, Byczynski W, Cadeddu S, Cai H, Calabrese R, Calefice L, Cali S, Calvi M, Calvo Gomez M, Campana P, Perez DHC, Quezada AFC, Capelli S, Capriotti L, Carbone A, Cardinale R, Cardini A, Carniti P, Carus L, Casais Vidal A, Caspary R, Casse G, Cattaneo M, Cavallero G, Cavallini V, Celani S, Cerasoli J, Cervenkov D, Chadwick AJ, Chahrour I, Chapman MG, Charles M, Charpentier P, Barajas CAC, Chefdeville M, Chen C, Chen S, Chernov A, Chernyshenko S, Chobanova V, Cholak S, Chrzaszcz M, Chubykin A, Chulikov V, Ciambet al., 2024,

    Measurement of Ξ<sub>c</sub><SUP>+</SUP> production in <i>p</i>Pb collisions at √<i>s<sub>NN</sub></i>=8.16 TeV at LHCb

    , PHYSICAL REVIEW C, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2469-9985
  • Journal article
    Hoenig D, Thielemann F, Karpa L, Walker T, Mohammadi A, Schaetz Tet al., 2024,

    Trapping Ion Coulomb Crystals in an Optical Lattice.

    , Phys Rev Lett, Vol: 132

    We report the optical trapping of multiple ions localized at individual lattice sites of a one-dimensional optical lattice. We observe a fivefold increased range of axial dc-electric field strength for which ions can be optically trapped with high probability and an increase of the axial eigenfrequency by 2 orders of magnitude compared to an optical dipole trap without interference but of similar intensity. Our findings motivate an alternative pathway to extend arrays of trapped ions in size and dimension, enabling quantum simulations with particles interacting at long range.

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