Citation

BibTex format

@article{Li:2024:10.5194/bg-21-455-2024,
author = {Li, S and Waring, B and Powers, J and Medvigy, D},
doi = {10.5194/bg-21-455-2024},
journal = {Biogeosciences},
pages = {455--471},
title = {Tropical dry forest response to nutrient fertilization: a model validation and sensitivity analysis},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-21-455-2024},
volume = {21},
year = {2024}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - Soil nutrients, especially nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), regulate plant growth and hence influence carbon fluxes between the land surface and atmosphere. However, how forests adjust biomass partitioning to leaves, wood, and fine roots in response to N and/or P fertilization remains puzzling. Recent work in tropical forests suggests that trees increase fine root production under P fertilization, but it is unclear whether mechanistic models can reproduce this dynamic. In order to better understand mechanisms governing nutrient effects on plant allocation and improve models, we used the nutrient-enabled ED2 model to simulate a fertilization experiment being conducted in a secondary tropical dry forest in Costa Rica. We evaluated how different allocation parameterizations affected model performance. These parameterizations prescribed a linear relationship between relative allocation to fine roots and soil P concentrations. The slope of the linear relationship was allowed to be positive, negative, or zero. Some parameterizations realistically simulated leaf, wood, and fine root production, and these parameterizations all assumed a positive relationship between relative allocation to fine roots and soil P concentration. Model simulations of a 30-year timeframe indicated strong sensitivity to parameterization and fertilization treatment. Without P fertilization, the simulated aboveground biomass (AGB) accumulation was insensitive to the parameterization. With P fertilization, the model was highly sensitive to the parameterization and the greatest AGB accumulation occurred when relative allocation to fine roots was independent of soil P. Our study demonstrates the need for simultaneous measurements of leaf, wood, and fine root production in nutrient fertilization experiments and for longer-term experiments. Models that do not accurately represent allocation to fine roots may be highly biased in their simulations of AGB, especially on multi-decadal timescales.
AU - Li,S
AU - Waring,B
AU - Powers,J
AU - Medvigy,D
DO - 10.5194/bg-21-455-2024
EP - 471
PY - 2024///
SN - 1726-4170
SP - 455
TI - Tropical dry forest response to nutrient fertilization: a model validation and sensitivity analysis
T2 - Biogeosciences
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-21-455-2024
VL - 21
ER -